• Share:
  • Download/Print:
  • PDF
Search

Ashmore Family papers, 1850-1937

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Ashmore family
Title
Ashmore Family papers
Dates
1850-1937 (inclusive)
Quantity
15.75 linear feet, (25 containers)
Collection Number
Ax 564
Summary
The Ashmore Family papers are divided according to family member and also by medium. This collection consists of correspondence, writings by and about William and Lida Ashmore and other members of their family, memorabilia, photographs, and Chinese artwork.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

William Ashmore, Jr. was born to William, Sr. and Martha Sanderson on September 28, 1851 in Bangkok, Siam where his father was a Baptist missionary to Chinese emigrants from the Swatow District of South China. William, Jr. learned to speak English, Chinese, and Siamese while growing up. His brother Frank was born December 21, 1853. Martha Ashmore became ill in 1858 causing the family's return to the United States; she died enroute. William, Jr. and Frank were raised by her family in the following years, first on their Grandfather Daniel Sanderson's farm in Brookline, Massachusetts and then with their Aunt Carrie Sanderson Spalding in Warren, Rhode Island, while their father acted as missionary to the Swatow District.

William began attending Brown University in 1866, at the age of fifteen, and graduated in 1870, third in his graduating class and also the youngest member. He studied several languages, including French, German, Greek, and Latin. After graduating, he was a teacher, first at Peddie Institute in Hightstown, New Jersey and later at Shurtleff College in Alton, Illinois and at Brown. He traveled in Europe during the interim. In 1876 he enrolled at the Rochester Theological Seminary, graduating in 1879. In Rochester, William studied Hebrew. He received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Brown in 1905.

Following his marriage to Lida Scott on October 10, 1879, William Ashmore, Jr. embarked upon a Baptist missionary career in his father's territory, the Swatow District, which encompassed 46 years. During this time he fathered two children, Edith, born May 27, 1882 and Frank, born January 5 1885. In addition to his duties as administrator and teacher at the mission, William, Jr. used his knowledge of and aptitude for language to translate the Bible into Swatow's Tei-chi dialect. He began this translation early in his missionary career, the first mention was in 1895. The New Testament was completed in the spring of 1898. The final, complete version was translated predominately from 1920 to 1926.

William retired from overseas duties in 1926 to Santa Ana, California. There he lived out his final days finishing his translation and interacting with missionaries. He died March 11, 1937.

Lida Scott was born in Waterford, Michigan, west of Detroit on January 19, 1852 to George and Abigail Hart. She attended Kalamazoo College for a short while before returning home to teach. In 1876, she married Albert Lyon, who was an acquaintance of William Ashmore via the Rochester Theological Seminary. Together they embarked upon a mission in Bhamo, a city near the border of Burma and China. A month after arriving in Bhamo, Albert Lyon died from a fever. Lida returned to the U. S. as soon as possible, teaching in Rangoon while awaiting her departure. She returned to Michigan, where she became reacquainted with William Ashmore, Jr. They married shortly thereafter in order to accompany each other on the upcoming mission to Swatow.

During her years of missionary service in Swatow, Lida was a teacher, administrator, particularly during William's absences into the remote parts of the district, and Red Cross volunteer. She was a painter, seamstress, and gardener. She developed an art program for some of the women of the Swatow District. Their drawings on materials generated income and revenue for the mission. Lida wrote a book detailing her mission's history, The South China Mission of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. She died in Santa Ana, California on June 6, 1934.

Edith Ashmore, the daughter of William, Jr. and Lida Scott, was born in Swatow May 27, 1882. She and her brother Frank moved to the United States in 1895 where they were raised in a home for missionary children in Morgan Park, Illinois, outside Chicago. Edith graduated from Vassar College in 1906 and later worked at the University of Chicago library. She married Charles Elder August 10, 1916. They had two children, Rachel and Philip, and moved to Boulder, Colorado. Charles died May 22, 1935. Edith relocated to Albany, Oregon and later married Fred Hensolt. Edith stands out primarily as a purposeful collector of her family's papers.

