Alberta Lucille Hart / Dr. Alan L. Hart collection, 1911-2019  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Hart, Alan, b. 1890
Alberta Lucille Hart / Dr. Alan L. Hart collection
1911-2019 (inclusive)
1 box
Collection Number
Collection of papers and research on Alberta Lucille / Dr. Alan L. Hart, an Oregon doctor who underwent trangender surgery in 1918.
Lewis & Clark College, Special Collections and Archives
Lewis & Clark College Special Collections and Archives
Aubrey R. Watzek Library
0615 SW Palatine Hill Rd.
Portland, OR
Telephone: 503-768-7758
Fax: 503-768-7282
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Dr. Alan L. Hart, born Alberta Lucille Hart was an American physician, radiologist, tuberculosis researcher, writer and novelist. In 1917–18 Hart was one of the first to undergo transgender surgery in the United States. Hart pioneered the use of x-ray photography in tuberculosis detection, and helped implement TB screening programs in the Pacific Northwest and Idaho. In 1948 Hart was appointed Director of Hospitalization and Rehabilitation for the Connecticut State Tuberculosis Commission. In addition to medical research, Hart wrote four popular fiction novels based on the medical practice fields he worked. These include Doctor Mallory (1935); The Undaunted (1936); In the Lives of Men (1937); Doctor Finlay Sees it Through (1942).

Alberta Lucille/Alan Hart was born October 4, 1890, in Halls Summit, Coffey County, Kansas, to Albert L. Hart and Edna Hart (née Bamford). When Hart's father died of typhoid fever in 1892, Hart's mother reverted to her maiden name and moved the family to Linn County, Oregon. In 1895 Hart's mother remarried, to Bill Barton. Lucille Hart attended Albany High School and Albany College, transferring to Stanford University in 1911-12. Hart earned a doctor of medicine degree from the University of Oregon Medical Department in 1917. Hart was married to Inez Stark from 1918-1924, and to Edna Ruddick from 1925 until his death in 1962.

In 1917, Hart approached Joshua Allen Gilbert, Ph.D., M.D., at the University of Oregon who treated Hart both psychologically and medically. Hart's transition surgery was completed at the University of Oregon Medical School over the 1917–1918 winter vacation. Following the surgery Hart changed his name from Lucille to Alan an assumed the life of a man. Hart's true identity remained unknown until Jonathan Ned Katz first identified Hart as the pseudonymous "H" in Joseph Gilbert's 1920s case notes. Katz featured Hart in his book, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (1976).

Hart was accomplished in the medical profession, a popular writer of medical fiction, and following his death, his wife Edna establish a fund for research into leukemia, from which his mother had died.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection primarily contains photocopies of material by or about Alberta Lucille/Dr. Alan L. Hart. Contributors include the records of Albany College (now Lewis & Clark College), research and notes by Thomas Lauderdale, Brian Booth, and Tom Cook; documents from Hart family friend and executor Harold C. Buckingham, Jr.; and research and writings of Joyce Blankenship among others. This collection was compiled by Lewis & Clark College Special Collections and Archives.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alberta Lucille Hart / Dr. Alan L. Hart papersReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
"Women's Ideas of Dress Reform" by Lucille Hart. Printed in the Oregonian newspaper
1 2
"11 Doctors Graduated" Article on Hart's graduating class from the University of Oregon Medical School. Printed in the Oregonian newspaper
1 3
"Attire did not proclaim man" Printed in the Oakland Tribune
1 4
"Dr. Alan Hart said to be Oregon girl" Printed in the Daily Capital Journal, Salem, Oregon
1 5
"Dr. A. Lucille Hart wore male attire" Printed in the Daily Capital Journal, Salem, Oregon
1 6
"Dr. Hart explains change to male attire" Printed in the Albany Daily Democrat.
1 7
"Amazing sex discovery" Article printed in the Medical Sentinel
1 8
"Homo-sexuality and its treatment" by J. Allen Gilbert Ph.D. M.D. Published in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Article details the case of Lucille / Alan Hart who underwent transgender surgy in 1917-1918. Gilbert was Hart's physician and wrote the article identifying his patient as only "H".
1 9
"The Undaunted" book review, New York Times
1 10
Alan L. Hart to Mrs. Rinehart at the Hopewell Hospital [correspondence]
1 11
Alan L. Hart to Webster A. Jones at the Oregonian newspaper. [correspondence]
1 12
Alan L. Hart personal history and timeline through 1933. Sent to Webster A. Jones at the Oregonian newspaper.
1 13
Alan L. Hart to Mr Thacker of Boise, Idaho [correspondence]
1 14
Alberta Lucille Hart / Alan Hart census record reports 1900, 1910, 1920
1 15
The Takenah: Albany College yearbook
Contains several images of Lucille Hart and her college romantic partner Eva Cushman. Contains several essays written by Hart while attending Albany College.
1 16
A. Lucille Hart: Albany College records
1 17
Alan Hart draft registration
1 18
Alan Hart draft registration
1 19
Alan L. Hart: Will and Testement, Boise, Idaho
1 20
Dr. Alan L. Hart: Obituaries
1 21
Oregon Health Sciences University: Memo on Hart's attendance
1 22
Alan Hart and Inez Stark marriage announcement. Printed in the San Francisco Examiner
1 23
Alan Hart and Inez Stark Oregon divorce complaint
1 24
Alan Hart and Inez Stark Oregon divorce findings and conclusions.
1 25
Alan Hart and Edna Ruddick marriage license and marriage certificate
1 26
Edna Ruddick Hart: resume
c. 1938
1 27
Edna Ruddick Hart: Will and Testament
1 28
Edna Ruddick Hart: notice of death from Harold C. Buckingham, Jr.
1 29
Edna Ruddick Hart: Obituary
1 30
Edna Ruddick Hart: Death certificate
1 31
Medical Research Foundation of Oregon: Memo on Hart estate fund
1 32
Edna B. and Will Barton residential listing: Albany directory
1 33
Edna B. Barton obituary

