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Ernest Fred Johnson was born on December 15, 1892 in Randolph, Utah to John August Johnson and Sophia Anderson Johnson. Following the entry of the United States into World War I in 1917, Ernest Johnson was drafted into the Army. He trained at Camp Lewis, Washington before being deployed to France in June 1918 where he served in Company I, 363rd infantry of the 91st Army Division. On September 28, 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Ernest Johnson was killed in an explosion by an enemy shell casing fragment and buried in an American cemetery in France. Following the request of his mother, his body was returned to Randolph, Utah where on August 21, 1919, he was given a soldier's burial.
This one-box collection consists primarily of correspondence sent to Ernest Johnson's mother Sophia after Ernest's death, including letters dealing with a life insurance policy set up for soldier's families, correspondence outlining the procedures for recovering a soldier's personal effects, and letters between Mrs. Johnson and the U.S. Army concerning the return of his remains from France to Utah. Folders 2 - 4 are the only folders that contain correspondence from Ernest Johnson. Folder 6 contains a detailed account from The American Red Cross on soldiers from various companies that served in the Argonne and Belgian offensives from September 26 through November 3, 1918. It provides a day-by-day account of the battles and lists the casualties from each battle. Folders 10, 11 and 14 contain letters that were sent to Mrs. Johnson from people who had known Ernest during his service in the Army.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.
Permission to publish material from the Ernest Fred Johnson World War I Papers must be obtained from the Special Collections Manuscript Curator and/or the Special Collections Department Head.
Initial Citation: Ernest Fred Johnson World War I Papers USU_COLL MSS 326, Box [ ]. Special Collections and Archives. Utah State University Merrill-Cazier Library. Logan, Utah.
Following Citations:USU_COLL MSS 326, USUSCA.
|1||1||War Department Local Board correspondence||1918 January 4 to 1918 April 30|
|1||2||Correspondence from Ernest to brother||1918 June|
|1||3||Card to mother notifying of Ernest's arrival overseas||Undated|
|1||4||Mother's Day cards||Undated|
|1||5||"The Soldier's Spirit" soldier handbook from the YMCA||Undated|
|1||6||The American Red Cross report on death||1918 November 28|
|1||7||Brief account of 91st Division in France written by Colin V. Dyment Lt. A.R.C. Dates||1918 July 20 to 1918 November 11|
|1||8||Newspaper clipping on Ernest Johnson's funeral service||Undated|
|1||9||Letters of condolences to Mrs. Johnson from The American Red Cross and The Secretary of Interior's office||Undated|
|1||10||Newspaper clipping of a letter that a fellow soldier wrote concerning Ernest's death||Undated|
|1||11||Letter to Mrs. Johnson from Chaplain of 363rd||1919 January 1|
|1||12||Correspondence regarding grave in France. Includes photograph of grave||Undated|
|1||13||Correspondence regarding Ernest's personal effects||1919 April and July|
|1||14||Letter to mother from Rev. A. H. Fish, pastor of Camp Meritt||Undated|
|1||15||U.S. Army certificate of death||1919 January 22|
|1||16||The American Red Cross death reports for the 91st Division||1918 September 26 to November 3|
|1||17||Correspondence to Mrs. Johnson pertaining to funeral expenses||Undated|
|1||18||Letter to Mrs. Johnson from The American Legion of Kemmerer, Wyoming in regards to headstone||1928 February 26|
|1||19||Insurance and compensation forms and correspondence||1918 May 9 to 1940 March 1|
|1||20||Miscellaneous blank World War I post cards||Undated|
|1||21||Memorial card order forms||Undated|
|1||22||Religious tracts and leaflets||Undated|
|1||23||Cross necklace and sash with embroidered star||Undated|
|1||24||Newspaper clipping announcing other local boys' drafts||Undated|
|1||25||Correspondence pertaining to the return of Ernest's body from France to train station in Wyoming||Undated|