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Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Photograph Collection,, 1908-1912

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Bossard, Gisbert Ludolf, 1890-1975
Title
Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Photograph Collection,
Dates
1908-1912 (inclusive)
Quantity
2 boxes, (1.25 linear ft.)
Collection Number
USU_P0002
Summary
The Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Collection consists of about 60 glass lantern slides and 56 black and white images used by Max Florence for a series of lectures he delivered in New York City in 1911. Included in the images are rare interiors of the Salt Lake Mormon Temple taken by Gisbert Ludolf Gerhart Bossard. Bossard was a Swiss convert to Mormonism who fell out with the church in 1911 and took these pictures as a form of revenge. He gave the images to Max Florence who tried to sell them in New York City. Florence was not able to find a buyer and after the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) published the book "The House of the Lord," with better quality interiors of the temple in 1912, the issue became moot. The other views consist of Salt Lake City, Utah politicians and boosters such as Florence and Samuel Newhouse, and views of a streetcar in front of several buildings. Some of these images were taken by Charles Ellis Johnson. Box 2 also includes a typed letter from Bossard to Florence, dated September 1913, in which the author details elements of his plan to recover some money despite the introduction of the book "The House of the Lord," which Bossard readily admits ruined the value of his photos.
Repository
Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library, Special Collections and Archives Division
Special Collections and Archives
Merrill-Cazier Library
Utah State University
Logan, UT
84322-3000
Telephone: 435-797-2663
Fax: 435-797-2880
scweb@usu.edu
Access Restrictions
Restrictions

No restrictions on use except: not available through interlibrary loan.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Max Florence was born in 1865 to Russian-Jewish parents in Latvia. He moved to America when he was nineteen and made his way West. Eventually he ended up in Salt Lake City where he owned several motion picture theaters and the Florence Film Exchange. He apparently sold these businesses in 1911 or 1912. After 1911 he ran a restaurant, owned an express truck, and marketed alcohol during prohibition. After serving a sentence in prison for conspiracy to transport contraband liquor, he moved to Farmington, Utah. He died of cancer in 1932. Gordon Van Fleet purchased the Florence home after a fire in 1944 and discovered the hidden slides. Mr. Van Fleet donated the images to Special Collections in 1991.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Collection consists of about 60 glass lantern slides and 56 black and white images used by Max Florence for a series of lectures he delivered in New York City in 1911. Included in the slides are rare interiors of the Salt Lake Mormon Temple by Gisbert Ludolf Gerhart Bossard. Bossard was a Swiss convert to Mormonism who fell out with the church and took these pictures as a form of revenge in 1911. He gave the images to Max Florence who tried to sell them in New York City. Florence was not able to find a buyer and after the LDS Church published "The House of the Lord," with better quality interiors of the temple in 1912, the issue became moot. The other views consist of American Presidents, a woman behind bars with the caption "The White Slave" across it, Salt Lake politicians and boosters such as Florence and Samuel Newhouse, views of a streetcar in front of several buildings including the Elite Theatre and the Tribune building, portraits of LDS Church leaders, the Florence Film Exchange, the Elite Theatre, and the Luna Theatre. Some of these images were taken by Charles Ellis Johnson. Box 2 also includes a typed letter from Bossard to Florence, dated September 1913, in which the author details elements of his plan to recover some money despite the introduction of the book "The House of the Lord," which Bossard readily admits ruined the value of his photos.

Other Descriptive InformationReturn to Top

The description listed next to each image is transcribed directly from the information written on the envelope containing each lantern slide. The physical condition of the slides is generally good, although some have small cracks. The black and white images exhibit no descriptions except on two of the images, which are in Bossard's cursive script and written, presumably, in his native language. These descriptions are not recreated here; instead, the locations within the temple depicted in the photos are included.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.

Permission to publish material from the Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Photograph Collection must be obtained from the Special Collections Photograph Curator and/or the Special Collections Department Head.

Alternative Forms Available

View selected digitized images in this collection from the Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence photograph collection

Preferred Citation

Initial Citation: P0002; Gisbert Bossard/Max Florence Photograph Collection; Photograph Collections; Utah State University Special Collections and Archives, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University.

