Lee Nelson papers, 1957-1994  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Nelson, Lee H.
Title
Lee Nelson papers
Dates
1957-1994 (inclusive)
Quantity
39.5 linear feet, (27 containers)
Collection Number
Coll 334
Summary
Lee Nelson (1927-1994) was an American pioneer in historic and architectural preservation. The Lee Nelson Papers consist of professional correspondence, architectural drawings, published reports, pamphlets, articles, catalogs, manuscripts, photographs, and slides. The bulk of the material was generated during Nelson's career at the National Park Service, and includes material related to his activities in helping to preserve Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and other historic buildings, including the White House. This finding aid is a preliminary list of the contents of the Lee Nelson Papers.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SCUA
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Lee H. Nelson (1927-1994) was born in Portland, Oregon, in 1927, the son and grandson of Norwegian carpenters. He received an undergraduate degree in architecture from the University of Oregon in 1957, and a Master's in Architecture from the University of Illinois in 1958. That same year he embarked on a lifelong career with the National Park Service (NPS), beginning with a summer internship doing architectural research and documentation drawings at Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland.

From 1960 to 1972 Nelson worked in the National Park Service, Division of Design and Construction in Philadelphia where, in connection with America's approaching bicentennial, he became part of a team documenting and restoring a number of buildings at Independence National Historical Park. In 1979, Nelson became chief of Technical Preservation Services, later renamed the Preservation Assistance Division, a position he held until his retirement in 1990.

During his years with the Park Service, Nelson helped formulate national policies on historic preservation, promoting the use of authentic materials to document physical data as a record for posterity. He received the NPS Meritorious Service Award in 1974, and the Distinguished Service Award in 1988. Nelson was a founding member of the Association for Preservation Technology and edited the Association's Bulletin for its first 10 years. He was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects and was active in the AIA Historic Resources Committee. Lee Nelson died in 1994.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of professional correspondence, reports, published pamphlets, articles, catalogs, manuscripts, photographs and slides, and college course work.

The bulk of the material was generated during Nelson's career at the National Park Service and includes material relating to his activities in helping to preserve Independence Hall in Philadelphia and other historic buildings, including the White House.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Lee Nelson Papers, Coll 334, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1 Slides (Filed by Subject)
The slides in this box are illustrative of the various preservation projects on which Nelson worked throughout his career, including the preservation of the Aquia sandstone used in the White House and the restoration of Independence Hall in Philadelphia.Negatives - Aquia Church Tomb and Stone Quarry
1 2 Published Articles on Architectural Preservation
This box consists mainly of published reports and articles (as well as one audio recording) Nelson completed throughout his career. Topics include historic preservation in the Soviet Union, Independence Hall, nail chronology, and the Early American Industries Association. There are also several photocopied articles on subjects that Nelson was researching at the time.
1 3 Oregon's Covered Bridges
This box consists of research material pertaining to the covered bridges of Oregon. Oregon Department of Transportation Environmental Assessment Reports on Crabtree Creek (Bohemian Hall) Bridge, Pass Creek Bridge, and Thomas Creek (Jordan) Bridge.
1 4 Photographs of Covered Bridges
This box contains items related to the research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society on covered bridges. This box also includes several of Nelson's handwritten personal notes and to-do lists.
2 5 Published Articles and Various Environmental Assessments
This folder is an assortment of professional and personal papers. Most of the material consists of environmental assessments and Nelson's published articles from the 1960s to the 1980s. Also included is an outline for a technical preservation handbook, correspondence, and other materials based on Nelson’s research.
2 6 Lee Nelson's Article, Reports, Etc.
This folder contains various published articles written by Nelson. It includes two early articles written by Nelson while at the University of Oregon that were published in the Call Number, a semi-annual publication issued by the Library of the University of Oregon in Eugene between 1932 and 1964. Both of Nelson's Call Number articles are contained in this folder. Additionally this folder contains reports for the Department of the Interior, work for the American Institute of Architects (AIA), and material relating to miscellaneous research projects on subjects including Robert Mills, articles for the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, etc. A newspaper article on the restoration work being done at Independence Hall, which Lee and Lois Nelson later used as a birth announcement, is also included.
2 7 A.P.T. (Association for Preservation Technology) Correspondence
This folder contains Nelson's correspondence from his tenure as the American editor of the Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin (1969–1978). This correspondence, both professional and personal, represents not only the management of APT in 1978 (conference notes, meeting minutes, financial statements, new member lists) but also communications with authors of articles for the journal.
2 8 A.P.T. Correspondence
This box contains Nelson's correspondence during his tenure as the American editor of the Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin (1969–1978). This correspondence, both professional and personal, represents not only the management of APT in 1977 (internal memos, conference agendas, budget and meeting notes, member lists, new office space for the Canadian editors) but also communications with authors of articles for the journal.
3 9 Notecards of Data on Lewis Wernwag
This small box contains Nelson's handwritten research notes on Lewis Wernwag, including information on Wernwag's bridges, design, and family. Nelson's book, The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative, focused on Wernwag's bridge, and Nelson continued researching the German engineer, intending to write a book on him. While a book was never produced, Nelson did write several articles on Lewis Wernwag.
3 10 A.P.T. Newsletter (drafts, notes, and correspondence relating to the bulletin)
According to Diana Waite and Laura Shore's Three Decades of Interdisciplinary Preservation Technology: APT Celebrates Its Thirtieth Anniversary, “APT's first publishing venture was entitled the Newsletter of APT, but after only two issues it metamorphosed into the Bulletin as the contents expanded. In 1972 APT decided to issue a new bimonthly newsletter [Communiqué] that would keep members up to date with APT news, job postings, and notes on new preservation projects.” The material in this box pertains to the very first publication of the APT and includes drafts, photographs and negatives, and correspondence relating to the Newsletter.
3 11 Lewis Wernwag Research Material (correspondence, photocopies, and notes)
In 1990, Nelson published a book entitled The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative. It follows the developments in bridge building that occurred in the United States toward the end of the eighteenth century and beginning of the nineteenth century. Nelson researched the inventive structural evolution of bridge design which culminated with Lewis Wernwag's “Colossus.” This box contains several folders of research material on Lewis Wernwag, including Wernwag family genealogy, correspondence, photocopied articles, bridge prints, and notes on Colossus, the Fairmount Water Works, and other related topics.
4 12 Foundation for Preservation Technology (correspondence, reports, and minutes)
According to Diana Waite and Laura Shore's Three Decades of Interdisciplinary Preservation Technology: APT Celebrates Its Thirtieth Anniversary, “the Foundation for Preservation Technology was created in September 1975 as a non-membership organization to support APT financially by enabling US residents and granting agencies to make tax-deductible donations to APT programs.” This folder contains items relating to the management of the FPT (grant proposals, meeting minutes, professional correspondence with Charles E. Peterson, etc.) and the FPT's reprinting of the Russel and Irwin 1865 hardware catalogue.
4 13 "Colossus"-related Material (engineering analysis, notes, and diagrams)
This box contains Nelson's research on Lewis Wernwag's bridge, the Colossus, including notes, engineering analysis, and measured drawings of Colossus. Also included is an early draft of Nelson's book, The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative. Nelson researched the inventive structural evolution of bridge design that culminated in Lewis Wernwag's “Colossus.”
4 14 An Architectural Study of the Arch Street Meeting House by Lee Nelson
Lee Nelson and Penelope H. Batcheler conducted an architectural study of the Arch Street Meeting House in Philadelphia in 1968. Acting as restoration consultants, Nelson and Batcheler prepared this report for the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends in October, 1968. This architectural study outlines the physical evolution of the Arch Street Meeting House.
