Mary Ellen Hillaire Papers, 1950-1983 PDF
- Hillaire, Mary Ellen
- Mary Ellen Hillaire Papers
- 1950-1983 (inclusive)19501983
- 9.058 cubic feet and 56.92 linear feet : 2142 audiocassettes, 44 audiotapes, 64 videos, various formats, 1518 slides, and 148 artifacts.
- Collection Number
- This collection documents the life and work of Mary Ellen Hillaire from 1950 to 1983. She was the first woman and Native American hired as faculty at the Evergreen State College.
- The Evergreen State College, Malcolm Stilson Archives and Special Collections.
Archives and Special Collections
Daniel J. Evans Library
The Evergreen State College
2700 Evergreen Parkway NW
- Access Restrictions
The majority of the collection is open to the public, one folder is restricted.
- Funded through a National Endowment for the Humanities “We the People” grant for Washington Women’s History to the Washington Women’s History Consortium, a part of the Washington State Historical Society. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect those of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Mary Ellen Hillaire was born 7 February 1927 to Joseph and Edna Hillaire. She was a member of the Lummi Indian Tribe and grew up on the Lummi Reservation. Joseph was a renowned orator and carver and played an important role in the creation of the first tribal government. He was the secretary of the Lummi Indian Business Council. Mary graduated from Bellingham High School in 1950, she received her Bachelor of Arts from Western Washington University in 1956, she received her Bachelor of Social Work in 1957 from the University of British Columbia, and a Master of Education from Western Washington State College in 1967. She was the first native women to obtain a position with the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. This placed her in a difficult position within her community. In 1971 she was the first woman faculty hired for The Evergreen State College (TESC). While at TESC she developed the Native American Studies program. She designed programs focusing on what she felt were the core learning components of native culture: music, talk, dance, and art. She actively recruited native students by physically taking applications directly to native communities. She also presented TESC with the idea of the Long House. She advocated a necessary space; "not a place to learn about indians, but a place for indians to learn." Although she excelled at creating quality programs, she had a difficult time with necessary paperwork. Often other faculty assisted her with this. She was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1980. She worked as long as she could remaining a faculty member until her death 2 October 1982.
In her own words she describes her life in this way:
"From energy a creature was formed, placed in thought upon the land, and charged to establish and to maintain. This energy was drawn in love into family way, and I took my position as the central figure in a family of thirteen children, born to parents who are both now dead. My mother, the late Mrs. Edna D. Scott, housewife and informer; my father the late Joseph R. Hillaire, carver and thinker.
My home was the land, my religion, the people; and my school all things of the sky, on the earth, and in the sea- a union from whence life springs. My parents relinquished me to take my lessons from the universe where, regardless of which direction I listened, looked, or touched, I found all fused into one on the growing horizon of my understanding guided only by the quality of my parents' daily living as they held their private lives openly." - MaryHillaire
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
This collection consists of audiocassettes, videos in various formats, reel to reel audiotapes, papers, objects and slides documenting the personal and professional life of Mary Ellen Hillaire. The majority of the collection is comprised of 2142 audiocassettes. Approximately one quarter of the tapes directly documents the various academic programs taught by Mary Ellen Hillaire. The majority of the remainder of the audiocassettes documents speeches and presentations, outside activities, curriculum planning and tools, native speakers, and various college related activities. The majority of the video materials and a large portion of the slides document various aspects of Native American Studies. The remainder of videos and slides documents her personal life. The artifacts include a large portion of wooden carvings and sculptures, including many totems. There are also baskets, jewelry and other hand crafted objects. The smallest portion of the collection is Papers. This portion of the collection includes her diplomas and various papers documenting activities at the Evergreen State College. The collection spans from 1950 to 1983, but the bulk of materials ranges from 1970 to 1982.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Duplication by the archives in no way transfers either copyright or property right, nor does it constitute permission to publish in excess of "fair use" or to display the materials.
In all cases, publication or display of our materials must carry the credit line: "From The Evergreen State College Archives". Citations of specific materials should include the accession number, provenance and series title, file folder heading (if any) followed by the specific item's identification (title or description).
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Series I: Academic Programs, 1971-1982Return to Top
Subseries I: A Separate Reality, Field Research
0.2 cubic feet : 46 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 46 audiocassettes documenting the program A Separate Reality, Field Research over the 1977-1978 academic year.
Subseries II: Designed Cultural Diversity
0.4 cubic feet : 44 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 44 audiocassettes documenting the program Designed Cultural Diversity in 1982.
Subseries III: Economic Position in a Pleuralistic Society
0.2 cubic feet : 19 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 19 audiocassettes documenting the program Economic Position in a Pleuralistic Society in Summer 1981.