Following Citations: P0002, USUSC.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Glass Slides, 1908-1912Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 1

Container(s) Description Dates
box folder
1 1
Box Folder
1 1
01:01:01: William Jennings Bryan
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:02: George Q. Cannon
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:03: Max Florence, captioned "Doing the Best I Can"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:04: Max Florence, captioned "A Salt Lake Booster"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:05: Max Florence and unidentified friend, captioned: "Two Little Boosters - Max Florence and his College Chum"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:06: J.W. Kern
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:07: Jesse William Knight, Democratic candidate for Governor of Utah
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:08: Francis M. Lyman
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:08a: Francis M. Lyman
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:09: Samuel Newhouse
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:10: Samuel Newhouse
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:11: Samuel Newhouse, captioned: "A Real Live 'Utah Booster'"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:12: Samuel Newhouse, captioned: "The Father of the Salt Lake Sky-Scrapers"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:13: President Theodore Roosevelt
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:14: William Spry, Republican candidate for Governor of Utah
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:15: J.S. Sherman
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:16: R.G. Sleater, candidate for U.S. Representative of Utah
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:17: Erastus Snow
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:18: Lorenzo Snow
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:19: President William H. Taft
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:20: Margaret Zane Witcher, Republican candidate for Slate Lake County Clerk
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:21: William Jennings Bryan
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:22: Interior of the Florence Film Exchange in the rear of the Luna Theatre
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:23: Interior of the Florence Film Exchange
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:24: Interior of the Florence Film Exchange
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:25: Business office of the Florence Film Exchange
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:26: Interior of the business office of the Florence Film Exchange
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:27: Streetcar in front of the Elite Theatre captioned "The Max Florence Special Starting from the Elite Theatre"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:28: Streetcar in front of the U.S. Post Office
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:29: Streetcar in front of the Tribune building
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:30: Streetcar in front of the Herald Office
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:31: Streetcar in front of Freed Furniture and Carpet
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:32: Streetcar and riders, top of Elite Theatre in background
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:33: The Ladies G.A.R. Military Band posed with their instruments in front of the Elite Theatre (copy negatives only)
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:34: The American Drum Corps posed with their instruments in front of the Elite Theatre
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:34a: Streetcar in front of the Brigham Young Monument, looking northwest, LDS Temple in background
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:35: Exterior of the William C. Staines Conservatory, Mormon Temple barely visible in the background
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:36: Probably the interior of Brigham Young's office in the Lion House
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:37: Probably the interior of Brigham Young's office in the Lion House
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:38: Exterior of the Bureau of Information building
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:39: View of the Mormon Temple looking northwest (photo by A.J. Clapham)
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:40: View from the roof of the Mormon Temple includes a protion of the northeastern spire in the foreground, Hotel Utah in the background
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:41: Close-up of an exterior wall of the ground floor of the Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:42: Views of the Terrestrial Room of the Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:43: Room with altar and witness chairs, Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:44: Views of the Terrestrial Room of the Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:45: Enactment of a temple ceremony, one man in temple robes and another in street clothes, unidentified room in the Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:46: An illustration of a woman behind bars with the caption "The White Slave" across it
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:47: Enactment of a temple ceremony, one man in temple robes and another in street cloethes, unidentified room in the Mormon Temple
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:48: An illustration of a woman behind bars with the caption "The White Slave" across it
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:49: Introductory slide reading "Good Afternoon"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:50: Ending slide reading "Good Night"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:51: Slide reading "Change of Program Wednesday and Sunday"
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:52: Illustration of a train caboose with a blank space, reads "Rocky Mountain Limited" at the bottom
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:53: A forty-six star American flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:54: The British flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:55: The British flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:56: The German flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:57: The German flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:58: The Swedish flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:59: The Swedish flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:60: The Swiss flag
1908-1912
1 1
01:01:61: The Swiss flag
1908-1912

Black and White Images, 1911Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 1

