Guide to the Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell, 1870-1970  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Diettert, Gerald A., 1927-2015Hampton, H. Duane, 1932-
Title
Guide to the Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell
Dates
1870-1970 (inclusive)
Quantity
4.1 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 204 (collection)
Summary
This collection consists mostly of photocopies and/or transcripts of the journal entries and correspondence of George Bird Grinnell as well as research notes prepared by Dr. Gerald Diettert and Dr. H. Duane Hampton in preparing Diettert's Master's thesis and subsequent book Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park, 1992.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Dr. Gerald A. Diettert practiced internal medicine and cardiology in Missoula, Montana, before enrolling at the University of Montana where he studied under Dr. H. Duane Hampton and received a Masters degree in History. Hampton was a professor of Western history whose research areas included the history of conservation and the development of national parks. Hampton had conducted his own research about George Bird Grinnell using sources from a variety of archival collections around the country and shared these files with Diettert. Diettert conducted additional research and presented his thesis, "Grinnell's Glacier," in 1990. The thesis was published by Mountain Press in 1992 with the title Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park.

An author, naturalist and explorer who was one of the nation's foremost advocates of game and forest conservation, George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20. 1849, the son of George Blake and Helen Lansing Grinnell. When he was seven his family moved to Audubon Park, a section of Washington Heights in which noted ornithologist James Audubon had his estate. Years later, Grinnell would be the organizer of the first Audubon Society.

Upon receiving his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1870, Grinnell went west for six months with an expedition of the Peabody Museum at New Haven to collect vertebrate fossils. In 1874 General Custer invited him along as a naturalist on his expedition to the Black Hills.

Grinnell received a Ph.D. from Yale in 1880. His work, however, was concentrated mainly in the West where he became well versed on the Plains Indians, writing about the Blackfeet, the Cheyenne and the Pawnees. He wrote authoritative volumes also about game birds of America, particularly ducks, emphasizing the sharp decline in numbers and species. In his lifetime he wrote twenty-six books and edited eight more. From 1880 to 1911 he served as editor and president of Forest and Stream, a weekly periodical devoted to outdoor life. Grinnell co-founded the American Game Association in 1911 and was, at one time, chairman of the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife. He was also affiliated with the National Parks association.

In addition, Grinnell was instrumental in the creation of Glacier National Park in Northwestern Montana, a reserve of one million acres of mountain country. The Grinnell Glacier in the St. Mary's Region in Montana, one of his discoveries, was named in his honor. Throughout his lifetime he wrote extensively in defense of preservation and conservation. An extensive traveler and explorer until well into his seventies, Grinnell suffered a heart attack at his home in New York in July of 1929. Although the initial prognosis was grim he recovered slowly. Age and persistent illness kept Grinnell in the East during his final years. He passed away on April 11, 1938 at the age of eighty-eight.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection consists mostly of photocopies and/or transcripts of the journal entries and correspondence of George Bird Grinnell as well as research notes prepared by Dr. Gerald Diettert and Dr. Duane Hampton in preparing Diettert's book Grinnell's Glacier: George Bird Grinnell and Glacier National Park in 1992. This collection was retained by the University of Montana's Archives because of the regional nature of the research materials and because of regional interest in Grinnell..

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to the University of Montana. Any publication permissions must be obtained from the original sources of the material.

Preferred Citation

Gerald A. Diettert and H. Duane Hampton Collection on George Bird Grinnell, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Research Notes , 1870-1970Return to Top

