Joseph Harding Underwood Collection, 1888-1976  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Underwood, Joseph Harding, 1874-1926
Title
Joseph Harding Underwood Collection
Dates
1888-1976 (inclusive)
Quantity
6.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 492
Summary
Joseph Harding Underwood was an early professor of history, sociology, politics, economics, and business at the University of Montana--Missoula. The collection is predominantly Underwood's non-academic writing projects, including essays, novels, and poetry.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for creating this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historic Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Joseph Harding Underwood was born in Singers Glen, Rockingham County, Virginia in 1874. His father was a minister in the United Brethren Church, and his mother won recognition as a writer of hymns. He received his B.A. from Western College and 1902, his M.A. from the State University of Iowa in 1904, and his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1907. He was also a student at Shenandoah Institute in Virginia; at Central College in Kansas; at Western College in Iowa; at Mt. Morris College in Illinois; at Beloit College in Wisconsin; and a graduate scholar in economics at the State University in Iowa from 1903 to 1904. He had a University Fellowship in sociology at Columbia University from 1904 to 1905 and was a student at the Chicago School of Philanthropy in 1906. He supported his educational efforts by working as a printer, editor, teacher, and preacher.

He was an instructor in English and History at Nora Springs Iowa Seminary in 1905 and 1906, and a Professor of History and Social Science at Leander Clark College in Iowa from 1906-1907.

He came to the University of Montana as a Professor of History and Economics in 1907. He was a strong proponent of faculty participation in the administration of the University. He taught classes in history, sociology, politics, economics, and business, and conducted research in inheritance taxation in the Northwest. In 1921 he became the first chairman of the Budget and Policy Committee at the University. He published The Distribution of Ownership, a book on wealth and property, in 1907. He was also a member, with Washington Jay McCormick and Jeannette Rankin, of the Political Equality Club of Missoula. Underwood enjoyed outdoor recreation, including mountain climbing.

He died in 1926 in Washington, DC, after a serious illness. In memorials to him, admirers compared him to George Bernard Shaw and Joseph Conrad and spoke of his private literary output.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection contains biographical records, correspondence files, writing drafts, clippings, and printed materials generated and collected by Joseph Harding Underwood. The collection is predominantly Underwood's writing projects, including essays, novels, and poetry. Underwood's diaries are mostly those written prior to his career at the University of Montana and detail many of his other aspirations. His correspondence focuses mostly on his time at the University, with particularly detailed information on administrative matters at the University, including the dismissal of President Craighead. Correspondence written by others after his death details the many attempts to place this collection at an appropriate and accessible location for research use. His writings include his non-fiction academic works, but mostly consist of fiction. Topics of his non-fiction material include analyses of American and European history and proposals for promoting and reforming social justice, property ownership, tax regulations, and education policies. Additionally, the series contains several creative non-fiction projects such as Underwood's editorial reflections on religious topics, life as an academic, the relationship between individuality and social responsibility, the role of literature in personal development, perceived parallels between Montana landscapes and proper acculturation, and a biography of and tribute to his mother.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Joseph Harding Underwood Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana—Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Biographical, 1888-1961 Return to Top

0.75 linear feet

This series contains some of Joseph Underwood's diaries, school records, certificates, personal notes, and public records. Additionally, the series includes notes written by researchers who examined Underwood's manuscripts prior to the collection's donation to the K. Ross Toole Archives. Many of Underwood's diaries were transcribed at some point in the past. Those transcriptions are included in this series, along with the originals. Materials in this series provide insights into Underwood's life and ambitions, particularly from the years preceding his teaching career at the University of Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Biographical
1894-1926 and undated
1/2
Diary
1889
1/3
Diary Transcription
1889
1/4
Diaries
1890-1891
1/5
Diary Transcriptions
189-1891
1/6
Diary
1891-1893
1/7
Diary Transcriptions
1892-1893
1/8
Diaries
1893-1896
1/9
Diary Transcriptions
1893-1895
1/10
Diaries, Loose Entries
undated
1/11
Personal Notes
circa 1889-1906
1/12
School records
1888-1909
2/1
School Scrapbooks
1893
2/2
School Scrapbooks
undated
2/3
Notes on Joseph Underwood's Papers
1938-1961

