Spanish-speaking peoples in Utah oral histories, 1972-1975  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
American West Center
Title
Spanish-speaking peoples in Utah oral histories
Dates
1972-1975 (inclusive)
Quantity
6.25 linear feet
Collection Number
Ms0096
Summary
This oral history collection consists of 166 interviews conducted in the early 1970s. The interview subjects lived in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, and the San Luis Valley of Colorado. The material deals with such topics as cultural norms and traditions, relations with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, union activities, employment opportunities, discrimination, the Depression years of the 1930s, the experiences of migrant farm workers, and various other issues relevant to the lives of the Hispanic community.
Repository
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections.
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT
84112-0860
Telephone: 801-581-8863
SPCreference@lists.utah.edu
Access Restrictions

Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Languages
English, Spanish


Content DescriptionReturn to Top

In 1970, a small grant from the Institutional Council of the University of Utah to the American West Center provided the initial funding for an oral history project aimed at a number of Utah’s ethnic populations. Research was undertaken on the role of the Spanish-speaking, Black, Asian, American Indian, Southern European, and Jewish communities in Utah’s history. A grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1972, specifically emphasizing the Spanish-speaking community, further supported the project. The oral history collection consists of 166 interviews conducted in the early 1970s. The interview subjects lived in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, and the San Luis Valley of Colorado. The material deals with such topics as cultural norms and traditions, relations with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, union activities, employment opportunities, discrimination, the Depression years of the 1930s, the experiences of migrant farm workers, and various other issues relevant to the lives of the Hispanic community.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The library does not claim to control copyright for all materials in the collection. An individual depicted in a reproduction has privacy rights as outlined in Title 45 CFR, part 46 (Protection of Human Subjects). For further information, please review the J. Willard Marriott Library’s Use Agreement and Reproduction Request forms.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Interviews: book 1, numbers 1 through 10Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 1-10 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Jose Medel, Louis Amador, Mrs. Francis Yanez, Santos Cabrerra, Mrs. Ellen Cordova, Mr. Francisco Solario, and Jesus and Agapito Castillo.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
1 1
Jose Medel
Background, entry into the United States, fruit-picking in the San Fernando Valley, railroad, working in Utah, railroad gangs, Mexican labor recruitment, wages, ethnic minorities working on the railroad, Japanese in Salt Lake. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 22 pages.
1970
1 2-4
Louis Amador
Background, Mexican Revolution, entry into the United States, employment agents, West Second South (Salt Lake City), Garfield smelter, President Hoover, Wobbleys, Communists, Japanese, Guadalupe Mission, marriage to Margaret Gonzalez, beet fields, driving truck, mining in Bingham and Alta, Jim Marsh, Morrison Knudsen, Gibbons and Reed Construction Company, Catholicism, traditional family life, dancing, "Chicano," law enforcement, Mexican Consul, Lopez incident in Bingham. Interviewed by Vince Mayer, Greg Thompson, and Floyd O'Neil in Salt Lake City, Utah. 88 pages.
1970
1 5
Mrs. Francis Yanez
Biographical data, arrival in Utah, education, work in the Depression era, Mexican community in Salt Lake City, railroad work, Mexican Civic Center, Guadalupe Mission, relief programs, relationship among minority groups, discrimination. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 43 pages.
1971
1 6
Santos Cabrerra
Background, parents, childhood, arrival in Utah, working for the railroad, Mexican families in Salt Lake, Mormon influence, Carranza incident, recreation, Mexican soldiers in World War I, Hashimoto. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 19 pages.
1971
1 7
Ellen Cordova
Background, social activities, Mexican Blue Cross organization, Pino's Employment Agency, husband's employment, Spanish-speaking LDS people, Mexican-owned businesses, grocery business, restaurant, Greek Town. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 41 pages.
1973
1 8
Maurice S. Cordova
See box six, folder five.
1973
1 9
Francisco Solario
Biographical information, ancestry, General Inez Chavez, Mexican revolution, arrival in the United States, sheep farm in Idaho, education in Utah, farming, wife's background, Guadalupe Mission, the Union Pacific railroad, discrimination, St. Patrick's Parish, Father Merrill, Father Collins, Father Galavis, return visit to Michoacan. Interviewed by Floyd O'Neil and Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 63 pages.
1970
1 10
Jesus and Agapito Castillo
Background, arrival in Carbon County, working in the coal mines and coke ovens, sheep shearing in Colorado, unions and the mines, the word "Chicano" and the Chicano movement, Jessie Castillo Jr., students in Utah and other states. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 31 pages.
1971

Interviews: book 2, numbers 11 through 20Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 11-20 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Emilio Jaime Vasquez, Father Jerald Merrill, Mrs. Lula C. Jacquez, Mr. and Mrs. Enor Martinez, Mike Melendez, and Mrs. Maria Feliz Martinez de Maestas.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
1 11
Emilio Jaime Vasquez
Biographical information, arrival in Utah, recruiting of Mexicans by the LDS Church, education, farming, Mexican families in Eureka, life in Salt Lake City, working for the railroad, discussion of "Manito" and "Chicano," Mexicans working at Kennecott, politics, cultural differences among Mexican groups, working conditions in the western states, job discrimination, union difficulties. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Granger, Utah. 43 pages.
1971
1 12-13
Father Jerald Merrill
Background, education, diocese, interest in Mexicans, Father Collins, Mexican priests and nuns in the mission, Guadalupe Mission and the Guadalupe Center, Guadalupe projects, Escalante Park, SOCIO, educational programs for youth and adults, Boy's Ranch, future prospects, problems facing Mexicans in Utah, activism. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 57 pages.Effectiveness of government, differences between Mexicans of different areas, activism in Utah, Chicano movement in other states, discrimination, English as a second language, federal funds for minorities, housing, young Mexican-American activists, involving minorities in the business community, training programs. Interviewed by Floyd O'Neil and Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 32 pages.
1971
1 14-15
Unavailable
1 16
Lula C. Jacquez
Origin (Old San Acacio, 1919), education, superstitions, penitentes, teaching, Headstart program, discrimination, Chicano movement, Anglos, social activities, senior citizens club, Mexican food. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Old San Acacio, Colorado. 32 pages.
1973
1 17
Solomon Chacon
See box six, folder four.
1972
1 18
Mr. and Mrs. Enor Martinez
Origin (Rodarte, New Mexico, 1940 and Christy, Colorado, 1942), biographical information, education in New Mexico and Wyoming, life in Utah, military service, Chicano movement, discrimination, discussion of "Manito" and "Mateo." Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 14 pages.
1972
1 19
Mike Melendez
Origin (Bingham Canyon, Utah, 1946), information about mother and father, education, military service, minority advisor at the University of Utah, ROTC, discrimination, opinion on the concept of "Chicano," Chicano students, future of minority programs. Interviewed by JoAnn Gallegos, Bernice Martinez, and Vincent Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 32 pages.
1972
1 20
Maria Feliz Martinez de Maestas
See box six, folder eleven. Spanish language transcript. 56 pages.
1973

Interviews: book 3, numbers 22 through 30Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 22-30 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Mr. and Mrs. Richard Cordova, Jose Fidel Martinez, Mrs. Eduviges S. Garcia, Clorinda Cordova, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Robles, Jose Marcos Olivas, Mike Melendez, and Mrs. Bertha Amador Mayer.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
1 21
No Information
1 22
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Cordova
Origin (Durango, Colorado, 1935), WPA program, education, working in the mines, Spanish-speaking people in Carbon County, discrimination, housing, relations with sheriff's department. Interviewed by Vicente Mayer and Bernice Martinez in Dragerton, Utah. 16 pages.
1 23
Jose Fidel Martinez
Origin (Llano, New Mexico, 1909), farming in New Mexico, penitentes in Taos, working for the railroad and in the coal mines, recruitment of Spanish-speaking peoples, mine and mill unions, the Chicano movement, Bingham mining strike of 1964. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Vicente Mayer in Midvale, Utah. 25 pages.
1972
1 24
Mrs. Eduviges S. Garcia
Origin (Morenci, Arizona, 1904), parents, education, Mexican revolution, employment, discrimination, relations with other minorities, traditions and superstitions, Chicano movement, Korea and Vietnam. Interviewed by JoAnn Gallegos, Katarina Trujillo, and Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 33 pages.
1972
1 25
Clorinda Cordova
Origin (Pagosa Junction, Colorado, 1935), move to Utah, women in the mines, Good Shepard Church, education, Dragerton churches, social life, marriage, husband's employment, discrimination, SOCIO, relationship with law. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Katarina Trujillo in Dragerton, Utah. 30 pages.
1972
1 26
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Robles
Origin (Walsemberg, Colorado, 1906 and 1912) Education, Carbon County, comparison between Colorado and Utah, retaining the Spanish language, recruitment for the mines, women in the mines, Chicano movement. Interviewed by Margie Archuletta and Vince Mayer in Dragerton, Utah. 18 pages.
1972
1 27
Jose Marcos Olivas
Relations with the Indians, church of San Luis, employment, effect of the Mexican revolution, Catholic priests, New San Acasio, children. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 15 pages. Spanish language transcript.
1973
1 28-29
Mike Melendez
Origin (Bingham Canyon, Utah, 1946), childhood, education, playing baseball, relationship with public school teachers, dating, college, Mrs. Melendez. Interviewed by Kathy Trujillo and JoAnn Gallegos in Salt Lake City, Utah. 39 pages.Marriage to Kathy Melendez, philosophy of life, college life, military experience, Chicano advisor. 14 pages.
1972
1 30
Bertha Amador Mayer
Origin (Durango, Mexico, 1912), Villistas killing, Benito Juarez, move to Salt Lake, education, traveling, first impressions of the United States, learning to speak English, recreation, singing, Mexican Civic Center, traditions, Depression, life in a sections house. Interviewed by Margie Archuleta and Bernice Martinez in Bountiful, Utah. 39 pages.Civic Center, Mexican consul, role of godparents, Guadalupe Mission, comparison of city and country life, speaking Spanish in the home, traditions, relationship with the law, Chicano movement. 37 pages.
1972