The series constitutes the bulk of this collection: seven boxes of folders containing copies of journal entries by Grinnell, correspondence to and from Grinnell, and research notes. Most of this material relates to the area of Glacier National Park, before during and after its creation, the people Grinnell spent time there with and Grinnell's efforts to bring about the creation of the Park.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
List of holdings by Soutwest Museum, Glacier National Park, and Birdcraft Museum. There is also a letter from Dr. Hampton to Raymon Gonyea, Acting Curator of the Museum of the Plains Indians, in Browning, Montana, dated 30 June, 1970.
Undated
1/2
Research notes about 1882
Undated
1/3
Research notes about December 1885 to March 1886
Undated
1/4
Research notes about 1886
Undated
1/5
Research notes about 1887
Undated
1/6
Research notes about 1888
Undated
1/7
Research notes about 1889
Undated
1/8
Research notes about 1890
Undated
1/9
Research notes about 1891
Undated
1/10
Research notes about 1892
Undated
1/11
Research notes about 1894
Undated
1/12
Research notes about 1894, "The Blackfeet Agreement of 1895 and GNP: A Case History" Thesis by Chirstopher S. Ashby, 1966
1966
1/13
Research notes about 1896
Undated
1/14
Research notes about 1897
Undated
1/15
Research notes about 1898
Undated
1/16
Research notes about 1899
Undated
1/17
Research notes about 1900
Undated
1/18
Research notes about 1901
Undated
1/19
Research notes about 1902
Undated
1/20
Research notes about 1903
Undated
1/21
Research notes about 1904
Undated
1/22
Research notes about 1905
Undated
1/23
Research notes about 1906
Undated
1/24
Research notes about 1907
Undated
2/1
Research notes about 1908
Undated
2/2
Research notes about 1909
Undated
2/3
Research notes about 1910
Undated
2/4
Research notes about 1911
Undated
2/5
Research notes about 1912
Undated
2/6
Research notes about 1913
Undated
2/7
Research notes about 1914
Undated
2/8
Research notes about 1915
Undated
2/9
Research notes about 1916
Undated
2/10
Research notes about 1917
Undated
2/11
Research notes about 1918
Undated
2/12
Research notes about 1919
Undated
2/13
Research notes about 1920
Undated
2/14
Research notes about 1921
Undated
2/15
Research notes about 1922
Undated
2/16
Research notes about 1923
Undated
2/17
Research notes about 1924
Undated
2/18
Research notes about 1925
Undated
2/19
Research notes about 1926
Undated
2/20
Research notes about 1927
Undated
2/21
Research notes about 1928
Undated
2/22
Research notes about 1929
Undated
2/23
Research notes about 1930s
Undated
2/24
Undated research notes
Undated
2/25
History of George Bird Grinnell and Establishment of GNP
Undated
2/26
Research on water reclamation in St. Mary's region, 1922
Undated
2/27
Research on national park suggestions: Catlin 1832, Orsdale 1883, Grinnell 1891
1970
2/28
Research on GNP trip 1885
Undated
2/29
Research on military in GNP, 1880's
Undated
2/30
Research on 1887 trip
Undated
2/31
Research on 1891 trip
Undated
2/32
Research on ceded strip 1895
Undated
2/33
Research on forest reserves
Undated
2/34
Research on minerals in GNP
Undated
2/35
Research on "Crown of the Continent" 1901
Undated
2/36
Research on Thomas Carter
Undated
2/37
Research on the Boone and Crockett Club
Undated
2/38
Research on Grinnell "Old Days"
Undated
2/39
Research on Grinnell "Hunting"
Undated
2/40
Research on Grinnell "Conservation"
Undated
2/41
Research on Glacier legislation Montana
Undated
2/42
Research on Blackfeet, Other Indians
Undated
2/43
Research on Glacier as wilderness
Undated
2/44
Research on Hough
Undated
3/1
Research on Schultz
Undated
3/2
Research on JW Schultz
1986
3/3
Research on Grinnell Business
Undated
3/4
Research on Grinnell Honors
Undated
3/5
Research on GNP Improvement after establishment
Undated
3/6
Research on lobbying
Undated
3/7
Research on Glacier Park names
Undated
3/8
Research on Grinell, "Father of GNP"
Undated
3/9
Research on Teddy Roosevelt
Undated
3/10
Research on Forest and Stream
Undated
3/11
Research on Elizbeth Grinnell
Undated
3/12
Research on Glacier Boundaries, Francois E. Matthes
Undated
3/13
Research on Dams and Reservoirs
Undated
3/14
Research on Joseph Kipp
Undated
3/15
Research on Hugh Monroe
Undated
3/16
Research on 1874 Black Hills Expedition
Undated
3/17
Research on Louis Hill, GNRR
Undated
3/18
Research, unknown love