William Ashmore, Sr. was born in Putnam, Ohio on December 25, 1824. He graduated from Granville College in 1845 and from the Western Baptist Theological Institution in Covington, Kentucky in 1848. In 1850, he married Martha Sanderson of Brookline, Massachusetts and they embarked for missionary duties in South China. After Martha died, William, Sr. married Eliza Dunleavy during a furlough in 1863; Eliza died in 1885. In 1890, he married Mrs. Charlotte Brown, widow of a Japanese missionary. William's missionary career lasted until 1903 and he is remembered as an exuberant pioneer of Baptist missions in South China. With William, Jr., he founded the Ashmore Theological Seminary, a college for preachers in Swatow. He died on April 21, 1909 and was buried in the College Cemetery in Granville, Ohio. Most of his records are located at the Denison University library in Granville.

Zar Scott was the brother of Lida Ashmore. He was born in Waterford, Michigan on October 25t 1848. He owned a lumber company in Duluth, Minnesota for most of his life. He contributes to this collection his correspondence with the Ashmores and correspondence with other missionaries in the Scott family, notably Job and Helen Scott.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Ashmore Family Papers are divided into eight series, according to family members and also by medium. Generally, this collection consists of correspondence, writings by and about William and Lida Ashmore and other members of their family, memorabilia, photographs, and artwork. Some of the most important pieces are those that highlight William, Jr.'s achievements as a translator and member of a long history of missionary service in South China. The antiquated diaries and possessions of this family stand out. Lida's collection of Chinese artwork is interesting and speaks to her own abilities as a missionary.

Series I, the William Ashmore, Jr. Papers, contain papers of and pertaining to the missionary and translator. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains letters from 1874 to 1937. Most of the letters were sent to his daughter, Edith. The earliest letters, 1874-1879, are to his friend T. G. Field; they precede William's missionary experience. From 1927 forward the letters do not address the subject of missions, focusing on family and daily life. A good index to the topics of William's letters is located in the letter extracts of William and Lida in Series VI, A. There are many references to missionary life and work, Chinese culture, and the military turbulence of the early 20th century. Subseries B contains William Ashmore's diaries from 1873-1874, 1907, and 1935-1937. The earliest diary accounts William's trip to Europe, traveling and studying languages. The latter periods consist of terse entries in a "line a day" diary. Subseries C consists of biographical information in the form of Edith's notes and compiled letter extracts, biographical articles, and news clippings. There is a variety of material centered around William's 75th birthday and translation completion, his 80th birthday, and his death, including William's own essays on his translation, a proofreading manuscript of the Swatow Bible, and obituaries. Subseries D, Writings, contains William's missionary tracts, newspaper articles, graduation oration, whole sermons, sermon notes, and a key to his shorthand. Subseries E, Ephemera, consists of miscellaneous articles such as report cards, diplomas, passports, trip mementos, and a piece of Lida's wedding dress. Subseries F, Swatow Bible, contains a printed copy of William's bible translated into the Tei-chi dialect of South China.

Series II, the Lida Scott Ashmore Papers, contain Lida's correspondence, diaries, biographical information, missionary publications, scrapbook, and oil paintings. Subseries A, Correspondence, is made up of her outgoing correspondence, predominately to her children, Edith and Frank, with a number of letters addressed to Lida's brother, Zar Scott. The letter extracts of William and Lida contain a guide to the most interesting subjects of her letters, for instance, her work as a missionary, a director of Chinese drawn drawn work in Swatow, and her work for the Red Cross. Subseries B, Diaries, contains journals, Edith's baby book, and a diary of her first husband, Albert Lyon. Lida's journal of 1877-1878 details her first trip to Asia with Albert Lyon and her return following his death. The journals of 1913-1914 cover a trip to Burma. The diary of 1921-1922 consists of terse "line a day" entries and the final diary of 1924-1928 covers the final tour in Swatow and the return to Santa Ana, California. Albert's two-volume diary details his trip to Europe during 1873. Subseries C, Biography, contains biographical notes compiled by Edith, like family trees and lists of dates, and Lida's autobiography. The autobiography contains many details of her youth, her voyages, and her missionary work, including her hand in developing the "drawn work" industry in South China. It is 115 pages in length; the first 82 pages were written by Lida, the rest being completed by William after her death. Subseries D, Publications, consists of two copies of Lida's book covering the history of the Swatow mission, one hardcover and one soft cover. Subseries E, the Scrapbook, is collection of colorful Chinese paper and art. It contains prints, colored paper, wrapping paper, invitations (to a variety of dignified events), cards, and envelopes. Subseries F, Artwork, consists of Lida's oil paintings of Chinese and various subjects, as well as a painting and drawing originally located with Frank Ashmore's papers.