4 15 Fort McHenry Historical and Archaeological Research Project
Fort McHenry, on the Maryland coast, was an important military post during the War of 1812. Nelson's report, Historic American Building Survey: An Architectural Study of Fort McHenry, published in 1961, was a product of the historical and archaeological research project conducted in 1957 and 1958.
1957 - 1958
4 16 HABS (Historic American Building Survey) Record of Fort McHenry
In 1961 Nelson conducted an intensive architectural study of Fort McHenry, a historic military post on the Maryland coast. While the study was limited to the physical history of the structure, it provided important information when the park restoring Fort McHenry to its appearance during the War of 1812.
January 1961
4 17 Architectural Explorations at Fort McHenry (report to the Department of the Interior)
This folder contains a draft of Nelson's HABS report, An Architectural Study of Fort McHenry, published in 1961.
4 18 Merchants' Exchange Historic Structures report
Nelson conducted restoration work on Independence Hall at Independence National Historical Park in the 1960s and 1970s. This folder contains the historic structure report on the Merchants' Exchange Building, which is part of the park, by Joseph Petrak.
4 19 HABS Record of the 12th Street Meeting House (photos and record drawings)
The Twelfth Street Meeting House dates to the 1800s and was originally located in Philadelphia. In the 1970s the building was relocated to the George School campus north of the city. Nelson was a member of the architectural survey team that prepared a detailed historical and architectural report on the building that helped prepare the structure for its move. This Historic American Building Survey documentation, completed in 1971, includes photographs, measured drawings, architectural data and written historical and descriptive data.
5 20 Arch Street Meeting House (photos and correspondence)
Nelson and Penelope H. Batcheler conducted an architectural study of the Arch Street Meeting House in Philadelphia in 1968. Nelson continued to research the building after the initial report was issued. This folder contains research material relating to the Arch Street Meeting House and includes photographs, correspondence, the final report on repairs at Arch Street, and the 1992 report on the emergency truss investigations and repairs conducted by the structural engineering firm of Keast and Hood.
5 21 Historic Structures Report on the Nelson House
The Thomas Nelson House in Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia is one of the best examples of early Georgian, Tidewater Virginia mansions. Nelson, along with Gordie Whittington and William Degler, conducted an intensive architectural investigation of the Nelson House from September 16–23, 1971.
5 22 Historic Structures Report on Old City Hall (Part I, Sup. I)
Old City Hall housed the US Supreme Court in the 1700s and is part of Independence National Historical Park. In 1961, Nelson assisted with the historic structure report on the building. The objective of the report, as stated in the introduction, was “to ascertain (where possible) the original appearance of Old City Hall, to evaluate the restoration of 1921–1922 and to lay a groundwork for the forthcoming rehabilitation of the building to its lost historic period of 1791–1800.” This folder contains part I, supplement I, Nelson's contribution to the HSR.
1961
5 23 Historic Structures Report on Old City Hall's Roof (Part II)
In 1961, Nelson assisted with the historic structure report of Old City Hall. This folder contains the section written by Gary Dysert that addresses the construction of the original roof and its restoration.
1964
5 24 Historic Structures Report on Old City Hall's Structural Rehabilitation (Part II)
Continuing his work with Old City Hall, Nelson prepared the structural rehabilitation report in 1963. This study addresses only the proposed structural rehabilitation of the building. A supplement to Nelson's report contains the restoration plans for the interior and exterior architectural features.
1963
5 25 Aquia Stone (miscellaneous photos, correspondence, and notes )
Aquia Sandstone, quarried in Stafford County, Virginia, was used in the late 1700s for the construction of government buildings in Washington, DC, including the White House. Nelson assisted with the restoration of the White House exterior stonework in the 1990s and published the book White House Stone Carving: Builders and Restorers in 1992. The information in this folder contains historic photographs, slides, correspondence, and research notes pertaining to Aquia Stone and mason's marks.
5 26 Masons' and Merchants' Marks
This folder contains material (articles, correspondence, photographs, etc.) relating to masons' and merchants' marks of colonial America.
5 27 The White House (photocopies of "The President's House," drawings, and plans)
This folder contains articles, plans and elevations of the White House in Washington, DC. In the early 1990s, Nelson acted as an adviser to the National Park Service when the building’s exterior stonework was restored. This work eventually led to the publication of his 1992 book, White House Stone Carving: Builders and Restorers.
5 28 Oregon Hop Barns (notecards, photos and correspondence)
This folder contains research material on Oregon hop barns. A large collection of Nelson's personal notes and correspondence on the location and history of hop barns, survey sketches, photographs, slides, and negatives are included in this folder. Nelson was working on a potential Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) project on the historic site of the Seavy Hop Driers in Corvallis, Oregon.
5 29 Haverford Township Historical Society (correspondence, notes, and plans)
Nelson was an active member of the Haverford Township Historical Society. This folder contains professional and personal correspondence and material that Nelson prepared for the Society when it was restoring the historic Nitre Hall Building, a nineteenth century residence listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
5 30 Burlington County Courthouse and Prison Museum (report and correspondence from John Milner)
This folder contains the Final Report on Architectural Studies for Burlington County Courthouse and Burlington County Prison Museum, which was prepared for the Board of chosen freeholders in Burlington County, New Jersey in 1978. John Milner and Associates prepared the report to establish the history of the interior and exterior of the complex of buildings.
5 31 A.P.T. Bulletin in Quebec City
This folder contains miscellaneous articles, walking tours, historic guides, and bulletins on Québèc City from the Association for Preservation Technology.
October 2, 1970 - October 5, 1970
5 32 Miscellaneous Preservation Literature
This folder contains a collection of articles on a variety of preservation topics including seismic design basics, finishes, water sealing, strengthening substitution, and maritime preservation.
5 33 Philadelphia Buildings
Nelson devoted much time to the preservation and restoration of Philadelphia’s historic landscape. This folder contains research material on the buildings of Philadelphia, including notes on Benjamin Latrobe, photocopies of William Vine's sketchbook, photographs of buildings under construction, articles on ironworks and foundries, reports on Christ's Church and post office, and Nelson's personal sketches.
5 34 Stoves and Heating (published articles by miscellaneous authors, and notes/drafts by Lee Nelson)
This folder contains research material, Nelson's notes, and personal correspondence relating to the evolution of stoves and heating in early America. Topics covered include kitchens in colonial Virginia, evolution and romance of the heating-stove, early American cooking stoves, and drawings and photographs of hearths and Franklin stoves.
6 35 University of Oregon Historic Preservation Program (Associated Students for Historic Preservation Program, A.S.H.P.)
Nelson received his Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Oregon in 1957. He maintained both a professional and personal connection with the school and became involved with the Historic Preservation program established in 1980. This folder contains correspondence with the Associated Students for Historic Preservation and Nelson's edits of students' projects.
6 36 Building Technology Notes
This folder contains an assortment of Nelson's handwritten notes on building technology.
6 37 Richard Sanders Allen (correspondence between Allen and Lee)
Richard Sanders Allen wrote several books on covered bridges in the American Northeast, South and Midwest. This folder contains correspondence between Allen and Nelson on various preservation and bridge projects between 1991 and 1994.
6 38 General Correspondence
This box contains four folders of Nelson's general correspondence between the years 1954 and 1972.
1954-1972
6 39 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VII, No. 4
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VII, no. 4, 1975. Nelson was the American editor of the Bulletin between 1969 and 1978.