Interviews: book 4, numbers 31 through 40Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 31-40 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Valentine Arambula, Mr. Juan Flores, Mr. and Mrs. Alberto Gonzales, Filomeno Ochoa, Jesusita Aparicio, Jose Rubel Trujillo, and Nicolas Gonzales.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
2 31
Valentine Arambula
Biographical background, origin (Valdez, Colorado, 1911), biographical background of father, coal mining in Colorado, Victor American Co. (1928), working for the Colorado Fuel and Iron at Crested Butte, moving to Utah, influx of Mexicans to Utah from surrounding states, treatment received while in Utah (discrimination), inspector for Kaiser Co., discrimination in schools, biographical background of wife, Ludlow Massacre, name prefers referring to racial origin, discussion on word, "Chicano", Julian Silas, Mexican union leaders. Interviewed by Floyd O'Neil and Vincent Mayer in Sunnyside, Utah. 24 pages.
1972
2 32
Mr. Juan Flores
Biographical background, origin (Santa Barbara, Mexico, 1900), working as a musician in Mexico, coming to the United States, working in the sugar beet fields in Montana, coal mining in Walsenburg, Colorado, mining strike in Walsenburg, Colorado (1923), acquiring a job in the Bingham Mines, working in the roundhouse in Salt Lake City, illness and hospitalization. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Margie Archuletta in Midvale, Utah. 24 pages.
1972
2 33
Mr. and Mrs. Alberto Gonzalez
Biographical background, origin Mr. Gonzalez (Jalisco, Mexico 1907), working on father's farm as a youth, revolution, working for Sur Pacific Company in El Paso, working for the railroad in San Francisco, working for the water service in Los Angeles, mining in Yuma, Arizona, relationship among different nationalities, working for National Tunnel Mines in Bingham (1928), working on a farm in California during the Depression, living conditions in Bingham, social activities in Bingham, difference between Mexicans from Mexico, New Mexico and Colorado, influx of Puerto Ricans (1942), biographical background of Mrs. Gonzalez, origin (Canadea, Sonora, Mexico, 1922),unions at Kennecott, Mexican bosses at Kennecott, discussion on word "Chicano", influence of Mormons, Mexican traditions, strictness with daughters, Spanish language, superstitions, moving out of Bingham, housing discrimination, different nationalities in Bingham, older Mexicans, Mexican Consul in Utah, traveling on his own, problems in the US today. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Midvale, Utah. 31 pages.
1972
2 34-35
Filomeno Ochoa
Biographical background, origin (Sonora, Mexico, 1899), education, working on the railroad track in California, working in the mines in Nevada, move to Bingham (1923), woring in the mines at Bingham, working with other nationalities, discrimination experiences, conditions in Bingham in 1923, background of wife, mining in Bingham, different nationalities in Bingham, living in a company house, influx of Mexicans during WWII, discussion on word "Chicano", opinion of Caesar Chavez, law, Mexican consul, Mexican newspapers, strikes in Bingham. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Katarina Trujillo in Midvale, Utah. 27 pages.
1972
2 36
Jesusita Aparicio
Biographical background, origin (Michoacan, Mexico, 1903), the effect of the 1910 Mexican Revolution, immigration into the United States, settling in Utah, differences among Mexican-American people, Mormon convert, discussion on the word "Chicano", Mexican civic center, Mexican consul, superstitions, customs and manners. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Margie Archuletta in Salt Lake City, Utah. 27 pages.
1972
2 37
Jose Rubel Trujillo
Origen (Nuevo Mexico), sus padres, sus abuelos, cuentos de su abuelo, La Guerra Civil, Guerras con Los Indios, educacion, aventura a otros estados, aprendiendo hablar Ingles, La Depresion, empleos, Borreguero, Molino de Uranium, descriminacion. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 23 pages.Origin, parents, grandparents, stories told by grandfather, Civil War, Indian Wars, education, seeking jobs in other states, learning to speak English, The Depression, employment, sheep herder, uranium mill, discrimination. English translation. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 22 pages.
1972
2 38
Jose Rubel Trujillo
Origin, parents, grandparents, stories told by grandfather, Civil War, Indian Wars, education, seeking jobs in other states, learning to speak English, The Depression, employment, sheep herder, uranium mill, discrimination. English translation. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 22 pages.Discrimination (continued), employment in other states, discrimination, World War II, The Depression, the C.C. Camps, superstitions of New Mexico, spirits of the dead, saints, witches, offerings to the dead, Christmas traditions, the nine candles, Mis Crismes, program of "The Shepherds", New Year's Day, killing the old year, singing from house to house, the "Mananitas". Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 21 pages.Corridos, two young men, to become a penitente, activities during Holy Week, the officers, clothing, penances, alabados (praises), women as a penitent, description of the morada, opinion on "Chicano", opinion on distinct individuals, losing tradition. English translation. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 22 pages.Orieon (Nuevo Mexico), sus padres, sus abuelos, cuentos de su abuelo, La Guerra Civil, Guerras con Los Indios, educacion, aventura a otros estados, aprendiendo hablar Ingles, La Depresion, empleos, Borreguero, Molino de Uranium, descriminacion. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 23 pages.Descriminacion (continuacion), empleos en otros estados, descriminacion, La Guerra Mundial, Los C.C. Camps, supersticiones de La Gente de Nuevo Mexico, espiritus de los muertos, santos, brujas, ofrecimientos a los muertos, Natividad, aluminarias, pidiendo mis Crismes, programa de "Los Pastores", El Dia Ano Nuevo, matando el ano viejo, cantando casa a casa, mananitas. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Katarina Trujillo in Heber City, Utah. 21 pages.Corridos, Bernarda y Bernardo, de dos macebos, penitentes, asociarse a ser penitente, actividades durante la semana santa, los oficiales, vestidos, sacrificios, alabados, mujeres, descripcion de la morada, la palabra "Chicano", opnion de personas distintas, tradiciones perdidas. Spanish language transcript. 20 pages.
1972
2 39
Nicolas Gonzalez
Biographical background, origin (Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico, 1900), Mexican Revolution, Pancho Villa, immigrating to the United States, working as a janitor in a laundry, trouble with the law, traveling in the United States, thinning beets in Iowa, working for the Northwestern Cement Company. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 29 pages.
1972
2 40
Nicolas Gonzalez
Arrested for stealing, working in a pants company, working on the railroad, history of New Mexico, discussion on ward "Chicano" and Chicano movement, history of New Mexico, meaning of Cuatro Cienegas, older Mexicans in Utah, Mexican consul, rights of the people. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 27 pages.
1972
Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
2 41
Mr. and Mrs. Miguel Montoya
Biographical background, origin (Abiquiu, New Mexico, 1914), herding goats on a Navajo reservation, herding sheep in Colorado, working in a shipyard, move to Utah (1949), working for the D & RG railroad, working for the Ute railroad, herding sheep, move to Salt Lake, Depression, discussion on word "Chicano", origin of Mrs. Montoya (Rito, New Mexico, 1920), involvement with the Union of the Poor. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 35 pages.
1972
2 42-43
Mrs. Maria Luz Solorio and Mrs. Bertha Mayer
Biographical background, origin Solario (Acambaro, Guanajuato Mexico, 1911), Mayer (Zaragosa, Durango Mexico, 1912), St. Patrick's Church, Guadalupe Mission, education, relationship with others, family traditions, strictness with girls, dances, church traditions, closing of churches in Mexico, singing in LDS Wards, opinions of LDS Church, marriage, relationship to each other. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 33 pages.Spanish language, their children, American and Mexican food, husbands working away from home, spending summer days in the park, getting gas into the house (1945), buying a new home, possessiveness among Mexican families, education of children, influence of city on children. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 26 pages.
1972
2 44
Ramon Garcia, Jesus C. Rivas, and Nicolas Gonzales
Biographical background of Mr. Garcia, origin (Salt Lake City, Utah, 1926), education, discrimination in school, working in the Salt Lake Macaroni Factory, working on the railroad, working in construction, background of Garcia's ex-wife, Greek Town (West Salt Lake), discussion on the younger generation, prejudice and gang fights, biographical background of Mr. Rivas, origin (Michoacan, Mexico, 1907), education in Mexico, working on the railroad in Sonora, Mexico, coming to the United States, impression of Utah, working with the Union Pacific, comparison of people from Mexico and New Mexico, discussion on word "Chicano", difference in Spanish spoken in Mexico and the United States. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Mae Barela in Salt Lake City, Utah. 35 pages.
1972
2 45
J. Guadalupe Garza
See box six, folder eight.
1973
2 46
Mrs. Rosa Sandoval
Biographical background, origin (Fremont County, Colorado, 1937), biographical background of father, origin (Durango, Mexico), naturalized citizen at the age of 69, coal miner in Standardville, Utah, biographical background of mother, origin (El Paso, Texas), living conditions in Carbon County (1939), education, interracial marriages between Mexican and Italian, mining strikes in Colorado (1913), biographical background of brothers, education, filing anti-discrimination suit against Carbon County Board of Ed, composition of teachers in Carbon County, Mexican traditions, Spanish language, music, religion (Catholic), marriage and dating, birth control and contraceptives, hopes and aspirations of the Chicano. Interviewed by Chuck Lobato, Katarina Trujillo, and Margie Archuleta in East Carbon, Dragerton, Utah. 33 pages.
2 47
Vincent Mayer Sr.
Biographical background, origin (Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico, 1907), entry into United States (Douglas, Arizona, 1919), education, first impressions of United States, obtaining first job in United States (cotton picking, Phoenix), traveling experiences to Los Angeles, arrival into Los Angeles, jobs while in Los Angeles, shining shoes, dishwasher ar Ambassador Hotel, arrival into Salt Lake (1924), employment on the railroad (June 1925), Mexican old timers, minorities working on sections of the railroad, relationships amongst the minorities, Guadalupe Mission, discrimination experiences, duties as a railroad laborer, wages of railroad laborers, work during the Depression, Unions in railroad, first Mexican foremen on the Railroad (1940), contributions of Unions to railroad laborers, politics and railroad laborers, biographical background of wife, influx of Mexicans from surrounding states. Interviewed by Gregory Thompson, Vincent Mayer Jr. and Floyd A. O'Neil in Bountiful, Utah. 32 pages.
1970
2 48
Pedro Gonzales Carranza
See box six, folder three
1972
2 49-50
Mary and Carlos Trujillo
Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Odgen, Utah. 25 pages.Working for Hill Air Force Base, working for Brigham City, working in alfalfa fields, civilizing the Indians, working in the mines in Banhampton, New Mexico, moving to Utah to work in the mines. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Ogden, Utah. 12 pages.
1972
2 51
Merlin Barela
Biographical background, origin (Truchas, New Mexico, 1918), parents' origin (Truchas, New Mexico), education, working in a C.C.C. Camp during the Depression (soil conservation), living conditions during the Depression, arrival in Utah, working in Bingham for a stock man, working in Bingham in the U.S. mines, army service, working for Kennecott, living conditions in Highland Boy, move to West Jordan, discrimination in job advancement at Kennecott, negroes at Kennecott, discrimination, job discrimination, discrimination in the neighborhood, discrimination in school, encounter with Mormon religion, biographical background of parents, education, family traditions, Spanish language, Mexican cooking, weaving, dating and marriage, large families. Interviewed Mae Barela and JoAnn Gallegos in West Jordan, Utah. 21 pages.
1972
2 52-53
Mrs. Rose Gurule
Biographical background, origin (Vallecitos, New Mexico, 1930), education, work as a cleaning woman, churches attended, attending Bible school, volunteer work for the Red Cross, attending Weber State College, background of husband, comparison of college standards, teaching in Layton, other Spanish teachers, teaching migrant children, bi-lingual education, attendance of Spanish-speaking children, high school and junior high school drop-outs, students obtaining teaching positions, visiting New Mexico, education of brothers and sisters, discrimination experiences, Mormon influence, religious affiliations, discussion of the word "Chicano", teaching Spanish in school, differences in the Spanish language in different areas. Interviewed by Kathy Trujillo, Bernice Martinez, and Mae Barela in Ogden, Utah. 45 pages.
1972

