Callaway Family Papers, 1861-1904  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Callaway Family
Callaway Family Papers
1861-1904 (inclusive)
0.25 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 248
James Callaway was a Territorial Secretary of Montana Territory and an attorney; Llewellyn Link Callaway was an attorney in Virginia City and White Sulphur Springs, Montana. This collection includes general correspondence; legal, financial, and military documents; as well as newspaper clippings related to the activities and interests of the Callaway family from the Civil War through the early 1900s. Most of the collection materials relate to James E. Callaway and span from Mr. Callaway’s military communications while commanding an Illinois Volunteer regiment to his legal practice in Virginia City, Montana, following the war.
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Funding for creating this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historic Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

James Edmund Callaway was born July 7, 1834 in Trigg County, Kentucky. The Callaway family moved to Illinois in 1848. He became a lawyer in Tuscola, Illinois. After the fall of Fort Sumter in April 1861, Callaway was selected by his peers to serve as captain for a company of volunteer soldiers. In June, Ulysses S. Grant mustered Company D of the Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers into the Union Army and assigned them to the Army of the West. Callaway received several field commissions during the Civil War, eventually reaching the rank of Colonel and serving as adjutant to General Grant. Calloway was honorably discharged from the Twenty-first Illinois Regiment immediately following the surrender of Confederate forces.

Callaway returned to practice law in Illinois and was elected to the Illinois legislature. In March 1871, President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him Secretary of the Montana Territory. He continued to serve as Territorial Secretary until 1877, when President Grant left office. Callaway was appointed United States Attorney for Montana’s First District in 1878 and 1879. He served as a delegate to the Montana constitutional conventions in 1884 and 1889. The 1889 convention promulgated the state’s first constitution. In 1885 Callaway won office to the territorial legislature and became the first Republican to serve as Speaker of the House in Montana. He served just one term in the territorial legislature.

James Callaway married Mary E. Link in 1866 and the couple raised four children. Upon his appointment as territorial secretary, Callaway settled his family in Virginia City. He established a law practice in that locale and continued to pursue this profession throughout his political career. He closed the law practice 1898 as a result of failing health. James E. Callaway died of heart failure on August 21, 1905. Llewellyn L. Callaway, oldest son of James and Mary, was born on December 15, 1868. He followed his father into the legal profession, establishing practices in Virginia City and White Sulpher Springs, Montana. Llewellyn L. Callaway died in 1951.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection includes general correspondence; legal, financial, and military documents; as well as newspaper clippings related to the activities and interests of James E. Callaway. General correspondence includes four topics: military communications, Montana territorial relations, personal business, and legal correspondence. Legal documents include the transcript of a case adjudicated by Llewellyn L. Calloway in 1902. The collection’s financial records are primarily hand-written copies of military supply requests / appropriations submitted by James Callaway during the Civil War. Military documents also include two officer muster rolls from 1865 and five special field orders issued by Callaway between 1863 and 1864. Newspaper clippings include an announcement in The Times of Virginia City, Montana, that Mrs. James Callaway initiated a knitting club as well as two articles reflecting Callaway family interest in the “free coinage” debates of the 1890s.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Callaway Family Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 General Correspondence 1862 – 1900
2 Legal Documents 1902
3 Financial Records 1861 – 1893
4 Military Records 1863 – 1865
5 Newspaper Clippings 1890s – 1904

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Practice of law--Montana
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. Army--Illinois Infantry Regiment, 21st (1861-1865)
  • United States. Army--Officers
  • United States. Army--Records and correspondence
  • Family Names :
  • Callaway family
  • Geographical Names :
  • Illinois--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Montana--Officials and employees
  • Montana--Politics and government--19th century
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Virginia City (Mont.)--Social life and customs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Family papers--Montana--Virginia City
  • Military records--United States
  • Muster rolls--United States
  • Orders (military records)--United States
  • Occupations :
  • Lawyers--Montana--Virginia City
  • Soldiers--United States
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Callaway, James E. (James Edmund), 1834-1905 (creator)
    • Callaway, Llewellyn Link, 1868-1951 (creator)