1975
6 40 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VII, No. 1
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VII, no. 1, 1975.
1975
6 41 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VI, No. 2
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VI, no. 2, 1974.
1974
6 42 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VI, No. 1
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VI, no. 1, 1974.
1974
6 43 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VI, No. 4
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VI, no. 4, 1974.
1974
6 44 Miscellaneous A.P.T. Notes and Correspondence
This folder contains various notes and correspondence from the Association for Preservation Technology.
6 45 Corrected A.P.T. Bulletin
This folder contains the corrected typescript and mock-ups of APT Bulletin article illustrations of Fort Ligonier.
6 46 Robert Mills (correspondence, manuscripts, articles, photographs, and notes)
This folder contains research material relating to Robert Mills (1781–1855), the first American-born architect. Nelson's correspondence, personal notes, photographs and articles are included.
7 47 Miscellaneous Photocopied Articles
This folder contains an assortment of articles of academic interest to Nelson. His edits and notes on David Flaharty's “Restoring Historic Ornament Plaster” articles are included. Flaharty later wrote Preservation Brief No. 23 on Preserving Historic Ornamental Plaster.
7 48 Building Diagnostics (copies of articles on structural problems)
This folder contains articles and material on building diagnostics, masonry, and structural problems.
7 49 Training Aids (slides, photos, negatives, correspondence, and notes)
Included in this folder are slides, photographs, correspondence and notes and training aids on craftsmanship that Nelson used for lectures.
7 50 Miscellaneous Correspondence and Manuscripts
This folder contains various manuscripts and correspondence.
7 51 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. IX, No. 2
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin IX, No. 2, 1977.
1977
7 52 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. III, No. 2-3
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin III, No. 2-3, 1971, the heating stoves issue.
1971
7 53 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. IX, No. 4
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin IX, No. 4, 1977.
1977
7 54 A.P.T. Bulletin; Vol. VII, No. 1
This box contains the typewritten manuscript of the APT Bulletin VII, No. 1, 1975.
1975
7 55 Appointment Books
This bundle consists of Nelson's personal appointment books from 1979 to 1990. They provide information on Nelson’s daily schedule, projects, and contacts.
1979 - 1990
7 56 Colossus Ironwork (correspondence and copyrighted article)
This folder contains articles, drawings, and correspondence with Charles E. Peterson on the ironwork in Lewis Wernwag’s Colossus bridge.
7 57 Colossus, 1814 (photocopy of "Report of Managers of the Lancaster Schuylkill Bridge Company to the Stockholders")
This folder contains an 1814 report on Lewis Wernwag’s Colossus Bridge.
March 3, 1814
7 58 Wernwag in Delaware (correspondence, manuscripts, and maps of Wernwag bridges)
Having written a great deal on bridge design, especially on Lewis Wernwag's Colossus, Nelson had hoped eventually to write a book on the engineer. Instead, Nelson combined two unfinished chapters into one article: “America's ’Pontifex Maximus’ in Delaware: Lewis Wernwag Builds Two Bridges over the Brandywine in 1822-23.” This article was eventually edited by Eugene Ferguson and published posthumously in the 1995 issue of Delaware History. The original is included in this folder along with photographs of Wernwag's bridges, notes on Wilmington bridges, and correspondence with various Delaware historical societies.
7 59 Angelus Collection Prints
This folder contains prints from the Angelus Collection, held at the University of Oregon Library. According to the Library, “the Angelus Studio was a professional photographic company located in Portland, Oregon” that provided extraordinary documentation of the city of Portland and other Oregon landmarks. The collection contains images from the 1880s to the 1940s.
7 60 W.H. Abrams and Lord Nelson Roney Materials (photos and stories)
This folder contains original research (note cards, written project histories, photographs) by Nelson on W. H. Abrams and Lord Nelson Roney. Abrams was a Eugene, Oregon builder who worked on several University of Oregon buildings including Villard Hall and the gymnasium. Roney was an Oregon builder who constructed several covered bridges and also worked on Villard Hall.
7 61 Cornelius S. McNally Material (photos and stories)
In 1960, Nelson published an article in the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians entitled “White, Furness, McNally and the Capital National Bank of Salem, Oregon.” (See box 2, folder 6.) This folder contains information regarding Nelson's original research, which includes photographs of the bank and correspondence with historical societies and libraries. The research and paper were originally undertaken for a course at the University of Oregon. (See box 10, folder 82.)
7 62 Lee Nelson's Terminal Project (brewery photos and designs)
Nelson's final design project at the University of Oregon was submitted as partial requirement for a Bachelor of Architecture in January of 1957. It consisted of designs for a proposed brewery in Eugene. This folder contains research notes, designs and photographs pertaining to the project. (See box 10, folder 81 for the final version.)
7 63 W.W. Piper (photos, notes, and report)
W.W. Piper was an Oregon architect in the 1800s. In 1956, Nelson prepared a paper entitled “W. W. Piper – Oregon Architect, 1827-1886” while at the University of Oregon. This folder contains research notes, summaries of Piper's work, photographs, and articles relating to Piper.
8 64 Oregon Buildings (photos and prints)
This folder includes glossy prints and photographs of various Oregon buildings.
8 65 W. H. Williams (published articles written by Lee Nelson)
Warren Heywood Williams was an Oregon architect, noted for designing Portland's commercial palaces of the 1880s, as well as his co-design of Villard Hall and the observatory at the University of Oregon. Nelson wrote two articles for The Call Number, the University of Oregon Library's publication, during his undergraduate years, one of which focused on Williams’s observatory. This folder contains research material on Williams for Nelson's article as well as the two Call Number publications.
8 66 A.I.A. (American Institute of Architects)
In 1974, Nelson became a member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA). This folder contains information on his membership status, correspondence, notes from meetings as well as his induction into the College of Fellows in 1985 and his “member emeritus” status in 1991.
8 67 Pennsylvania Architecture Registration
In 1969 Nelson became a registered architect in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This folder contains information on the examination for architectural registration in Pennsylvania.
8 68 Photographs of Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Henry Sullivan
This folder contains photographs and slides of architectural details by American designers Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Henry Sullivan.
8 69 Peterson Research Fellowship Committee (notes and correspondence)
The Peterson Research Fellowship was endowed by Charles E. Peterson and awarded to an individual to pursue the preservation of early American architecture or focus on building technology. Nelson served on the Peterson Fellowship Committee from 1988 to 1994. This folder contains Nelson's notes on proposals and correspondence relating to the committee.
8 70 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall's "Assembly Room"
Before restoration work began on Independence Hall, Nelson prepared a thorough history of the architectural evolution of the Assembly Room, where both the Declaration of Independence and Constitution were signed. This folder contains Nelson's historic structure report on the Assembly Room.
8 71 Photographs of Independence Hall and Seismic Resistance Report
This folder contains several photographs and negatives from the restoration work at Independence Hall in the 1960s and 1970s. Also included are miscellaneous technical reports on the building.
8 72 Independence Hall Plans
This folder contains reduced size copies of Independence Hall architectural plans drawings.
8 73 T.T.H.P. (Technology Transfer for Historic Preservation) Reports
The Technology Transfer for Historic Preservation (TTHP) program produced several publications. Several reports and diagnostics are contained in this folder.
1987-1989
8 74 Photographic Leafs (negatives), primarily of Independence Hall
This folder contains 129 sheets of photographic negatives, primarily of Independence Hall.
