Earl Douglass photograph collection, 1897-1929  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Douglass, Earl
Title
Earl Douglass photograph collection
Dates
1897-1929 (inclusive)
Quantity
10 boxes
Collection Number
P0196
Summary
The Earl Douglass photograph collection contains images of Douglass, his wife Pearl, son Gawin, sister Nettie, and many other family members. The bulk of this collection is comprised of photographs documenting the excavation of the area which is now Dinosaur National Monument, and every stage of work is illustrated.
Repository
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections.
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT
84112-0860
Telephone: 801-581-8863
SPCreference@lists.utah.edu
Access Restrictions

Materials must be used on-site; advance notice suggested. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Earl Douglass was born in Medford, Minnesota on October 23, 1862. He received his early education in the Medford schools and the Pillsbury Academy in Owatonna, Minnesota. He then went to South Dakota, where he worked on a farm, taught school and studied at the University of Dakota (now named the University of South Dakota) and the state agricultural college until 1890. During this period he made his first plant collection for an herbarium at the South Dakota Agricultural College.

In 1890, Douglass went to Mexico on a botanical trip and after his return became assistant to Professor William Trelease at the Missouri Botanical Gardens in Saint Louis. There he studied systematic botany and plant histology at the Shaw School of Botany at Washington University. In 1892 he returned to the South Dakota Agricultural College. Suspended from the college in 1893 for publishing an article exposing corruption in the school, Douglass then went to Iowa State College where he received his B.S. the same year.

From 1894-1900, Douglass conducted geological explorations in western Montana and taught school to pay expenses. There he gathered extensive collections of fossils. Of particular importance was his discovery of various tertiary beds containing extinct mammals and other vertebrates unknown to science. Douglass received his Master of Science degree at the University of Montana in 1899 and taught geology and physical geography there from 1899-1900.

From 1900-1902, Douglass held a fellowship in biology at Princeton University and studied geology, paleontology, osteology, and mammalian anatomy. In 1901 he accompanied a Princeton scientific expedition to the region of the Musselshell River in Montana. During this expedition, he discovered lower "Eocene mammals in Ft. Union formations, thus settling a long continued dispute as to the age of these beds."

In 1902, Douglass became associated with the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh, and the museum purchased the extensive collection of fossil remains he had collected in Montana and South Dakota. He continued his work in Montana for the museum during part of 1902, and then returned to Pittsburgh. His studies of his collection of fossil remains from Montana appeared in the Annals and Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum between 1903 and 1910.

In 1905, Douglass was sent to collect vertebrate and invertebrate fossils in Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, and Idaho and to obtain, if possible, data to solve certain geological problems in that region. On October 29 of that same year Douglass married Pearl Charlotte Goetschius in Sheridan, Montana.

From 1907-1924, Douglass devoted himself to the exploration of the fossiliferous strata of the Uinta Basin in northeastern Utah. In 1909 he discovered the famous dinosaur quarry near Jensen, Utah. The quarry now forms the nucleus for the present Dinosaur National Monument. Out of this quarry, Douglass collected a large number of fossils, mostly vertebrates, some which were new to science. The fossils included dinosaurs of many families, genera, and species.

Douglass resigned his position with Carnegie Museum in 1924 and was employed by the University of Utah to excavate dinosaur bones for their museum. After the bones were transferred to Salt Lake City, Douglass spent two years completing the difficult preliminary work to prepare the bones for mounting after which his employment ended. From this time until his death in 1931, Douglass was a consulting geologist for companies engaged in developing oil fields in Utah, Colorado, Arizona and Texas. During this period, he did notable research on oil, oil shale asphalts, and other mineral deposits and left much unpublished material on these subjects.

EARL DOUGLASS CHRONOLOGY

1862: Born October 28, Medford, Minnesota

1868-1879: Attended school near Medford, Minnesota

1882-1886: Taught school in Minnesota

1887-1890: Attended South Dakota Agricultural College at Brookings

1890: Botanical expedition to Mexico

1890-1892: Worked for Missouri Botanical Gardens in St. Louis Studied botany at Washington University in St. Louis

1892-1893: Returned and was later suspended from South Dakota Agricultural College

1893: Received B.S. from Iowa State College at Ames

1894-1899: Conducted geological and paleontological expeditions in Montana

1899: Received M.S. in geology from the University of Montana

1899-1900: Taught geology at the University of Montana

1900-1902: Held fellowship in biology at Princeton University

1902-1924: Employed by the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

1905: Married Pearl Charlotte Goetschius, October 29

1909: Discovered dinosaur quarry near Jensen, Utah, August 17

1909-1924: Worked continuously at dinosaur quarry

1915: Dinosaur quarry became Dinosaur National Monument

1924: Resigned from Carnegie Museum

1924-1926: Excavated and mounted dinosaur bones for the Utah Museum of Natural History at the University of Utah

1926-1931: Employed as consulting geologist for oil companies

1931: Died in Salt Lake City, Utah, January 1931

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Special Collections department of the University of Utah, Marriott Library received the photographs of Earl Douglass from his son, Gawin E. Douglass in February 1976. Earl Douglass made significant contributions to the fields of palenotology and geology. However, his most significant legacy was his discovery and work on what eventually became Dinosaur National Monument.