Series III, the Edith Ashmore Hensolt Papers, contain some of Edith's correspondence and diaries. Subseries A, Correspondence, consists of one outgoing letter to Zar Scott and many incoming pieces. Most of the incoming correspondence is from Edith's friend Leslie Kosmopolous. Leslie's earliest letters are from her travels in Europe and the latter are from her residence as a missionary in Greece. There is a letter from Ethel Ashmore, Frank's wife, regarding William's death. Subseries B, the Diaries, is from 1895 and 1906-1907. The first covers a journey from Swatow to Chicago and the latter a round trip journey to Swatow from Chicago, including Boston, San Francisco, and Hawaii.

Series IV, the William Ashmore, Sr. Papers, contains two items of correspondence, writings, official documents, hymnals, and a diary of his first wife. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains two letters written to William, Jr., one in praise of his success and one in consolation over a broken engagement. Subseries B, Writings, consists of a religious tract, entitled "My Four Bibles," a description of William, Sr.'s difficulty with the Chinese, "The Ashmore Land Case," and a copied inscription of a book dedicated to William, Jr. Subseries C, Hymns, contains two pentatonic hymn books used by Ashmore in Swatow and a single sheet of music. The hymnals are in the Tei-chi dialect of Swatow. Subseries D, Diary, contains the sea journal of Ashmore's first wife, the mother of William, Jr., Martha Sanderson. The diary details their journey to South China and Siam by steamer in the winter of 1850-1851. Subseries E, Artwork, contains a small oil painting of Martha.

Series V, the Zar Scott Papers, are comprised of correspondence collected by Lida's brother Zar regarding the Scott family. Most significant to this collection are the letters from Job (J. H.) and Helen Scott, a missionary couple in Osaka, Japan. Unrelated to missionaries, but nonetheless intriguing, are Harold Scott's letters from the war front during World War I. There is also a collection of correspondence between William Ashmore, Jr., Zar, and a questionable businessman, Carey Emerson.

Series VI, Miscellaneous, contains a variety of correspondence, news clippings, religious pamphlets, biographical information, and mementos collected by Edith and the rest of the Ashmore family. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains later letters from unrelated missionaries in Swatow and Asia, letter extracts pertaining to Frank Ashmore, and the letter extracts of William and Lida. The missionary letters were written during the 1940s and 1950s, during the second Sino-Japanese War and describe the rise of communism and describe the turmoil of that era. Frank Ashmore's letter extracts are excerpts from the original letters of this collection copied and compiled by Edith in order to produce a biography of her brother's life, some original letters are included. William and Lida's letter extracts, also prepared by Edith, center on a thorough listing of the subjects of their letters. An index is located at the beginning of this section. Subseries B, News Clippings, was compiled by Edith and contains news about Asia and Asian missions. Most of the clippings are organized around the city of a mission's location, mostly in Japan. There are several editions of a Baptist periodical, The Watchmen Examiner, noteworthy because the edition of March 26, 1925 has an article about the Swatow Mission and the Ashmores, detailing many of their successes. Subseries C, Pamphlets, contains some advertisements and religious tracts from missions in Japan. Subseries D, the Ashmore Family Biography, contains biographical notes on the other members of the family. There is also a religious tract for the Swatow mission, compiled by William Jr. and Sr., as well as a biographical article in a Baptist Quarterly describing the successes of the father and son. Subseries E, Chinese characters on study cards.

