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Montana Constitutional Convention (1972) Records, 1971-1972

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Montana Constitutional Convention (1972)
Title
Montana Constitutional Convention (1972) Records
Dates
1971-1972 (inclusive)
Quantity
5.2 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number
RS 22 (17:17-1)
Summary
These Montana Constitutional Convention records (1971-1972) consist of correspondence, minutes and proceedings, delegate proposals, reports, resolutions, subject files, writings, and news releases. Artifacts, photographs, and printed material have been transferred to the Museum, Photograph Archives, and Library respectively. Reel-to-reel tapes were deaccessioned and destroyed.
Repository
Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
59620-1201
Telephone: 406-444-2681
Fax: 406-444-5297
mhslibrary@mt.gov
Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

By the late 1960s there was growing sentiment in Montana for reform of the state's 1889 constitution. In 1970 voters passed Referendum 67, which called for a constitutional convention. The Montana Constitutional Convention Commission was created by the 42nd Legislative Assembly to assist the Convention delegates by undertaking a series of studies on constitutional issues for their use.

In a November 1971 special election Montanans chose one hundred delegates from 23 districts to the convention scheduled to convene January 17, 1972. A half-million dollars was appropriated by the legislature for the operations of the convention.

Dale A. Harris, who had served as executive director of the Constitutional Convention Commission, was chosen as executive director of the Constitutional Convention staff; Leo Graybill, Jr., of Great Falls served as president, and John H. Toole of Missoula served as vice president. Dorothy Eck of Bozeman was chosen honorary vice president from the Western District, and Bruce M. Brown of Miles City as honorary vice president from the Eastern District.

The delegates were divided into substantive and procedural committees. The substantive committees included Bill of Rights; Education and Public Lands; Executive; General Government and Constitutional Amendments; Judiciary; Legislative; Local Government; Natural Resources and Agriculture; Public Health, Welfare, and Labor; and Revenue and Finance. The procedural committees included Administrative; Public Information; Rules and Resolutions; and Style, Drafting and Transition. The Business Office oversaw the Convention's budgetary and personnel matters.

The Convention delegates held their meetings and hearings in the State Capitol Building and elsewhere in the Capitol Complex.

The Constitutional Convention adjourned after fifty-five days and the document they produced was narrowly passed by Montana voters, 116,415 to 113,883. The 1972 Constitution was contested in the state's Supreme Court by the Montana Farm Bureau, but was narrowly upheld.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The records of the Montana Constitutional Convention of 1972 consist of incoming, outgoing, general, and interoffice correspondence (1971-1972). Also included is a miscellaneous correspondence series which contains a letter (1971) from Jeannette Rankin to the Georgia legislature. The records also contain delegate proposals; financial records; minutes of the convention committees, including the Business Office; news releases; proceedings; reports; resolutions; subject files; writings; and miscellany. Much of the material in each series is arranged by committee or office of origin.

Artifacts, photographs, and printed materials have been transferred to the Museum, Photograph Archives, and Library respectively. Reel-to-reel tapes were deaccessioned and destroyed in 1988.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Biographical Material Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 1
Constitutional Convention delegates biographical sketches [see index]
1971

Incoming Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 2
Administrative Committee: citizens' suggestions (received after deadline)
1972
1 / 3
Administrative Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972
1 / 4
Administrative Committee: citizens' suggestions index (includes citizen's name and committee referral)
undated
1 / 5-7
Education and Public Lands Committee: citizens' suggestions (against state funding of private schools)
1972
1 / 8
Education and Public Lands Committee: citizens' suggestions (in favor of state funding of private schools)
1972
1 / 9
Education and Public Lands Committee: citizens' suggestions (education, miscellaneous)
1972
1 / 10
Education and Public Lands Committee: citizens' suggestions (public lands)
1972
1 / 11
Executive Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972
1 / 12
General Government - Constitutional Amendment Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972
1 / 13
Judiciary Committee: citizens' suggestions (J.C. #1-84)
1972
1 / 14
Judiciary Committee: citizens' suggestions (J.C. #85-#165)
1972
1 / 15
Judiciary Committee: citizens' suggestions (J.C. #166-#248)
1972
1 / 16-17
Judiciary Committee: poll of Montana Bar Association members (returned with comments)
1972
1 / 18-19
Legislative Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972
1 / 20-24
Local Government Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972
2 / 1
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee (Representative George Darrow, includes "Preliminary Draft Proposed Environmental Article")
1971 December
2 / 2
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee: citizens' suggestions
1972

