Thomas Brues Neuhausen (1872-1944) was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, and moved to St. Paul, Minnisota, with his father, who became editor of Die Volkszeitung. Neuhausen was educated in Minnesota and at the Lyceum, Bamberg, Bavaria. In 1895 he became city editor of Die Volkszeitung, and in 1899 was the Washington D.C. correspondent of the St. Paul Globe.
In 1900 he married Maude Lyon. Neuhausen was appointed special agent of the U. S. Land Office, Ashland, Wisconsin in 1900, and transferred to The Dalles, Oregon in 1903, where he was a land fraud investigator. He had various titles and promotions, finally becoming confidential inspector for Secretary of the Interior Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1906) and later for James R. Garfield. He was especially useful to Francis J. Heney, government prosecutor.
Neuhausen resigned his inspectorship in 1908 and went into the brokerage business in Portland, Oregon, dealing in real estate, timber lands, and other investments. He retained strong interest in government and politics and became one of the leaders of the Progressive Party in Oregon in 1912. He was later campaign manager for Charles L. McNary, for Hiram Johnson's Oregon campaign, and for Robert N. Stanfield, and managed the 1918 Oregon Normal School campaign. His political activity diminished after 1933.
The collection contains Neuhausen family records, general, business and political correspondence (about 15,000 letters), U.S. Land office files, scrapbooks on early Oregon politics, Oregon Progressive Party files and scrapbooks, normal school information, and timber files.
The Neuhausen family papers include personal correspondence, legal documents and notebooks, (1850-1933).
The general correspondence is organized by title or name. The major correspondents are: Tracy C. Becker, Claude Bristol, Henry Waldo Coe, Lem E. Dever, Charles T. Early, Colon R. Eberhard, Charles W. Eberlein, Francis J. Heney, Oscar Lawler, L. H. McMahan, Malcolm Moody, Charles R. Pierce, Charles M. Thomas, and Oswald West.
The business correspondence is also organized by title and the main correspondents are: Baby Joe and Kimmel Mine, Leodore, Idaho; Bimetallic Mine, Grant County, Ore.; Black Butte Mining Co.; Collumbia Chemical Co.; Furnish-Coe irrigation project, Stanfield, OR; Oro-Fino Gold Mine; Portland, OR; Realty Board; Sumter Valley Railroad; Mozier Timber Co.
The political correspondence includes letters, pamphlets, and other documents. Major correspondents are: Alfred E. Clark, O. H. Fithian, Charles Hall, Elizabeth Hanley, William Hanley, Hiram Johnson, Sam Kozer, A. W. Lafferty, Mrs. George McGrath, Charles L. McNary, Alvin A. Muck, Ben W. Olcott, Gifford Pinchot, Miles Poindexter, Benjamin C. Sheldon, Nicholas J. Sinnott, Robert N. Stanfield, Frederick Steiwer, and Ralph E. Williams.
There are also membership lists, financial records, and two scrapbooks relating to the Progressive Party, (1913-1917), files on the Normal School campaign (1918) and nine scrapbooks with clippings on early Oregon politics and politicians.
The U. S. General Land Office files include case reports, (1900-1916). Major cases are: Alvin A. Muck; Pacific Lumber and Furniture Co.; Oregon Lumber Co.; Hyde-Benson; William C. Bristol.
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[Identification of item], Thomas Brues Neuhausen papers, Ax 084, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.