Series VII, Photographs, contains many photos that depict the Ashmore family. Subseries A, 75th Birthday Party Photograph, consists of a portrait of William and Lida originally located with William's 75th Birthday collection. Subseries B, Photos from Leslie Kosmopolous, consists of photographs originally included with Edith's incoming letters from Leslie Kosmopolous, predominately pictures of Leslie's son, Elias. Subseries C, Scott Family Photos, contains photographs from the Zar Scott Papers, included with Job Scott's letters. There are photos of Job, and other Scotts, during the time of their missions in Japan and an interesting photo of Job with two of his sons dressed in their military uniforms. Subseries D, William Ashmore, Sr.'s Photos, contains photographs originally located with William, Sr.'s collection, taken of the members of his third wife's family. Subseries E, Loose Photos from Album, consists of photographs loosely contained within the Ashmore photo album. It contains pictures of William and Lida, other family members, and friends in various states of repose, on voyages, at parties, and in portraits. There are several small photos of William's birthplace in Siam and one with the construction of the Ashmore Theological Seminary. Subseries F, Family Photo Album, contains many portraits of the families of William, Jr. and Sr., pictures in various locales, on furlough, vacation, at work, and with other missionaries. Subseries G, William Ashmore, Sr. Family Images, is made up of daguerreotypes, a tintype, and a printing block of William Ashmore, Sr. and Martha Sanderson Ashmore.

Series VIII, Oversize, contains collections of Chinese artwork and more of the Ashmore's photo albums. Subseries A, Artwork, contains a collection of stories with illustrations called 24 Examples of Filial Piety and drawings by students in a Chinese government school. Apparently the filial piety stories are traditional stories more than 700 years old. They depict moralistic scenes of children honoring parents and are accompanied by English translations. The five government school drawings were drawn by Chinese students and obtained by Lida in Hu City (Chaochowfu). Subseries B, Photographs, consists of four photo albums of Ashmore vacations. One album contains pictures from William and Lida's extended furlough in Minneapolis from 1887-1891; William was recuperating from malaise. There are two albums of photos from Japan. One contains tinted photos from 1883 and colored pictures from the 1900s and one contains photos from Karuizawa, circa 1900. There is an album of pictures from Siam, circa 1900. Subseries C, Documents, contains two relics, William, Sr.'s passport and land deed. Subseries G, Encased photographs of the Ashmores.

Series IX, Artifact, contains a sample of Martha Sanderson's wedding dress.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ashmore Family Papers, Ax 564, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  William Ashmore, Jr. papers, 1873-1937Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Suberies A1: Outgoing correspondence
1874-1937
Box Folder
1 1
Letters
August 21, 1874-December 25, 1895
1 2
Letters
January 20, 1896-December 19, 1897
1 3
Letters
January 23, 1898-April 24, 1900
1 4
Letters
December 7, 1900-February 16, 1904
1 5
Letters
May 27, 1904-May 3, 1908
1 6
Letters
June 8, 1908-September 21, 1911
1 7
Letters
May 27, 1912-April 11, 1921
1 8
Letters
April 15, 1921-July 19, 1928
1 9
Letters
July 29, 1928-November 6, 1933
1 10
Letters
June 18, 1934-October 8, 1934
1 11
Letters
October 14, 1934-October 17, 1935
1 12
Letters
November 24, 1935-March 1, 1936
1 13
Letters
March 8, 1936-September 6, 1936
1 14
Letters
September 13, 1936-January 10, 1937
1 15
Outline of Letters to T. G. Field
January 17, 1937-March 9, 1937
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence
Box Folder
1 16
Letters: Ethel Ashmore-George Waters
undated
Subseries B: Diaries
1873-1937
Box Folder
2 1
Diary of Trip to Europe
1873-1874
2 2
Diary from Swatow and Santa Ana, CA
1907 1935-1937
Subseries C: Biographical Data
Box Folder
2 3
Biography: Birth - William and Lida's departure for China
2 4
Biography: Journey to China - Bible translation
2 5
Biography: Bible translation - Death
2 6
Biographical Notes (1 of 2)
2 7
Biographical Notes (2 of 2)
2 8
75th Birthday/Translation completion
2 9
80th Birthday
2 10
Death Notes
Subseries D: Writings
Undated
Box Folder
2 11
Writings (1 of 2)
2 12
Writings (2 of 2)
Subseries E: Ephemera
Box Folder
2 13
Ephemera (1 of 2)
2 14
Ephemera (2 of 2)
Subseries F: Swatow Bible
Box
3
Swatow Bible