Outgoing Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 3
Dorothy Eck to the Montana Farm Bureau Federation (re proposed constitution and Farm Bureau policies)
1972 April

General Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 4
Administrative Committee (John H. Toole)
1971-1972 December-April
2 / 5
Administrative Committee (John H. Toole; includes petition)
1972
2 / 6
Administrative Committee (includes Montana Constitution Revision Commission correspondence)
1969-1972
2 / 7-10
Judiciary Committee
1971-1972, undated
2 / 11
Legislative Committee (Magnus Aasheim)
1971-1972
2 / 12
Natural Resources Committee
1972 November
2 / 13
Public Information Committee (Daphne Bugbee, Citizens Corp.)
1972
2 / 14
Public Information Committee (John H. Toole)
1971-1972
2 / 15
Public Information Committee (Margaret S. Warden; includes office memoranda)
1972
2 / 16
Public Information Committee
1971-1972

Interoffice Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 17
Administrative Committee
1971-1972
2 / 18
Administrative Committee (re convention employees and Montana Minimum Wage Act
undated
2 / 19
Education and Public Lands Committee (Elizabeth N. Harrison, re audio and video taping of hearings)
1972 January
2 / 20
Public Information Committee
1971-1972
2 / 21
Public Information Committee (John M. Schiltz, re restrictions on public information dissemination)
1972 January

Miscellaneous Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 22
Jeannette Rankin to Georgia legislature (re redistricting and reapportionment)
1971 October

Delegate Proposals Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 23
Delegate proposals #1-#20
1972 January 25- 27
2 / 24
Delegate proposals #21-#40
1972 January 25- 27
2 / 25
Delegate proposals #41-#60
1972 January 27- 29
2 / 26
Delegate proposals #61-#80
1972 January 29- February 2
2 / 27
Delegate proposals #81-#100
1972 February 2
2 / 28
Delegate proposals #101-#120
1972 February 2-3
2 / 29
Delegate proposals #121-#140
1972 February 3-4
2 / 30
Delegate proposals #141-#160
1972 February 4
2 / 31
Delegate proposals #161-#178
1972 February 4
2 / 32
Delegate proposals committee assignment
undated
2 / 33
Status sheets of delegate proposals
1972 January 20- 26

Financial Records Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 34
Budgets presented to and approved by Constitutional Convention
1972

Minutes Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 35-36
Administrative Committee
1972 December-April
2 / 37
Bill of Rights Committee
1972 January- March
2 / 38
Bill of Rights Committee (public hearings)
1972 January- February
3 / 1-2
Bill of Rights Committee (public hearings)
1972 February 3-12
3 / 3-5
Education and Public Lands Committee
1972 January- March
3 / 6-8
Executive Committee
1971 Decamber- 1972 February
3 / 9-10
General Government and Constitutional Amendment Committee
1972 January- February
3 / 11-13
Judiciary Committee
1971 Decamber- 1972 February
3 / 14-15
Legislative Committee
1972 January- February
3 / 16-19
Local Government Committee
1972 January- March
3 / 20
Local Government Committee (miscellaneous testimony)
1972
4 / 1-3
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee
1972 January- February
4 / 4
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee (testimony; includes miscellaneous materials)
1972
4 / 5-8
Public Health, Welfare, Labor and Industry Committee
1972 January- February
4 / 9
Public Information Committee
1971 Decamber- 1972 March
4 / 10-12
Revenue and Finance Committee
1972 January- March
4 / 13-15
Rules and Resolutions Committee
1971, 1972 January- February
4 / 16
Style, Drafting and Transition Committee
1972 January- March