Interviews: book 6, numbers 55 through 68Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 55-68 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Orlando Rivera, Pete Archuleta, Ysauro and Ignacia Bustillos, Mr. and Mrs. Teodolo Anion Ramos and Alice Ramos, Mrs. J. F. Martinez, Cipriano Orona, Celia Vasquez Larson, and Robert Nieves.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
2 54
Annie Jimenez
See box six, folder nine.
1972
2 55
Orlando Rivera
Biographical background, origin (La Jara, Colorado, 1930), discrimination in San Luis Valley, involvement in the Chicano movement, affiliation with the GI Forum, organizing SOCIO, offices of SOCIO, establishing a job bank, confrontation with Division of Family Services, confrontation with Salt Lake City School District, Special Education Program in Salt Lake School District, Counselor-Aid Program in Salt Lake, Utah Manpower Planning Council, philosophy of SOCIO, achievements of Chicano movement in Utah. Interviewed by Donald Strauss in Salt Lake City, Utah. 26 pages.
1972
2 56
Pete Archuleta
Biographical background, origin (Park View, New Mexico, 1912), formal education, military service in the army, obtaining a job in the arsenal in Ogden, working on a cattle ranch, getting married, Depression, member of the Church of God, discussion on the word "Chicano" and the Chicano movement, Mr. Archuleta's ancestry, discrimination, President Kennedy, stealing of Mexican land. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez, Kathy Trujillo, and Mae Barela in West Ogden, Utah. 32 pages.
1972
2 57
Pete Archuleta
Discussion on Reies Tijerina, music, penitentes. Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez, Kathy Trujillo, and Mae Barela in West Ogden, Utah. 3 pages.
1972
2 58
Ysauro and Ignacia Bustillos
Biographical background of Mrs. Bustillos, origin, Mrs. Bustillos (Sacramento, Durango, Mexico, 1909), early life as a railroad family, family farm in Colorado, move to Clearfield, Utah, working in the fields, biographical background of Mr. Bustillos, origin (Namquipa, Chihuahua, Mexico, 1894), coming to the United States, sheepherding, comparison of Mexicans and New Mexicans, working for the Santa Fe Railroad, working on construction in El Paso, discrimination, recruitment of Mexicans to work in the fields, working for the Union Pacific Railroad, relatives in Mexico. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 26 pages.
1972
2 59
Jose Jesus Palacio
See box six, folder thirteen.
1972
2 60
Mr. and Mrs. Teodolo Anton Ramos and Alice Ramos
Biographical background, working in the coal mines in Dragerton, Utah, traveling, moving to Utah to work, conditions in the US when Mr. Ramos first arrived, different minorities working in the mines, Depression, differences between Spanish-speaking from Mexico and New Mexico, biographical background of Mrs. Ramos, discrimination, religions in Dragerton, living conditions, social life, differences in generations, other Mexican families in Dragerton, education of Mrs. Ramos, Chicano movement, discrimination with law enforcement, discussion on word "Chicano". Spanish language transcript. Interviewed by Kathy Trujillo, Bernice Martinez, and Chuck Lobato in Dragerton, Utah. 29 pages.
1972
2 61
Mrs. J. F. Martinez
Biographical background, origin (Rio del Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915), Mexicans from old Mexico in New Mexico, discussion on word "Mateo", life in Green River, Wyoming, move to Bingham, relationship among different nationalities in Bingham, involvement with church, discrimination, older Spanish-speaking in Bingham, return visit to New Mexico, Mr. Martinez looking for work, discussion on word "Chicano", involvement with SOCIO, education, move to Salt Lake (1960), differences between children now in New Mexico and Utah. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Vincente Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 24 pages.
1972
2 62
Robert Cuellar
See box six, folder six.
1972
2 63
Unavailable
2 64-65
Cipriano Orona
Background, working on the railroad, working conditions, wages and working hours, education, Chicano movement, discrimination, Desidero Llegas (grandfather), Alianza Hispano Americana (Mexican organization in Lordsville 1928), discussion on the word Chicano. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Whitter, California. 29 pages.Mexican culture, the Brown Berets, working on the railroad, Mormon bishop, Mexican attitudes, Mexican Unions CROM, education and acculturation, discussion on the Chicano movement and La Raza, leader definition, Ceasar Chavez, Reies Tijerina and Corky Gonzalez, worker recruitment agencies, defense jobs, social security numbers issued to Mexican nationals, workers supply agencies, Pheleps-Dodge sponsored patriotic celebrations, second generation Mexican-Americans. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Whittier, California. 21 pages.
1972
2 66
Celia Vasquez Larson
Biographical background, origin (Clearfield, Utah, 1928), background of Mrs. Larson's parents, Mexicans working on the railroad, Depression, education, activities in school, buying a home in Clearfield, college education, Spanish-speaking people in Davis County, churches in Davis County, children's education, social activities, old Mexican customs, discussion on Chicano movement. Interviewed by Mae Barela in Clearfield, Utah. 33 pages.
1972
2 67
Mike Romero
See box six, folder fourteen.
1972
2 68
Robert Nieves
Biographical background, origin (Puerto Rico, 1919), involvement with SOCIO, education, employment, legal aid, welfare, job discrimination, structure of SOCIO, housing, goals of SOCIO. Interviewed by Donald Strauss in Salt Lake City, Utah. 13 pages.
1972
2 69
Charles Cancino
See box six, folder eight.
1973
2 70
J. Guadalupe Garza
See box six, folder eight.
1973