Series II:  Lida Scott Ashmore papers, 1873-1937Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A: Outgoing correspondence
1881-1934
Box Folder
4 1
Letters
October 6, 1881-October 4, 1896
4 2
Letters
18961005-18970801
4 3
Letters
August 19, 1897-December 2, 1897
4 4
Letters
December 13, 1898-March 12, 1898
4 5
Letters
April 4, 1898-July 15, 1898
4 6
Letters
September 15, 1898-January 22, 1899
4 7
Letters
January 28, 1899-April 23, 1899
4 8
Letters
May 30, 1899-September 26, 1902
4 9
Letters
September 30, 1902-December 2, 1902
4 10
Letters
December 3, 1902-February 22, 1903
4 11
Letters
February 27, 1903-April 1, 1903
4 12
Letters
April 5, 1903-May 17, 1903
4 13
Letters
May 20, 1903-October 28, 1903
4 14
Letters
November 6, 1903-January 25, 1904
4 15
Letters
November 6, 1903-January 28, 1904
4 16
Letters
February 12, 1904-May 5, 1904
4 17
Letters
May 8, 1904-November 5, 1904
4 18
Letters
November 17, 1904-January 8, 1905
4 19
Letters
January 15, 1905-March 12, 1905
4 20
Letters
March 20, 1905-May 14, 1905
4 21
Letters
May 21, 1905-July 23, 1905
4 22
Letters
July 26, 1905-September 24, 1905
4 23
Letters
November 26, 1905-May 26, 1906
5 1
Letters
May 27, 1906-July 25, 1907
5 2
Letters
July 30, 1907-September 8, 1907
5 3
Letters
September 15, 1907-November 21, 1907
5 4
Letters
November 22, 1907-January 26, 1908
5 5
Letters
March 1, 1908-June 15, 1908
5 6
Letters
June 24, 1908-August 9, 1908
5 7
Letters
August 14, 1908-October 31, 1908
5 8
Letters
November 10, 1908-February 5, 1909
5 9
Letters
February 25, 1909-June 20, 1909
5 10
Letters
August 10, 1909-December 13, 1909
5 11
Letters
June 18, 1910-April 16, 1911
5 12
Letters
April 23, 1911-October 2, 1911
5 13
Letters
October 8, 1911-December 19, 1911
5 14
Letters
December 24, 1911-March 13, 1912
5 15
Letters
March 17, 1912-May 12, 1912
5 16
Letters
May 18, 1912-October 20, 1912
5 17
Letters
October 27, 1912-February 15, 1913
5 18
Letters
February 23, 1913-May 18, 1913
6 1
Letters
May 25, 1913-August 15, 1913
6 2
Letters
August 26, 1913-November 29, 1913
6 3
Letters
December 9, 1913-March 1, 1914
6 4
Letters
March 9, 1914-May 17, 1914
6 5
Letters
May 24, 1914-August 8, 1914
6 6
Letters
August 15, 1914-November 13, 1914
6 7
Letters
November 23, 1914-February 12, 1915
6 8
Letters
February 21, 1915-June 7, 1915
6 9
Letters
June 13, 1915-September 19, 1915
6 10
Letters
October 3, 1915-January 18, 1916
6 11
Letters
January 25, 1916-April 9, 1916
6 12
Letters
April 17, 1916-June 30, 1916
6 13
Letters
July 9, 1916-September 24, 1916
7 1
Letters
October 26, 1916-December 9, 1917
7 2
Letters
December 15, 1917-June 23, 1918
7 3
Letters
June 20, 1918-February 16, 1919
7 4
Letters
February 23, 1919-June 22, 1919
7 5
Letters
June 29, 1919-August 31, 1919
7 6
Letters
September 7, 1919-December 16, 1919
7 7
Letters
January 1, 1920-April 23, 1920
7 8
Letters
May 3, 1920-July 11, 1920
7 9
Letters
July 25, 1920-October 18, 1920
7 10
Letters
October 24, 1920-December 23, 1920