News Releases Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 17
Legislative Committee
1972 January 4

Photographs Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 18
List of photographs transferred to the Photo Archives
undated

Printed Material Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 19
List of printed materials transferred to the Library
undated

Proceedings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 20-22
1st - 54th Days
1971 November- 1972 March

Reports Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 23
Administrative Committee reports to the Convention
1971 December- 1972 February
4 / 24
Administrative Committee's final considerations of constitutional articles (includes Education; Public Health, Welfare, Labor and Industry; Bill of Rights; Revenue and Finance; Environment and Natural Resources; Judiciary; Executive; Legislative; Constitutional Revision; and Suffrage and Elections)
1972
4 / 25
Legislative Committee (includes "Proposals for the Legislative Article of the Montana Constitution," "Legislative and Congressional Apportionment in Montana, 1864-1969," by Ellis Waldron)
1972
4 / 26
Local Government Committee (includes "Office of County Superintendent," "Separation of Powers," "Constitutional Changes")
1972
4 / 27
Reports by University of Montana professors to Convention committees (includes "Citizen Participations," by Thomas Payne; "The Legislature," by Ellis Waldron; "The Executive," by William F. Crowley; "The Judiciary," by R. E. Sullivan; "Revenue and Finance," by Maxine Johnson; "The Declaration of Rights," by Emilie Loring; and anonymous reports on unicameral legislation)
undated
4 / 29
Rough drafts of constitution articles (includes drafts from Executive; Revenue and Finance; Natural Resources and Agriculture; Cultural Resources; Public Health, Welfare, Labor and Industry; Bill of Rights; Education; Judicial; Legislative; and Local Government)
1972

Resolutions Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 29
Nos. 1-20 (includes resolution dedicating C. M. Russell's "Lewis and Clark Meeting Indians" 1912)
1972 January- March

Sound Recordings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 30
List of audio tape recordings separated to Archives sound recordings collection
undated

Subject Files Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 31
Administrative Committee: ombudsmen (includes material by Kayle Jackson)
undated
4 / 32
Administrative Committee: status of Constitutional Convention and the rights of its employees
1972
4 / 33
Business office: budgets (includes proposed budgets)
1971-1972
4 / 34
Business office: Convention interns (includes memorandum re intern function and list of interns)
1972
4 / 35
Business office: pages
1972
4 / 36
Business office: staff positions (includes hired staff applications, list of employees, etc.)
undated
4 / 37
General Government and Constitutional Amendment Committee: state boundaries
1961, 1968, 1970
4 / 38
Legislative Committee: reapportionment
1972
4 / 39
Legislative Committee: schools
1971-1972
4 / 40
Legislative Committee: unicameral legislature
1972
4 / 41
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee: agriculture
1971-1972
4 / 42
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee: environmental bill of rights
1970-1971, undated
5 / 1
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee: land and water
1972, undated
5 / 2
Natural Resources and Agriculture Committee: water resources
1972, undated
5 / 3
Public Information Committee: Citizen's Corps
1972
5 / 4
Public Information Committee: Department of Public Instruction "kits"
1972
5 / 5
Public Information Committee: Distinguished Speaker Series
1972
5 / 6
Public Information Committee: elections
1972
5 / 7
Public Information Committee: film
1971-1972
5 / 8
Public Information Committee: 4-H simulated constitutional convention
1972, undated
5 / 9
Public Information Committee: general information
1972
5 / 10
Public Information Committee: Leo Graybill, Jr. (re Public Information Committee dissemination of President Graybill's material)
1972
5 / 11
Public Information Committee: information bulletins and news releases
1971-1972
5 / 12
Public Information Committee: interns (re day-to-day activities
1972
5 / 13
Public Information Committee: television
1972
5 / 14
Public Information Committee: television (also includes radio; advertising rates, schedules and miscellaneous)
1972
5 / 15
Public Information Committee: services to public
1972
5 / 16
Public Information Committee: "Suggested Basis for Weekly Newspaper Stody"
1972
5 / 17
Public Information Committee: tours
1972
6 / 1
Public Information Committee: miscellaneous
1971-1972
6 / 2
Public Information Committee: miscellaneous (includes "Proposed Policy Statement," press releases, memoranda, etc.)
1971-1972
6 / 3
Public Information Committee: miscellaneous
1972
6 / 4
Rules Committee: election of ratification of proposed constitution
1971-1972