Series II:  Correspondence, 1892-1976 Return to Top

3 folders

This series contains Joseph Underwood's incoming correspondence and an extensive file of correspondence documenting efforts to preserve Underwood's manuscripts. Most of the correspondence in this series is focused upon Underwood's teaching career and developments at the University of Montana (particularly the dismissal of President Craighead). Correspondence regarding Underwood's manuscripts document multiple relocations and various efforts to secure public access to his work--both through posthumous publication and archival preservation.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2/4
General Correspondence
1892-1923 and undated
2/5
Dismissal of University of Montana President Craighead
1915-1917 and undated
2/6
Joseph Underwood's Manuscripts
1926-1976

Series III:  Writings, 1902-1926Return to Top

5.5 linear feet

This series contains an extensive collection of Joseph Underwood's writings. Materials are predominantly writing notes, rough drafts, and typescript copies; however, the series also contain a few published copies. Underwood's writing projects often mixed fiction and non-fiction, poetry and prose. Fiction materials in this series include extensive sequences of poetry (some loosely grouped and others within cohesive projects), numerous short stories, and mixed-medium novels. Topics of his non-fiction material include analyses of American and European history and proposals for promoting and reforming social justice, property ownership, tax regulations, and education policies. Additionally, the series contains several creative non-fiction projects such as Underwood's editorial reflections on religious topics, life as an academic, the relationship between individuality and social responsibility, the role of literature in personal development, perceived parallels between Montana landscapes and proper acculturation, and a biography of and tribute to his mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood. The manuscript project titled Sin, one of two major projects Underwood was developing at the time of his death, appears to be a re-working of an earlier project titled The Canyon - Love.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2/7
Articles, Intermountian Educator
1917 and 1921
2/8
Articles, Religious Telescope
1904-1914
2/9
Articles, The Watchword
1902-1908
2/10
"Mike O'Donnell, of Sing Sing"
Authorship uncertain
undated
3/1
"Exemptions as a Principle of Social Justice"
undated
3/2
"Exemptions as a Principle of Social Justice" The American Journal of Sociology
1916
3/3
"Homesteads and Exemptions"
undated
3/4
Institute of Economics Series: "Instinct and Social Habit"
undated
3/5
Institute of Economics Series: "The Social Feelings"
undated
3/6
Institute of Economics Series: "The Thinkings of Society"
undated
3/7
Institute of Economics Series: "The Physical Environment"
undated
3/8
Institute of Economics Series: "The Problems of Social Well-being"
undated
3/9
Institute of Economics Series: "Competition and Cooperation"
undated
4/1
Institute of Economics Series: "Effects of Maladjustment"
undated
4/2
Institute of Economics Series: "Inequalities of Property Income"
undated
4/3
Institute of Economics Series: "Contrasts of Condition"
undated
4/4
"Society" manuscript and notes
undated
4/5
"Society" manuscript and notes
undated
4/6
"Society" manuscript and notes
undated
4/7
"Sociability"
undated
4/8
"Movements to Improve the Physical Basis of Social Life"
undated
4/9
Unattached writing notes
undated
4/10
"Conservation"
undated
4/11
"Instincts in the Industry of Education"
undated
4/12
"Dissertation on Eu-Kako-Phonic Prose"
undated
4/13
"Barbarians Among the New Poets"
undated
4/14
Untitled essay on poetry
undated
4/15
Poems
undated
5/1
Poems
undated
5/2
"Ante-Bellum Berlin"
undated
5/3
"A Bachelor Professor Pities the Poor Professor's Wife"
undated
5/4
"Beauty"
undated
5/5
"Beauty"
undated
5/6
"Beauty Once Passed in Manhattan"
undated
5/7
"Beauty Once Passed in Manhattan"
undated
5/8
"A Boulevard Meditation"
undated
5/9
The Canyon - Love , handwritten notes
undated
5/10
The Canyon - Love , handwritten notes
undated
6/1
The Canyon - Love , handwritten notes
undated
6/2
The Canyon - Love , typescript
undated
6/3
The Canyon - Love , typescript
undated
6/4
"Culver's Love of Children"
undated
6/5
"Gethsemane"
undated
6/6
"Her Price"
undated
6/7
Immortality, first copy
undated
6/8
Immortality, second copy
1926
6/9
Immortality, second copy
1926
6/10
Immortality, third copy, handwritten notes and mark-ups
1926
7/1
Immortality, third copy, handwritten notes and mark-ups
1926
7/2
Immortality, fourth copy
1926
7/3
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "I, Beauty"
undated
7/4
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "II, Art"
undated
7/5
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "III, Sorrow"
udnated
7/6
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "IV, Work"
undated
7/7
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "IV, Work" handwritten notes and mark-ups
undated
7/8
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "V, Rebellion"
undated
7/9
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "VI, Freedom"
undated
7/10
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "VII, Love"
undated
7/11
A Man Who Was Loved by Youth, "VIII, Trust"
undated
7/12
"The Mount of Olives"
undated
7/13
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, handwritten notes and draft copy
undated
7/14
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, handwritten notes and draft copy
undated
8/1
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, partial draft copy, pages 99-214
undated
8/2
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, partial draft copy, pages, 197-400
undated
8/3
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, partial draft copy, pages, 151-385
undated
8/4
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, poetry drafts
undated
8/5
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, typescript, pages 1-210
undated
8/6
Mother, Elizabeth Harding Underwood, typescript, pages 211-400
undated
8/7
"Natura Naturans"
undated
8/8
"New Year Night in New York"
undated
8/9
"One Generation Passeth Away, Another Cometh"
undated
8/10
"One Who Is To Come"
undated
9/1
"One Who Went Down to Sea"
undated
9/2
"The Philosopher and the Feminist"
undated
9/3
Pilgrimage
undated
9/4
Pilgrimage, partial manuscript
undated
9/5
"The Professor Pauses Midway"
undated
9/6
"Rabbit Like Professor"
undated
9/7
"Research Magnificent in New York"
undated
9/8
Short writings
undated
9/9
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
9/10
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
9/11
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
9/12
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
10/1
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
10/2
Sin, first draft, notes and mark-ups
1926
10/3
Sin, typescript, pages 1-187
1926
10/4
Sin, typescript, pages 200-254 and 300-338
1926
10/5
Sin, typescript, pages 1-250
1926
10/6
Sin, typescript, pages 251-342
1926
10/7
"Social Art"
undated
10/8
"A Stranger in the Strand"
undated
10/9
"Turkey"
undated
10/10
"Unter Den Linden, Then; The Great Divide, Now"
undated
11/1
Untitled project
undated
11/2
Untitled project
undated
11/3
"Which Man Wins/Janet, or Woman?"
undated
11/4
"The Woman at the Well"
undated
11/5
"Work"
undated
11/6
Writing fragments
undated
12/1
Handwritten essays, general
undated
12/2
Short essays
undated
12/3
Essays on Tax Law
1907-1912
12/4
Essays on Justice
1904
12/5
"The British Campaign Against Tuberculosis"
1926 and undated
12/6
"Municipal Government in Montana"
undated
12/7
"Socialism"
undated
12/8
"The Distribution of Ownership"
1907
12/9
Ownership, notes and mark-ups
undated
12/10
Ownership, notes and mark-ups
undated
12/11
Ownership, notes and mark-ups
undated
12/12
Class lecture notes
undated
12/13
Class lecture notes
undated