Interviews: book 7, numbers 71 through 80Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 71-80 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Dave Sierra, Mr. Bernardo “Bernie” Sandoval, Edith Melendez, Mrs. Margarita Eresuma, Mrs. Maria Salazar, Otoniel Sanchez, Mrs. Leonela M. Salazar, and Eufemio and Josefina Salazar.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
3 71-72
Dave Sierra
Biographical background, description of Forumeer, Bob Rodriquez, responsibilities of editor, LBJ and Vicente Ximenez, remaining a member of GI Forum, other Mexican-American organizations, GI Forum as a "grass-root organization", GI Forum activities defined, past and present leadership of GI Forum, involvement with other Chicano organizations, changes that effect Chicanos, weaknesses of GI Forum within community, militancy and the GI Forum, Dr. Hector P. Garcia's influence over the GI Forum, GI Forum and community involvement, Texas and the GI Forum, cultural history of the Chicano. Interviewed by Greg Coronado, Jr. in Phoenix, Arizona. 69 pages.Prominent Chicanos, Lee Trevino, Jim Plunkett, Joe Capp, Hank Olguin, Federal programs and the Chicano, SER Board response to private citizen, encouragement of training for Chicanos, community involvement in politics, Chicano Celo a myth, organizational efforts within GI Forum, disinterested college students, type of individual leadership, Ike Hernandez, Sal Candelaria, statement on the nature of community response to Chicano rights, community celebrations, Joe Sarsosa and community involvement, Gilroy, California, GI Forum membership, GI Forum as a functional organization. Interviewed by Greg Coronado, Jr. in Phoenix, Arizona. 66 pages.
1973
3 73
Mr. Bernardo "Bernie" Sandoval
Positions held in the GI Forum, joining the GI Forum in Beeville, Texas, origin (Texas, 1938), GI Forum involvement in Beeville, Texas, school discrimination, pressure group against job discrimination on military base, pressure group against job discrimination in post office, present occupation (owner of grocery store), involvement with the "Marcha de los Campesinos del Valle", involvement begins the organization of the Beeaction Party, Beeaction Party gets control of City Hall, make community aware of wrongs in the Maintenance Dept., membership of GI Forum in Beeville, Texas, pressure of GI Forum on inadequacy of a Mexican school. Interviewed by Greg Coronado, Jr. in Phoenix, Arizona. 12 pages.
1973
3 74
Edith Melendez
Biographical background, origin (Sergintin, Colorado, 1925), parents' boarding house in Bingham, Mexican foremen at Kennecott, working at Remington Arms Supply as an inspector, attending the University of Utah, women working for Kennecott, contracting of Puerto Ricans by Kennecott, 1944, relationship among Spanish-speaking in Bingham, discrimination, Mexican organizations in Bingham, social activities in Bingham, different Orders of Nuns in Bingham, Catholic Priests in Bingham, different nationalities in Bingham, move to Midvale, 1956, involvement in different activities, working as a clerk for the Department of Contractors, working for the Food Stamp Program, Hermandad del Socorro--organization for the needy, involvement with SOCIO, discussion on word "Chicano", various Mexican organizations. Interviewed by Greg Coronado and Bernice Martinez in Midvale, Utah. 39 pages.
1973
3 75
Mrs. Margarita Eresuma
Biographical background, origin (Trinidad, Colorado, 1910), house cleaning for a dentist, move to Salt Lake, 1930, husband's employment as a camp tender for sheepherders, living in Bingham, women working in the mines, working as a cook, babytending, and house cleaning, Spanish-speaking in Bingham, superstitions, medicines and remedies. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 23 pages.
1973
3 76
Mrs. Maria Salazar
Biographical background, origin (Folsom, New Mexico, 1913), biographical background of father, ranching, Albanil (carpenter), education, migrant work in the beet fields in Wyoming (1928), working for Great Western Sugar Company, working on a sheep ranch (1921), relationship between Mexicans, New Mexicans and Coloradoans, discussion on words "Mateo" and "Manito", marriage to Mr. Salazar, Depression, modes of transportation, covered wagons (1921), Model "A" (1928), working during WW II, Spanish-speaking men in the service, working as a dishwasher in Laramie, Wyoming, working as a cook in the H and L in Laramie, Wyoming, separation from husband (1953), children's education (Parochial School), discrimination in Laramie, Wyoming, discrimination in school, discrimination at employment office, move to Salt Lake (1942), move to California (1961), return to Salt Lake (1966), discussion of word "Chicano" and Chicano movement, speaking Spanish now. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 33 pages.
1973
3 77
Otoniel Sanchez
Biographical background, origin (Rodarte, New Mexico, 1908), Denver Rio Grande Railroad, social life in New Mexico, nationals and New Mexicans, Copperfield, Utah, US Mine, Salt Lake City, Utah, Hispano-Americano, Chicanoism, Depression. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 21 pages.
1973
3 78
Mrs. Leonela M. Salazar
Biographical background, origin (Cebolla, New Mexico, 1902), husband's occupations, father's land, moving to El Vado, New Mexico, living in Sunnyside, Utah, moving to Colorado, dating, Sacred Heart Church, husband's traveling and working, renting a home in Salt Lake, Guadalupe Mission, Guadalupe Center, La Hacienda, relationship between Mexicans and New Mexicans, Teguas Indians, Reies Tijerina, son's education, return visit to Mexico, background of Mr. Salazar. Interviewed by Bernice P. Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 45 pages.
1973
3 79
Grace Dolce
See box six, folder seven.
1973
3 80
Eufemio and Josefina Salazar
Biographical background, origin (Rincones, Colorado, 1888), working for the D & RG, working in the sugar beet fields, working for the Utah Transit Company, Depression, working at Deseret Industries, LDS Church, LDS families in Salt Lake City, going on a mission in 1943, discrimination, discussion on the word "Chicano", biographical background of Mrs. Salazar, origin (Tucson, Arizona, 1907), discussion on the word "Chicano", Spanish-speaking community in Salt Lake, Mexican-owned business, Mexican Consul, sheepshearing, working on the sugar beets, working in the Garfield American Refining Smelter Company, working for the Streetcar Company, doing odd jobs during the Depression, involvement with the LDS Church. Interviewed by Bernice P. Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 58 pages.
1973
Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
3 81
Juan and Margarita Villalobos
Biographical background, origin (Colatlan, Jalisco, Mexico, 1900), working for the South Pacific Railroad, arriving in Utah, working for Kennecott Copper Corporation, Spanish-speaking in Bingham, injury and treatment, return to Mexico, biographical background of Mrs. Villalobos, origin (Jalisco, Mexico, 1916), Father Sullivan and church activities, Catholics in Bingham, mining strike in Bingham (1945), Mexican organizations, discrimination in Utah, description of the mining area. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Greg Coronado in Midvale, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 29 pages.
1973
3 82
Mr. and Mrs. Isidro Marrufo
Biographical background, origin (Rodeo, Durango, Mexico, 1903), arrival into the United States (1924), working in the railroad sections in Waynoka, Oklahoma, Reenganchados, Mexican Revolution, working for the Santa Fe Railroad, working with different nationalities, working at various jobs in California, cherry picking, railroad, biographical background of Mrs. Marrufo, origin (Guanajuato, Mexico, 1906), migrating to the United States, making tortillas in a factory, canning fruit, Mexican recruiters, Valentin Gonzales, Cordovas, Pinos, social activities, Guadalupe Mission, Father Collins, relationship among Spanish-speaking, Mexican Consul, Spanish-speaking people in Salt Lake City, Mexican Civic Center, discussion on word "Chicano" and Chicano Movement, influence of Mormon Church. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 47 pages.
1973
3 83
Mr. and Mrs. Joe B. Pacheco
Biographical background of Mr. Pacheco, origin (Chamisal, New Mexico, 1903), working on the D and RG Railroad, wages on the railroad, other Spanish-speaking on the railroad, move to Utah (1920), working on beet farm, working for Utah Construction Company, Bingham-Mexican families, working on BMG railroad, wages on the railroad, working in Bingham mines as a mucker, first Spanish-speaking families in Bingham, Mrs. Pacheco's background, origin (Chamisal, New Mexico, 1903), recreation in Bingham, relationship between different nationalities in Bingham, running the machines for Kennecott, variety of jobs during WWI, superstitions, medicines and remedies, discussion of word "Chicano", discussion of words "Mateo" and "Manitos", retaining the Spanish language, Guadalupe Mission, Father Collins, Depression, Puerto Ricans in Bingham, background of Mrs. Pacheco's father, murder of Mrs. Pacheco's brother. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 35 pages.
1973
3 84
Roberto Nieves
Biographical background, Civilian Conservation Corps in Utah, World War II, emigration from Puerto Rico to New York, Uranium Corporation of America, entering the restaurant business, Atomic Energy Commission, first Mexican Americans in Monticello area, residence patterns of Mexican Americans, community involvement, illness and bankruptcy, Atlas Mineral, organizing a Mexican American organization, SOCIO, Federal funding for various SOCIO projects. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Greg Coronado in Salt Lake City, Utah. 37 pages.
1973
3 85
Mr. Paul Archuleta
Paul Archuleta's personal information, old stories, old song, San Juan Lumber Company, Paul Archuleta's family, sheepherding, wild animals, mountain-sheep, training sheep dogs, schools in Juanita, Trujillo and Grand Junction, story of the Man Who Turn Black. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in La Plata Canyon, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 22 pages.
1973
3 86
Nick and Juanita Leyba
Biographical background of Mr. Leyba, origin (Trampas, New Mexico, 1904), working on the Rio Grande Railroad, working in the mines, biographical background of Mrs. Leyba, origin (Penasco, New Mexico, 1916), coming to Utah, mining union, mining strikes, Catholic Church in Bingham, La Sociedad de Guadalupe, celebrations in Bingham, Galena Day, retaining their culture, Leyba children, Depression, obtaining the job in Bingham, schooling of the Leyba children, Las Mananitas, Sister Guadalupe, obtaining a driver's license, Puerto Ricans in Bingham. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Greg Coronado in Midvale, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 36 pages.
1973
3 87
Unavailable
3 88
Mr. and Mrs. Ernesto Lujan
Biographical background of Mrs. Lujan, origin of Mrs. Lujan (Rito, New Mexico, 1903), employment, making potato sacks, marriage to Ernesto Lujan, biographical background of Mr. Lujan, employment as a sheepherder, employment with Clearfield and Hill Field, discussion on word "Chicano", Spanish language, education, discrimination, Penitentes in New Mexico, Indians, jokes and games, comparison of food between Mexico and New Mexico. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 18 pages.
1973
3 89
Edmund V. Lopez
Biographical background, origin (Panoco, Durango, Mexico, 1909), working on farms in Mexico, Pancho Villa (Revolution), family moving to Keenesburg, Colorado (1924), moving to Colorado (1928), crossing the Mexican border, impressions of the United States, farming in Keenesburg, Colorado (1928-1933), difference among Mexicans from different areas, farming in Denver, Colorado (1938), railroad employment, Burlington Line (1939), truck driver for Union Pacific (1949 to present), settling in Salt Lake City, Utah (1952), wages for railroad, working with other nationalities, living in Salt Lake, older Mexicans in Utah, working and living conditions during the Depression, organizations joined, Eagles Club, SOCIO. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 27 pages.
1973
3 90
Jose Elon and Maria Martinez
Biographical background, origin (Alamosa, Colorado, 1912), education, working at Tooele Ordinance Depot in Utah, building houses in Alamosa, Colorado, biographical background of Mrs. Martinez, origin (Capulin, Colorado, 1909), education of Mrs. Martinez, differences among Spanish-speaking people, Spanish-speaking families in Utah, Depression, discussion on word "Chicano", Penitentes, living in Colorado, discrimination experiences. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 25 pages.
1973

