U.S. Office of Indian Affairs records, Malheur Agency, 1874-1880  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Malheur Agency
Title
U.S. Office of Indian Affairs records, Malheur Agency
Dates
1874-1880 (inclusive)
Quantity
0.5 linear feet, (1 container)
Collection Number
Bx 053
Summary
The federal government created Indian reservations across the country in the 1800s. In Oregon the reservations included Siletz, Grand Ronde, Warm Springs, Umatilla, Klamath, and Malheur. Agriculture, schooling, finances, and other aspects of life on reservations were regulated by Indian agents employed by the federal government. The U.S. Office of Indian Affairs Records, Malheur Agency, consist of correspondence and records from 1874 to 1880 regarding conflicts between the Interior Department and the Army over control of Indian affairs.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The Bureau of Indian Affairs negotiated treaties with Native Americans throughout the United States, resulting in the creation of reservations around the country. In Oregon the reservations included Siletz, Grand Ronde, Warm Springs, Umatilla, Klamath, and Malheur. Beginning in the 1850s, government officials promoted an agrarian based society on the reservations, regardless of tradition subsistence practices of the people or the quality of the land. Employed by the federal government, Indian agents managed the reservations. Agriculture, schooling, finances, and other aspects of life on reservations were regulated by Indian agents.

Source: No author. “Oregon History: Uncle Sam’s Handiwork.” Oregon Blue Book. Electronic version: http://bluebook.state.or.us/cultural/history/history17.htm

Jackson, Curtis E. and Marcia J. Galli. A History of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its Activities Among Indians. San Francisco : R & E Research Associates, 1977.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of government correspondence and other records dating from 1874-1880 related to the Malheur Indian Agency in Canyon City, Oregon. The files relate to the struggle between the Interior Department and the Army for control of Indian affairs. Correspondents include Indian agents and government officials in Washington D. C., including the Secretary of the Interior. Records include supply lists, food supply lists, funding lists, and one 1872 map regarding the land in the Indian agency’s jurisdiction.

All of the materials are photostat copies of the original items of the Department of the Interior.

The records were selected by Robert C. Clark, Department of History, University of Oregon.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], U.S. Office of Indian Affairs records, Bx 053, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Correspondence and ledger sheetsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Correspondence
1 2
Debt account ledger sheets
1 2
Supply ledger sheets
1 2
Funding ledger sheets
1 2
Correspondence
1 3
Food supply ledger sheets
1 3
Supply ledger sheets
1 3
Correspondence
1 3
1872 map, shows Indian Agency location and location of Native American tribes in Western Oregon
1872

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Indian agents--Correspondence
  • Indians of North America--Oregon--Government relations
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. Army
  • United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Malheur Agency--Records and correspondence