Writings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6 / 5
Delegate statements on Constitutional Convention (includes Mangus Aasheim, Oscar L. Anderson, Jean M. Bowman, Bruce M. Brown, Richard J. Champouf, Louise Cross, Wade J. Dahood, Dorothy Eck, Mark Etchart, G. B. Heliker, David Holland, Thomas F. Joyce, M. Sterling Rygg and John H. Toole)
1971

Miscellany Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6 / 6
Administrative Committee: Forrest H. Anderson statement (re passage of new constitution)
1972 June 20
6 / 7
Administrative Committee: "Appraisal of Constitutional Convention"
undated
6 / 8
Administrative Committee: committee hearings schedules
1972
6 / 9
Administrative Committee: list of 42nd Legislative Assembly actions relating to Constitutional Convention (includes list of House and Senate bills, resolutions, etc pertaining to the Convention)
1971, undated
6 / 10
Administrative Committee: list of Constitutional Convention related litigation
undated
6 / 11
Administrative Committee: materials duplicated for Convention delegates
1972
6 / 12
Administrative Committee: James H. Morrow statements re legal opinion of Montana Farm Bureau on the new constitution
1972 November 13
6 / 13
Administrative Committee: "Weekly report of lobbyists registered under Lobbyists Registration and Licensing Act"
1971- 1972
6 / 14
General Government and Constitutional Amendment Committee: Thomas L. Judge statement re office of lieutenent governor
undated
6 / 15
List of artifacts transferred to the Museum
undated
6 / 16
"Memo on Revenue and Finance Article of the Proposed Constitution," Russell C. McDonough
undated
6 / 17
Montana organizations which endorsed Referendum 67
1972, undated
6 / 18
Natural Resources Committee: reference materials (includes bibliography and "Memorandum on Natural Resources Provisions of Recent Constitutional Conventions")
undated
6 / 19
Natural Resources Committee: state lands (research by Jeffrey K. Rupp, Education and Public Lands committee)
undated
6 / 20
Public Information Committee: calendars and notices of committee hearings
1972
6 / 21
Public Information Committee: Citizens' Committee for Constitutional Improvement informational flyer (re referndum on constitution)
undated
6 / 22
Public Information Office: daily committee summaries
1972 January- February
6 / 23
Public Information Office: Montana State University Convention booklet
1972
6 / 24
Public Information Office: "Official Roster Montana Constitutional Convention"
undated
6 / 25
Public Information Office: "Our Montana Constitution" information flyer
undated
6 / 26
Public Information Office: "Referendum 67" informational flyer
1972
6 / 27
Public Information Office: Secretary of State (re publication and dissemination of "voter pamphlet"; includes financial materials
1972
6 / 28
Public Information Office: "Seven Reasons to Vote on Referendum 67" informational flyer
1972
6 / 29
Public Information Office: "Why Vote on Referendum 67" informational flyer
undated
6 / 30
Public Information Office: "Would a New State Constitution Mean Better Government?" informational flyer
undated
6 / 31
Television script: "Decision-1972"
1972 March 22
6 / 32
Ellis Waldron articles: "The Legislative Assembly in a Modern Montana" (photocopy of draft); "The Montana Legislative Assembly"; and "Some Realities and Some Myths about 'County Integrity' in Montana Legislative Reapportionment"
undated
7 / 1
Research bibliography cards
undated