Deseret Live Stock Company records, 1886-1958  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Deseret Live Stock Company
Title
Deseret Live Stock Company records
Dates
1886-1958 (inclusive)
Quantity
14 linear feet
Collection Number
Ms0105
Summary
The Deseret Live Stock Company records (1886-1958) consist of legal documents, financial papers, correspondence, subject files, minutes, and other materials. The Deseret Live Stock Company was formed in 1891 by several northern Utah sheep ranchers to promote " stock raising, slaughtering, butchering, mercantile business, and other commercial enterprises in the Territory of Utah and other states in the U.S."
Repository
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections.
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT
84112-0860
Telephone: 801-581-8863
SPCreference@lists.utah.edu
Access Restrictions

Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

In January of 1891 several prominent sheep ranchers in northern Utah joined together to form the Deseret Live Stock Company in order to promote " stock raising, slaughtering, butchering, mercantile business, and other commercial enterprises in the Territory of Utah and other states of the U.S." The newly organized company--consisting of over 28,000 sheep, a few horses, and miscellaneous equipment--was valued at $90,000. In all there were ninety-five investors in the enterprise, however, control of the company rested principally in the hands of the Moss and Hatch families.

The company prospered, and after only six months of operation declared a ten percent cash dividend to stockholders. As profits climbed, the company enlarged its sheep herd to more than 50,000 and also began raising cattle as well. The increase in livestock was accompanied by an increase in the purchase of land for grazing, lambing, shearing, and raising crops. Numerous purchases of land were made in Utah's Rich and Morgan counties from the Union Pacific Railroad, the State of Utah, and private individuals.

The greatest period of land acquisition occurred following America's entry in World War I. Due to the demand for wool, beef, and mutton by the government, the Deseret Live Stock Company reaped massive profits, making available large amounts of money which was in turn used to purchase several needed ranches in 1917 and 1918. The first purchase was that of the Iosepa Ranch in Skull Valley. This property cost $150,000 and provided land for agricultural purposes, as well as giving the company a base for its winter operations. The company next bought out one of its neighbors along the Wyoming border, paying $275,000 for the holdings of the Neponset Land and Livestock Company. This provided Deseret Live Stock with a number of acres of irrigated farm land as well as a large ranch house. Before the ink was barely dry on the Neponset contract, the company bought the property of Thomas Jones for $250,000. This acquisition expanded the Deseret Live Stock lands into Wyoming for the first time. These and other purchases made the company the largest land-owning ranch in the state, with a total of 220,000 acres under its control.

The merchandizing efforts of the Deseret Live Stock Company were centered primarily at Woods Cross, Utah, where a company store was established. The store opened for business in 1891 in order to supply the needs of the company, its stockholders, and the public. Operating under the motto " If we haven't got it, we'll get it," the store returned profits regularly for over thirty years. However, in the 1920s problems developed and profits shrank. The store's decline was attributed to poor management and the overextension of credit, especially to stockholders and their families. Company officials belatedly replaced the manager in an effort to make the store a profitable operation, but all efforts proved fruitless. The store continued its downward slide, floundering in a sea of red ink until the Depression caused it to close its doors in 1933.

After years of high profits and regular dividends, the opening years of the 1930s wrought many changes upon the Deseret Live Stock Company. Seemingly overnight the bottom dropped out of the livestock industry, causing sheep and cattle to be valued at less than one-third their 1929 prices. From 1930 to 1938 the company was unable to pay dividends to it s stockholders, despite a drastic reduction in operating expenses. At this low point in the company's history several dominant figures among the directors passed away and a new general manager, Walter Dansie, was appointed. With the aid of government loans and the reduction of the sheep and cattle herds, Mr. Dansie was able to start the company along the road to financial recovery. It was not, however, until the coming of World War II and its resultant demand for wool, beef, and mutton, that the Deseret Live Stock Company began showing sizable profits and dividends once again.

Riding the wave of postwar prosperity, the Deseret Live Stock Company attempted to expand its operations and created the Deseret Salt Company. Unfortunately, the salt business proved unprofitable and was eventually abandoned by the parent organization. During the early 1950s the company lost its grazing rights to much of the government land it had been leasing near Dugway, Utah. This necessitated the purchase of property near Pilot Peak in eastern Nevada for a winter grazing area, spreading the company's holdings across three states. During this same period a "syndicate" of Utah businessmen bought up large quantities of the company's stock, and eventually gained control. The new board of directors continued to raise sheep and cattle on a large scale, but they were also interested in developing any mineral deposits on the property.

