Guide to the Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell, 1870-1970 PDF
- Diettert, Gerald A., 1927-2015Hampton, H. Duane, 1932-
- Guide to the Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell
- 1870-1970 (inclusive)18701970
- 4.1 linear feet
- Collection Number
- Mss 204 (collection)
- This collection consists mostly of photocopies and/or transcripts of the journal entries and correspondence of George Bird Grinnell as well as research notes prepared by Dr. Gerald Diettert and Dr. H. Duane Hampton in preparing Diettert's Master's thesis and subsequent book Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park, 1992.
- University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
- Access Restrictions
Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Dr. Gerald A. Diettert practiced internal medicine and cardiology in Missoula, Montana, before enrolling at the University of Montana where he studied under Dr. H. Duane Hampton and received a Masters degree in History. Hampton was a professor of Western history whose research areas included the history of conservation and the development of national parks. Hampton had conducted his own research about George Bird Grinnell using sources from a variety of archival collections around the country and shared these files with Diettert. Diettert conducted additional research and presented his thesis, "Grinnell's Glacier," in 1990. The thesis was published by Mountain Press in 1992 with the title Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park.
An author, naturalist and explorer who was one of the nation's foremost advocates of game and forest conservation, George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20. 1849, the son of George Blake and Helen Lansing Grinnell. When he was seven his family moved to Audubon Park, a section of Washington Heights in which noted ornithologist James Audubon had his estate. Years later, Grinnell would be the organizer of the first Audubon Society.
Upon receiving his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1870, Grinnell went west for six months with an expedition of the Peabody Museum at New Haven to collect vertebrate fossils. In 1874 General Custer invited him along as a naturalist on his expedition to the Black Hills.
Grinnell received a Ph.D. from Yale in 1880. His work, however, was concentrated mainly in the West where he became well versed on the Plains Indians, writing about the Blackfeet, the Cheyenne and the Pawnees. He wrote authoritative volumes also about game birds of America, particularly ducks, emphasizing the sharp decline in numbers and species. In his lifetime he wrote twenty-six books and edited eight more. From 1880 to 1911 he served as editor and president of Forest and Stream, a weekly periodical devoted to outdoor life. Grinnell co-founded the American Game Association in 1911 and was, at one time, chairman of the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife. He was also affiliated with the National Parks association.
In addition, Grinnell was instrumental in the creation of Glacier National Park in Northwestern Montana, a reserve of one million acres of mountain country. The Grinnell Glacier in the St. Mary's Region in Montana, one of his discoveries, was named in his honor. Throughout his lifetime he wrote extensively in defense of preservation and conservation. An extensive traveler and explorer until well into his seventies, Grinnell suffered a heart attack at his home in New York in July of 1929. Although the initial prognosis was grim he recovered slowly. Age and persistent illness kept Grinnell in the East during his final years. He passed away on April 11, 1938 at the age of eighty-eight.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
This collection consists mostly of photocopies and/or transcripts of the journal entries and correspondence of George Bird Grinnell as well as research notes prepared by Dr. Gerald Diettert and Dr. Duane Hampton in preparing Diettert's book Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park in 1992. This collection was retained by the University of Montana's Archives because of the regional nature of the research materials and because of regional interest in Grinnell..
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to the University of Montana. Any publication permissions must be obtained from the original sources of the material.
Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Series I: Research Notes , 1870-1970Return to Top
The series constitutes the bulk of this collection: seven boxes of folders containing copies of journal entries by Grinnell, correspondence to and from Grinnell, and research notes. Most of this material relates to the area of Glacier National Park, before during and after its creation, the people Grinnell spent time there with and Grinnell's efforts to bring about the creation of the Park.
List of holdings by Southwest Museum, Glacier National Park, and Birdcraft Museum
There is also a letter from Dr. Hampton to Raymon Gonyea, Acting Curator of the Museum of the Plains Indians, in Browning, Montana, dated 30 June, 1970.