8 75 Historic Structures Report on Independence Hall's "Paving" (historic flooring)
Before restoration work began on Independence Hall, Nelson prepared a history of the material and architectural evolution of the interior and exterior paving in Independence Hall’s Central Hall and Tower Stair hall. This folder contains Nelson's historic structures report on the paving.
9 76 "Colossus" Negatives and Prints
This folder contains more of Nelson's research material on the bridge, “Colossus.” Nelson wrote a book on bridge design and wooden bridge evolution, focusing on “Colossus,” entitled The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative. This folder contains correspondence, reviewed drafts of the book as well as negatives, prints, illustrations (from the book), and other Colossus research material.
10 77 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall "Central Hall and Tower Stairwell"
Penelope H. Batcheler, an architect who had worked previously with Nelson, prepared a historic structure report on Independence Hall in 1989. In the 1970s, ongoing work at Independence Hall was led by Nelson. He also advised architectural historians on the work being done at other sites and properties in Independence National Historical Park. Batcheler's report on Independence Hall’s two interior spaces describes the complexity of the rooms and their physical history from 1733 to the 1900s, and recommends future research goals.
10 78 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall "Structural Rehabilitation"
One of Nelson's greatest contributions to the field of historic preservation was the twelve year restoration of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Nelson and other National Park Service employees restored the building to its eighteenth century appearance when the Declaration of Independence was signed.
10 79 "A brewery for Eugene" (Terminal Project)
Nelson designed a proposed brewery for Eugene, Oregon, for his final Bachelor of Architecture project at the University of Oregon. Complete with measured drawings, it explored solutions to the technical and social obstacles a new brewery would face.
10 80 Report for Marion Dean Ross
In 1957, Nelson took a class taught by Oregon architectural historian Marion Dean Ross at the University of Oregon. For this class, he prepared a report on the origins of the Capital National Bank of Salem, Oregon, which was published in the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians three years later. This folder contains the article in its earlier form as a research paper for Ross' class.
10 81 18th-century Philadelphia Rain Conductors (report)
In 1960 the National Park Service was preparing to restore Congress Hall to its 1793 appearance. Nelson and Penelope Hartshorne, in order to ensure the accuracy of the restoration, prepared several reports on the exterior and interior appearance of Congress Hall. This box contains their work on historic rain conductors.
10 82 This folder number was skipped. No material exists.
10 83 This folder number was skipped. No material exists.
10 84 Historic Structures Report on Congress Hall's Heating Apparatus
In the early 1960s, Nelson conducted research to support the restoration of several buildings at Independence National Historical Park. This folder contains the historic structures report, prepared by Samuel Edgerton, for Congress Hall's heating apparatus.
10 85 Report on Structural Services on Market Street House (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
This folder contains the Structural Engineering Services and Construction Phasing report for Market Street House at Independence National Historical Park. The technical study was prepared by Keast and Hood, structural engineers, in 1976 and evaluated the structural elements of the Market Street House. The report also includes a plan for reconstruction, as well as photographs and drawings.
10 86 Architectural Study of "Carpenter's Hall" Fireplaces
In the early 1960s, Nelson conducted research to support the restoration of several buildings at Independence National Historical Park. This folder contains Nelson’s report on the first floor fireplaces in Carpenters’ Hall, a 1770s meeting hall and site of the first Continental Congress.
10 87 Masonry Study of Independence Hall
This folder contains an early study on masonry preservation for Independence Hall at Independence National Historical Park. The work was conducted in 1956 by the G. & W. H. Corson Laboratories.
10 88 Independence Hall Daily Log
In the early 1960s Nelson supervised for the structural rehabilitation of Independence Hall. This folder contains Nelson's detailed daily log from July 18, 1961 to January 8, 1963, in which he documented the beginning of restoration, noted the individuals working on the structure (companies, architects, students, etc.), and captured the progression of work.
1961-1963
10 89 Independence Hall Daily Log (Supreme Court Room)
In 1967, a team of preservationists at Independence National Historical Park began restoring the Supreme Court Room in Independence Hall. Nelson was a member of the team (along with Penelope Hartshorne, John Milner, and Joseph Petrak) and kept a daily log, which is contained in this folder. The log documented the architectural research performed and the process of restoring the room.
1967
10 90 Historic Structure Report on the Archer House, Part II (Final Supplement)
On February 16, 1959, Nelson and restoration specialist Gordie Whittington began preservation work on the Archer House (circa 1815) in Colonial National Historical Park, Virginia. The Archer House is a typical dock- side home along Yorktown's historic waterfront. This folder contains Nelson's final report on the architectural history and restoration work undertaken on the Archer House.
November 1960
10 91 Historic Structure Report on the Archer House, Part II (restoration)
The National Park Service began restoring the Archer House (now known as the Archer Cottage) in Colonial National Historical Park in 1959. Under the direction of George Bennett, Nelson assisted in the project and prepared documentation of the house before and after the restoration. This folder contains Nelson's preliminary architectural study, which explores the building’s physical history and existing conditions, and provides recommendations for its restoration.
June 1959
10 92 Historic Structures Report on Independence Hall's Roof Balustrade
In the early 1960s, Nelson was preparing for the restoration of Independence Hall at Independence National Historical Park to its eighteenth century appearance. For this purpose, he conducted extensive research on the building’s exterior and interior spaces and features. This folder contains Nelson's report on the roof balustrade of Independence Hall.
10 93 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall's Repainting, Part III
In 1960, Nelson, along with Penelope Hartshorne and a team of National Park Service preservationists, began the restoration of Independence Hall. As part of the intensive research required to restore the historic building, Hartshorne, a National Park Service architect, prepared a study (contained in this folder) of the paints and wall colors found in Independence Hall.
November 1960
10 94 Correspondence with David Yeoman
This folder contains Nelson's correspondence with David Yeoman, including handwritten letters, postcards, photographs, slides, and other material.
10 95 Drayton Hall Research Material (photos, prints, and correspondence)
This folder contains research material (photographs, prints, correspondence) on Drayton Hall, an eighteenth-century plantation in South Carolina. The Association for Preservation Technology printed several articles about Drayton Hall in its publication, the Bulletin, which Nelson edited between 1969 and 1978.
10 96 Wilmington Borough Council minutes
Nelson conducted several architectural studies of structures in Wilmington, Delaware, including the Old Town Hall. This folder contains copies of the Wilmington Borough Council Minutes from February 24, 1792–June 7, 1877, and research material for the Wilmington studies.
10 97 Pictorial History of Old Town Hall
In 1965, Nelson prepared an architectural study of Old Town Hall for the Historical Society of Delaware in preparation for the restoration and repurposing of the building as the historical society's museum. This folder contains a pictorial report on Old Town Hall in Wilmington, Delaware, including historic pictures and prints.
11 98 A.P.T. Correspondence
This box contains four containers of Association for Preservation Technology correspondence. This professional and personal correspondence covers the very beginnings of the organization and includes communication on constitution and by-law proposals, meeting notes, accounts summaries and other material relating to the APT’s founding.
1968 - 1975
12 99 Engineering Treatises
This folder contains articles and reports on engineering treatises.
12 100 C.W. Peale
This folder contains notes and research notes on Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827), who wrote a book on wood and laminated bridges, An Essay on Building Wood Bridges (1797), a subject that Nelson researched in depth for several books and publications.
12 101 Shipbuilding Houses
This folder contains articles and research material, including correspondence with engineers in England, on wooden shipbuilding houses in America and elsewhere.
12 102 Market Street Bridge (correspondence, miscellaneous sketches, and designs)
This folder contains research material, including drawings and correspondence, on Market Street Bridge in Philadelphia.
