Burton K. Wheeler Files, 1924-1945  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Title
Burton K. Wheeler Files
Dates
1924-1945
Quantity
.8 linear feet
Collection Number
Collection 2206, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The Burton K. Wheeler Files consist of photocopied documents from FBI files in which Wheeler was the subject of investigations, and in one instance, a co-subject. Also included are cross-references to mentions of Wheeler in files on other individuals, organizations, events, or activities.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Senator Burton K. Wheeler (1882-1975) began his law career in Butte, and served as U.S. Attorney for Montana from 1913 to 1918 prior to his election to the U.S. Senate in 1922. His first action in the senate was to begin investigations of corruption in the Department of Justice which resulted in the resignation of the head of the Bureau of Investigation. Within six months, the Bureau of Investigation, seeking revenge, attempted to frame the senator. The case resulted in Wheeler being acquitted and becoming a national political figure, which standing was increased in 1924 when he ran for vice-president on the Progressive Party presidential ticket. Wheeler is remembered as one of the most powerful senators in Washington D.C. in the 1930s. Chairman of the Interstate Commerce Committee and of the Indian Affairs Committee, he personally influenced such key New Deal legislation as the Public Utilities Holding Company Act of 1935 and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (the Wheeler-Howard Act). In 1937, he successfully led the opposition to President Roosevelt's attempt to pack the Supreme Court with justices of his own political persuasion. Throughout his years of service he was consistently opposed to war, and so supported neutrality legislation in the 1930s, spoke out against peacetime conscription in 1940 and 1941, and fought against the Lend-Lease aid to Britain in 1941. After the United States decided to enter the war, however, Wheeler gave his full support to the effort.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The photocopied documents in this collection were taken from six files from the FBI in which Wheeler was the subject of investigations, and in one instance, a co-subject. Also included are cross-references to mentions of Wheeler in files on other individuals, organizations, events, or activities. The following inventory lists the original files numbers assigned by the FBI.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1 FBI FILE #62-7903
Box/Folder
1/1 Volume 1 1924
1/2 Volume 2 1924
1/3 Volumes 1-3 1924-1925
1/4 Volume 4 1925
1/5 Volume 5 1925
1/6 Volume 6 1925
1/7 Volume 7 1925-1926
2/1 FBI FILE #62-16195
Senate Resolution 46 Concerning Industrial Espionage by Wheeler
1927
2/2 FBI FILE #62-48643
Investigation of anonymous letter questioning the Social Security Act
1937
2/3 FBI FILE #9-7637
Investigation of anonymous letter with death threat against Wheeler
1941
2/4 FBI FILE #61-9182
Information pertaining to the attempt of Mrs. Evelyn Walsh McClean to sue New Masses magazine for libel
1942
2/5-6 FBI FILE #62-55261 v.1 and v.2
Miscellaneous correspondence and information questioning Wheeler's patriotism and integrity
1939-1943
2/7-8 FBI FILE #None v.1 and v.2
Cross References of non-Wheeler files
circa 1940-1945

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Personal Names :
  • Wheeler, Burton K. (Burton Kendall), 1882-1975