Interviews: book 9, numbers 91 through 101Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 91-101 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Gene Hernandez, Mr. Manuel F. Lopez, Joe Romero, Tony Rodriguez, Gerardo Melendez, Mr. Harold Nielsen, and Jesus Avila.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
3 91
Gene Hernandez
Biographical background, origin (San Antonio, Texas, 1919), time in the service (Army), working as a bartender in Pocatello, Idaho, working as a bartender in Burley, Idaho, Spanish-speaking families in Burley, Idaho, Latin-American Club, community action program, migrant workers, recruiters, Pedro Garcia and Rey Roselos, Spanish-speaking working for the government. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Burley, Idaho. Spanish language transcript. 11 pages.
1973
3 92
Mr. Manuel F. Lopez
Biographical background, origin (Beeville County, Texas), service (Army), working for the Del Monte Company, organizing programs in Brigham City, Utah, starting a thrift store, Head Start Program, NYC Program, reorganizing the Migrant Program in Idaho, need for Health Clinics in Idaho, migrant labor camp conditions, migrant workers, migrant children's education, Chicano family unit. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Burley, Idaho. 21 pages.
1973
3 93-94
Manuel F. Lopez
Social work and commission appointments, OEO Region X, Director of CAP in Burley, Idaho, Mexican-American Affairs Organization, GI Forum, Veterans' Outreach Program, cooperatives, Campaign of Human Development, consulting in Utah, problems of Chicanos, Jesse Boreno and Julio Perez, Governor Andrus, voter registration, success in organizing. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Burley, Idaho. 20 pages.Chicanos outside of Texas, Chicano assimilation, Chicano leadership, Chicano organizations, GI Forum, LULAC, church, La Federacion, leaders of La Federacion in Idaho, cabinet committee on the Spanish speaking directory, Chicano Study Institute of San Diego, Aztlan. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Burley, Idaho. 14 pages.
1973
3 95
Joe Romero
Working for the Paris Zinc Company, herding sheep for the Coalville & Blanding Company, working in the Bingham mines, American troops working in the mines, strikes at Bingham mines, relationship between Mexicans and Puerto Ricans, other families from New Mexico in Bingham, conditions during the Depression, differences between New Mexico and Bingham, dancing in Bingham, different nationalities living in Lark, running a machine for the US Mine. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Greg Coronado in Salt Lake City, Utah. 28 pages.
1973
3 96
Tony Rodriguez
Biographical background, origin (Truchas, New Mexico, 1920), education, working in the civilian Conservation Corps camps, working in WPA, drafted into the service (Army), labor work in Los Alamos, New Mexico, working in the US Mines in Bingham, Mine Mill Union, working for the Gallagher Tire Company, social activities, mining strikes in Bingham, earlier education and teachers, working for the US Mine and Kennecott, ownership of land in Bingham. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Greg Coronado in Lark, Utah. 28 pages.
1973
3 97
Gerardo Melendez
Biographical background, origin (Lajas, Puerto Rico, 1925), working in the sugar cane in Puerto Rico, recruitment of Puerto Ricans by the Utah Copper Division, working on the track gang, recreation, relationship between Puerto Ricans and Mexicans, various positions held in Kennecott Copper Mine, comparison between Puerto Rican and Mexican food, relationship between different nationalities in Bingham, National Guard, Puerto Rican food, Puerto Rican cultural idiosyncrasies. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Midvale, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 46 pages.
1973
3 98
Mr. Harold Nielsen
Arrival in Bingham (1919), experiences encountered dealing with the foreign population, Jewish families in Bingham, Italian families in Bingham, anti-foreign activity around the Valley, social activities of Italians, Greeks in Bingham, father's reaction to different nationalities, story of "Lopez", prostitution in Bingham, Mexican families in Dinkyville (1940), Italian, Greek and Mexican students, conflict with language, influx of Puerto Ricans into Bingham (1946), marrying Greek women from Canada, obtaining citizenship (Gasparo), Americanization Teacher (1947-52), labor strikes, labor organizer (Joe Dispenza), interracial marriages, Italian prisoners of war in Bingham, selling ore samples to tourists, relationship between Mexican girls and others in Bingham, description of an Italian wedding, gaining citizenship. Interviewed by Vincent Mayer and Phil Nortarianni in Sandy, Utah. 36 pages.
1972
3 99
Jesus Avila
Dances in Copperfield, union (American Federal National Labor), US Mine, medical problems, origin (Michoacan, Mexico, 1904), Pueblo, Colorado, Denver Rio Grande, Salt Lake City, Utah, US Mine, Mexican dances, International Workers of the World, Catholic Church, Union y Patria, Sociedad Mutualista Miguel Aleman, Mexican Consul, Mexican celebrations, police (jail experience), discrimination. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Lark, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.
1973
3 100-101
Jesus Avila
Mexican Consul, reason for changing the Comisiones Honorificas, problems with the law, history of Mexico, discussion of the word Chicano, discrimination, Braceros, labor unions. Interviewed by Greg Coronado and Bernice Martinez in Lark, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 26 pages.Union of Patria Organization, convention held at Texas, Mutualista Ignacion Sargoza, Alianza Hispana Americana, Union Proteccion y Patria, 1947, discipline in the organization, finances of the organization, women in the organization, funds, 5th of May Celebration. Interviewed by Greg Coronado and Bernice Martinez in Lark, Utah. Spanish language transcript 18 pages.
1973

