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Eugene Lyons papers, 1929-1964

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Lyons, Eugene, 1898-
Title
Eugene Lyons papers
Dates
1929-1964 (inclusive)
Quantity
3.0 linear feet, (2 containers)
Collection Number
Coll 117
Summary
Eugene Lyons (1898- ) was a newspaperman, foreign correspondent, editor, radio commentator and a political writer. The collection includes manuscripts, publications and letters.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions
Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.
Languages
English

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Eugene Lyons has been a newspaperman, foreign correspondent, editor, radio commentator, and a prolific political writer. He has corresponded with many of the prominent people responsible for major historical events in the twentieth century, and has dedicated himself to a lifetime of studies of Soviet affairs, the U.S.S.R., and communism. At first sympathetic to the "communist experiment," Lyons later turned fervently against it. He has written and lectured extensively on the Soviet system and world communism.

Lyons was born in Uzlain, Russia, on July 1, 1898, to Nathan and Minnie (Privin) Lyons. In 1907 he came to the United States. He attended the College of the City of New York in 1916-17, and Columbia University in 1917. In 1918, he joined the U.S. Army.

His career as a journalist began in 1919 as a reporter and editor for several eastern papers. In 1924, he received a position with the Tass News Agency offices in New York as either an editor or assistant director, depending upon the reference work cited.

In 1928, he was hired as a foreign correspondent for United Press and was stationed in Moscow. During this assignment he became the first foreign reporter granted an interview with Joseph Stalin. His experiences during this period are related in his book, Assignment in Utopia, published late in 1937.

During the war years (1939-1944) Lyons was the editor for The American Mercury in New York. In 1945 he initiated and served as the first editor for The Pageant; and in 1946, he was offered a post on the editorial staff of Reader's Digest where he remained until his retirement in 1968.

In his other activities, he helped found and served as the first president for the American Committee for the Liberation of Peoples of Russia (known later as the Radio Liberty Committee), was among the founding members and the second president (1939-1940) of the Overseas Press Club and was a member of the Dutch Treat Club. Lyons currently resides in New York.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists primarily of manuscripts of published works, such as Assignment In Utopia, Our Secret Allies, and biographies of Herbert Hoover and David Sarnoff. The four folders of letters in the collection include those from prominent people, such as Major Semyon Budenni (a hero of the Russian revolution), Cecil B. deMille, Lewis Gannett, Sir Winston Churchill, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Herbert Hoover, Sinclair Lewis, Upton Sinclair, Joseph Stalin, and Harry Truman. Most of the correspondence, however, is of the nature of "fan" letters from readers of Assignment In Utopia. Of special interest is an original typed and corrected copy of an interview of Joseph Stalin by Lyons, dated November 22, 1930 and signed by Stalin.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Eugene Lyons Papers, Coll 117, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Manuscripts and booksReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1
Assignment in Utopia. Published by Harcourt, Brace. Carbon of original draft. Unconnected.
1937
1
David Sarnoff. Published by Harper & Row. Photocopy of final corrected copy. Galley proof, corrected. Page proof, corrected.
1966
1
Herbert Hoover. Published by Doubleday. Original draft, revised and corrected. Printer's copy, "with original title : The Many Lives of Herbert Hoover. (Box 2)
1964
1
Our Secret Allies. Published by Duell, Sloane & Pearce. Top carbon of final draft, corrected.
1953

Letters received, and mementosReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
General file
Box
2
Abbott, Leonard D.
1938
2
Anderson, Sherwood
1939
2
Atherton, Gertrude
1941
2
Atlantic Monthly. (Joseph Barber, Jr.)
1937, 1938
2
Baruch, Bernard
1940
2
Berle, A. A.
1939
2
Brittain, Vera
1957
2
Broome County Communist Party
undated
2
Bullitt, William C.
1937
2
Cahan, Abraham
1938
2
Chamberlin, William H.
1938
2
Churchill, Winston. (telegram)
1940
2
Colby, Bainbridge
1936
2
Cosmopolitan Magazine (Harry Burton)
undated
2
Cromwell, James
1937
2
Gushing, Richard Cardinal
1966
2
Dabney, Virginius
1936
2
DeMille, Cecil B.
1937
2
Drum, Hugh A.
1940
2
Elkin, Samuel
1938
2
Florinsky, Michael T.
1937
2
Gannett, Lewis
1935
2
Gantt, W. Horsley
1938
2
Goldman, Emma
1938
2
Harrison, Henriette K.
1938
2
Hatfield, Mark
1965
2
Holmes, John Haynes
1937
2
Hoover, Allan
1964
2
Hopkins, Harry
1940
2
Hopkins, John Henry
1938
2
Hull, Cordell
1937
2
Kirchvrey, Freda
1938
2
Lamont, Corliss. (statement by Lyons on Lament)
1941
2
Lausche, Frank J.
1959
2
Lewis, Sinclair
1940
2
Link, George B.
1938
2
Lockhart, Bruce
1940
2
Muni, Paul
1938
2
Muste, A. J.
1937
2
Newman, H. Macklin
1937
2
Nixon, Richard M.
1948
2
Oppenheimer, George
1934
2
(Romanoff), Grand Duchess Marie
1941
2
Schuster, M. Lincoln
1937
2
Scott, Evelyn
1938
2
Sinclair, Upton
1938
2
Stolberg, Ben
1938
2
Stotesberg, Eva.
1938
2
Strauss, Lewis L.
1947; 1964; 1965
2
Tresca, Carlo
1943
2
Truman, Harry
1964
2
Tsiang, Tingfu
1958
2
White, William A.
1937
2
Wilson, Edmund
1938
Special File
Box
2
Hoover, Herbert -- Letters received.
24.0 letters
Typed, signed, and 1 card, autograph note, signed.
1940-1964
2
Stalin, Joseph
Typed letter, signed, Nov. 26, 1929. -- Original typed and corrected copy of interview, Lyons and Stalin. Signed by Stalin.
November 22, 1930
2
Budenni, (Marshal) Semion M. Autographed, signed letter to Lyons.
undated
Special File
Box
2
Menu of dinner given by American correspondents for Soviet Ambassador Troyanovsky. Autographed by guests, including Harpo Marx, Louis Fischer, Bella Rodman, TF. H. Charaberlin, Linton Tells, Spencer Williams, Eugene Lyons.
December 4, 1933
2
Russian press identification pass issued to Eugene Lyons
1933

AddendaReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Manuscripts
Box Folder
2 2
David Sarnoff, a Biography, Harper & Row, Printer's copy, original, carbon, photocopy. 587
1966
2
Workers1 paradise lost, fifty years of Soviet communism: a balance sheet, H.T., Funk & Wagnalls,. Final corrected copy, photocopy, carbon, original
1967
Book
Box
2
Our Secret Allies. Published by Duell, Sloane & Pearce
1953
Letters
Box
2
Eisenhower, Dwight David to Eugene Lyons.. 1 letter
September 1, 1964
2
Fast, Howard to Eugene Lyons. 2 letters
February 13, 1958, March 4, 1958