12 103 "Other American Bridges" (correspondence, photos, and notes)
This folder contains Nelson's research material on American bridges with special attention to the Northeast. Photographs, articles and correspondence are included. Of especial interest is an original congressional report from 1822.
12 104 Miscellaneous Bridge Correspondence
This folder contains miscellaneous correspondence on American bridges that does not fit into other correspondence folders. Correspondence focuses on Virginia bridges and includes letters from Princeton University.
12 105 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (correspondence)
This folder contains research material pertaining to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. A historic structure report from Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Monument and articles on Lewis Wernwag are included.
1978
12 106 Research Material on Trusses (correspondence, photos, sketches, reports)
This collection of miscellaneous articles includes a variety of research material that focuses on trusses and structural connections. This includes notes, structural condition surveys, architectural drawings, photographs and slides of truss connections at Independence Hall and Fairmount Waterworks Engine House. Also included is a draft and comments on Nelson's article, “The Evolution of Wooden Truss Connections: From Mortise-and-Tenon Joints to Bolted Connections.”
12 107 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall, Part I, Sup. I
One of Nelson's greatest contributions to the field of historic preservation was the twelve-year restoration of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Nelson and other National Park Service employees painstakingly restored the building to its appearance when it was the setting for the 1776 signing of the Declaration of Independence. This folder contains a supplement to the Historic Structure Report from 1961.
12 108 A.P.T. Correspondence
This folder contains professional correspondence, photographs, and slides related to the Association for Preservation Technology from 1978. That year marked the tenth anniversary of the organization, thus correspondence, photographs, and posters celebrating the event are also included in this folder.
1978
12 109 Other Wernwag Bridges (photo copies only)
Nelson wrote extensively on Lewis Wernwag and his 1812 bridge, called the Colossus (also known as the Fairmount Bridge), built on the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia, even producing a book entitled The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative. This folder contains correspondence, notes, and histories on Wernwag's bridges.
12 110 European bridges (correspondence and articles)
This folder contains correspondence and articles on European laminated bridges.
12 111 Harper's Ferry (government publications)
Lewis Wernwag, a lifelong subject of research for Nelson, lived in Harpers Ferry, a historic industrial town in West Virginia. This folder contains research material on the area, including Harpers Ferry National Historical Park's archaeological investigations as well as the social and economic history of Virginius Island.
12 112 Oregon's Covered Bridges (correspondence)
In the late 1950s Nelson assisted the Oregon Historical Society by compiling a complete and detailed history of the state’s covered bridges. A Century of Oregon Covered Bridges was published in 1960. Nelson assisted with revisions to the publication in 1988. This folder contains correspondence relating to Oregon's covered bridges from the 1980s, including the 1988 edition of A Century of Oregon Covered Bridges.
1986
12 113 Robert Maillart's Bridges (correspondence)
Robert Maillart was a Swiss civil engineer who built several innovative bridges in Switzerland in the 1930s. Nelson and his wife, Lois, visited Switzerland in 1988 and this folder contains correspondence with Swiss organizations on Maillart's bridges.
12 114 A.P.T. Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 4
This box contains the camera-ready copy of APT Bulletin VII, No. 4, 1975. Nelson was the American editor of the Bulletin until 1978.
1975
13 115 Eastman's Rotary Sawing Machine
This folder contains a photocopy of an 1822 article on Eastman's Rotary Sawing Machine.
13 116 Ulysses S. Grant House
The residents of Ulysses S. Grant’s hometown, Galena, Illinois, purchased this house after the Civil War gave it to the General and future President. Grant lived there until he moved to the White House and returned several times. This folder contains negatives of the original 1859 house plans.
13 117 Mesker and Company Negatives
This folder contains negatives of cast-iron storefronts produced by the George L. Mesker and Company in Evansville, Illinois.
13 118 C.C.C.C.P. Rule Book (negatives)
This folder contains negatives from the Carpenters' Company of the City and County of Philadelphia Rule Book of Trussed Partitions from 1786.
1786
13 119 A.P.T. Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 4 (copy and the negative of cover)
This folder contains a negative and copy of the photograph used for the cover of APT Bulletin VII, No. 4.
13 120 A.P.T. Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 2 (copy negatives)
This folder contains the copy negatives for the APT Bulletin V, No. 2, 1973. The issue focused on early sawmills.
1973
13 121 Brown's Moisture Article (includes negatives)
This folder contains W. Brown Morton’s article on moisture, “Field Procedures for Examining Humidity in Masonry Buildings,” APT Bulletin 8, No. 2 (1976), 2–19, and the negatives for the photographs used in the manuscript.
13 122 Fort Ligonier negatives
Built in 1758, Fort Ligonier was an important British fortification during the French and Indian War. It is located in Pennsylvania and was reconstructed between 1960 and 1970. This folder contains negatives of drawings of the fort.
13 123 Drawings for Independence Hall Structural Framing (negatives)
This folder contains negatives of Nelson's drawings of Independence Hall’s structural framing. These drawings were reproduced in Building Early America: Contributions toward the History of a Great Industry, which was published in 1976 by the Carpenters' Company of the City County of Philadelphia.
13 124 Hardware Accounts for Independence Hall (negatives)
Prior to the restoration of Independence Hall, also known as the “State House,” in Philadelphia, an intensive and thorough architectural history of the building was completed. Nelson worked on research and preparation of the building for preservation and also led crews in the actual restoration. This folder contains research material on the historic hardware and ironwork of the building covering the period from 1750 to 1756.
13 125 Brown Morton Article Negatives
This folder contains extra prints, slides, and negatives of photographs used in Brown Morton's article (see Box 13, folder 131).
13 126 Louisbourg Lighthouse (correspondence and photos)
Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, was the site of the first lighthouse built in Canada (1734). This folder contains several prints and correspondence regarding the lighthouse.
13 127 Archer House Restoration Photographs
In 1959 the National Park Service began restoration of the Archer House, a typical dock-side home in Colonial National Historical Park. Under the direction of George Bennett, Nelson assisted in the project and prepared documentation of the house before and after the restoration. This folder contains photographs of the Archer House before, during, and after restoration, several of which Nelson took.
13 128 Miscellaneous Research Material (notes, prints, and photos)
This folder includes drawings of truss details at Market Street Bridge in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (Carrere & Hastings, 1926–1929), APT notes and correspondence and a variety of prints. Photographs include images of original Independence Hall floorboards, covered bridges in Oregon, terminal (Bachelor of Architecture) design project for Eugene brewery, restoration work in Russia from 1974, the Louisbourg Lighthouse, and Temple Beth Israel church in Portland, Oregon.
13 129 A.P.T. Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 4 (print)
This folder contains a copy of the picture used for the cover of the APT Bulletin VII, No. 4 (which is also found in Box 13, Folder 119).
13 130 Unnamed Bridge (negative and print)
This folder contains a negative and print of an unidentified bridge.
13 131 Cemetery Photographs
In 1956, Nelson, as an undergraduate in the architecture program at the University of Oregon, completed a project on Masonic cemetery design for architect and University of Oregon architecture program alumnus, Richard Campbell. This box contains large, mounted photographs of various Masonic cemetery headstones and designs, possibly from a cemetery in Eugene, Oregon.
13 132 Historic Structures Report on Independence Hall's Central Hall and Tower Stairhall, Part II
Penelope H. Batcheler, an architect who had worked previously with Nelson, prepared a historic structures report on Independence Hall in 1989. Nelson continued to advise architectural historians on the remaining and ongoing work at Independence National Historical Park following the 1960s and 1970s restoration. This folder contains a draft of Batcheler's report on Independence Hall interiors with Nelson's edits and notes from 1988.
