Intermountain Lumber Company photograph collection, 1947-1962  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Intermountain Lumber Company
Title
Intermountain Lumber Company photograph collection
Dates
1947-1962 (inclusive)
Quantity
1 box
181 photographic prints
Collection Number
Lot 021
Summary
The photographs were collected by the Intermountain Lumber Company, which was incorporated in Montana. The collection includes photographs of important company executives and mainly depicts the development and expansion of the lumber company. The dates of the photographs range from 1947-1962.
Repository
Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
59620-1201
Telephone: 406-444-2681
Fax: 406-444-5297
mhslibrary@mt.gov
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The Intermountain Lumber Company, at one time considered one of the largest lumber companies in Montana, was incorporated in June of 1947 by company founders Lanning Macfarland, D.M. Warren and Dr. Horace H. Koessler. Koessler was a medical doctor and was also involved in the livestock business in the 1930s and owned the Gordon Ranch, and Wine Glass Ranch, Inc., near Helmville, Montana. Macfarland was a local banker, and Warren a veterinarian. In 1946, using credit from the Wine Glass Company, Koessler and his business partners began construction of a sawmill on the Gordon Ranch in order to process the timber on the property. About a year later they established the Intermountain Lumber Company in order to sort, kiln dry, surface, and sell the lumber produced by the Wine Glass sawmill.

Intermountain soon expanded into marketing lumber from other local mills as well as expanding their own logging operations. The company remained under the same directorship until 1953 when D.M. Warren died leaving his holdings to his wife and son. In 1954 Ira C. Keller, a paper manufacturing executive from Oregon, became a stockholder and director. In order to expand the company's business interests Keller encouraged Waldorf Paper Company of Minnesota to establish a pulp mill near Missoula. In 1956 Intermountain purchased Thornton Lumber Company, and Western Montana Lumber Company, both in Missoula, in order to consolidate local log barking and wood chipping facilities which are necessary for preparing sawmill waste for pulp production. With this purchase the original Thornton company acquired 40% of Intermountain stock as well as other interests of the original Wine Glass Ranch, Inc., and the Waldorf Paper Products Company became holder of an Intermountain mortgage and some stock shares. The mills in Missoula eventually grew to include Missoula Pres-to-Logs and Tree Farmers, Inc. In 1963 Intermountain added yet another mill to the company by purchasing the Idaho Forest Products Company in Salmon, Idaho. The company also established S. and W. Sawmill, Inc. (Formerly Edens Division) in Darby, another mill in Conner, and for a short time, from 1969-1971, owned and operated a mill at Clayton, Idaho. In 1973 the company merged with Hoerner Waldorf Corporation which operated a paper and pulp mill in Missoula, and Intermountain became a division of the paper company.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The photographs were collected by the Intermountain Lumber Company, which was incorporated in Montana in 1947. The collection includes photographs of important company executives and mainly depicts the development and expansion of the lumber company. It contains views of lumber mills, logging activities and daily sawmill operations. It shows interesting photographs of sawmill workers on strike and a campaign visit by vice presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon, Republican, to Missoula, Montana, September 24, 1952. The dates of the photograph collection range circa 1947-1962.

Other Descriptive InformationReturn to Top

Many of the photographs in this collection are attributed to specific photographers or photographic studios and lists of these photographers and/or studios follow. However, numerous photographs are unattributed and are not listed.

Photographs in the collection that are identified as the work of Montana photographers:

Robert M. Catlin (1 photograph)

R.H. McKay (9 photographs)

Photographs in the collection that are identified as the work of non-Montana photographers:

A.E. Allen for Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, Illinois (5 photographs)

Pat Goggins for Western Livestock Reporter (2 photographs)

Chas. A Libby and Son, Spokane, Washington (7 photographs)

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Montana Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Photograph Archives collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Photograph Archives before any reproduction use. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in its collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

Intermountain Lumber Company photograph collection. Lot 021. [Box and folder number.] Montana Historical Society Photograph Archives, Helena, Montana

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Lumber Industry Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 1
Horace H. Koessler, 1947; Lanning Macfarland, 1947; Dayton M. Warren, 1947; National Lumber Manufacturers Association convention, Lahaina, Maui, 1962; Shorty Kaessle, 1967.
1947; 1962; 1967
1 / 2
Swan River wood cutting operation: men felling a tree with a saw.
1947
1 / 3
Swan River mill construction: excavating mill pond with bulldozer and building mill.
1947
1 / 4
Intermountain Lumber Company mill in Missoula, Montana: includes views of drying kilns and lumber yard.
1948
1 / 5
Aerial view and interior views of Intermountain Lumber Company mill in Missoula, Montana. Includes Stetson-Ross Planer, Irvington Automotive Selective Smooth-End Trimmer, grading table, and dry sorting chain-planer; office; lumber yard; and samples of paneling.
1951
1 / 6
Intermountain Lumber Company in Missoula, Montana: interior views of mill.
1951
1 / 7
Intermountain Lumber Company in Missoula, Montana, 1951-1952: exterior views of kilns, lumber yard and hoisting machinery. Some of the images are instant camera photographs.
1951-1952; undated
1 / 8
Fetscher Logging Company personnel building a road, Lolo Creek, Montana, using road grader.
1954
1 / 9
Fetscher Logging Company wood cutting on Lolo Creek; Bache and Grame cutting Engelmann Spruce, Lolo National Forest, and logging for Tree Farmers, Inc.; portraits of Robert K. Ford.
1954; undated
1 / 10
Intermountain Lumber Company employees Local 2685 Lumber and Sawmill Workers (American Federation of Labor) on strike with picket signs.
1954
1 / 11
Intermountain Lumber Company, Missoula, Montana, construction of plant number 2, 1959; overviews of lumber yard, 1958-1962.
1959; 1958-1962
1 / 12
Fires at Intermountain Lumber Company mills at Darby and Missoula.
1951; 1959
1 / 13
Rebuilding the mill at Salmon, Idaho, following fire of 1962; tepee burner; Horace Koessler and Henry S. Pennypacker, officers of Intermountain Lumber company
1962

Series II:  Lumber Industry Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 14
Campaign visit by vice presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon, Republican, to Missoula, Montana. Includes Richard and Pat Nixon, Horace Koessler, rally on Higgins Avenue, Wellington D. Rankin.
1952 September 24

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Lumber trade -- Montana.
  • Personal Names :
  • Koessler, Horace.
  • Macfarland, Lanning.
  • Warren, D.M.
  • Corporate Names :
  • Fetscher Logging Company -- Montana.
  • Intermountain Lumber Company -- Montana.
  • Geographical Names :
  • Missoula (Mont.)
  • Montana.
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic prints
  • Occupations :
  • Loggers