Interviews: book 10, numbers 102 through 110Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 102-110 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Marcelino Ulibarri, Crisoforo and Petra Gomez, Mike Weathers, Mrs. Carmen M. Lopez and Patricia Nielson, Mr. Jesse Lopez, and Mr. Cosme Chacon.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
4 102
Marcelino Ulibarri
Biographical background, Carlos Ulibarri, Marcelino's uncle, prophets, folktales, entertainment, textbooks, medicinal herbs, pre-primer (kindergarten), left school, working on the railroad, Catholic traditions in La Fuente, farm work, job hunting, wrecking crew, Juan Gallegos, discussion on word "Chicano," Catholic Church celebrations, Indian participation on Mexican festivities, working during the depression. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Teodora Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 30 pages.
1973
4 103
Unavailable
4 104-105
Crisoforo and Petra Gomez
Biographical background, Crisoforo Gomez, origin (Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco, Mexico, 1900), education, employment in the railroad, organizations, Mexican consul, comparisons on life in Mexico and the United States, background on Petra Gomez, discussion on Chicano Movement, difference between language spoken by Mexicans and New Mexicans, Centro Civico, discrimination, Mexico, doctors, medicines, food, dances, social activities, Mormons, family members and religions, marriage between Crisoforo and Petra. Interviewed by Vicente Mayer and Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 41 pages.Costumes, employment (Petra Gomez), Depression years, labor union, Mexican Revolution, discrimination, children's employment, discussion on the Chicano Movement, heritage. Interviewed by Vicente Mayer and Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 16 pages.
1973
4 106
Mike Weathers
Formation of the Migrant Council, housing for migrants, education problem of the migrant, skill training center, migrant camps, threat of technology, nationality of migrants, importation of illegal labor, crew leaders, schooling of the migrant children, when they migrate, transportation of the migrant. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 16 pages.
1973
4 107
Mrs. Carmen M. Lopez and Patricia Nielson
Biographical background of Mrs. Lopez, origin (Salt Lake City, Utah, 1922), formal education, La Sociedad Miguel Aleman, Mexican school in Bingham, priests in Bingham, comparison of schools in Mexico and the United States, working for Utah Poultry, relationship with other Mexicans, working for the Rio Grande, women working for the Rio Grande, working for the Purity Biscuit, running a cafe and boardinghouse in Bingham, influence of the LDS Church, changes in the Catholic Church, discussion on the Chicano Movement, discussion on discrimination. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in West Jordan, Utah. 33 pages.
1973
4 108
Mr. Jesse Lopez
Biographical background, origin (Bingham Canyon, Utah, 1924), formal education, West Second South, working on beet farms, working in a theatre in Sacramento, California, enlistment in the Navy, working in the Rio Grande freight house, working for Kennecott, extra police officer for the Bingham Police Department, part time jailer for Salt Lake County, law problems in Bingham, discrimination, other Mexican-American policemen, discussion on word "Chicano" and Chicano Movement. Interviewed by Bernice P. Martinez in West Jordan, Utah. 36 pages.
1973
4 109
Mr. Cosme Chacon
Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.
1973
4 110
Mr. Cosme Chacon
Otaviano Lazzasordio, Ute's language, politics in New Mexico, Jose Ignacio Chacon, Lopez Tijerina, song, Margarito Lopez, Puerto Ricans in Bingham, working for Kennecott, Greeks in Bingham, Pablo (Puerto Rican), medicines, penitentes, giving "Los dias," the Indians spoke Spanish, Porfirio Diaz, Navajos raids, story of Navajo kidnappers, Mormons in Bingham. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 31 pages.
1973
4 111
Untitled
Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
4 112
Mr. Bill L. Chacon
Biographical background, origin (Monticello, Utah, 1935), medical discharge from the Navy, Chicanos in the Service, Chicanos in Corpus Christi, job availability in Monticello, job discrimination, schooling of the Chicano, organizing SOCIO in Monticello, labor union, corruption in the government, problems of the minorities. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Moab, Utah. 35 pages.
1973
4 113
Mr. and Mrs. Boyd Ellis
Biographical background of Vicki Ellis, origin (Monticello, Utah, 1948), Navajo and Hopi Indians in Mexican Hat, Spanish speaking population in Moab, discrimination in Monticello and Salt Lake, drop-out rate of Spanish speaking students, origin of Spanish speaking in Moab, Puerto Ricans in Moab, SOCIO, discussion of the Chicano Movement and the word "Chicano," biographical background of Boyd Ellis, origin (Price, Utah), job corps, Spanish speaking LDS, Catholic Church in Moab and Monticello, Mexican culture, comparison of the Mexican and Puerto Rican culture, discrimination. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. 54 pages.
1973
4 114
Jose R. Sanchez and Mrs. Pilar Sanchez
Biographical background, origin of Mr. Sanchez (Colorado), Mrs. Sanchez (Chandler, Colorado, 1933), family moving to Dragerton, population and businesses in Dragerton, Catholic Church in Dragerton, moving to Moab, SOCIO, Community Action Program, Chicano organizations, Uplands, CEDA, American Legion, service in the Air Force, working in the potash mine in Moab, building shafts, Laborer's Union of Operator Engineers, discussion on word "Chicano," job discrimination. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Moab, Utah. 29 pages.
1973
4 115
Bill Gonzalez
Orgin, family background, school, Chicano in school, moving to San Jose, differences between people in San Jose and Utah, traditions, Cuaresma (Lent), Christmas and New Year's Eve, Chicano dances, college, comparing Chicanos in Minnesota and San Jose, celebrations, teaching, finishing studies (Masters Degree) in Spain, looking for teaching job, discrimination (religious), father as policeman, other jobs, marriages, Mormon-Catholic conflict, SOCIO, Chicano Movement. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez, Eva Natividad and Greg Coronado in Monticello, Utah. 43 pages.
1973
4 116
Mrs. Beatrice Garcia Luckinbill and Mrs. Rosalie Garcia Robertson
Biographical background of Mrs. Rosalie Robertson, origin (Abiquiu, New Mexico, 1910), family moving to Moab, Ben Garcia working on a sheep ranch, formal education, college education, traveling by train from New Mexico to Moab, attending a Catholic boarding school, working as a nurse's aide, attending vocational school, Civilian and Conservation Corp camps in Utah, obtaining a Teacher's Diploma at BYU. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Moab, Utah. 43 pages.
1973
4 117
Mr. Richard Garcia
Biographical background, origin (Crested Butte, Colorado, 1937), service in the Army, obtaining a job in the Post Office, early Spanish speaking families in Moab, SOCIO, discussion on the word "Chicano," social activities in Price and Helper, religious denominations in Moab, GI Forum, Uplands. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Moab, Utah. 27 pages.
1973
4 118
Mr. and Mrs. Jose Aurelo Maestas
Biographical background, sheep herding, arrival in Utah, farming in Gallina, New Mexico, sheep herding in Moab, Utah, farm working in Layton, Utah, employment on cattle ranch, biographical background of Mrs. Maestas, education, SOCIO, employment in Keystone Mines, discussion on "Chicano" and the Chicano Movement, employment in a Government Plant (FMC), employment as a cook in Moab and Monticello, Utah, social activities. Interviewed by Eva Natividad and Bernice Martinez in Moab, Utah. 38 pages.
1973
4 119
Mr. Greg Hernandez
Biographical background, origin (Petatlan, Guerrero, Mexico), working on ships, education, coming to the United States, working for Rio Algon as a track helper, working on construction, getting residency in the United States, SOCIO. Interviewed by Gregory Coronado in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 11 pages.
1973
4 120
Pablo Baltazar
Origin, self-employed in Mexico as agricultural buyer and seller, moving to US transportation, employment railroad, living in Pocatello, employment Brigham mines, employment railroads, working in Ogden, working in Corinne, working in Promontory, living conditions in Promontory, taking out the Promontory railroad, livestock, problems in winter, Italians working on the railroad, union, the depression, retirement, education for his children, work as his social activities, employment agriculture as second job, social activities in Promontory. Interviewed by Phil Notarianni and Greg Thompson in Corinne, Utah. 43 pages.
1974
Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
4 121
Jerry L. Davis
Biographical background, education, working at Clearfield Job Corps Center, working with the Utah Employment Security, SOCIO. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Moab, Utah. 10 pages.
1973
4 122
Mrs. Carolina V. Gonzalez
Biographical background, origin (Gallina, New Mexico, 1901), family background, move to Monticello, property lost (ranch), Mexican families in community, work means of transportation, education, housing, marriage, Mr. Jones, Catholic, Price, Salt Lake, education (difficulties among Chicanos and Anglos), Mexican-American organizations, comparison of New Mexico and Monticello, depression (1930), friends music, dances, Mexican priests (1930-35), 16 of September, Mormons (parties), burning down of father's house, Jerret (type of work), selling of ranch, Mexican-Americans (police problems),house burnings, California (San Jose), Mr. Johnson (nickname), speading the Spanish language. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez, Eva Natividad and Gregory Coronado in Monticello, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 34 pages.
1973
4 123
Cleofes and Bill Manzanares
Biographical background of Bill Manzanares, origin (Abiquiu, New Mexico), education, employment in a cattle company in Indian Creek, influx of Spanish speaking to Utah, ranch in Moab, Utah, employment as a mailman, parent's origin, biographical background of Cleofis Manzanares, education, arrival in Utah, Mexican dances in Moab, Utah, employment in a cattle company, farming in Indian Creek, depression, employment in coal mines, employment in uranium mines. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.
1973
4 124
Cleofis Archuleta, Bill and Arthur Manzanares, and Vicki and Boyd Dean Ellis
Origin, family composition, cleaning for Dolores Gomez, family origins, wedding, husband's employment, children of the marriage, courting restrictions, dress customs, learning the English language, familiarity with Mexican National figures, genealogy, death by influenza, herbal cures, Mormon rodeos, midwives, Dr. Bailer, early schools, indian owned LH Ranch (for supplies), La Sal (Mexican built ranch), work as film extras, film stars met, bandido image, Stan Bronson, book about Mormon Massacre in Ute country, travel through Utah, lost white boy, ploygamy, the Ellis family. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 32 pages.
1973
4 125
Pomosena Gallegos, Bill Chacon, and Lena Maestas
Origin, education, transportation, pass time, prohibition of speaking Spanish in school, mothers education, religion, penitentes, graduation, military service, employment, labor union, employment Mrs. Maestas, Mexican remedies, maternity cases, transportation, granparents of Chacon, territory, Ricardo Montalban, celebrations, dances. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Partial Spanish language transcript.32 pages.
1973
4 126
Pomosena Gallegos, Bill Chacon, Lena Maestas, and Cosme Chacon
Traditions, Saint celebrations, music songs, employment agricultural, dances, poetry, cattle work, superstitions, Lamb Red, family souveniers. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Eva Natividad in Moab, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 12 pages.
1973
4 127
Richard Navarro
See box six, folder twelve.
1973
4 128-129
Jose E. Martinez
See box six, folder ten.
1973
4 130
Carlos and Katherine Chavez
Origin, background, moving to United States, working for Bessemer Steel Co., working in Montana (Betabeles), interactions between Mexicans and New Mexicans, differences in language, experiences during Villa's Revolution, working for Denver Rio Grand, draft deferment, women working for Kennecott, Bingham's way of life, Katherine Chavez background, school in Grand Junction, Mr. Chavez working in Bingham, Ohio Copper Mine in Copperfield, Kennecott strike (better wages), Mexican mayordomos. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 35 pages.
1973
4 131
Mrs. Katherine Chavez
Biographical background, origin (Pueblo, Colorado), formal education, coming to the United States during the Mexican Revolution, father's employment, mother's employment, traveling to Bingham, education in Bingham, social activities, Mexican consul, different denominations in Highland Boy, businesses in Highland Boy, marriage to Mr. Chavez, working in a boarding house, doing farm work, recruiting Mexican labor, helping Mexicans with problems, conflicts between farmers and Braceros, discussion of the word "Chicano" and the Chicano Movement. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Riverton, Utah. 42 pages.
1973
4 132
Ricardo Barbero
See box six, folder one.
1973
4 133-134
Mr. Eleuto Medina
Origin (Chama, Colorado, 1890), origin of ancestors, attitude towards word "Chicano," history of New Mexico and Colorado, early settlers, sheepherding, farming, education. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 30 pages.Disagreement with the school administrators, Catholic Church, influx of Mexicans to the United States, legends, historical publications, politics, relationship with the law, naming of La Sangre de Cristo Montes, Spanish folk dances. Interviewed by John Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 26 pages.
1973