1987
13 133 An Architectural Study of Old Town Hall
In 1965, Nelson prepared an architectural study of Old Town Hall in Wilmington for the Historical Society of Delaware in preparation for the restoration and repurposing of the building as the historical society's museum. This folder contains Nelson's Old Town Hall report, which was prepared to serve as a reference during the restoration.
1965
13 134 Historic Structure Report on Independence Hall, Physical History of the Second Floor
Penelope H. Batcheler, an architect who had worked previously with Nelson, continued working on Independence Hall after the 1976 Bicentennial celebration. Nelson continued to advise architectural historians on the remaining and ongoing work at Independence National Historical Park following the 1960s and 1970s restoration. This folder contains Batcheler's report on the architectural history of the second floor of Independence Hall.
1992
13 135 Concrete Preservation (correspondence, slides, and reports)
This folder contains correspondence with the American Concrete Institute (ACI), as well as slides and reports on concrete preservation collected during Nelson's work with the Association for Preservation Technology. Also included is correspondence with Theodore Prudon, lecturer in architecture at Columbia University, and slides of concrete problems at the Amphitheater at the University of Virginia and a railroad bridge in Washington.
14 136 A.P.T. Bulletins (Vol. I, No. 1 - Vol. XXVIII, No. 3)
The Association for Preservation Technology International produces a quarterly publication, the Bulletin, which showcases innovative projects highlighting the role of technology in historic preservation. Nelson was the American editor of the Association for Preservation Technology’s quarterly Bulletin for ten years, beginning with the first issue in 1969. This box contains APT publications from 1969 through 1997, including the APT Bulletin, early APT Newsletters, and the Communique publications.
1969-1997
14 137 Sheet Film Negatives
This folder contains sheet film negatives and copies of photos taken from 1948 to 1964 by Nelson (unless otherwise noted). Negatives include images of buildings in Eugene and Portland, Oregon, as well as various restoration projects on which Nelson worked. An index accompanying the negatives notes numerous personal images that were removed from the folder prior to its accession by the University of Oregon.
1948 - 1964
14 138 Historic Structures Report on Independence Hall's Supreme Court Room
While working on the restoration of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Nelson helped prepare a detailed architectural history of both the interior and exterior of the building. In 1967, Independence National Historical Park began the complex restoration of the Supreme Court Room in Independence Hall. This folder contains Nelson's report on the historic courtroom interior as well as recommendations for the restoration of the plaster ceiling, entablatures, pilasters, wall paneling, windows and chair-rail levels.
14 139 Photos of Independence Hall
This binder contains photographs of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, including historical images as well as pictures of the 1962 structural rehabilitation work.
14 140 Original Colossus of 1812 Draft
In 1990, Nelson published a book entitled, The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative. It follows the developments in bridge building that occurred in the United States toward the end of the eighteenth century and beginning of the nineteenth century. Nelson researched the evolution of bridge design that culminated with Lewis Wernwag's famous “Colossus Bridge” constructed near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This folder contains an early draft entitled “The Colossus of Philadelphia” from 1980, which Nelson later adapted into the 1990 publication.
14 141 Colossus of 1812 Correspondence
This folder contains correspondence relating to the reproduction of images and other issues with regard to Nelson's 1990 book on Lewis Wernwag’s famous bridge, The Colossus of 1812: An American Engineering Superlative.
15 142 Historic Structure Report on Dudley Diggs House Outbuildings, Part I
The Dudley Digges House (circa 1760), formerly known as the West House, is located in Colonial National Historical Park in Yorktown, Virginia. Several properties within the national park were restored in the 1960s. Nelson participated in developing the architectural history reports as well as in documenting the structures before and after restoration. This folder contains Nelson's report on the Dudley Digges House cultural landscape.
1960
15 143 Historic Structure Report on Dudley Diggs House, Part II
The Dudley Digges House (circa 1760), formerly known as the West House, is located in Colonial National Historical Park in Yorktown, Virginia. Several properties within the national park were restored in the 1960s. Nelson participated in developing the architectural history reports as well as in documenting the structures before and after their restoration. This folder contains Nelson's revised restoration report from 1960.
1960
15 144 Historic Structure Report on Dudley Diggs House, Part I
The Dudley Digges House, formerly known as the West House, is located in Colonial National Historical Park in Virginia. Several properties within the national park were restored in the 1960s. Nelson participated in developing the architectural history reports as well as in documenting the structures before and after their restoration. This folder contains Nelson's 1959 preliminary report on the Dudley Digges House restoration work.
1959
15 145 Historical Photographs of Yorktown, Virginia
Several properties within Colonial National Historical Park, which includes parts of Yorktown, were restored in the 1960s. Nelson participated in developing the architectural history reports as well as documenting the structures before and after their restoration. This folder contains historical photographs of Yorktown, Virginia, and the Dudley Digges House (circa 1760).
15 146 Photographs of Yorktown, Virginia (includes drawings and designs)
Several properties within Colonial National Historical Park, which includes parts of Yorktown, Virginia, were restored in the 1960s. Nelson participated in developing the architectural history reports as well as documenting the structures before and after their restoration. This folder contains aerial photographs of Yorktown as well as drawings, plans, and photographs of the Dudley Digges House (circa 1760).
15 147 Pacific Coast Architects (correspondence and photos)
This folder contains research material on Pacific Coast architects, including notes, photographs, and correspondence with Robert Clay, William Hawkins III, and others.
15 148 Terminal Project Photographs (University of Oregon)
Nelson graduated from the University of Oregon with a degree in architecture in 1957. This folder contains photographs of terminal (final) design projects by other graduates of the University of Oregon in 1957.
15 149 Pacific Coast Bridge Builders
This folder contains a list of nineteenth century Pacific coast bridge builders, including information on the firm of A. S. Miller and Sons, which opened an office in Eugene, Oregon, in the 1870s.
15 150 Miscellaneous Covered Bridge Documentation (correspondence, articles, and photos)
This box contains items related to the research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society on covered bridges. It includes research material such as newspaper articles, other articles, photographs, and correspondence pertaining to covered bridges in Oregon and elsewhere.
15 151 Covered Bridges Correspondence
In the late 1950s Nelson compiled a complete and detailed history of the Oregon covered bridges for the Oregon Historical Society. A Century of Oregon Covered Bridges was published in 1960. Nelson assisted with revisions of the publication in 1988. This folder contains materials dated from 1955 to 1980, including correspondence, photographs, and articles on covered bridges.
16 152 Poplar Forest (slides, correspondence, articles, and reports)
Poplar Forest was Thomas Jefferson's second home (in addition to Monticello) outside of Lynchburg, Virginia. Nelson served as a member of the architectural advisory panel that helped guide the restoration of the Virginia building from 1990 to 1994. This folder contains research material on Poplar Forest, including a chronology of the building’s construction and modifications, technical reports on its history and architecture, monthly progress reports on structural repairs, and personal research notes.
16 153 Datebooks and Appointment Books
This box contains Nelson's small, black appointment books from 1964 to 1983.
16 154 Manuscripts and Published Articles
This folder contains an assortment of Nelson's published articles, personal notes, and interviews from 1980 to 1993. During this time, Nelson was Chief of the Technical Preservation Services Division and Departmental Consultant for Historic Architecture for the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Items of interest include the invitations used for Nelson's book reception and lecture for White House Stone Carving: Builders and Restorers in Washington, D.C., a publication Nelson authored to commemorate the two hundredth anniversary of the White House.