George Bird Grinnell's notes on the establishment of Glacier National Park
Water reclamation in the St. Mary's region
National Park Suggestions Catlin 1832, Van Orsdale 1883, Grinnell 1891
Glacier Park Trip
Military in Glacier National Park
Minerals in Glacier National Park
Crown of the Continent
Boone and Crockett Club
Grinnell, "Old Days"
Glacier Legislation, Montana
Blackfeet, Other Indians
Glacier as Wilderness
Glacier National Park, Improvements After Establishment
Glacier Park Names
Grinnell, Father of Glacier National Park
Forest and Stream
Glacier Boundaries, Francois E. Matthes
Dams and Reservoirs
Black Hills Expedition
Louis Hill, Great Northern Railroad
Public and Private Support for Glacier National Park
Audubon Park, 15th Street.
Little Whirlwind Case
Henry L. Stimson
Stimson, Ascent of Chief Mountain (Climbed in 1892)
Liquor and Forest Reserve
Morton J. Elrod
Grinnell's Indian Names
Guide Incident, Crowding
Grinnell History, Glacier National Park 3
Prices, Rooms, Saddle Horses
Barings (by Dawson) also Stimson, Monroe
Later Years, George Bird Grinnell
Letters to Lummis, Southwest Museum
Correspondence from Montana Historical Society and National Park Service re. George Bird Grinnell "Memories"
Journal, 1887 12 Nov., 21 Nov. Glacier, #2 Southwest Museum
Journal, 1889 9 Aug. Yellowstone National Park with Hague, Browning,Vancouver, etc. #309 Southwest Museum
George Bird Grinnell Diary, October 1901. #336 Southwest Museum
Grinnell, Bent and Brown correspondence, University of Colorado Libraries
Cession of Glacier National Park by Montana
Glacier National Park Organic Act
Matthes, Reasons for Glacier National Park
George Bird Grinnell, introduction, T.R. "Hunting Trips of a Ranchman", N.Y. Zoological. B & G character
Whiskey Trade 1888, 90, St. Mary's and Blackfeet Reservation
Glacier National Park Thesis, Early History
Dee Brown intro, Biosketch
George Bird Grinnell, bio by Madison Grant and others
"Memories," George Bird Grinnell
Books by George Bird Grinnell
Chronology, George Bird Grinnell
Grinnell, Correspondence, Museum of Natural History
George Bird Grinnell, Bibliography, Forest and Stream
Bent's Fort, History, George Bird Grinnell
Natural History "An Old Time Bonehunt" George Bird Grinnell 4
Letters, Rudolph Petter to George Bird Grinnell re: Cheyenne
Custer. Black Hills fr. Black Hills Engineer
Black Hills Expedition. Correspondence, Yale
Luther North, Correspondence
Linderman Papers, University of Montana, Correspondence, George Bird Grinnell
Blackfoot National Forest, Glacier
Glacier National Park Archival Material on George Bird Grinnell
George Bird Grinnell Diary
Grinnell, McLaughlin, Ballenger Papers
Series 1, Folder 1, Nebraska State Historical Society
Tenure of Land Among the Indians, American Anthropology, George Bird Grinnell
John Munroe, Letters etc.
