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John G. Carter Papers, 1855-1952

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Carter, John Galen, b. 1891
Title
John G. Carter Papers
Dates
1855-1952
Quantity
2 linear feet and one oversize folder
Collection Number
Collection 2204, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The John G. Carter Papers include material from his law and writing career mainly on topics concerning Native Americans. Topics include trips Carter took in the Western United States, Cuba, the Panama Canal Zone, and Western Europe, a visit to the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation in Montana in 1909, court cases, petitions, arguments, depositions, analysis of the cases, opinions of the court, reports, and motions.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

John Galen Carter, the son of Senator Thomas Henry Carter and Ellen L. Galen Carter, was born in Washington. He was educated in Helena and Georgetown Prep School. He received his BA from Georgetown University in 1914 and his MA in 1915. He graduated from Georgetown Law School in 1918. The same year he enlisted in the Army and served until after the Armistice. In 1921, he joined the A. R. Serven law firm, and worked with cases mainly involving the government and specialized in Indian Affairs. He was a member of the American Anthropological Society and served in county and state conventions of the Republican party in Lewis and Clark County. He married Celina D. Calvo and they had one daughter, Mary Ellen.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The John G. Carter papers include material from his law and writing career mainly on topics concerning Native Americans. The papers have been arranged according to topic and have been divided into five series: Series 1: Diaries, Manuscripts and Publications, 1909-1936; Series 2: Business and Legal Papers, 1855-1940; Series 3: Native American Manuscripts and Publications, 1893-1939; Series 4: Carter Family Papers, 1878-1952; and Series 5: Photographs, 1904-1906. The papers include diaries of trips Carter took in the Western United States, Cuba, the Panama Canal Zone, and Western Europe. His diaries also include a visit to the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation in Montana in 1909. Also included are his writings as well as manuscripts and publications that he collected on Native Americans. His legal papers contain documents from court cases including Blackfeet et al. vs. United States and Okanogan et al. vs. United States. These papers include petitions, arguments, depositions, analysis of the cases, opinions of the court, reports, and motions. Also included in the John G. Carter papers are family papers concerning his parents such as newspaper clippings and correspondence. Photographs of Native Americans, mainly on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, are also included in the papers.

Digital Surrogates: Starting in January 2015, digital scans of the entire content of selected folders listed in this finding aid are available by clicking on the highlighted folder title.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1:  Diaries, Manuscripts, and Publications, 1909-1936Return to Top

Series 1 contains diaries and manuscripts of John G. Carter. Most of his writings were on Native Americans and include topics such as Indian Sign Language, Fort Belknap, the Piegan Tribe of the Blackfoot Nation, and Native American ceremonies. His diaries and notes cover trips he made to Montana, North and South Dakota, Indiana, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington, and Vermont. Other trips include Cuba, the Panama Canal Zone, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Holland, Great Britain, Scotland, Ireland, and Canada.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
1/2
John G. Carter obituary and publications
obituary, 1941; Rawhide Rawlins Stories (1921); McClure's Magazine (1907)
1941; (1921); (1907)
1/3 June 29-September 15, 1909
1/4 December 1909-January 1910
1/5 June-September 1910
1/6 April 12-26, 1924
1/7 June-July 1926
1/8 1906-1907
1/9 1908
1/10 1909
1/11 1932
1/12 1932
1/13 1932
1/14 1932
1/15 1932
1/16 1932
1/17 1936
1/18 1936
1/19 1936
1/20 1936
1/21 1936
1/22 1936
1/23 June 25-July 17, 1936
1/24 July 18-25, 1936
1/25 July 26-31, 1936
1/26
1/27
1/28
1/29
1/30
1/31
1/32
1/33
1/34
1/35
1/36 1800-1893
1/37 1800-1893
1/38 1800-1893
2/1 1909
2/2 1909
2/3 1909
2/4 1909
2/5 1730-1814
2/6
2/7
2/8
2/9
2/10
2/11
2/12
2/13
2/14
2/15
2/16