16 155 General Correspondence
This folder contains Nelson's general correspondence from the years 1973 to 1991. It includes professional and personal correspondence with the historical architect and preservation leader Charles Peterson, and Max Steinhaus, a California-based engineer with whom Nelson conversed extensively about German engineering and design. Items of interest include Nelson's correspondence with preservationists in Norway (1989) and Rome (1984) relating to various projects.
1973 - 1991
17 156 General Correspondence
This folder contains Nelson's general correspondence in the 1990s. It includes correspondence relating to Second Mesa in Arizona, and Chaco Canyon in northwest New Mexico, as well as decorative hardware research material.
1992 - 1994
17 157 Medieval Architecture (class notes for ARCH 214)
This folder contains two binders of class notes and outlines for a 1958 course on medieval architecture.
17 158 Special Problems in the History of Architecture (class notes for ARCH 214)
Nelson attended the University of Illinois from 1957 to 1958, at which point he received a Master of Architecture degree. This folder contains a paper Nelson wrote while at Illinois for a graduate class in Special Problems in the History of Architecture.
17 159 The Council of Trent (class notes for ARCH 496)
This folder contains a paper Nelson wrote while working on his Master of Architecture degree at the University of Illinois (1957–1958).
17 160 Art in Latin America (class notes)
In 1957 Nelson served as a graduate assistant to Professor Marion Dean Ross at the University of Oregon. This folder contains outlines and class notes for Ross's class, Art in Latin America.
17 161 Oregon's Covered Bridges (photos, slides, correspondence, and articles)
This folder contains items related to covered bridge research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society. This box includes photographs, negatives, slides, correspondence, and articles on Oregon's covered bridges. Information related to the Larwood Bridge in Linn County, Oregon, is included in this folder.
17 162 Notebook on Oregon Covered Bridges
In the late 1950s Nelson compiled a history of Oregon covered bridges for the Oregon Historical Society This notebook contains typed and written notes and observations on Oregon's covered bridges.
17 163 Lane County Covered Bridges
In the late 1950s Nelson compiled a history of Oregon covered bridges for the Oregon Historical Society This folder contains handwritten notes on the covered bridges in Lane County, Oregon.
17 164 Oregon Covered Bridge Material
This folder contains items related to the covered bridge research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society. This box includes various newspaper articles and maps.
17 165 Newspaper Articles on Covered Bridges in Oregon
This folder contains newspaper articles related to the covered bridge research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society.
17 166 Slides of Linn and Lane County Bridges
This sleeve contains slides of bridges in Lane and Linn County, Oregon.
17 167 Miscellaneous Covered Bridge Documents
This box contains correspondence and notes related to the covered bridge research Nelson conducted for the Oregon Historical Society.
17 168 Notecards on Oregon's Covered Bridges and Lord Nelson Roney
This box contains Nelson's original research notes on Oregon's bridges and Lord Nelson Roney, an Oregon builder well-known for his work on covered bridges.
18 169 Notecards on Oregon's Architects
This box contains Nelson's original research notes on various Oregon architects from the 1850s to 1890s including Warren H. Williams, W. W. Piper, and W. H. Abrams.
18 170 Consulting for Old Town Hall, Wilmington, Delaware (correspondence, notes, and receipts)
In 1965, Nelson and Henry Judd prepared an architectural study of Old Town Hall in Wilmington, Delaware, for the Historical Society of Delaware, prior to the restoration and reuse of the building as the society's museum. This folder contains research material on Old Town Hall including photographs, negatives, correspondence, notes, and general consulting material including payment forms.
18 171 Miscellaneous Consultation Services (correspondence, notes, and receipts)
This folder contains correspondence, notes, and receipts for Nelson's various consulting work. Projects on which Nelson worked include a roof examination at Traugers Mill in Tohickon Valley Park, Bucks County, Pennsylvania; appraisal of the George Taylor Plowman Art and Architectural History Collection on behalf of the University of Oregon; evaluation of a manuscript by American architectural historian Carl Condit; and work on the Asbury Methodist Church in Wilmington, Delaware.
18 172 Consulting for Rockford, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (notes, reports, and correspondence)
In the 1960s, Nelson assisted in the preservation of Rockford Plantation, home of General Edward Hand in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. This folder contains notes, measured drawings, reports, and correspondence for this consulting work. Several documents on the history and architecture of the house were prepared.
18 173 Old Town Hall Interior (photos, negatives, and notes)
In 1965, Nelson and Henry Judd prepared an architectural study of Old Town Hall in Wilmington, Delaware, for the Historical Society of Delaware prior to the restoration and reuse of the building as the historical society's museum. This folder contains Nelson's research notes of Old Town Hall's interior. Also included is a collection of large, black and white photographs that illustrate the interior restoration process.
18 174 Old Town Hall Report (original text and photos)
This folder contains the original manuscript and photographs of Nelson and Henry Judd’s unpublished paper, An Architectural Study of Old Town Hall, which was prepared in 1965 at the Historical Society of Delaware’s request.
18 175 Frank Lloyd Wright buildings (slides)
This box contains slides of buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan. Images include houses designed by Wright in Illinois as well as Fallingwater in Bear Run, Pennsylvania.
18 176 Slides of Norway, Copenhagen, Helsinki
This box contains slides of Norwegian architecture, state churches, and the architecture of Copenhagen and Helsinki.
18 177 Loose Containers of Slides (subjects: Wheeling, WV; Florence, Lucca, and Pisa; New Mexico; Minnesota; Switzerland Wooden Bridges; Quebec and Minute Man Park; Colossus Prints; Washington, D.C.; Cleaning Statuary; Critical Threshold of Concrete and Stonework; Pompei, Sorrento, and Rome; Philadelphia; Harper's Ferry; Miscellaneous)
This box contains several containers of slides which cover a variety of architectural and preservation topics.
18 178 Slides, 1/2 (subjects: Switzerland; Washington, D.C.; Chicago; Switzerland's wooden bridges; Rome and Ostia Antica; Maillart bridges; wooden structural supports; red cedar shakes demonstration; Oregon's bridges, hop barns, and driers)
This box contains ten small slide containers. The transparencies, taken at national and international sites, reveal a variety of preservation and architectural interests.
18 179 Slides, 2/2 (subjects: Charleston, South Carolina; Harper's Ferry, West Virginia; Rome, Naples, and Pompeii; San Francisco, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Milan, Lake Como, Vicenza, and Venice; Rome, the Coliseum, and Ostia Antica, Donald Streeter Exhibit; Copenhagen and Helsinki; Norway)
This box contains eleven small slide containers. The transparencies, taken at national and international sites, depict a variety of preservation and architectural interests. Also included are photographs of R. Buckminster Fuller and the construction of a geodesic dome in 1953.
19 180 Slide Collection (subjects: Critical thresholds; Hartley Rose Window Issue; Cast Iron Technologies; Houses in Virginia; Miscellaneous)
This portion of the collection (boxes 19, 20, 21) depict areas of research interest to Nelson, including architectural character, historic ecosystems, critical thresholds, vernacular architecture, new additions, masonry details and problems, prehistoric and adobe structures in the Southwest, storefronts and streetscapes, building diagnostics, structural details, building technology, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Oregon bridges, Swiss bridges, Colossus and early American bridges, nails and nail making, hardware and restoration.
19 181 Various Photographs
This envelope contains photographs of various buildings, breweries, and churches in Eugene, Portland, and other towns in Oregon.