After two decades of continued prosperity, the syndicate attempted to sell their holdings in the Deseret Live Stock Company to the State of Utah for $8.5 million. The proposed sale created quite a controversy in the state, and after a stormy debate the bill was narrowly defeated in the state legislature. Following the state's refusal to buy, the company was soon sold to a foreign investor, Mr. Joseph Hotung, with the provision that the previous owners retain the mineral rights to most of the land. By 1976 it was determined that much of the company's property was located over potentially rich oil and gas reserves, and drilling operations were expected to tap large pools of oil.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Deseret Live Stock Company records (1886-1958) consist of legal documents, financial papers, correspondence, subject files, minutes, and other materials. The Deseret Live Stock Company was formed in 1891 by several northern Utah sheep ranchers to promote " stock raising, slaughtering, butchering, mercantile business, and other commercial enterprises in the Territory of Utah and other states in the U.S."

Items donated to the collection include various legal papers from James D. Moyle; legal papers from the law firm of McKay, Burton, McMurray, and Thruman; and two short articles written about the company. In arranging this collection an effort was made to follow the original order, where possible. However, some minor reorganization was necessary in a few instances.

The Deseret Live Stock Company's subject files constitute the first major section of the collection. These cover a wide range of subjects, including correspondence, maps, reports, and receipts. Each folder had been given a title and then filled with those items the company wished to keep together. The original folder composition and order have been maintained where feasible. The papers where filed in simple chronological order with no effort made to alphabetize them within the folders.

Correspondence comprises the next portion of the collection and includes papers for the years 1901 to 1946. These papers were found d in bundles scattered about in shipping boxes and were not filed according to subject content, therefore, kept separate from the correspondence contained in the subject files. The correspondence is arranged in simple chronological order.

The collection's next section, the financial papers, consists mainly of receipts and statements from firms doing business with the company. Although there are a few items for the years 1893 to 1941, the bulk of the papers are receipts for the year 1951. These have been alphabetized within the year.

Legal documents constitute a fourth division of the collection. These papers are primarily deeds, contracts, and miscellaneous documents created by the company and several of its subsidiaries during the years 1886 to 1943.

The miscellaneous papers are those items not included in any other group of papers and could not clearly be assigned to any of the other categories. Often these items were found loosely scattered about in shipping boxes. An effort was made to arrange them in chronological order where possible.

The minutes in the collection include bound books and loose pages recording the meetings of the Deseret Live Stock Company and some of its subsidiary or predecessor companies. These latter companies were the Echo Land and Stock Company, the Bountiful Livestock Company, and the Chapman Canal Company. The minutes mostly record the activities of either the stockholders of the board of directors.

Also in the collection are assorted record books. These include field notebook, account book, and stock certificate books. Two of the stock certificate books belonged to the Echo Land and Stock Company.

The addendum consists mainly of legal documents concerning federal land leases, water rights, and miscellaneous stockholders papers.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.

Permission to publish material from the Deseret Live Stock Company records must be obtained from the Special Collections Manuscript Curator.

Preferred Citation

Initial Citation: Deseret Live Stock Company records, Ms 105, Box [ ]. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Following Citations: Ms 105.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