Duncan McDonald, Address
|February 22, 1915.|
Two Great Scouts, Mss., Nebraska State Historical Society, 5
Grinnell to Hodge, Southwest Museum:
|1898, 1901, 1902, 1906, 1919, 1927|
Correspondence from John Jay White
Letters, George Hyde to George Bird Grinnell
Letters, R.M. Peck, concerning "Wolf Hunters" Mss. #50 Southwest Museum
Letters, Sec of Interior, Beef Reduction, Mss. #42 Southwest Museum
Letters, Luther North to George Bird Grinnell, Mss. #19 Southwest Museum
Letters, A Van Der Velden to George Bird Grinnell re: Cheyenne Vocabulary, Mss. #4 Southwest Museum
Correspondence, Henry McDonald
Grinnell, W.S. Campbell Collection, University of Oklahoma
Rep. Vreeland to Grinnell, Seneca Land Allotment, Mss. #36 Southwest Museum
Schultz to Grinnell, Mss. #53 Southwest Museum
Grinnell, American Museum of Natural History
Grinnell, Audubon Park
Grinnell, Bird Lore Letter of Retirement from Audubon Society
Natural History, "A Chapter of History and Natural History in Old New York"
Charles Sheldon, Birdcraft Museum
Correspondence, George Bent, Mss. #41 Southwest Museum
George Bird Grinnell to Hitchcock, Mes. Columbia University
Grinnell, Rochester, illus. Correspondence, Gorilla Articles
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 2
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 3
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 4
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 5
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 6
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folders 7&8
Notes from Mss. of the Nebraska State Historical Society
Journal, 1870, 14, 30 July, Marsh Expedition, Mss. #292, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1874, 2 Feb., 22 Aug., Black Hills Expedition, Custer. Mss. #293 Southwest Museum
Journal, 1874, 1875, 23 Aug.16 Sep., Black Hills Expedition, Mss. #294, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1882, 28 Aug., 3 Sep., Wyoming Mines, Mss. #298, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1884, 22 Aug., 20 Sep., Ocean Pass, Mss. #'s 300, 301, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1886, 1 Sep., 1 Oct., Yellowstone National Park, Mss. #304, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1895, 4 June, Laramie, Wyoming Ranch, Mss. #324, Southwest Museum
Journal, 1904, 17 Sep., YNP and Northern Cheyenne, Mss. #340, Southwest Museum
Indian Art. Mss. #368, Southwest Museum
Protecting Yellowstone National Park, Reservoir, Mss. #470, Southwest Museum
Book Reviews, Southwest Museum
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Some Early Cheyenne Tales."
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Some Early Cheyenne Tales."
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Falling Star."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Marriage among the Pawnees."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Cheyenne Woman Customs."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Notes on some Cheyenne Songs."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Some Cheyenne Plant Medicines."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Cheyenne Stream Names."
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, 1913, "Indian Stream Names" and 1920, "Who Were the Padouca?"
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "On a New Crinoid From the Cretatious Formation of the West."
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "On a New Tertiary Lake Basin."
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "Notice of a New Genus of Annelids From the Lower Silurian."
Grinnell, Atlantic Monthly, "The Wild Indians"
Grinnell, The Century, "Snipe Shooting."
Wyoming Trip, Forest and Stream
Journal, James T.R. Wilson, Trip to Yellowstone National Park (incomplete)
Grinnell, Library Holdings
Grinnell, Library Sale
Grinnell, T. Roosevelt Letters
Grinnell, Brooklyn Eagle, Clippings
Grinnell to Bowman, Newspaper Clipping
List of Photos, Glacier National Park, Statue of Liberty National Monument
Letters, Book Reviews
J.F. Reiger, Dissertation "George Bird Grinnell and the Development of American Conservation, 1870, 1901"
George Bird Grinnell, Bibliographies and Appendices
George Bird Grinnell, Pawnee Book Reviews, Personal Correspondence
Clippings, Primarily from Forest and Stream
Series II: Photographs , undatedReturn to Top
This series consists of four photographs collected and/or created by the researchers (Hampton and Diettert) in the course of their research. All content descriptions were inscribed onto the photographs by the researchers. Reliable dates could not be determined for any of the photographs.
204(II):1: Unidentified woman (perhaps Elizabeth Grinnell)
204(II):2: Topographical map of Glacier National Park
204(II):3: Sketch map of the St. Mary's region, drawn by George Bird Grinnell
204(II):4: Group photograph including two White men (one probably George Bird Grinnell) and five Indian males, sitting in front of a white building (perhaps the agency building)
Series III: 2012 Additions, 1923-1987Return to Top
Materials in this subseries include research files and notes, a George Bird Grinnell microfilm index, and correspondence between Dr. H. Duane Hampton and the Birdcraft Museum, the Southwest Museum, and university libraries with Grinnell materials.
Birdcraft Museum, Fund Request
|1968 and undated|
|1923 and undated|
|1976 and undated|
Southwest Museum, Film Index
State Historical Societies
University Libraries with Material
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Personal Names :
- Diettert, Gerald A., 1927-2015
- Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938.
- Hampton, H. Duane (Harold Duane), 1932-
- Geographical Names :
- Glacier National Park (Mont.)
- Form or Genre Terms :