Subseries IV: Life Modeling
0.6 cubic feet : 77 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 77 audiocassettes documenting the program Life Modeling over the 1981-1982 academic year.
Subseries V: Native American Studies: Instructional Materials
0.2 cubic feet : 31 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 31 audiotapes documenting the programs Oral Tradition, Nature of Human Nature and Futurism from 1974 to 1980.
Sub-Subseries I: "Oral Tradition"
This sub-subseries consists of 19 audiotapes documenting the program Oral Tradition from 1974 to 1979.
Sub-Subseries II: "Nature of Human Nature"
This sub-subseries consists of 7 audiotapes documenting the programs Nature of Human Nature in 1979.
Sub-Subseries III: "Futurism"
This sub-subseries consists of 5 audiotapes documenting the programs Futurism in 1980.
Subseries VI: Other Programs: SW 520 W, Dynamics if Personal Success, Research for Image Makers
0.2 cubic feet : 17 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 17 audiocassettes documenting the programs SW 520 W, Dynamics if Personal Success, and Research for Image Makers from 1971 to 1976.
Subseries VII: Perform: Bring Out an Idea (BOAI)
0.2 cubic feet : 30 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 30 audiocassettes documenting the program Perform: Bring Out an Idea in 1975.
Subseries VIII: Resources for Determination
0.2 cubic feet : 31 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 31 audiocassettes documenting the program Resources for Determination over the 1976-1977 academic year.
Subseries IX: Self Directed Learning
0.2 cubic feet : 47 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 47 audiocassettes documenting the program Self Directed Learning in the Summer 1979.
Subseries X: Spirituality - Eye of the Unknown
0.6 cubic feet : 101 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 101 audiocassettes documenting the program Spirituality - Eye of the Unknown over the 1976-1977 academic year.
Subseries XI: Symbolization
0.4 cubic feet : 72 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 72 audiocassettes documenting the program Symbolization over the 1978-1979 academic year.
Subseries XII: The Nature of Community
0.2 cubic feet : 29 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 29 audiocassettes documenting the program The Nature of Community over the 1979-1980 academic year.
Subseries XIII: Miscellaneous: Class Discussions and External Academic Credits
1.5 linear feet : 25 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 25 audiocassettes documenting class discussions and external academic credit from 1974 to 1980.
Series II: Academic Specialty Area: Native American Studies:, 1970-1982Return to Top
Subseries I: Curriculum Planning and Student Support
0.2 cubic feet and 8.34 linear feet : 192 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 192 audiocassettes documenting Native American curriculum, curriculum planning and student support from 1970 to 1982.
Subseries II: Audio Tapes (R-R)
1.0 cubic feet : 28 7-inch reel to reel, 11 5-inch reel to reel, 2 3.5-inch reel to reel, and3 3-inch reel to reel
Subseries III: Conferences
0.2 cubic feet and 3.34 linear feet : 114 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 114 audiocassettes documenting conferences attended by Mary Ellen Hillaire from 1970 to 1980.
Subseries IV: Faculty Meetings and Seminars
0.8 cubic feet and 2 linear feet : 168 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 168 audiocassettes documenting faculty meetings and seminars from 1974 to 1982.
Subseries V: Native American History
2.67 linear feet : 64 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 64 audiocassettes documents Native American History education from 1975 to 1979.
Subseries VI: Instructional materials
0.6 cubic feet and 1.25 linear feet : 134 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 135 audiocassettes documenting various instructional materials including program documentation, native education, and discussions about tribes with a date range of 1972 to 1981.
Sub-Subseries I: Cultural Re-Entry
9 audio cassettes
This sub-subseries consists of 9 audiocassettes regarding cultural re-entry. The audiocassettes were recorded in 1985.
Sub-Subseries II: David Grant
5 audio cassettes
This sub-subseries consists of 5 audiocassettes of David Grant in 1975.
Sub-Subseries III: Question Directives: Research for Image Makers (RFIM)
This sub-subseries consists of 6 audiocassettes documenting the program Research for Image Makers in 1976.
Sub-Subseries IV: Native American (Indian) Education: Audio Recording
0.2 cubic feet : 44 audiocassettes
This sub-subseries consists of 44 audiocassettes documenting Native American (Indian) education from 1974 to 1981.
Sub-Subseries V: Tribes
0.2 cubic feet and 1.25 linear feet : 71 audiocassettes
This sub-subseries consists of 71 audiocassettes documenting various tribes from 1972 to 1980.
Series IV: Long House Planning, 1981-1983Return to Top
This series consists of 32 audiocassettes documenting the planning of the Long House on The Evergreen State College from 1973 to 1983.