7 11
Letters
January 15, 1921-May 17, 1921
7 12
Letters
May 23, 1921-April 9, 1922
7 13
Letters
April 16, 1922-October 1, 1922
7 14
Letters
October 8, 1922-January 28, 1923
7 15
Letters
February 4, 1923-May 20, 1923
8 1
Letters
June 3, 1923-October 21, 1923
8 2
Letters
October 28, 1923-December 16, 1923
8 3
Letters
January 6, 1924-March 30, 1924
8 4
Letters
April 13, 1924-June 22, 1924
8 5
Letters
June 29, 1924-September 29, 1924
8 6
Letters
October 5, 1924-January 4, 1925
8 7
Letters
January 11, 1925-April 12, 1925
8 8
Letters
April 19, 1925-June 8, 1925
8 9
Letters
June 13, 1925-July 29, 1925
8 10
Letters
August 9, 1925-November 1, 1925
8 11
Letters
November 8, 1925-February 7, 1926
8 12
Letters
February 14, 1926-April 25, 1926
8 13
Letters
May 2, 1926-July 18, 1926
8 14
Letters
July 25, 1926-November 27, 1926
8 15
Letters
December 5, 1926-February 27, 1927
8 16
Letters
March 7, 1927-June 19, 1927
8 17
Letters
June 28, 1927-October 23, 1927
9 1
Letters
October 16, 1927-December 6, 1927
9 2
Letters
December 18, 1927-March 11, 1928
9 3
Letters
March 18, 1928-June 2, 1928
9 4
Letters
June 5, 1928-November 1, 1928
9 5
Letters
November 11, 1928-April 7, 1929
9 6
Letters
April 14, 1929-June 9, 1929
9 7
Letters
June 20, 1929-July 28, 1929
9 8
Letters
August 4, 1929-December 29, 1929
9 9
Letters
January 5, 1930-May 18, 1930
9 10
Letters
May 25, 1930-November 23, 1930
9 11
Letters
November 30, 1930-April 12, 1931
9 12
Letters
May 24, 1931-September 27, 1931
9 13
Letters
October 4, 1931-March 6, 1932
9 14
Letters
March 13, 1932-July 17, 1932
9 15
Letters
July 24, 1932-November 13, 1932
9 16
Letters
November 20, 1932-March 26, 1933
9 17
Letters
April 2, 1933-November 12, 1933
9 18
Letters
December 8, 1933-April 16, 1934
9 19
Letters
April 23, 1934-May 27, 1934
Subseries B: Diaries
1873-1928
Box Folder
10 1
Diary of First Trip to Burma
October 24, 1877-December 26, 1877
10 2
Diary from Burma
December 27, 1877-September 11, 1878
10 3
Diary from Burma
January 14, 1878-November 11, 1878
10 4
Diary from Trip to Burma
November 24, 1913-January 9, 1914
10 5
Diary from Swatow and Buena Park, California
January 1, 1921-August 12, 1922
10 6
Diary from Swatow and Santa Ana, California
19240101-19281231
10 7
Edith's Baby Book
Undated
11 1
Diary of Albert Lyon's Trip to Europe, v. 1
1873
11 2
Diary of Albert Lyon's Trip to Europe, v. 2
1873
Subseries C: Biography
undated
Box Folder
11 3
Biographical Notes
11 4
Autobiography
Subseries D: Publications
undated
Box Folder
11 5
History of South China Mission (hardcover)
11 6
History of South China Mission (soft cover)
Subseries E: Scrapbook
Undated
Box Folder
12 1
Scrapbook
Subseries F: Artwork
Undated
Box Folder
13 1
Oil Painting: Hakka Boats
13 2
Oil Painting: Hakka Boats and Grove
13 3
Oil Painting: Boat
13 4
Oil Painting: Child with Butterfly
13 5
Oil Painting: Indians
13 6
Oil Painting: Chinese Fruit
13 7
Drawing: Farmhouse
13 8
Painting: Flowers

