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Grace Sydenstricker Yaukey was born on May 12, 1899 in Chinkiang, China, the daughter of missionaries Absalom and Caroline (Stulting) Sydenstricker. She spent much of her life in China; it was not until her return to the United States in 1935 that she began writing. Her first works, short stories about China, were published in Asia magazine. Using the pen name Cornelia Spencer, Yaukey wrote more than thirty books, mostly for children, focused on the history and culture of China and other Asian countries. She also wrote on a variety of revolutions, both political and industrial, in the East and the West. She produced as well two biographies on her sister, the Nobel Prize-winning novelist Pearl. S. Buck.
Grace S. Yaukey received her B.A. from Maryville College in 1922 and her M.A. from Columbia University in 1930. She married a missionary, Jesse Baer Yaukey, and together they raised three children: Raymond, David, and Jean.
Her published works include Three Sisters (1938), China Trader (an adult novel, 1940), Elizabeth, England's Modern Queen (1941), Made in China (1943), The Exile's Daughter: A Biography of Pearl S. Buck (1944), The Land of the Chinese People (1945), Made in India (1946), The Missionary (an adult novel, 1947), Let's Read About China (1948), Japan (1948), Nehru of India (1948), Straight Furrow: The Biography of Harry S. Truman for Young People (1949), Understanding the Japanese (1949), Seven Thousand Islands: The Story of the Philippines (1951), Romulo: Voice of Freedom (1953), More Hands for Man: The Story of the Industrial Revolution (1960), The Song in the Streets: A Brief History of the French Revolution (1960), Claim to Freedom (1962), How Art and Music Speak to Us (1963), The Yangtze: China's River Highway (1963), Made in Japan (1963), Ancient China (1964), Pearl S. Buck: Revealing the Human Heart (1964), Keeping Ahead of Machines: The Human Side of the Automation Revolution (1965), China's Leaders in Ideas and Actions (1966), Sun Yat-Sen: Founder of the Chinese Republic (1967), Chiang Kai-Shek: Generalissimo of Nationalist China (1968), and Modern China, (1969).
Grace Yaukey was a member of Authors Guild, Authors League of America, Society of Women Geographers, Children's Book Guild (Washington, D.C.), and the East and West Association (Washington branch).
Grace Sydenstricker Yaukey died on May 3, 1994, of a heart attack in Sandy Spring, Maryland.
(Source: Gale Literary Databases. "Grace S(ydenstricker) Yaukey." Contemporary Authors. 2 October 2003. 22 June, 2005.)
The Grace Sydenstricker Yaukey Papers consist of manuscripts of books and articles, and correspondence with publishers. Manuscripts of books include China Trader, China's Leaders in Ideas and Actions, Claim to Freedom, Elizabeth: England's Modern Queen, Keeping Ahead of Machines, Land of the Chinese People, Made in China, Made in India, Made in Japan, The Missionary, More Hands for Man, My Several Worlds, The Song in the Streets, Straight Arrow, Three Sisters, and Understanding the Japanese. The manuscripts for articles and short stories are Akbar Padshah, Black Hour, Catholic Father Released, China, Japan, George Catlett Marshall, James Yen of China, Lands Far and Near, Message to the Japanese Women, The Messenger, On Returning to America, The Scroll Maker, and The Reds Are Coming.
A large series of correspondence includes letters exchanged between Yaukey and publishers such as the John Day Company, Alfred A. Knopf, J.B. Lippincott, Macrae-Smith Company, and Row, Peterson and Company.
The published manuscripts are comprised of Chiang Kai-Shek and Sun Yat-sen, while Exploring the Origins of Social Welfare, How Caring Began, and The Story of Prisons are unpublished. There are two miscellaneous folders, of which the first houses research correspondence, photographs, pamphlets, and news clippings for Keeping Ahead of Machines, and the second contains reviews, biographical data, and the published story Mr. Kada Discovers Democracy..
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[Identification of item], Grace Sydenstricker Yaukey Papers, Ax 498, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
|1||1||China Trader. Final manuscript|
|1||2||China Trader. Manuscript|
|1||3||China's Leaders in Ideas and Actions. Final manuscript|
|1||4||Claim to Freedom. Final manuscript|
|1||5||Claim to Freedom. Illustrations|
|1||6||Elizabeth: England's Modern Queen. Final manuscript|
|1||7||Keeping Ahead of Machines. Illustrations|
|1||8||Keeping Ahead of Machines. Final manuscript|
|1||9||Keeping Ahead of Machines. Research correspondence|
|1||10||The Land of the Chinese People. Final manuscript; revisions|
|1||11||Made in China. Final manuscript|
|1||12||Made in India. Final manuscript|
|1||13||Made in Japan. Final manuscript|
|1||14||The Missionary. Final manuscript|
|1||15||The Missionary. Manuscript|
|1||16||More Hands For Man. Final manuscript|
|1||17||My Several Worlds. Manuscript|
|2||1||The Song in the Streets. Final manuscript|
|2||2||Straight Furrow. Manuscript|
|2||3||Three Sisters. Final manuscript|
|2||4||Understanding the Japanese. Final manuscript|
|2||5||Understanding the Japanese. First draft|
|2||6||Articles and Short Stories. Manuscripts|
|2||7||China; Japan. Compton's manuscripts|
|2||8||Akbar Padshah. Manuscript|
|2||9||China; Japan; The Low Countries. Holiday House manuscripts|
|2||10||A-Z Correspondence received|
|2||11||Aladdin Books. Correspondence received|
|2||12||The John Day Company. Correspondence received|
|2||13||The Fideler Company. Correspondence received|
|2||14||Holiday House. Correspondence received|
|2||15||Alfred A. Knopf. Correspondence received|
|2||16||J.B. Lippincott. Correspondence received|
|2||17||Macrae-Smith Company. Correspondence received|
|2||18||Row, Peterson, and Company. Correspondence received|
|2||19||A-Z Correspondence sent|
|2||20||The John Day Company. Correspondence sent|
|2||21||The Fideler Company. Correspondence sent|
|2||22||Alfred A. Knopf. Correspondence sent|
|2||23||J.B. Lippincott. Correspondence sent|
|2||24||Macrae-Smith Company. Correspondence sent|
|3||1||Chiang Kai-Shek. Holograph draft|
|3||2||Chiang Kai-Shek. photographs|
|3||3||Chiang Kai-Shek. First draft. Fictionalized|
|3||4||Chiang Kai-Shek. Rough draft. Non-fictionalized|
|3||5||Chiang Kai-Shek. Second draft. Non-fictionalized. Second carbon|
|3||6||Chiang Kai-Shek. Printer's copy|
|3||7||Sun Yat-sen. Index; Illustrations|
|3||8||Sun Yat-sen. Rough draft. Holograph|
|3||9||Sun Yat-sen. First draft|
|3||10||Sun Yat-sen. Final draft. Second carbon|
|3||11||Sun Yat-sen. Printer's copy|
|3||12||Sun Yat-sen. Page proofs|
|3||13||Sun Yat-sen. Page proofs|
|3||14||Exploring the Origins of Social Welfare. Manuscript|
|3||15||How Caring Began. (Original title: Exploring the Origins of Social Welfare). Manuscript|
|3||16||The Story of Prisons. Manuscript|
|4||1||Claim to Freedom. Paste-up map|
|4||2||Claim to Freedom. Paste-up jacket design|
|4||3||More Hands for Man. Paste-up jacket design|
|4||4||Pictures of Sun Yat-sen and others|