Writings and research on Alberta Lucille Hart / Dr. Alan L. Hart Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 34
"Private Lives, Public Struggles" by Gerard Koskovich
1 35
"The Incredible Life and Loves of the Legendary Lucille Hart" by Thomas Lauderdale, Tom Cook
1 36
"Decades ago, an Oregon doctor tried to redefine gender" by Tom Bates
1 37
"The Alan Lucille Hart Story" by Ken Morris, Kay Brown
1 38
"Public Careers and Private Sexuality: Some Gay and Lesbian Lives in the History of Medicine and Public Health" by Bert Hansen PhD.
1 39
"Alan Hart: A new man, or still just passing?" by Vanessa Selbst
1 40
"The life and career of Alberta Lucille / Dr. Alan L. Hart" by Brian Booth
1 41
"Alberta Lucille Hart / Dr. Alan Hart: An Oregon Pioneer" by Brian Booth, Thomas Lauderdale
1 42
"TG History: The measure of a man - Dr. Alan Hart" by Michelle Moore
1 43
"You don't say: In small-town magic valley, TB met its match" by Steve Crump
1 44
"Doctor Alan Hart: X-ray vision in the archive" by Emile Devereaux. Australian Feminist Studies.
1 45
"Queer reading of Alan Hart's the Undaunted" by Colin Close
1 46
"Manifesting destiny: Dr Alan Hart's transformation and the embodiment of sex in early twentieth-century sexology" by Colin Close
1 47
"This side of the road" by Joyce Blankenship
Book includes material on Alan and Inez (Stark) Hart and the history of Port Tonsend, Washington.
1 48
"Born in 1891, this transgender Oregonian was a man ahead of his time" by Molly Woodstock. Portland Monthly Magazine.
1 49
"Dr. Alan L. Hart: 'An idyll of a country childhood,' An Oregon transgender pioneer" by Zachariah Selley
1 50
Alan L. Hart research notes complied by Joyce Blankenship
1 51
Inez Stark genealogy and research notes by Joyce Blankenship
1 52
Lucille / Alan Hart research notes by Booth, Lauderdale, Cook
c. 2005
1 53
Hart bibliography

PhotographsReturn to Top

Contains photographs of Alberta Lucille Hart / Alan L. Hart copied from Albany College publications and other print resources. Copies of photographs of Inez Stark provided by Joyce Blankenship.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 54.1
Lucille Hart as child
c. 1890
1 54.2
Albany College Girls Debate League Champions: Martha Montague, Inez Easton, Lucille Hart
1 54.3
Lucille Hart
1 54.4
Chemistry Laboratory Class at Albany College [Lucille Hart, second from right]
1 54.5
Albany College Editorial Staff [Lucille Hart, top right]
1 54.6
Dr. Alan L. Hart
c. 1930
1 54.7
Dr. Alan L. Hart
c. 1950
1 54.8
Eva Cushman
1 54.9
Inez Stark
c. 1900-1980

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Transsexualism--United States--Biography
  • Geographical Names :
  • Oregon