Series III:  Edith Ashmore Hensolt papers, ca. 1895-1953Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence
1881-1934
Box Folder
14 1
Letter to Zar Scott
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence
1881-1934
Box Folder
14 2
Letters from Frank Ashmore - L. Kosmopolous
October 24, 1906-December 11, 1909
14 3
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
September 16, 1910-September 7, 1911
14 4
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
May 30, 1920-August 16, 1921
14 5
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
August 16, 1922/March 30, 1924
14 6
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
July 18, 1926
14 7
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
July 10, 1927
14 8
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
March 24, 1930-September 7, 1931
14 9
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
February 2, 1940-March 12, 1941
14 10
Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous
March 16, 1941/February 6, 1953
Subseries B: Diary
1881-1934
Box Folder
14 11
Diary from Swatow to Chicago
April 28, 1895-August 1, 1895
14 12
Diary of Round-trip from Chicago to Swatow
July 6, 1906-August 26, 1907

Series IV:  William Ashmore, Sr. papers, ca. 1895-1953Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence
ca. 1850-1908
Box Folder
14 13
Letters to William, Jr.
July 19, 1879 March 16, 1908
Subseries B: Writings
Undated
Box Folder
14 14
Religious Tract, "Bring of the Fish Ye Have now Caught," and Book Inscription
14 15
Religious Treatise, "My Four Bibles"
14 16
Autobiographical Business Story, "The Ashmore Land Case"
Subseries C: Hymns
Undated
Box Folder
14 17
Pentatonic Swatow Hymnal
14 18
Pentatonic Swatow Hymnal
14 19
Hymn with translation
Subseries D: Diaries
1850-1851
Box Folder
15 1
Sea Journal of Martha Sanderson Ashmore
1850-1851
Subseries E: Artwork
Undated
Box Folder
15 2
Oil Painting of Martha Sanderson Ashmore

Series V:  Zar Scott papersReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence
June 1, 1921
Box Folder
15 3
Letter:
June 1, 1921
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence
Undated
Box Folder
15 4
Letters: Albert Scott - Harold Scott
15 5
Letters: Helen Scott - Job Scott
15 6
Letters: Job Scott
15 7
Letters: Job Scott - Wiley
Subseries A3: Miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
Box Folder
15 8
Letters Surrounding Ashmore Business Deals
Subseries B: Miscellaneous
Undated
Box Folder
15 9
Chinese Check, News Clipping, Missionary Pamphlet

Series VI:  MiscellaneousReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A1: Missionary correspondence
Undated
Box Folder
15 10
Missionary letters
Subseries A2: Frank Ashmore Letter Extracts
ca. 1912-1915
Box Folder
15 11
Biographical Notes, Letter Extracts to
April 23, 1912
15 12
Letter Extracts
April 28, 1912-June 15, 1915
Subseries A3: William and Lida Ashmore's Letter Extracts
Undated
Box Folder
15 13
Index, Letter Extracts: Animals - Buildings
15 14
Letter Extracts: Canton - Chinese
15 15
Letter Extracts: Chinese Women - Compound Care
15 16
Letter Extracts: Conferences - Country Work
15 17
Letter Extracts: Dentist - Education
15 18
Letter Extracts: Education - Family Separation
15 19
Letter Extracts: Fighting
15 20
Letter Extracts: Flowers - Gunboats
15 21
Letter Extracts: Hakka - Hong Kong
15 22
Letter Extracts: House Cleaning and Repair - Human Nature
15 23
Letter Extracts: Insects - Lida Scott Ashmore
15 24
Letter Extracts: Mail - Medical
15 25
Letter Extracts: Medical - Publication Work
15 26
Letter Extracts: Red Cross - Shanghai
15 27
Letter Extracts: Shipping and Coast Trip - Social Life, Chinese
15 28
Letter Extracts: Social Life, Missionary - Swatow City Work
15 29
Letter Extracts: Tennis - Thai Yong
16 1
Letter Extracts: Thai Yong - Trouble in Country
16 2
Letter Extracts: Transport - Weather
16 3
Letter Extracts: William Ashmore, Jr., Living Alone - Miscellaneous
Subseries B: News Clippings
Undated
Box Folder
16 4
News Clippings
16 5
News Clippings
16 6
News Clippings
16 7
News Clippings
16 8
News Clippings
16 9
News Clippings
16 10
News Clippings
16 11
News Clippings
16 12
News Clippings
16 13
News Clippings from Photo Album
Subseries C: Pamphlets
Undated
Box Folder
16 14
Pamphlets and Ads
16 15
Pamphlets
Subseries D: Ashmore Family Biography
undated
Box Folder
16 16
Biographical Notes, Pamphlet about the Ashmore Theological Seminary
16 17
Biography of William, Jr. and Sr. in Baptist Publication
Subseries E: Chinese Characters on study cards
undated
Box
16a
Chinese characters with Romanized translations for learning Chinese