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 1
02:01:01: Baptismal font, taken through railing, low, looking at oxen
1911
2 1
02:01:02: Baptismal font, view of access stairway, low
1911
2 1
02:01:03: Baptismal font, taken through railing, low, looking at oxen; back says, “Mormon Temple Series (interior) No.4”
1911
2 1
02:01:04: Baptismal font, view of access stairway, low
1911
2 1
02:01:05: Northwest corner of main assembly room
1911
2 1
02:01:06: Main assembly room, west end showing Aaronic Priesthood archway
1911
2 1
02:01:07: Main assembly room, east end showing Melchizedek Archway
1911
2 1
02:01:08: Main assembly room, east end showing Melchizedek Archway
1911
2 1
02:01:09: Basement level Creation Room, showing door leading into Garden Room
1911
2 1
02:01:10: Basement level Creation Room, showing door leading into Garden Room
1911
2 1
02:01:11: Location unknown, showing carved molding in detail
1911
2 1
02:01:12: Garden Room, very poor exposure
1911
2 1
02:01:13: From roof looking west
1911
2 1
02:01:14: From roof looking west; domed roof of Hotel Utah visible
1911
2 1
02:01:15: From roof looking west; domed roof of Hotel Utah visible
1911
2 1
02:01:16: From North Temple Street looking southeast; showing Annex (left) and Staines Conservatory (center). Temple in background
1911
2 1
02:01:17: Telestial Room, showing murals on wall
1911
2 1
02:01:18: Telestial Room, showing murals on wall; with doorway leading in
1911
2 1
02:01:19: Telestial Room, showing murals on wall; looking to back of room
1911
2 1
02:01:20: Telestial Room, showing murals on wall; with doorway to Terrestrial Room
1911
2 1
02:01:21: Garden Room, showing archway exit to Grand Staircase Hallway
1911
2 1
02:01:22: Creation Room, showing murals on wall
1911
2 1
02:01:23: Garden Room, showing archway exit to Grand Staircase Hallway
1911
2 1
02:01:24: Garden Room, showing mural in northeast corner
1911
2 1
02:01:25: Office room, showing bookcases, probably in Beehive house
1911
2 1
02:01:26: Beehive house, southeast corner room of main floor
1911
2 1
02:01:27: Third floor, Council Room looking towards east wall, showing two chairs
1911
2 1
02:01:28: Second floor, reception room south of east sealing room, looking south
1911
2 1
02:01:29: Third floor, inside council room, showing desk near circular portal window
1911
2 1
02:01:30: Close view of wall painting, poor exposure
1911
2 1
02:01:31: Entrance to Staines Conservatory
1911
2 1
02:01:32: Doomed roof of Holy of Holies, from 3rd floor
1911
2 1
02:01:33: Sheathed sword near Garden Room
1911
2 1
02:01:34: Statuary of Joseph and Hyrum Smith, from behind
1911
2 1
02:01:35: Sheathed sword near Garden Room
1911
2 1
02:01:36: Closer view of Smith statue engraving, illegible
1911
2 1
02:01:37: High council room looking south towards memorial window
1911
2 1
02:01:38: Beehive house
1911
2 1
02:01:39: Office room, showing bookcases, probably in Beehive house
1911
2 1
02:01:40: Beehive house
1911
2 1
02:01:41: First floor, Washing and anointing station
1911
2 1
02:01:42: Third floor, council room looking southeast
1911
2 1
02:01:43: Second floor, showing furniture in celestial room
1911
2 1
02:01:44: Poor exposure, location unknown
1911
2 1
02:01:45: Second floor, east sealing room
1911
2 1
02:01:46: Celestial room looking south
1911
2 1
02:01:47: Altar in Garden room
1911
2 1
02:01:48: Second floor, telestial room showing door to terrestrial room and stairway from west hall
1911
2 1
02:01:49: Exterior, entrance to Garden room
1911
2 1
02:01:50: Exterior, east face
1911
2 1
02:01:51: Skylights above underground passage to old annex
1911
2 1
02:01:52: Exterior, southwest corner of old annex
1911
2 1
02:01:53: Main street, people walking
1911
2 1
02:01:54: Front of old annex
1911
2 1
02:01:55: Unidentified young girl
1911
2 1
02:01:56: Exterior of assembly hall, front entrance, crowd moving in and out
1911

Letter from Bossard to Florence, 11 September 1913, September 1913Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 2

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 2
02:02:01: Letter from Bossard to Florence, dated 11 September 1913, detailing plans and arrangements in wake of publication of "The House of the Lord"
1913