Interviews: book 13, numbers 135 through 146Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 135-146 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Cornelio Candelaria, Duvan Lujan, Dr. Hector P. Garcia, Ben Romero Sr.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
5 135-136
Cornelio Candelaria
Biographical background, origin (Old San Acacio), preparing South Fork Camp for a Japanese Concentration Camp, joining the service, organizer in the United Steel Workers of America, learning from encyclopedias, Catholic Church in Old San Acacio, discrimination, discussion on the Chicano Movement, social activities in San Acacio, relationship between citizens and the law, politics, relationship among the Spanish-speaking, Mexican nationals, political parties in Colorado, Industries in Colorado, comparison in different countries, background of family. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Old San Acacio, Colorado. 36 pages.Discrimination in San Acacio, high school in Old San Acacio, teachers in Old San Acacio, American Legion, description of farming area in Old San Acacio. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Old San Acacio, Colorado. 14 pages.
1973
5 137-138
Duvan Lujan
Biographical background, origin (Velencia, New Mexico 1919), education, bootlegging by father, selling papers and collecting pop bottles, first talking movies, life as migrant workers, education of migrants, discrimination experiences, going into business for himself as an auto mechanic, strikebreakers, politics, school segregation, GI Forum, Spanish-speaking teachers, Chicano movement, Chicano activists. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Genaro Court, New Mexico. 31 pages.Housing problems, Albquerque 1968, Veteran's Hospital, GI Forum, VOP, Gus Garcia, Attorney, Chicano college dropouts, equal employment, what brought G. Forum to New Mexico, discrimination, Chicano, Enidad, survival of GI Forum. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Albuquerque, New Mexico. 25 pages.
1973
5 139
Dr. Hector P. Garcia
Background/strong identity as a Mexican, chosse medicine as career over teaching, education in the army, American GI Forum formed, Felix Longeleria Case, Three Rivers, GI Forum moves into other states, GI Forum term discussed, Lulal, Callos McCormick, discrimination of Mexican-American children in schools, George I. Sanchez, Carlos Cadena, Minerva Delgado Case, school segregation, discrimination, Hernandez Case, 1955, family organization, Kennedy's war on poverty, State Charter, communist accusations vs. GI Forum, key people of 61 Forum, Austin, Anti-Discrimination Bill 1950, 1972 Harvard Civil Rights Liberties Law Review, Pete Hernandez case. Interviewed by Gregory Coronado in Corpus Christi, Texas. 25 pages.
1973
5 140-146
Ben Romero Sr.
Biography of Ben Romero Sr., ancestors' origins, deer hunter, knowledge of the Mexican Revolution, social and political organizations, celebrations and festivals, dances, traditional ceremonies, exploits and deeds of thieves. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 24 pages.Job as a postal clerk, how the mail was distributed, work as a sheep herder, work for the Union Pacific, employed by Senator John McGill of Wyoming, life of a sheep herder, difficulties with the animals, difficulty with snow drifts, shearing sheep, exploits of Manuel Armento, The Thief. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.Captain of the sheep shearers, the Basques, manager of sheep company, working of many ranchers, a glance at the land of Ben Romero Sr., old churches. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.Killing a bear by trickery, saying goodbye. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 5 pages.Biographical background, origin (Rancho de Taos, New Mexico, 1882), employment and wages, sheep herder, Union Pacific, marriage to Maria Agustin Ortega, origin of ancestors, Father's occupation: Hunter, "Skinners," working for Senator Gale McGee, celebrations in Taos, Encounters with criminals while deputy. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. 15 pages.Duties of assistant postmaster, duties as Campero, working for the Union Pacific, working on Senator McGill's ranch, Campero in Wyoming, sheep shearing, competition, Mormon sheep companies. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. 18 pages.Don Manuel Armento: bandit and lawyer, captain of the sheep shearers, working as a sheep shearer in many towns, the Basques, helping his wife in the post office, operating the Kimball Ranch, buying land, planting beans, killer of wild game. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Fort Garland, Colorado. 13 pages.
1973-1974

Interviews: book 14, numbers 147 through 157Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 147-157 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Charlie Kaber Lucero, Mr. Timothy Martinez, and Samuel Bernal.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
5 147-150
Charlie Kaber Lucero
Origin, origin of Juan Savala, exploits of Juan Savala, mustangs, stealing horses and cows, horse thief, Juan Savala-bootlegger. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in La Cordillera, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 26 pages.Juan Savala and Pancho Villa, harness a horse, La Trinchera, mines taking possession of a land, yesterday and today (opinion), Juan Savala-working with horses. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in La Cordillera, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 23 pages.Catholic orphanage, Juan Savala (Pancho Villa), horse hustling and cows, Savala's moonshine, a song/Mexican, background/marriage, horse breaker/trainer, job as prospector Blana Mt./Taylor area, cowboys and prospectors. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Salt Lake City, Utah. 25 pages.Savala and moonshine pig story, Pancho Villa/Carranza, Villa song, mule breaking, mining/Taylor, Sangre de Cristo Grant/Ed Taylor, Juan La Conne, Ed Taylor, Mexican ranchers/problems with other ranchers. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Pueblo Colorado. 8 pages.
1973
5 151-154
Timothy Martinez
Acquaintance with bootlegger, Juan Savala, plaza of San Luis, family, Republican party, Alguacil mayor, Joe Maestas, criminal, officials of that time, Japanese, the Limos, La Luminaria, Jacon Sanchez (cowboy with Buffalo Bill circus), price of steers, travel through Utah, Wyoming, Nevada, track work, hopping freight cars. Interviewed by John R. Tapia and Alfred Chavez in San Luis, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 17 pages.Working with 'tallas' ties, school system, school teachers, teacher's education, teacher's salary, town's lawyers (Chepe), 'La Llorona traditional story, coin collection, federal reserve notes, buried money, Ruby in Yuma, silver coins, bringing gold from California, Ortiz (millionare), horse raise, Ortega's family, Waldo's Assasination, Rafaelita's suicide, Franco Ortiz kills a man, entertainment (dancing, playing cards), keeping money under a stove, sending old-coins to Washington D. C. Interviewed by John R. Tapia and Alfred Chavez in San Luis, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 23 pagesMonroe (Vascos), talking to the dead, gold buried in La Mesa, black slave married a Chicana, Indians killed Mrs. Chavez, Indian descents, San Acacio, San Luis (named after Luis Gallegos). Interviewed by Mr. John Tapia and Mr. Alfred Chavez in San Luis, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 16 pages.Mr. Martinez grandfather's illness, hidden gold heritage, grandfather dies, grandmother returns home, step-grandfather tries to find the hidden gold, distribution of her inheritance. Interviewed by Alfred Chavez and John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 5 pages.Background, chief of police in San Luis, Colorado, Japanese in San Luis, rooster game, Jacon Sanches (or 'Jake Sanders') with Buffalo Bill circus, sheep herding, story about gold, Juan Isidro, Taylor family, racial mix of Black and Mexican, Indian and Mexican mix, La Culebra, oldest town in Colorado, 'honor' rites, passion murders. Interviewed by John R. Tapia and Alfred Chavez in San Luis, Colorado. 12 pages.
1973
5 155-157
Samuel Bernal
Origin (Jacales, Colorado, May 27, 1899), ancestors: New Mexico, education, origin of Mrs. Bernal, the Bernal family, migrant worker, dances, chueco game, gallo game, impact of the Depression, Capulin trees, exploits of Juan Savala, John and Smith's catalogue, war with the Indians, handmade objects made by Mr. Bernal, a dinosaur egg, ancient Harahua, building a house, the Penitentes, trout fisherman. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Canon de Chama, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 43 pages.Francisco Mondragon (1921 Costilla County treasurer), violinist, ruby stones, adobe houses, washing in the river, Morada (meeting center). Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Canon de Chama, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 11 pages.Biographical background, origin (San Luis, Colorado 1899), early education, Mrs. Samuel Bernal's background, Mr. Bernal's relatives and family, picking vegetables at Fort Collins, social activities, Depression, making tortillas and bread, making wine from chokecherries, Savala-selling whiskey, stealing, changes in the area-speaking English, bringing in judges and lawyers, modernizing jail, beds, mattresses, serapes, sheep hides, horse cart-car, fighting with Indians, making harnesses for horses, people getting together to build houses, women getting together to wash, Penitentes. 15 pages.
1973-1974

Interviews: book 15, numbers 158 through 166Return to Top

The transcripts for interviews 147-157 have been digitized and are available online. Please scroll through the digitized bound book for any of the following interviews: Celedono Carlos Trujillo; Felipe Santiago Ortega; Mrs. Lula C. Jacquez; G. B. and Rose B. Trujillo; Trinidad Mendez Briseno, Alejandra B. Romero, Cirino Chavez and Carlotta B. Chavez.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
5 158-159
Celedono Carlos Trujillo
Origin (Manzanares, Colorado, 1886), la familia, educacion, nombrando los Pueblos de Colorado, establecimiento de la Iglesia Presbiteriana, maestro negro del este, escuela Superior Presbiteriana, maestro en Saguache, Colorado, teacher's certification, familia Chavez Trata de Quitarlo de maestro, principal y maestro en Cerro, New Mexico, trabaja en California por Dos Anos, Rio Costilla livestock association, puestos politicos, la mesa de Costilla, primer discurso a la edad de 5 anos, maestro de adultos, 1945, sociedad proteccion muta de trabajadores unidos. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Manzanares, Colorado. Spanish language transcript. 44 pages.Background, children, education, Manzanare/how it formed, Los Madriles/how it formed, Cordovas/how it formed, Diego Sanchez/Indians, religion/Juan Sanchez (Presbyterian), Simon Gonzalez/teacher (education in Manzanares), life on ranch, high school, Albuquerque, teachign in Savage (Colorado), discrimination in teaching, Mexican-Americans, Costilla United Workers. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Costilla, New Mexico. 31 pages.
1973
5 160
Felipe Santiago Ortega
Felipe S. Ortega's education, life during school years, Donicio Martinez, school teacher, school discipline, working in Wyoming, shearing sheep, forest fire fighter, running for public office, real estate taxes, political campaigns, political competition, city police department, Felipe S. Ortega's genealogy, W. W. II effect on Questa, ecological concern, discrimination, origin of the name "Llano Quemado," Penitentes, the Spanish learned in school. Spanish language transcript. 25 pages.
1973
5 161-162
Maurice S. Cordova
See box six, folder five.
1973
5 163-164
Lula C. Jacquez
Background, education, San Acacio, Colorado, San Luis, story of the devil pig, story El Milagro del que Salva las Citas de Sanitacio, Morada-Penitentes, job as a teacher-San Pablo, Headstart. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Old San Acacio, Colorado. 17 pages.Family history, Chicano discussed, Mexican-American discussed, Anglos discriminated against, recreation, amusement, dancing, food traditions, history writing. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in Old San Acacio, Colorado. 18 pages.
1973
5 165
G. B. and Rose G. Trujillo
Biographical background, origin-Mr. Trujillo (Vallecitos, New Mexico 1899), move to Utah, homesteading, Taylor Bill-public domain, Monticello 1913-14, Mrs. Trujillo (Abiquiu, New Mexico 1980), employment in the sheep industry, cost of living, discussion of word "Chicano," other nationalities in Monticello, Juan Chacon, schooling, marriage, La Sal, children (family), property, move to Grand Junction, move to Salt Lake City. Interviewed by Bernice Dominguez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 35 pages.
1974
5 166
Trinidad Mendez Briseno, Alejandra B. Romero, Cirino Chavez
Origin, Mrs. Briseno (Zacatecas, Mexico, 1888), background, entering the United States through El Paso, Garland, Utah 1926, early Mexican families in Ogden, origin, Cirino Chavez (Michoacan, Mexico, 1908), entering the United States, Depression, influx of other Spanish-speaking people in Ogden, World War II.Origin, Carlotta Chavez (Ogden, Utah, 1923), education, marriage, Mexican organizations in Ogden, Mexican Consul in Utah, Cirino Chavez-employment, discussion of word "Chicano," discussion of Cesar Chavez, passport pictures of children, crossing the border, contemplating returning to Mexico. Interviewed by Bernice Dominguez in Ogden, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 27 pages.
1974

TranscriptsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
6 1
Ricardo Barbero
Biographical background, origin (Mexico City, Mexico, 1920), working for Hercules Power Company, becoming involved in working with Mexcian Americans, SOCIO, organization of SOCIO, helping poor families in Anchorage, Utah, membership in SOCIO, job discrimination by C.A.P., formation of the migrant Council by SOCIO, political activity, involvement in the field of education. Interviewed by Greg Coronado and Vicente Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 27 pages.
1973
6 2
Charles Cancino
Biographical background, reasons for joining GI Forum, aid for Chicano Veterans, patriotism and the Chicano, education and the Chicano, G. Bill, G.I. Forum as a Chicano Veterans Organization, purpose of organizations, leadership defined, middle-class Chicanos, LULAC vs GI Forum. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Phoenix, Arizona. 27 pages.
1973
6 3
Pedro Gonzales Carranza
Origin (Salinas del Penol Blanco, Mexico, 1906), background, early life, churches (Roman Catholic and Evangelical), Mexican revolution, Don Panco Villa, Argumedistas, influx of Mexicans, contract labor, blacksmith, dairy farm, education, Catholic college, Carmelite monastery, traditions, relationship, family, Commission Honorifica Mejicana, Latin-American club, LULACS. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez and Vicente Mayer in Salt Lake City, Utah. 32 pages.Spanish language transcript. 23 pages.
1972
6 4
Solomon Chacon
Biographical background, origin (Romero, Colorado, 1948), education, involvement in Chicano movement, working for a tire shop, working with the CAP (Community Action Program), activities involved with the U of U and community, difference between Chicanos in Utah and other states, opinion of changes in the Chicano community, sources of information on Chicano happenings, view of the Chicana, views on Chicano Moratorium (August '69 or '70), view of the administration, views on Chicano studies, changes at the university, views on Vietnam War. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez, JoAnn Gallegos and Katarina Trujillo in Salt Lake City, Utah. 17 pages.
1972
6 5
Maurice S. Cordova
Biographical background, origin (San Acacio, Colorado), farmwork, working in Pueblo Army Depot, looking for work in the shipyards in California, going to vocational school, attending Adams State College, looking for a teaching job, involvement in politics, working as a delinquent tax collector, working in the welfare department, jobs available in San Acacio, Catholic Church in Old San Acacio, food stamp program, Community ActionPprogram, low-income housing, retaining the Spanish language, Chicano movement. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 36 pages.Background, work in Colorado and California, high school, teaching at Chama, civil service discrimination, tax collector job, politics, welfare job, influence of World War II. Interviewed by John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 14 pages.Community Action Agency (CAA), housing committee, legal procedures in order to build, insufficient funds to build a swiming pool, maintaining the Spanish language, the word "Chicano." Interviewed by John R. Tapia in San Luis, Colorado. 8 pages.
1973
6 6
Robert Cuellar
Biographical background, Dr. George Sanchez-education, involvement in civil rights activities, LULAC and GI Forum, PASSO and MEChA, SER, expectations and responsibilites, origins of SER, Judge Alfred Hernandez, Jobs for Progress, relationship with Lyndon B. Johnson, Hector P. Garcia, SE, technical assistance, financial responsibilites, federal monies and state autonomy, SER board of directors, leadership in SER, Carlos Asuerta. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Westchester, California. 34 pages.Discussion of organizations: PASSO, LULAC, MEChA, EYOA. Discussion of word "Chicano" and Chicano Movement, Raza Unida, Chicano leadership. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Los Angeles, California. 31 pages.
1972
6 7
Grace Dolce
Biographical background, origin (Laredo, Texas, 1930), depression, life in Laredo, education, marrying in 1954, move to Utah in 1954, backgrokund of father, background of brothers, first Mexican high school principal in Laredo, Texas, working as a fashion illustrator in Houston and Dallas, working as an art teacher in Laredo, discussion on word "Chicano" and Chicano movement, Mexicans and the Utah educational system, involvement with the Guadalupe Mission. Interviewed by Bernice Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 22 pages.
1973
6 8
J. Guadalupe Garza
Biographical background, origin (McAllen, Texas, 1926), depression, migrant workers, World War II, GI Forum, LULAC, centro civico Mexicano, Benito Juarez, SOCIO, discrimination practices in Utah. Interviewed by Greg Coronado, Jr. in Phoenix, Arizona. 25 pages.Getting a job at the Utah general depot, G. Forum members visiting Utah, Guadalupe Mission, Father Bargallo, Father Collins, Father Merrill, VOP (Veteran's Outreach Program), GI Forum, SOCIO, discussion on word "Chicano," centro civico Mexicano, Mexican consuls, COSSO, SER. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Ogden, Utah. 19 pages.
1973
6 9
Annie Jimenez
Mrs. Jimenez genealogy, Rosa, New Mexico, working as a child, living in tents in Dragerton, Price, Utah in 1947, Chicano movement, Mexican traditions, bendicion, discrimination in schools, medicinal herbs, Mexican customs, working during school years, working in the mines, job discrimination, Mexicans don't help each other, Mexicans are ashamed of their language, Chicano progress. Interviewed by Chuck Lobato and Margie Archuleta in Salt Lake City, Utah. Spanish language transcript. 28 pages.
1972
6 10
Jose Martinez
Biographical background, origin (Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, 1940), employment of Jose's father, education, Spanish-speaking people in Eagle Pass and Piedras Negras, discrimination, political change in Eagle Pass, American legion organization, Knights of Columbus, first years in San Jose, getting involved in community activities, Lino Lopez, organization of the Mexican-American agency, CSO. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in San Jose, California. 27 pages.Discussion on word "Chicano" and Chicano movement, impact of OEO on CSO and other organizations, community organizer for NBTA, director for CSO Immigration and Naturalization project, SER, GI Forum, formation of the Mexican-American round table, la confederacion de la raza. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in San Jose, California. 22 pages.
1973
6 11
Maria Feliz Martinez de Maestas
Background and education, neighboring Indians, transportation, medicine, marriage, move to Colorado, Catholic traditions, games and entertainment, women's work, living in New Mexico and Utah, Independence day, Pancho Villa and other notable Mexican leaders. Interviewed by Bernice and Teodora Martinez in Salt Lake City, Utah. 59 pages.
1973
6 12
Richard Navarro
Origin (Ogden, Utah, 1940), biographical background, education, employment as a janitor, relationship between different nationalities, discrimination in school, discrimination in Salt Lake and Ogden, relationship among Spanish-speaking peoples, influx of Mexicans during World War II, Chicano movement, discrimination in employment and community, employment with the job corps, organizations, SOCIO, Spanish-speaking radio stations,Community ActionPprogram, NAACP, Headstart. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Salt Lake City, Utah. 37 pages.Different nationalities, employment in a warehouse, Community Action Program, Mexican-Black relationship, Ogden. Interviewed by Greg Coronado in Salt Lake City, Utah. 9 pages.
1973
6 13
Jose Jesus Palacio
Biographical background, origin (Chihuahua, Mexico, 1922), older Mexican families in Carbon County, working in the mines, discrimination in Helper, discrimination in the service, influx of Spanish-speaking people to Carbon County during World War II, retaining the Mexican culture, discussion fn the Chicano movement, difference in generations, activism, Catholic Church. Interviewed by Margie Archuleta and Vince Mayer in Dragerton, Utah. 27 pages.
1972
6 14
Mike Romero
Biographical background, origin (Dixon, New Mexico, 1907), employment as powder monkey and builder on construction, involvement with Brown Berets in Albuquerque, working with the Guadalupe Center, adult education programs, comparison of races in southwestern states, involvement in SOCIO, lettuce boycott, problems of Chicanos in Salt Lake City, opinion on future outlook for Chicanos. Interviewed by Donald Strauss in Salt Lake City, Utah. 14 pages.
1972

TranscriptsReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 7

Contains materials on the history of Spanish speaking peoples which were produced by the American West Center.

Container(s) Description Dates
box
7
Folder
1
Utah: A Hispanic History, Teacher's Supplement
1974
2
Utah: A Hispanic History
1975
3
Explorations in Hispanic History
1975
4
Peldanos, Vol. I, No. 3
1975

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Children of immigrants--Utah--Interviews
  • Hispanic Americans--Utah--Cultural assimilation
  • Hispanic Americans--Utah--Interviews
  • Immigrants--Utah--Interviews
  • Geographical Names :
  • Utah--Emigration and immigration
  • Utah--Ethnic relations