Undated
3/19
Research on mapping
Undated
3/20
Research on public and private support for GNP
Undated
3/21
Research on Audobon Park, 15th Street
Undated
3/22
Research on George Gould
Undated
3/23
Research on Charles Pray
Undated
3/24
Research on Jack Monroe
Undated
3/25
Research on Ballenger
Undated
3/26
Research on Grinnell's "humility"
Undated
3/27
Research on "Little Whirlwind" case
Undated
3/28
Research on Grinell, "Explorer"
Undated
3/29
Research on Billy Jackson
Undated
3/30
Research on Grinnell's Ranch, 1883 and on
Undated
3/31
Research on Grinnell, "Naturalist"
Undated
3/32
Research on Grinell, "Author"
Undated
3/33
Research on Henry L. Stimson
Undated
3/34
Research on Simson's ascent of Chief Mountain, MT, 1892
Undated
3/35
Research on Pinocht
Undated
3/36
Research on C.M. Russell
Undated
3/37
Research on O.C. Marsh
Undated
3/38
Research on E.S. Curtis
Undated
3/39
Research on Lyman Sperry
Undated
3/40
Research on Grinell, Ehnologist
Undated
3/41
Research on Liquor and Forest Reserve
Undated
3/42
Research on Luther North
Undated
3/43
Research on Harriman Expedition
Undated
3/44
Research on Morton J. Elrod
Undated
3/45
Research L.O. Vaught
Undated
3/46
Research on Grinnell's Indian Names
Undated
3/47
Research on Custer Anniversaries
Undated
3/48
Research on Grinnell, Health
Undated
3/49
Research on guide incident, crowding
Undated
3/50
Research on pre-Grinell History of GNP
Undated
4/1
Research on prices, rooms, and saddle horses, 1922
Undated
4/2
Research on boy scouts
Undated
4/3
Research on Barings (by Dawson) also Stimson, Monroe
Undated
4/4
Research on later years of Grinnell
Undated
4/5
Research on letters to Lummis. Southwest Museum
Undated
4/6
Research on correspondence from Montana Historical Society and NPS re: Grinell "Memories"
1956-1962
4/7
Research, Journal, November 12-21, 1887, Glacier, #2 SW Museum
Undated
4/8
Research, Journal from August 9, 1889, YNP with Hague, Browning, Vancouver, etc. #309 SW Museum
Undated
4/9
Research on Grinell diary, October 1901, SW Museum #336
Undated
4/10
Research on Grinnell-Ben and Brown correspondence, University of Colorado Libraries
Undated
4/11
Research on cession of GNP by Montana
Undated
4/12
Research on Glacier NP Organic Act
Undated
4/13
Research on Matthes, Reasons for GNP, 1906
Undated
4/14
Research on Grinnell, Intro to TR "Hunting Trips of a Ranchman" NY Zoological, B and C Character, 1927
Undated
4/15
Research on Whiskey Trade in St. Mary's and Blackfoot Reservation, 1888-1890
Undated
4/16
Research, GNP Thesis, Early History
1947
4/17
Research, Dee Brown Intro., Biographic Sketch
1967
4/18
Research, Grinnell Bio by Madison Grant, others
1925
4/19
Research, Grinnell obituaries
Undated
4/20
Research, "Memories", George Bird Grinnell, 1915
Undated
4/21
Research, various biographies
Undated
4/22
Research, books by Grinnell
Undated
4/23
Research, "Window Shades" Chronology, Grinnell
Undated
4/24
Research, Grinell correspondence with Museum of Natural History, 1909-1913
Undated
4/25
Research, Cosley Cave 1925
Undated
4/26
Research, Grinnell bibliography, Forest and Stream 1889
Undated
4/27
Research, Bent's Fort History, Grinnell
Undated
4/28
Research, Natural History, "An old-time bone hunt" GBG
1923
5/1
Letters, Rudolph Petter to George Bird Grinnell re: Cheyenne
1912, 1915
5/2
Custer. Black Hills fr. Black Hills Engineer
5/3
Black Hills Expedition. Correspondence, Yale
1874
5/4&4A
Luther North, Correspondence
1877, 1934
5/5
Linderman Papers, University of Montana, Correspondence, George Bird Grinnell
5/6
Glacier, Mather
5/7
Blackfeet Agreement
1896
5/8
Blackfoot National Forest, Glacier
5/9
Glacier National Park Archival Material on George Bird Grinnell
5/10
Joe Cosley
5/11
George Bird Grinnell Diary
June 1897
5/12
Grinnell, McLaughlin, Ballenger Papers
5/13
Series 1, Folder 1, Nebraska State Historical Society
5/14
Tenure of Land Among the Indians, American Anthropology, George Bird Grinnell
1907
5/15
John Munroe, Letters etc.
5/16
Duncan McDonald, Address
February 22, 1915.
5/17
Two Great Scouts, Mss., Nebraska State Historical Society, 5
6/1
Grinnell to Hodge, Southwest Museum:
1898, 1901, 1902, 1906, 1919, 1927
6/2
Correspondence from John Jay White
1909
6/3
Letters, George Hyde to George Bird Grinnell
1908, 1921
6/4
Letters, R.M. Peck, concerning "Wolf Hunters" Mss. #50 Southwest Museum
1908
6/5