19 182 Slides of Mills Buildings
This box contains slides of floor plans and prints of buildings by the early American architect and designer of the Washington Monument, Robert Mills.
19 183 Boxes of Slides (subjects: Boston, Massachusetts; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Delaware; New York; Chicago, Illinois; Indiana; Illinois; Ohio; Utah; Oregon; Baltimore, Maryland; West Virginia; South Carolina; Arkansas; Washington, D.C.; Old Town Hall in Wilmington; Independence National Historical Park; Expo 1967; Canada; Connecticut; 1976 APT meeting; Baalbek, Lebanon)
This box contains three large metal boxes of slides of buildings and preservation issues
19 184 Pages of Slides
This box contains five loose pages of slides of various buildings in Boston, Minnesota, and Florida, as well as slides of Independence Hall, Mt. Vernon, and the demolition of an unidentified building in Washington, D.C.
20 185 Slide Carousels (subjects: Italy; China; “The Walk Through”)
This box contains six slide carousels of Nelson's lectures and overseas travels. The set of carousels of colored slides (1/9 – 9/9), in Boxes 20 and 21 of this collection, came from Nelson's 1963 trip to Europe.
21 186 Slide Carousels (subjects: London; USSR; France)
This box contains six slide carousels of Nelson's travels overseas. The set of carousels of colored slides (1/9 – 9/9), in boxes 20 and 21 of this collection, came from Nelson's 1963 trip to Europe.
22 187 A.P.T. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol VIII, No. 4
The Association for Preservation Technology International produces a peer-reviewed quarterly journal, the Bulletin which features innovative work highlighting the role of technology in the field of preservation. Nelson was a founder of APT in 1968, and the American editor of the Bulletin for ten years, beginning with the first issue in 1969. See Folder 3, Box 10 of this collection for background on APT’s publication history.
1969-1976
23 188 Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians
This box contains every issue of the quarterly Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians from 1954, vol. 13, No. 1, to 1971, vol. 30, No. 4. The only missing issue is 1962, vol. 21, No. 3. Lee's article on the Capital National Bank in Salem, Oregon, which is printed in the 1960 issue, vol. 14, No. 2, is included in this box.
1962-1971
24 189 Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians
This box contains every issue the quarterly Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians from 1972, Vol. 31, No. 1, to 1982, Vol. 41, No. 1.
1972-1982
25 190 Cultural Resource Management
CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship is a scholarly publication from the National Park Service, which tackles the issues facing the preservation of cultural resources. Nelson published several articles in this journal in the 1990s. This box contains several issues from 1984, Vol. 7, No. 3, to 1995, Vol. 8, No. 4, including the issues with Nelson's articles.
1984-1995
25 191 ???Historic Preservation Laws and National Historic Preservation Act [MAY NOT EXIST]
This folder contains several publications on various preservation laws, including the amended National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.
25 192 Interpreting the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation (Vol. I, II, III)
During Nelson's tenure as Chief of the Technical Preservation Services Division at the National Park Service the office produced numerous publications relating to historic preservation. This folder contains the three-volume publication, Interpreting the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation, which was published in 1985. NPS used this publication to administer the Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit Program in cooperation with State Historic Preservation Offices.
25 193 Various Preservation Publications and References (topics: cleaning historic masonry, energy conservation and solar energy, National Acid Precipitation Assessment program, surveying historic properties, Gaslighting in America)
This box contains a variety of publications, articles, and reference books on the preservation of historic buildings and materials.
26 194 Various Preservation Publications and References (topics/journals: Preservation Tech Notes, Photogrammetric Recording of Cultural Resources, Technology and Conservation magazine, Wallpapers in Historical Preservation)
This box contains a variety of publications, articles, and reference books on the preservation and restoration of historic buildings and materials.
26 195 Maintaining Historic Buildings
This publication, which includes a forward by Nelson, is a bibliography of historic preservation source materials.
1990
26 196 Performance of Historic Stone Building Materials and Systems
Nelson contributed information and photographs on structural and aesthetic damage to this compilation of material from a workshop on stone building construction held on August 10, 1987. The workshop was a collaboration between the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Park Service Cultural Resources Acid Rain Research Program. It studied the “critical performance threshold concept,” which, according to Nelson, is “the point at which money is spent or should be spent to repair damage to materials and building systems.”
26 197 Preservation Briefs, 1-34; Index
The Preservation Briefs are technical aids published by the National Park Service. They are intended to serve as guidelines to the preservation, rehabilitation, and restoration of historic buildings. This box contains every brief published by the NPS through 1994. In 1988 Nelson composed brief number 17 in the series, which details methods to visually identify and classify the elements of a building.
1973 - 1985
26 198 Preservation Case Studies (topics: Carr Mill, Carrboro, North Carolina; Chateau Clare, Woonsocket, Rhode Island; Abbeville, South Carolina; Olmsted Park system; Jamaica Pond Boathouse; Planning for Exterior Work on the First Parish Church; Rehabilitating Historic Hotels)
This box contains a variety of publications from the Preservation Case Studies series issued by the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service (later incorporated into the National Park Service), Technical Preservation Services Division.
26 199 Publication Catalog
This folder contains a publication catalogue, which was printed by the Technical Preservation Services in 1987. Nelson, who was Chief of Technical Preservation Services at the time, provided the cover photograph.
1987
26 200 Skills Development Plan
In 1986, Nelson, Hugh Miller, and Emogene Bevitt, completed a “Skills Development Plan” for historical architects in the National Park Service. The publication was meant to aid in the growth and development of preservation as a profession.
26 201 Photogrammetry
This folder contains a publication on photogrammetry, the use of photography in surveying and mapping to determine measurements between two points. Nelson provided the introduction.
27 202 "Possible Prototypes for Eighteenth Century American Buildings"
This folder contains an essay written by Nelson for his Architecture 496 course at the University of Illinois.
May 1958
27 203 "A Bibliography of Primary Sources pertaining to English and American publications on Architectural Design and Construction of the 17th, 18th and early 19th Centuries, to which is added a Selected Bibliography of Modern Texts dealing with Construction from a Historical Point of View"
This folder contains an bibliography written by Nelson for his Architecture 496 course at the University of Illinois.
May 1958
27 204 Conference Program ("Robert Mills, The Years of Growth")
This folder contains a program for a conference attended by Nelson. The subject of the conference was Robert Mills, a proponent of using the Greek Revival style of architecture in the construct of federal buildings to best express American democracy.
October 9, 1982
27 205 Log Listing Slides taken During Trip to Europe
This folder contains a travel log detailing Nelson's trip to Europe in 1963, including his itinerary in London, his auto itinerary in France, his visit to Westminster Abbey, and his notes about medieval fortifications. The sites mentioned in this log correspond to slides taken during the trip.
1963
27 206 Daily Log of Expenses and Activities During Trip to Europe
This folder contains a small logbook detailing the various travel expenses Nelson incurred during his trip to Europe in 1963, including the cost of the food he ate, the hotels at which he stayed, and the various sites and museums he visited. It also contains some of Nelson's impressions of the places he visited during his trip.
1963

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Architects--United States--Biography
  • Architects--United States--Correspondence
  • Architecture--Conservation and restoration--United States
  • Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration--United States
  • Historic preservation--United States
  • Historic sites--Conservation and restoration--United States
  • Personal Names :
  • Nelson, Lee H.
  • Nelson, Lee H.--Correspondence
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. National Park Service.
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Architectural photographs
  • Architectural records
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Slides