Series V: Miscellanea, 1970-1981Return to Top
Subseries I: MaryHillaire Misc.: Telephone conversations, Social Gatherings, Workshops/Conferences/Organizations
0.2 cubic feet : 23 tapes
This subseries consists of 24 audiocassettes documenting a variety of telephone conversations, social gatherings, workshops, conferences, organizations from 1973 to 1979. A list of contents can be found here.
Subseries II: Miscellaneous
8.42 linear feet : 101 audiocassettes
This subseries consists 101 audiocassettes not yet classified from 1971 to 1980.
Subseries III: Not Identified
2.17 linear feet : 43 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 43 audiocassettes unmarked and not yet identified.
Subseries IV: Refiles
0.5 linear feet : 11 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 11 audiocassettes with the label "refile."
Subseries V: Audio Tapes - 1995
This subseries consists of 32 audiocassettes documenting various items, lectures and interactions of Mary Ellen Hillaire dating from 1970 to 1980. A list of contents can be found here.
Series VI: Native American Cultural Examples: Audio recordings: Music, Dancing, Stories, ect., 1972-1979Return to Top
This series consists of 22 audiocassettes documenting Native American cultural examples including dance, music, and stories from 1972 to 1979.
Series VII: Native American Studies: Media, 1973-1982Return to Top
This series consists of 26 audiotapes, 5 VHS videotapes, 2 Beta videotapes, 3 Umatic videotapes, 34 7-inch video reel to reels, and 12 5-inch video reel to reel documenting Native American Studies at The Evergreen State College. There are 2 binders of slides totalling 913 slides depicting Native American people, art, and gatherings. 73 slides are a presentation from 1982. The materials in this series date from 1973 to 1982. A detailed list of the audio and video can be found here.
Series VIII: Presentations, 1970-1982Return to Top
This series consists of 125 audiocassettes documenting various presentations from 1970 to 1982.
Subseries I: General Presentations
0.4 : 61 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 39 audiocassettes documenting general presentations from 1973 to 1982.
Subseries II: Church Presentations
0.58 linear feet : 11 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 11 audiocassettes documenting presentations at churches from 1971 to 1980.
Subseries III: Non-Campus Presentations
0.667 linear feet : 13 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 13 audiocassettes documenting non-campus presentations from 1970 to 1981.
Subseries IV: Student Presentations
0.25 linear feet : 4 audiocassettes
This subseries consists of 4 audiocassettes documenting student presentations in 1980.
Subseries V: School Visits Presentations
0.2 cubic feet : 36 cassette tapes
This subseries consists of 36 audiocassettes documenting presentations at various schools.
Series IX: Productions at Other Colleges, 1972-1979Return to Top
This series consists of 39 audiocassettes documenting productions at other colleges from 1972 to 1979.
Series X: Telephone Recordings, 1978-1982Return to Top
Series XI: TESC Meetings/Seminars, 1973-1982Return to Top
This series consists of 63 audiocassettes documenting various Evergreen State College meetings and seminars from 1973 to 1972.
Series XII: Academic Support, 1971-1980Return to Top
Series XIV: Gathering/Events, 1970-1981Return to Top
This series consists of 35 audiocassettes documenting various gatherings and events from 1970 to 1981.
Series XV: Minorities and Race Relations, 1970-1982Return to Top
This series consists of 29 audiocassettes documenting discussions from 1970 to 1982 about minorities and race relations.
Series XVII: Papers, (bulk 1980-1982) 1950-1982Return to Top
This series consists of poems, quotations, diplomas, correspondence, student evaluations of faculty, program materials, interview transcripts, and some materials relating to Mary's assistant academic dean position. This series is the smallest portion of the collection as Mary did not collect or create many paper documents. The date span for this is 1950 through 1982, where the bulk dates are from 1980 to 1982. The diplomas date between 1950 and 1967.