Letters, Sec of Interior, Beef Reduction, Mss. #42 Southwest Museum
1902
6/6
Letters, Luther North to George Bird Grinnell, Mss. #19 Southwest Museum
1889
6/7
Letters, A Van Der Velden to George Bird Grinnell re: Cheyenne Vocabulary, Mss. #4 Southwest Museum
1896, 1897
6/8
F.W. Hodge
6/9
Correspondence, Henry McDonald
1907, 1920
6/10
Grinnell, W.S. Campbell Collection, University of Oklahoma
6/11
Rep. Vreeland to Grinnell, Seneca Land Allotment, Mss. #36 Southwest Museum
6/12
Schultz to Grinnell, Mss. #53 Southwest Museum
6/13
Grinnell, American Museum of Natural History
6/14
Grinnell, Audubon Park
1927
6/15
Grinnell, Bird Lore Letter of Retirement from Audubon Society
1934
6/16
Natural History, "A Chapter of History and Natural History in Old New York"
1920
6/17
Charles Sheldon, Birdcraft Museum
6/18
Correspondence, George Bent, Mss. #41 Southwest Museum
1906
6/19
George Bird Grinnell to Hitchcock, Mes. Columbia University
6/20
Grinnell, Rochester, illus. Correspondence, Gorilla Articles
6/21
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 2
1924
6/22
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 3
1925
6/23
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 4
1927
6/24
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 5
1928
6/25
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folder 6
1929
6/26
Grinnell Correspondence, Nebraska State Historical Society, Series 1, Folders 7&8
1934
6/27
Notes from Mss. of the Nebraska State Historical Society
6/28
Journal, 1870, 14, 30 July, Marsh Expedition, Mss. #292, Southwest Museum
6/29
Journal, 1874, 2 Feb., 22 Aug., Black Hills Expedition, Custer. Mss. #293 Southwest Museum
6/30
Journal, 1874, 1875, 23 Aug.16 Sep., Black Hills Expedition, Mss. #294, Southwest Museum
6/31
Journal, 1882, 28 Aug., 3 Sep., Wyoming Mines, Mss. #298, Southwest Museum
6/32
Journal, 1884, 22 Aug., 20 Sep., Ocean Pass, Mss. #'s 300, 301, Southwest Museum
6/33
Journal, 1886, 1 Sep., 1 Oct., Yellowstone National Park, Mss. #304, Southwest Museum
6/34
Journal, 1895, 4 June, Laramie, Wyoming Ranch, Mss. #324, Southwest Museum
6/35
Journal, 1904, 17 Sep., YNP and Northern Cheyenne, Mss. #340, Southwest Museum
7/1
Indian Art. Mss. #368, Southwest Museum
1920s
7/2
Protecting Yellowstone National Park, Reservoir, Mss. #470, Southwest Museum
7/3
Book Reviews, Southwest Museum
7/4
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Some Early Cheyenne Tales."
1907
7/5
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Some Early Cheyenne Tales."
1908
7/6
Grinnell, Journal of American Folklore, "Falling Star."
1921
7/7
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Marriage among the Pawnees."
1891
7/8
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Cheyenne Woman Customs."
1902
7/9
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Notes on some Cheyenne Songs."
1903
7/10
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Some Cheyenne Plant Medicines."
1905
7/11
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, "Cheyenne Stream Names."
1906
7/12
Grinnell, American Anthropologist, 1913, "Indian Stream Names" and 1920, "Who Were the Padouca?"
7/13
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "On a New Crinoid From the Cretatious Formation of the West."
1876
7/14
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "On a New Tertiary Lake Basin."
1876
7/15
Grinnell, American Journal of Science and Arts, "Notice of a New Genus of Annelids From the Lower Silurian."
1877
7/16
Grinnell, Atlantic Monthly, "The Wild Indians"
1899
7/17
Grinnell, The Century, "Snipe Shooting."
1883
7/18
Wyoming Trip, Forest and Stream
1878
7/19
Journal, James T.R. Wilson, Trip to Yellowstone National Park (incomplete)
1875
7/20
Grinnell, Library Holdings
7/21
Grinnell, Library Sale
1952
7/22
Grinnell, T. Roosevelt Letters
1897
7/23
Grinnell, Brooklyn Eagle, Clippings
7/24
Grinnell to Bowman, Newspaper Clipping
1920, 1921
7/25
List of Photos, Glacier National Park, Statue of Liberty National Monument
7/26
Letters, Book Reviews
7/27
J.F. Reiger, Dissertation "George Bird Grinnell and the Development of American Conservation, 1870, 1901"
1970
7/28
George Bird Grinnell, Bibliographies and Appendices
7/29
George Bird Grinnell, Pawnee Book Reviews, Personal Correspondence
7/30
General Correspondence
7/31
Clippings, Primarily from Forest and Stream