Photographs (PH336) Container SummaryReturn to Top

Container(s) Description
Box
1
Tintype & daguerreotype
2
Albums
3
Prints

Series VII:  Photographs (PH336), 1887-1935Return to Top

3.0 linear feet
Ashmore family
Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A: Photo from 75th Birthday
Undated
Box Folder
Portrait of William and Lida
Subseries B: Photos from Leslie Kosmopolous
Undated
Box Box
Elias Kosmopolous
Elias Kosmopolous
Elias Kosmopolous
Subseries C: Scott Family Photos
Undated
Box Folder
Job, Helen, and Carey Scott in Japan
Job, leading a footrace in Karuizawa, Japan
Job, Carey, and Harold Scott in formal and military dress
Subseries D: William Ashmore, Sr. Family Photos
Undated
Box Folder
William Ashmore, Sr. Family
Subseries E: Loose Photos from Album
Undated
Box Folder
Lida Ashmore
17 10
William Ashmore, Jr.
17 11
Lida at Mother's Memorial
17 12
"Y" Bridge in Zanesville, Ohio
17 13
William Ashmore, Sr.
17 14
Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 15
Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 16
Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 17
May Spalding Bigelow
17 18
Fletcher Spalding
17 19
Carrie Spalding
17 20
Carrie Spalding
17 21
May Spalding Bigelow
17 22
Frank Bigelow
17 23
William Ashmore, Jr.
17 24
William Ashmore, Jr.
17 25
Ashmores in Naples
17 26
Swatow Visitors, Seminary Construction in Background
17 27
Ashmores at Missionary Conference
17 28
Ashmores, 1922
1922
17 29
Christmas Party, 1924
December 1924
17 30
Lida in Philippine garb
17 31
William, Jr. in Baguio, Philippines
17 32
Lida, Sewing in Santa Ana
17 33
Santa Ana Dining Room
17 34
Santa Ana Den
17 35
William, Jr., 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 36
Santa Ana House
17 37
The Wymans
17 38
Lida, Creek Crossing in Thai Yong
17 39
Lida in Thai Yong
17 40
Adirondacks
17 41
Swimming Pool on a Steamer
17 42
Frank Ashmore and Job Scott's Sons, Climbing Mt. Fuji
17 43
Frank Ashmore and Job Scott's Sons, Climbing Mt. Fuji
17 44
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 45
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 46
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 47
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 48
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
17 49
Lida, 1930s
ca. 1930-1939
Subseries F: Photo Album
Undated
Box
2
Ashmore Family Photo Album
Subseries G: Encased photographs
Undated
Box
17a
Daguerreotypes
Box Box
Daguerreotype of William Ashmore, Sr. and wife Martha Sanderson
Daguerreotype of William Ashmore, Sr.
17b
Tintype
Box Box
Tintype of William Ashmore, Sr.
17c
Printing plate
Printing plate of photo of Martha Sanderson (Mrs. William Ashmore)

Series VIII:  OversizeReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries A: Artwork
Undated
Box Folder
18 1
Translation for Filial Piety Stories
18 2
24 Examples of Filial Piety (Chinese Stories with Illustrations)
18 3
Water Scene (Government School Drawing)
18 4
Fruit and Bowls (Government School Drawing)
18 5
Boat and House 1 (Government School Drawing)
18 6
Plant (Government School Drawing)
18 7
Boat and House 2 (Government School Drawing)
Subseries B: Photographs
1883-1925
Box Folder
18 8
Karuizawa, Japan Photo Album
ca. 1900
18 9
Japan Photo Album
ca. 1900-1925
18 10
Siam Photo Album
ca. 1900
18 11
Edith Ashmore Hensolt
undated
2
Minneapolis Photo Album
1887-1891
Subseries C: Documents
Undated
Box Folder
20 1
William, Sr.'s Passport
20 2
William, Sr.'s Land Deed
Series IX: Artifact
Box item
21 1
Sample of Martha Sanderson's wedding dress