Douglas acquired an active interest in photography in 1909; consequently, most of the photographs in this collection were taken after that date. The collection contains numerous photographs of Douglass, his wife, Pearl, son, Gawin, sister, Nettie, and many other family members. Box two contains photographs of persons who were unidentified.

The bulk of this collection is comprised of photographs documenting the excavation of the area which is now Dinosaur National Monument. Every stage of work is illustrated including the chiseling of the bones from the rock, preparing them for shipment, and freighting them by team to the Uinta Railway for shipment to the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh. Also, there are photographs documenting the arrival and exhibition of some of the dinosaur bones at the University of Utah in 1928.

A section of the photographs focus on the lives and history of the people of Vernal, Utah and northeastern Utah between 1909-1929. For example, Douglass took photographs of the Uinta Railway, scenery in and around Vernal, "Days of '47" celebrations, oil and gilsonite prospects, and rock formations in northeastern Utah.

The 1988 addendum photographs were donated by Gawin Douglass on his visit to the Manuscripts Division in the Summer of 1988. The photos were to illustrate his unpublished manuscript entitled "From the Diaries of Earl Douglass: Discoverer of Dinosaur National Monument". This manuscript can be found in the Douglass Papers, MS 196, Box 8. While here, Mr. Douglass was also kind enough to supply more specific and in some cases the only identification to the original photograph collection, which he wrote on the back of the photos.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Douglass Family and FriendsReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 1

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
1 1
Earl Douglass
2
Earl and Gawin Douglass
3
Fernando Douglass
4-5
Gawin Douglass
6
Gawin Douglass and Marian McHugh
7
Gawin and Nettie Douglass
8
Gawin and Pearl Douglass
9
Nettie Douglass and Ida Battin
10
Pearl Douglass
11
Douglass Family - Montana
12
Douglass Family - Portrait
13
Douglass Family Dog
14
Douglass Family and Friends
15
Graves of Nettie and Fernando Douglass
16
Frank and Grover Goetschius
17
Frank Goetschius
18
Ainge Clan
19
Luther Burbank
20
Morris Haws and John T. Kay
21
Tim and Marion McHugh
22
O'Leary Family
23
Smith Family
24
Captain C.C. Stanley
25
Wagner Children
26
Golden and Grant York
27
Boy with Dog Team
28
Miscellaneous Identified People

People and PlacesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 2

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
2 1-2
Unidentified Adults
3
Unidentified Adults and Children
4-5
Unidentified Children
6
Bonanza, Utah
7
Carnegie Museum
8
Chicago River
9
Escalante Trail - Utah
10
Goetschius Ranch
11-12
Green River, Utah
13
Minnesota
14
Montana Scenes
15
Monument Valley
16
Mouth of Split Mountain Canyon
17
North Dakota
18
Pennsylvania Scenes
19
Pittsburgh
20
Pittsburgh Tabernacle
21
Rector Ranch - White River, Utah
22
Ruby Valley, Montana
23
Uinta Basin
24
Utah Scenes
25
Ute Indian Reservation - Ft. Duchesne
26
Vernal - July 24, 1911
27
Vernal - July 24, 1912
28-29
Vernal Area

GeologyReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 3

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
3 1
Delta Deposits
2
Fissuring
3
Gilsonite
4
Hydrocarbons
5
Mines
6
Mountains
7
Oil Asphalt Ridge
8
Oil Drilling
9-10
Oil Fields
11
Oil Shales
12
Oil Showings
13
Phosphate
14
Rock at Green River
15
Rock Features
16-17
Rock Formations
18
Rock Records
19-20
Rock Sculptures
21
Rock Work
22
Sedimentation
23
Uinta Deposits
24-25
Uinta Formations

Dinosaurs and QuarryReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 4

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
4 1
Dinosaur Quarry - Allosaurus
2
Dinosaur Quarry - Apatosaurus Excavation
3
Dinosaur Quarry - Apatosaurus Caudal Vertebrae
4
Apatosaurus Cervical and Caudal Vertebrae
5
Apatosaurus Femur Excavation
6
Apatosaurus Forelimb Excavation
7
Apatosaurus Spinal Column and Tail
8
Apatosaurus - Miscellaneous
9
Barosaurus Excavation
10
Diplodocus Excavation
11
Diplodocus Shipment Preperation
12
Sauropod Vertebrae
13
Sauropod - Miscellaneous
14
Stegosaurus
15
Stegosaurus Excavation
16
Mosasaur Skull
17
Unidentified Bones
18
Crews and Equipment
19
Dinosaur Camp Garden
20
Dinosaur Camp Gulch
21
Dinosaur Caravan - Salt Lake City - University of Utah Campus
22-26
Dinosaur Freighting
27
Dinosaur Quarry Blasting
28
Douglass Crates
29
Unidentified People at Dinosaur Quarry