Series 2:  Business and Legal PapersReturn to Top

As an attorney with A. R. Serven, John G. Carter was involved with numerous legal cases concerning Native Americans. Series 2 contains the business and legal papers of his law career. Important law suits include the Blackfeet et al. vs. United States during the 1920s and 1930s in which the Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, and Gros Ventre nations sued the U.S. concerning the Common Hunting Ground set up by a 1855 treaty; Okanogan et al. vs. United States of the 1920s in which the Okanogan, Methow, San Poeils, Nespelem, Colville, and Lake Indian tribes of Washington sued the U.S. Also included in Series 2 is correspondence, petitions, arguments, depositions, analysis of the cases, opinions of the court, reports, motions, bills, and contracts.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/1 1895; 1913-1929
3/2 1930-1931
3/3 1932-1941
3/4
3/5 April 21, 1933
3/6
3/7
3/8 1821
3/9 1855-1896
3/10
3/11
3/12 1932
3/13
3/14
3/15
3/16
3/17
3/18
3/19
3/20
3/21 July 5, 1873-July 13, 1880
3/22
3/23
3/24
3/25
3/26 July 10, 1925
3/27 March-May 1926
3/28 March 1926
3/29 February-April 1926
3/30 June 1926
3/31
3/32
Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions
(Mrs. Horse Capture, Mrs. Lame Bull, Stiff Arm, The Boy and Flea)
June 24, 1926
3/33
Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions
(Mountain Chief, Eagle Head, Margaret Marceau, Scarce Woman, Calf Tail, Read Head, After Buffalo)
June 26, 1926
3/34
Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions
(James W. Brown Abe McKnight, Thomas Burd, Sr., William Lewis, Catches Two White Calves, Young Running Crane, Eagle Tailfeathers, Cuts at Night Black Face Man, Ground, Red Plume, Wood Chief Woman, J. Willard Schultz, George Pablo, John Ground, and Francis X. Guardipee)
June 29-July 1, 1926
3/35
Blackfeet et al. vs. United States: Depositions
(John Walker, Philip Evans, Wa Win Wah Tsan My, Sally Wilber, Amelia Johnson, Elisa Miller, Paul Corbett, Sr., James S. Hines and John Wilson)
July 7, 1926
3/36 1927
3/37 January to April 1927; October 1929
3/38 August 16, 1929
3/39
3/40 November 25, 1929
3/41 1933
3/42 1934
3/43 1935
3/44
3/45
4/1 March 28, 1927
4/2
Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Demurrer and Petitioners' Brief
Demurrer, July 6, 1927; Petitioners' Brief in resistance to Defendant's Demurrer
July 6, 1927
4/3
Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Petitioners' Motion, Brief in Support, and Petitioners' Supplemental Brief
Petitioners' Motion for New Trial, June 9, 1928; Brief in Support of Motion for New Trial; Petitioners' Supplemental Brief on Motion for New Trial
June 9, 1928
4/4
4/5
4/6
Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Brief in Support and Petition for Writ
Brief in Support of Petition for Writ of Certiorari, October 21, 1928; Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the Court of Claims, 1928
October 21, 1928; 1928
4/7
Okanogan et al. vs. United States: Brief and Motion
Brief for The United States, 1928; Motion by The United States to Advance, 1928
1928
4/8 1928
4/9 1928
4/10 1928
4/11 1928
4/12
Okanogan et al. vs. United States: The Constitutional Revew and Supreme Court Reporter
Wright, Herbert F., The Constitutional Review, Editorial, April 1929, pp. 103-120; Supreme Court Reporter, (v.49, no.16), June 15, 1929, pp. 463-470
April 1929; June 15, 1929
4/13 December 1935
4/14 January 9-11, 1940
4/15 February 15, 1940
4/16 May 2-9, 1940
4/17 May 2-9, 1940
4/18 May 2-9, 1940
4/19 1929
4/20 June 30, 1877
4/21 June 30, 1922
4/22
4/23 1921
4/24
4/25
4/26 March 10, 1932
4/27
4/28
4/29 September 25, 1868-February 11, 1869
4/30 October 22, 1931
4/31
Northern Arapaho Tribe: Lawyers Contract
(John G. Carter and F. M. Goodwin)
April 1, 1940
4/32
Other Legal Matters: Executive Orders, Indian Litigation, Community House, Exparte, and Notes
Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations, May 14, 1855-July 1, 1912; Indian Litigation, Cases pending, June 9, 1928; Community House in the Heart Butte District; Ex Parte: in the Matter of Kang-Gi-Shun-Ca, otherwise known as Crow Dog; Statutory Law Notes; Notes on Idaho and Montana Territorial Enabling Acts
May 14, 1855-July 1, 1912; June 9, 1928
4/33 September 1927
4/34 May 7, 1923
4/35 January 31, 1931
4/36 August 31, 1926
4/37 November 16, 1865
4/38 1873

Series 3:  Native American Manuscripts and PublicationsReturn to Top

Throughout his career, John G. Carter was very interested and connected to Native American concerns. Series 3 contains manuscripts and publications he collected on Native American topics. Included are works on Indian home life, customs, ceremonies, and habitat. Also included is a typescript of Lt. James Bradley's history of the march of General Gibbons Column at the Battle of Little Big Horn.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
5/1
5/2
5/3
5/4
5/5
5/6
5/7
5/8
5/9
5/10
5/11
5/12 1782-1898
5/13
5/14
5/15
5/16
5/17
5/18
5/19
5/20
5/21
5/22
5/23
5/24
5/25
5/26
5/27
5/28
5/29 1908
5/30
5/31
5/32
5/33
5/34
5/35
5/36
5/37

Series 4:  Carter Family PapersReturn to Top

Series 4 contains Carter family papers, including correspondence of Senator Thomas H. Carter and newspaper clippings and papers concerning his death and clippings and material on Trinity College regarding Ellen Galen Carter.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/1 1878; 1908
6/2 1899; 1905
6/3 1889-1905; undated
6/4 September 1911
6/5
6/6 January 31, 1913
6/7 January 31, 1913
6/8 December 1896
6/9
6/10 1932-1952
6/11 1933-1934
6/12 1984-1985
6/13 1928-1938
6/14

Series 5:  Photographs, 1904-1906Return to Top

Series 5 contains photographs mainly of Native Americans that John G. Carter collected during his career. Most of the pictures are of ceremonies performed at the Fort Belknap Reservation including the Fool Dance, Grass Dance, and Sun Dance. Also included are pictures of a "sham" battle between the Assiniboine and Gros Ventre, Medicine Man "Nosey" and Little Chief, and building a medicine lodge. Two family photographs of Thomas H. Carter and Hugh Galen are also found in Series 5.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/15
Photocopies #2-18
6/16
Photocopies #19-42
6/17
July 1904
July 1904
July 1905
July 1905
July 1905
July 1905
July 1905
July 1905
6/18
#11-18: Assiniboine and Gros Ventre Fool Dance at Fort Belknap Reservation
July 1906
6/19
#19-26: (Grass Dance and Sun Dance at Fort Belknap)
6/20
#27-36: (Sham Battle and Building Medicine Lodge)
6/21
#37-42: (Medicine Man, "Nosey" and Little Chief)