Arvazena A. Cooper papers, 1845-1900  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Cooper, Arvazena A., 1845-1929
Arvazena A. Cooper papers
1845-1900 (inclusive)
0.25 linear feet, (1 folder)
Collection Number
CB C784
Arvazena A. Cooper (1845-1929) traveled the Oregon Trail with her family in 1863 and settled in the Willamette Valley. The collection contains her reminiscences of that journey and biographical information about her life in Oregon.
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Born in Kentucky in 1845, Arvazena A. Cooper spent her formative years in southwestern Missouri. At sixteen, she married Daniel Jackson Cooper (May 1861) and eight months later, their first child arrived. Cooper described the violence that plagued them in Missouri during the Civil War and cites this as the reason she and her husband decided to move to the Far West. In 1863, Cooper, her husband, father-in-law, and infant set out by wagon for the state of Oregon. The family settled in the Willamette Valley.

Cooper settled near Corvallis, Oregon, and performed the duties expected of mid-nineteenth-century wives and mothers. She bore thirteen children in Oregon (and one en route). She managed her growing household by caring for and nursing her children and her husband; she prepared their food and made their clothes. Cooper’s commitment to child rearing extended beyond her own family. Cooper contributed to the building of Farm Home, a Corvallis receiving home for orphans. She saw her fifteen children grow to adulthood as well as some of her grandchildren. Cooper died in 1929 and is buried in The Dalles, Oregon.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Arvazena Cooper Papers contain several documents relating to Arvazena Cooper’s pioneer life. Included is a biographical sketch by Mrs. F. W. Bayley, Cooper’s handwritten reminiscence of her 1863 migration to the state of Oregon, and a typewritten copy of the reminiscence, which includes a preface by L.W. Peters. This collection is unique in terms of its first-hand, personal narrative of one woman’s “pioneering” experience. Cooper offered detailed information on her move from Missouri to Oregon, including her impressions of the land, her child’s antics, problems mobilizing the wagon train, and encounters with Native Americans along the way. Cooper describes various wagons that joined and left their train as well as the friendships and discord that close proximity produced.

Cooper wrote her narrative in 1901. Sometime thereafter someone, perhaps L. W. Peters, made a typed copy of the manuscript. The Cooper Papers also include biographical information on Arvazena Cooper. This information directs researchers who are looking for more information on the Cooper family to Cooper’s sister J. C. Cooper (born Melzena Parallee Spillman).

The State Historical Society of Missouri appears to include a copy of this family narrative. The Typescript Collection (collection # C0995) contains the following entry: Item #229. “Cooper, Nan P., ‘Mother's Trip Across the Plains,’ 1901 (Account of a journey by wagon train from Lawrence County, Missouri, to Oregon in 1863, told by Arvazena Angeline Cooper.)”

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

Available in microfilm as part of: Women's lives. Series 3, American women missionaries and pioneers collection (MICROFILM BV3703 .W66 2006, reel 80); Primary Source Microfilm, 12 Lunar Dr., Woodbridge, Conn. 06525.

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish or from collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Arvazena A. Cooper Papers, CB C784, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Biographical InformationReturn to Top

Biographical sketch of Arvazena A. Cooper

Series II:  Original manuscript, May 5, 1973-November 5, 1973Return to Top

Series III:  Typed manuscript, May 5, 1973-November 5, 1973Return to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Frontier and pioneer life--Oregon
  • Overland journeys to the Pacific
  • Women pioneers--Oregon
  • Personal Names :
  • Cooper, Arvazena A., 1845-1929
  • Geographical Names :
  • Oregon National Historic Trail--Description and travel
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Overland journals