Quarry and FossilsReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 5

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
5 1
Dinosaur Quarry Visitors
2
Dinosaur Quarry Miscellaneous
3
Dinosaur Peak
4
Dinosaur Ranch
5
Fossils - Fish
6-7
Fossils - Flora
8-10
Fossil Hunting
11
Fossils - Insects
12
Fossils - Shells
13
Fossils - Snakeskin
14
Fossils - Trilobites
15
Fossils - Unidentified
16
Fossils - Miscellaneous

Flora and FaunaReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 6

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
6 1
Cacti
2
Flora
3
Flowers - Utah
4
Flora - Utah
5
Flora - Milkweek and Cattails
6
Flora - Monocotyledon
7
Flora - Utah
8
Trees - Utah
9
Trees - Various Locations
10-12
Birds
13-14
Birds and Nests
15
Birds - Miscellaneous
16
Cattle
17
Frogs
18
Insects
19
Reptiles
20
Sheep
21
Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous SceneryReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 7

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
7 1
Bridges
2
Bridges and Dredges
3-6
Buildings
7
Camps
8
Farming
9
Ferry
10
Fishing
11
Gardens
12
Hunting
13
Inhumation
14
Landscape
15
Marshlands
16
Native Americans
17
Miscellaneous
18
Petroglyphs

Miscellaneous Scenery and Book PhotographsReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 8

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
8 1
Saint Paul Institute and Museum and Art Gallery
2
Scenery
3
Stage Driver Crossing
4
Streams - Utah
5
Uinta Railway
6
Vernal to Dragon Stage Line
7
Water
8
Winter Scenes
9
Wood Snaking
10
Wool
11
Miscellaneous
12
From the Diaries of Earl Douglass (see MS 196)
  • Photograph number 2211: Birthplace of Earl Douglass
  • 2212: Straight River near Medford, Minnesota
  • 2213: Earl Douglass' boyhood home
  • 2214: Sugar Bush, Medford, Minnesota
  • 2215: The Goetschius Ranch in the Ruby Valley
  • 2216: Winter scene on the Goetschius Ranch, with Ruby River in the foreground
  • 2217: Dr. Holland when he visited Earl Douglass in Utah during the Summer of 1908
  • 2218: Mexican Hat, Utah
  • 2219: Map of central portion of quarry which includes discovery
  • 2220: Camp during Winter of 1909/10
  • 2221: View to east of camp, toward Dinosaur Peak, Winter 1909/10
  • 2222: Camp in Camp Gulch, probably Spring 1910
  • 2223: Cutting down Cottonwood trees on Goose Island, Green River, Utah
  • 2224: Portion of complete spinal column and tail of a later Brontosaurus, plastered and ready to block out
  • 2225: Taking down the femur of Brontosaurus
  • 2226: First shipment of bones to Carnegie Museum
  • 2227: Load of bones headed for the Carnegie Museum on Uinta Railway
  • 2228: Taking down the plaster covered pelvis of the original Brontosaurus
  • 2229: Transporting bones by team and wagon to Uinta Railway, second shipment
  • 2230: Gawin Douglas with his mother Pearl in their Camp Gulch garden, 1911
  • 2231: Plowing the garden, Spring 1911
  • 2232: Earl Douglass in log cabin home, ca. 1918
  • 2233: New stone house under construction
  • 2234: Pearl Douglass and part of the scanty wheat crop of 1919
  • 2235: Part of the cattle herd that survived the hard Winter of 1919
  • 2236: View northeast up Green River toward Split Mountain, with ranch in center and Lone Tree and Goose Island on right
  • 2237: Complete skeleton of a Titanothere
  • 2238: Visitor Center, Dinosaur National Monument (color postcard)

DuplicatesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 9

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
9 1-12
Duplicates
13
Glass Negatives - Flowers
14
Glass Negatives - Trees
15
Glass Negatives - Uinta Deposits
16
Glass Negatives - Wild Ducks

Duplicates - NegativesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 10

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
10 1
People - Negatives
2
Carnegie Museum - Negatives
3-4
Geology - Negatives
5
Dinosaur Excavation - Negatives
6
Freighting - Negatives
7
Fossil - Negatives
8
Flora - Negatives
9
Miscellaneous Scenery - Negatives

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Dinosaurs
  • Fossils--Collection and preservation--Photographs
  • Geology--Uinta Basin (Utah and Colo.)
  • Family Names :
  • Douglass family Photographs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Dinosaur National Monument (Colo. and Utah)--Photographs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic prints--1909-1924