I. Subject FilesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1
Accounts--Brown Brothers
Folder
1
Accounts
1921-1938
2-3
Articles of Incorporation
4
Association Dues
1941-1951
5-9
Associations
1940-1951
10
B. Q. Ranch
1940-1941
11
Beaver
1939
12
Big Game Census
1940-1941
13
Bills of Sale
1934-1936
14
Bingham Gas Company
1945-1951
15
Bonuses
1941-1943
16-17
Boundary Maps
18
Bountiful Live Stock Company
1941-1958
19
Bounty Control
1943-1944
20
Brand Inspection Violations
1940-1941
21
Brown Brothers
1940
2
Bulls--Conservation
Folder
1-7
Bulls, Correspondence
1938-1950
8
"C"
1943-1944
9
Cache National Forest
1917-1919
10-12
Cattle
1941-1950
13-15
Chapman Canal Company
1910-1952
16
Collection Letters
1938-1940
17
Conservation
1937-1939
3
Conservation--Dips
Folder
1-2
Conservation
1940-1956
3
Crossings
1939-1950
4-7
Dairying
1948-1952
8-12
Dansie, Walter, Correspondence
1936-1952
13-15
Deer Hunt (Permits)
1956-1958
16
Delco Plant
1941-1943
17
Deseret Salt Company
1955-1956
18
Dips
1942
4
Dividends--Freight Bills
Folder
1
Dividends--Correspondence
1937-1946
2
Dividends, Miscellaneous
1943-1945
3
Docking
1935-1940
4
Dragline
1940
5-9
Dugway
1950-1954
10
E. T. Canal Company
1940-1942
11
Employee Records
12
Farmers State Bank
1940
13-15
Fencing
1936-1953
16
Fencing Receipts
1941
17
Foreman (Job Applicants)
1939-1940
18
Forest Service
1939
19-20
Freight Bills
1946-1948
5
Freight Bills--Herders
Folder
1
Freight Bills
1948
2
Frischtnecht, Dean, Correspondence
1946-1954
3
Gamber, A. T., Correspondence
1940-1945
4-9
Grazing
1913-1945
10-12
Grub Orders
1937-1942
13
Guest Employees
1940-1941
14
Hansen, P. L.
1923-1926
15-17
Hay
1933-1942
18-19
Herders
1932-1942
6
Herders--Hooppiiania, Conie
Folder
1-22
Herders
1948-1958
23
Home Ranch Land Exchange
1941-1942
24
Hooppiiania, Conie
1917-1924
7
Hooppiiania, Conie--Miscellaneous Papers
Folder
1
Hooppiiania, Conie
1917-1924
2
Horses
1939-1942
3
Hospitals
1937-1939
4-11
Income Tax Papers
1909-1925
12
Index to Subject Files
13
International Harvester
1942-1944
14
Iosepa Agriculture and Stock Company
1907-1909
15
Island Improvement Company
1950
16
Jackass
1935
17
Journal
1942-1944
18-20
Legal Services
1941-1955
21
Lime Sand
1937-1942
22-24
Lumber
1939-1944
25-26
Miscellaneous Papers
1943-1950
8
Moore Case--Petty Cash
Folder
1
Moore Case
1945
2
Moss, Ralph J.
1943-1949
3
Moss, William
1930-1933
4-5
Moyle, Walter, Correspondence
1943-1953
6
National Wool Marketing Corporation
1938-1939
7-10
Neponset Reservoir
1912-1929
11
Neponset Reservoir, Blueprints
1924
12
New House
1942-1948
13
Office Supplies
14
Osgood Papers
15
Payroll--Past
1940-1941
16
Peery Land and Live Stock
1950
17-22
Petty Cash
1942-1949
9
Petty Cash--Ribbons (Prize)
Folder
1-2
Petty Cash
1950-1951
3
Phillips Brothers
1939
4
Property Lines
1951-1956
5-7
Quotations
1943-1944
8
"R"
1942
9
Railroad Claims
1943-1944
10-12
Rams
1942-1946
13
Ranches for Sale
1951
14-15
Randolph Land and Live Stock Company
1896-1934
16
Reseeding
1942-1948
17-21
Receipts
1942-1945
22
Receipts, Miscellaneous
1942-1945
23
Redden, R. E.
1940
24
Regional Agricultural Credit Corporation
1932-1933
25
Ribbons (Prize)
10
Right-of-Way--Stockholders Correspondence
Folder
1
Right-of-Way
1940-1943
2
Roads
1940-1941
3
"S"
1940-1945
4
Salt
1939-1944
5
Salt Contract
1942-1948
6-8
Salt Industry
1949-1954
9
School Section Leases
1906-1909
10
Scribner, V. S. (Deed)
1907
11
Senior and Senior
1953-1958
12-14
Shearing
1936-1951
15
Shearing Reports
1929-1941
16-20
Sheep
1943-1950
21
Sheep Foreman Applications
1945
22
Sheep Reports
1938-1942
23
Sheep Sales
1924
24
Snow
1949
25-26
Stockholders Correspondence
1909-1943
11
Stockholders Correspondence--Taxes, Internal Revenue Appeal
Folder
1-5
Stockholders Correspondence
1944-1952
6
Stockholders, Lists
1933-1946
7
Stockholders, Annual Meeting Notices
1942-1952
8
Stockholders, Annual Reports
1933-1952
9
Stockholders, Miscellaneous
10
Stockyards
1946-1950
11-13
Supplemental Feed
1944-1956
14-20
Taxes
1922-1954
21-23
Taxes, Internal Revenue Appeal
1950-1953
12
Telephone--Wool
Folder
1
Telephone
1918-1919
2
Tires
1938-1940
3
Tools, Receipts
1940-1943
4
Toone Brothers
1945-1946
5
Trapping
1941-1948
6
Union Pacific Land Deal
1905-1914
7
Unemployment Papers
1936-1947
8
U. S. Land Office
1901-1937
9-14
Utah Livestock Production Credit Association
1935-1939
15
Utah Oil Refining Company
1939-1940
16
Wasatch National Forest
1917-1930
17-18
Watermaster Reports
1930-1943
19
Weed Control
1940
20
Wells
1943-1944
21
Wheat
1943
22
Wildlife Federation
1939
23
Wilkins, Russell, Correspondence
1946-1952
24
Wilkins and Company Ltd.
1945-1951
25-29
Wool
1942-1949
13
Wool--Youngberg
Folder
1
Wool
1952-1956
2
Wool Analysis
1938-1939
3-4
Wool Futures
1940-1954
5-17
Wool Invoices
1937-1956
18
Wool Shrinkage Reports
1947
19
Wool, Miscellaneous
20
Youngberg
1942-1950

