Eddie Sato Camp Harmony sketchbook and drawings, 1942  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Artist
Sato, Eddie, 1923-2005
Title
Eddie Sato Camp Harmony sketchbook and drawings
Dates
1942 (inclusive)
Quantity
34 drawings (26 charcoal drawings, 8 pen-and-ink drawings) (1 box) ; various sizes
Collection Number
PH0664
Summary
Pen-and-ink and charcoal drawings of scenes at the Puyallup Assembly Center, "Camp Harmony," in Washington state, where many of Seattle's Japanese Americans were incarcerated for several months during World War II.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Original drawings may be viewed in the repository only with the permission of the curators.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Eddie Sato was an artist who grew up in Seattle. In 1942, at age 19, Sato was incarcerated with other Seattle Japanese Americans at the Puyallup Assembly Center, called "Camp Harmony," in Puyallup, Washington. Sato served as a staff artist for the Camp Harmony newspaper, sketching scenes of everyday life at the camp. He subsequently fought in the U.S. Army's 442nd Battalion (also known as the 442nd Regimental Combat Team), a highly decorated, all-Nisei unit. Sato later worked as a commercial artist in Chicago.

Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

In 1942, in response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor the previous December, over 100,000 Japanese Americans (more than 70% of whom were American citizens) were removed from their homes and incarcerated in camps. These residents of Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona, and Alaska were sent to local temporary assembly centers and then to remote incarceration camps where many spent the rest of the war. Life at the camps was strictly regulated, with roll calls and curfews, and camp residents lost basic civil rights such as the right to religious freedom, the right to assemble, and the right to privacy.

In April 1942, Seattle’s Japanese community began to be shipped to Camp Harmony, the temporary assembly center in Puyallup. Within a week, more than 2,500 Seattle Japanese Americans had been transported to Puyallup; by the end of May, over 7,000 people were living at Camp Harmony. After four months, the residents of Camp Harmony were transported to the Minidoka Relocation Center in southern Idaho, where many spent the duration of the war.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains charcoal and pen-and-ink drawings by Eddie Sato depicting the settings and various aspects of daily life at Camp Harmony (Puyallup Assembly Center) in July and August, 1942.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View selections from the collection in digital format .

Photocopies of the original drawings are available for viewing in the repository.

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact the repository for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Pen and ink drawings of Camp Harmony, Puyallup, WashingtonReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
1 1
 Sumo tournament on baseball field
Caption on drawing: "Sumo tournament, pitcher field."
July 4, 1942
1 2
 Playing ball on baseball field
Caption on drawing: "On pitcher field -- note (majestic Mt. Rainier in background)."
August 29, 1942
1 3
 Mess hall
Caption on drawing: "Mess hall #4."
August 29, 1942
1 4
 Laundry room interior
Caption on drawing: "Laundry room-8th Avenue."
August 29, 1942
1 5
 Latrine and shower rooms
Caption on drawing: "Latrine and shower rooms."
August 29, 1942
1 6
 Laundry exterior
Caption on drawing: "Laundry room-between 2nd & 3rd Ave."
August 29, 1942
1 7
 Street with living quarters
Caption on drawing: "Looking down 6th Avenue."
August 30, 1942
1 8
 Entrance to Area A
Caption on drawing: "Entrance to Area A-Camp Harmony, Puyallup, Wn."
August 31, 1942

Charcoal sketchbook drawingsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
2 9 August 1942
3 10 August 1942
4 11 August 1942
5 12
 Two scenes: cooks helper and men's restroom
Caption on drawing: "Part of vegetable crew/ Gents latrine."
August 1942
6 13 August 1942
7 14
 Mess Hall
Caption on drawing: "Corner of mess hall."
August 1942
8 15 August 1942
9 16
 Women at work in laundry room
Caption on drawing: "In the laundry house."
August 1942
10 17
 Camp playground
Caption on drawing: "Play ground."
August 1942
11 18a
 Workers with truck
Caption on drawing: "A dash for lumber -- cratin' days."
August 1942
11 18b
 Garbage operation
Caption on drawing: "Garbage cleaning."
August 1942
12 19 August 1942
13 20
 Canteen
Caption on drawing: "Canteen."
August 1942
14 21
 Entrance of Camp Harmony
Caption on drawing: "At the entrance."
August 1942
15 22
 Gate and camp residents
Caption on drawing: "At the gate."
August 1942
16 23
 Grocery store
Caption on drawing: "Grocery store across the corner."
August 1942
17 24
 Men playing Mah Jong
Caption on drawing: "A game of Mah Jong."
August 1942
18 25
 Men playing checkers
Caption on drawing: "A game of Japanese checkers."
August 1942
19 26
 Laundry building
Caption on drawing: "Laundry house."
August 1942
20 27
 Camp building with door open
Caption on drawing: "Air conditioning!"
August 1942
21 28
 Administrative offices in Area D
Caption on drawing: "Administrative offices-Area D."
August 1942
22 29
 Mess hall exterior, Area D
Caption on drawing: "Largest mess hall-Area D."
August 1942
23 30
 Gate A in Area D
Caption on drawing: "The 'A' gate in Area D."
August 1942
24 31
 Section known as the Racetrack, Area D
Caption on drawing: "Within the race track-Area D."
August 1942
25 32
 Pool and children, Area B
Caption on drawing: "The Area 'B' pool."
August 1942
26 33
 Man making wooden shoes
Caption on drawing: "Making wooden shoes."
August 1942
27 34
Street scene
Included in sketchbook, but not drawn by Eddie Sato.
August 1942

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Concentration camp inmates--Washington (State)--Puyallup--In art
  • Concentration camps--Washington (State)--Puyallup--In art
  • Japanese American artists--Washington (State)
  • Japanese American art--Washington (State)
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945--In art
  • Mah Jong in art
  • Political persecution in art
  • Sumo in art
  • World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Washington (State)--Puyallup--In art
  • World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans--In art
  • Personal Names :
  • Sato, Eddie, 1923-2005--Archives (artist)
  • Corporate Names :
  • Puyallup Assembly Center (Puyallup, Wash.)--In art
  • Geographical Names :
  • Puyallup (Wash.)--In art
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Charcoal drawings
  • Ink drawings
  • Sketches

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)