Series IV:  Clippings, 1890-1926Return to Top

2 folders

This series contains newspaper and magazine clippings collected by Joseph Underwood as well as a small sequence of material regarding his death collected by another. Topics range across a spectrum of personal and professional interests, including University of Montana events.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
13/1
General Topics
1890-1926 and undated
13/2
Regarding dismissal of University of Montana President Craighead
1917

Series V:  Printed Material, 1902-1916 Return to Top

4 folders

This series contains printed materials collected by Joseph Underwood during his professional career. Materials in this series are primarily invitations to and programs for University of Montana events. Also included are some pamphlets regarding topics of personal interest to Underwood and a picture postcard capturing a well-dressed group gathered in a park.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
13/3
University Programs
1907-1914
13/4
Univeristy Programs and Invitations
1902-1912 and undated
13/5
Pamphlets
1904-1916
13/6
Postcards
undated

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Acculturation
  • Education
  • Individualism
  • Landscape--Montana
  • Literature
  • Religion
  • Rights of property
  • Social justice
  • Taxation
  • Personal Names :
  • Craighead, Edwin Boone, 1861-1920
  • Underwood, Joseph Harding, b. 1874--Diaries
  • Corporate Names :
  • University of Montana--Missoula--Administration
  • University of Montana--Missoula--Faculty
  • University of Montana--Missoula--Presidents
  • Geographical Names :
  • Europe--History
  • United States--History
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Diaries
  • Essays
  • Fiction
  • Novels
  • Poems
  • Occupations :
  • College teachers--Montana--Missoula