II. Correspondence FilesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
14
Correspondence
1901-1946

III. Financial PapersReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
15
Miscellaneous and Receipts
Folder
1-5
Miscellaneous Papers
1893-1941
6-17
Receipts, A-B
1951
16
Receipts, C-K
1951
17
Receipts, L-S
1951
18
Receipts, S-Z
Also includes miscellaneous receipts.
1951

IV. Legal Papers and MiscellaneousReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
19
Legal Papers
1886-1924
20
Legal Papers and Miscellaneous
1886-1943
Folder
1-12
Legal Papers
1925-1943
13-19
Miscellaneous
1886-1921

V. MinutesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
21
Minutebook
Deseret Live Stock Company, Board of Directors Minutes.
1890-1905
22
Minutebooks
Volume
1
Deseret Live Stock Company, Board of Directors Minutes
1905-1914
Folder
1
Deseret Live Stock Company, Board of Directors Minutes
1915-1918
2
Deseret Live Stock Company, Stockholders Minutes
1919-1924
3
Deseret Live Stock Company, Board of Directors Minutes
1947-1949
4
Deseret Live Stock Company, Stockholders Minutes
1915-1939
Volume
2
Echo Land and Live Stock Company Board of Directors and Stockholders Minutes
1886-1901
Folder
5
Bountiful Live Stock Company Board of Directors Minutes
1918
Volume
3
Chapman Canal Company Board of Directors and Stockholders Minutes
1887-1935
Folder
6
Chapman Canal Company Board of Directors Minutes
1929

VI. Record BooksReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
23
Surveyor Notebooks and Account Books
Volume
1-7
Surveyor Notebooks
8-9
Account Books
1890-1891
24
Account Books
1886-1920
25
Stock Certificates
1891-1897
26
Stock Certificates
1897; 1899
27
Stock Certificates
1905-1923
28
Echo Land and Live Stock Company Stock Certificates
1886-1934

VII. AddendumReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
29
McKay, Burton, McMurray, and Thurman, Attorneys Papers; James D. Moyle Papers; Ralph J. Moss Papers
Folder
1
Miscellaneous Papers
1939-1953
2
Legal Papers
1932-1942
3-6
Regional Agricultural Credit Corporation
1933-1941
7-11
Utah Livestock Production Credit Association
1934-1941
12-13
Publications--Water Rights Listings
14-15
Maps of Deseret Live Stock Company Properties
16
James D. Moyle, Correspondence
1945-1952
17
James D. Moyle, Financial Papers
1931-1957
18
James D. Moyle, Newsclippings
1952-1953
19
James D. Moyle, Stockholders Papers
1946-1953
20
Cherie Voss, "The Story of the Deseret Live Stock Company"; Ruth K. Christensen, "Psychedelic Sheep"
21
Ralph J. Moss Papers

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Animal industry--West (U.S.)
  • Salt industry and trade--Utah
  • Sheep industry--Utah
  • Corporate Names :
  • Bountiful Livestock Company
  • Chapman Canal Company
  • Deseret Salt Company
  • Echo Land and Livestock Company
  • Iosepa Agriculture and Stock Company
  • Neponset Land and Livestock Company
  • Geographical Names :
  • Skull Valley (Utah)