Series XVIII: Personal and Family ActivitiesReturn to Top
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- Alternative Education--Washington (State)--Olympia
- Education--Experimental methods
- Indians of North America--Study and teaching (Higher)--Curricula
- Indians of North America--Study and teaching (Higher)--United States--History
- Personal Names :
- Alexander, Eric (speaker)
- Alexandra, Tu (speaker)
- Allen, Walker (speaker)
- Alvarado, Mario (speaker)
- Banyaka, T. (speaker)
- Bennett, Ramona (speaker)
- Beqaye, John (speaker)
- Bergman, Ericson (speaker)
- Black , Walter (speaker)
- Blair, Peter (speaker)
- Blanchard, Matte (speaker)
- Bond, Julia W., (Julia Washington) (speaker)
- Bradley, Susan (speaker)
- Bradnow, Craig (speaker)
- Brazier, Maggie (speaker)
- Brink, Ken (speaker)
- Brouillet, Frank B. (speaker)
- Brown, Stanley (speaker)
- Buckanaga, Charles V., 1937- (speaker)
- Buhler, Charlotte (speaker)
- Capra , Fitzof (speaker)
- Cardinal, Harold, 1945- (speaker)
- Carnell, Dr. (speaker)
- Colfax, Lloyd (speaker)
- Covington, Paulina (speaker)
- Covington, Stephen Dale (speaker)
- Craig, Ms. (speaker)
- Crow Dog, Leonard, 1942- (speaker)
- Cuellar, Lena (speaker)
- Cultee, Alvin (speaker)
- Dan , Joe (speaker)
- Dan, Morris, Mrs. (speaker)
- Deloria , Vine (speaker)
- Demmert, Bill (speaker)
- Denver, John Wolf (speaker)
- Drake, Joe (speaker)
- Duanes, Rogue (speaker)
- Dupre, Cal (speaker)
- El, Daniel (speaker)
- Ford, Bob (speaker)
- Friday, John (speaker)
- George, Dan, 1899-1981 (speaker)
- George, Evelyn (speaker)
- George, Larry (speaker)
- George, Ted (speaker)
- Greene, Margaret (speaker)
- Hacker, David (speaker)
- Harkin, Carol (speaker)
- Harper, Edna (speaker)
- Harper, Russell (speaker)
- Hazelbaker (speaker)
- Hillaire, Edna (speaker)
- Hillaire, J.R. (speaker)
- Hillaire, Joe (speaker)
- Hillaire, Mary Ellen--Archives
- Holiday, Jeanne (speaker)
- Hucks, Bill (speaker)
- Hunt, Jean Ann (speaker)
- Jeffries, Bill (speaker)
- Johnson, Yazzie, 1946- (speaker)
- Jones, Myran (speaker)
- Jordan, Don (speaker)
- Kalland, Al (speaker)
- Kaplan, Dr. (speaker)
- Kingston, Ryan (speaker)
- Klama, George (speaker)
- La Fontaine, Frank (speaker)
- Lenard, Deni (speaker)
- Lloyde , Demeret (speaker)
- Lloyde, Meeds (speaker)
- Lumbert, June (speaker)
- Mad Bear, d. 1985 (speaker)
- Martin, Virginia (speaker)
- McCarten, Rosemary (speaker)
- McCloud , Laura (speaker)
- McCloud, Jim (speaker)
- McClusky, A. (speaker)
- McQuillen, Mary (speaker)
- Miller , Bob (speaker)
- Mitchell, Mike (speaker)
- Moomaw, Alexis (speaker)
- Moomaw, Georjean (speaker)
- Morris, Ramona (speaker)
- Moyers, Norma (speaker)
- Munro, John (speaker)
- Nelson, Ardith (speaker)
- Nelson, M.F. (speaker)
- Nooksack, Solomon (speaker)
- Norman, Jack (speaker)
- Norman, R. (speaker)
- Oliver, Emmit (speaker)
- Paul, Frank (speaker)
- Pete, Hazel (speaker)
- Poe, Dr. (speaker)
- Raynor, E. (speaker)
- Riseling, David (speaker)
- Robbins, Oliver (speaker)
- Roberts, Mickey (speaker)
- Robertson, Charles (speaker)
- Rogers, Carl (speaker)
- Romaro, Fred (speaker)
- Ryan, Dr. (speaker)
- Saheirback (speaker)
- Sahmount, Ace (speaker)
- Salem, Redbird (speaker)
- Scence, Roberta (speaker)
- Scott , George (speaker)
- Scott , Randy (speaker)
- Shelby, Lunn (speaker)
- Silverman, Binswanger (speaker)
- Smith, Shirley (speaker)
- St. Marie, Buffy (speaker)
- Stewart, Damon H. (speaker)
- Stewart, Dr. (speaker)
- Stickman, Michelle (speaker)
- Tom, Delphine M. (speaker)
- Tonasket, Mel (speaker)
- Tremblay, Gail (speaker)
- Uhlman, Mayor (speaker)
- Ward, Dr. (speaker)
- Warren, Dave (speaker)
- Washington, Joseph (speaker)
- Watts, Rocky (speaker)
- Wayne, Harriet (speaker)
- Whitener, David (speaker)
- Wilber, M. (speaker)
- Wilber, Tandy (speaker)
- Willard, Bill (speaker)
- Wilson, J. (speaker)
- Wright, R. (speaker)
- Young, Anne (speaker)
- Zavala (speaker)
- Corporate Names :
- Evergreen State College. Longhouse Education and Cultural Center
- Evergreen State College.--History
- Evergreen State College--Faculty.