Series II:  Photographs , undatedReturn to Top

This series consists of four photographs collected and/or created by the researchers (Hampton and Diettert) in the course of their research. All content descriptions were inscribed onto the photographs by the researchers. Reliable dates could not be determined for any of the photographs.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
7/32
204(II):1: Unidentified woman (perhaps Elizabeth Grinnell)
undated
7/33
204(II):2: Topographical map of Glacier National Park
undated
7/34
204(II):3: Sketch map of the St. Mary's region, drawn by George Bird Grinnell
undated
7/35
204(II):4: Group photograph including two White men (one probably George Bird Grinnell) and five Indian males, sitting in front of a white building (perhaps the agency building)
undated

Series III:  2012 Additions, 1923-1987Return to Top

0.6 linear feet

Materials in this subseries include research files and notes, a George Bird Grinnell microfilm index, and correspondence between Dr. H. Duane Hampton and the Birdcraft Museum, the Southwest Museum, and university libraries with Grinnell materials.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/1
Birdcraft Museum
1976-1977
8/2
Birdcraft Museum, Fund Request
1976-1977
8/3
Browning
1968-1970
8/4
Glacier
1968 and undated
8/5
Joslyn Museum
1983-1987
8/6
Microfilm Index
undated
8/7
Miscellaneous Corrections
undated
8/8
J.H. Sherburne
1923 and undated
8/9
Southwest Museum
1976 and undated
8/10
Southwest Museum, Film Index
undated
8/11
Stark Museum
1983
8/12
State Historical Societies
1967
8/13
Research
undated
9/1
To Do
1968-1971
9/2
University Libraries with Material
1967-1968

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Personal Names :
  • Diettert, Gerald A., 1927-2015
  • Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938.
  • Hampton, H. Duane (Harold Duane), 1932-
  • Geographical Names :
  • Glacier National Park (Mont.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographs