Ferdinand Brady Photographic Postcards, circa 1907-1920  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Brady, Ferdinand
Ferdinand Brady Photographic Postcards
circa 1907-1920 (inclusive)
134 photographic postcards
Collection Number
Photographic postcards depicting scenes from the Tulalip Indian School and reservation, and images of Everett, Marysville, Langley and other Washington towns.
Museum of History & Industry, Sophie Frye Bass Library
Sophie Frye Bass Library
Museum of History & Industry
P.O. Box 80816
Seattle, WA
Telephone: 206-324-1126
Fax: 206-780-1533
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public by appointment.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Ferdinand (Ferd) Brady was born in Benton County, Oregon on March 27, 1880. In the early 1900s, Brady moved to Marysville, Washington, where he met Mr. and Mrs. Woods, a couple who ran a local photo studio. Brady learned about photography and the business from the Woods', who sold Brady their Marysville studio upon their retirement. Brady worked as a photographer in Marysville from 1907 until 1911, when he moved his studio to Everett. It was at this time that Brady was contracted by the government to photograph the Tulalip Indian Reservation near Marysville in Snohomish County.

In the 1920s, Brady and his wife moved to Anacortes, Washington. Brady worked with the photographer George W. Bower as "Bower and Brady" till 1926, when he purchased the Anacortes Photo Studio from Helen Iverson and Anna Bull. Though he moved shop locally four times, Brady maintained his photography studio in Anacortes until he sold the business upon his retirement in 1952. In the 1960s, Brady moved to the Kings Garden Nursing Home in Seattle, where he died on May 20, 1967.

Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

The Tulalip Indian School

The Tulalip Indian Boarding School opened in 1905 in a large, newly built facility on the Tulalip Indian reservation near Marysville, along the shore of Tulalip Bay. The school was filled to its capacity of 200 students within two years of opening, some recruited from reservation day schools, and others from off-reservation communities. Though education at Tulalip ended at the eighth grade level, some students continued with advanced training at Chemawa near Salem, Oregon or at other Indian schools.

The Tulalip Indian School was part of a national system of Indian education whose underlying goal was the assimilation of Indians into white American culture. Schools both on and off the reservation sought to "civilize" children by removing them from the influences of traditional life and immersing them in white ways. Students were prohibited from speaking native languages, even among themselves; it was English or nothing. The school routine was strictly regimented and the method of instruction in direct contrast to that of traditional cultures, where learning was a result of observation and practice.

In addition to eliminating the influence of traditional cultures, the government also aimed to train students to be self-supporting within their new way of life. They were taught skills which, not coincidentally, were also necessary to maintain the school, such as sewing, laundry work, carpentry and farming. Critics complained that such skills were of debatable value to the Indians and that the low level of job training virtually guaranteed long-term inequality.

In the 1920s, criticism of the Indian Schools grew; they were expensive, overcrowded, encouraged dependency rather than self-sufficiency, required too much labor from students, and had substandard teachers. In the 1930s, federal Indian policy began to shift, and Indian education began to favor courses more appropriate to the diversity of cultures. More and more Indian children nationwide attended public school and the states assumed more control over Indian education. The Tulalip Indian Boarding School closed in 1932.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The majority of the photographs on these postcards were taken on the Tulalip reservation at the Tulalip Indian School between 1910 and 1917, with most dating around 1912. Most of the remaining images depict scenes in western Washington cities such as Marysville, Everett and Langley; a few depict towns further east such as Soap Lake. These images include landscapes, street scenes and images of lumbering and other industries.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

A selection of the photographs is available in digital format by clicking on the camera icons in the inventory below.

Restrictions on Use

The Museum of History & Industry is the owner of the materials in the Sophie Frye Bass Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from MOHAI before any reproduction use. The museum does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

Ferdinand Brady Photographic Postcards, Museum of History & Industry, Seattle

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Tulalip Indian School, Tulalip Washington, 1910-1917Return to Top

These images were taken at the Tulalip Indian School on the Tulalip Indian reservation near Marysville, Washington. A few images depict reservation Indians in traditional dress but most images are of the School itself and its students. These include scenes of students working on tasks, posed in athletic uniforms, canoeing, as well as interiors and exteriors of school buildings. Some are inscribed with captions dating them between 1910 and 1917 as noted below; the majority is undated but thought to be from the same period.

Description Dates
1: Schoolgirls in uniform
3: Girls making bread
5: Sawmill interior
6: Man and two boys
8: Construction of highway bridge
10: Ten boys on a horse
12: Tulalip Band
17: Man in traditional dress
18: Woman in traditional buckskin dress
19: Young men in suits and hats
20: Laundry room
21: Women in automobile
22: Tulalip Indian couple in front of home
24: Tulalip Indians working on a log boom
28: Girls in canoe
29: Girls' dormitory
30: Girls' canoe race
1917 July 4
31: Canoe parade
33: Girls basketball team
35-37: View of school and grounds across Tulalip Bay
38: Mission Head
39: Woman in traditional dress in canoe
40: Boys in racing canoe
44, 45: Woman in traditional dress
52: Dining hall
53: Group of girls
54: Girls basketball team
55: Baseball team
56: Girls basketball team
57, 58: Girls Second Basketball Team
61: Dining hall
62: Baseball team
64: Crowd in bleachers
65: Playing Old Time Games, Treaty Day celebration
1912 January 22
1912 January 22
67: Boys and horses by wood pile
68: House boys with pails
69: Staff group
70: Indian man in automobile
71: School grounds
72: Boy with milk cow
73: Boys near barn
75, 78, 80: Two boys swimming in bay
76: Boys swimming
79: Boys loading dirt into wheelbarrows
81: Students on lawn
82: Group of men
84: Group of young boys with William Shelton
87: Catholic Church
88: School office building
"Tulalip's oldest building"
89: Agent's home
90: Young women in buckskin dresses with face paint
91, 92: Boys' dormitory
93: Hospital building
94: Laundry building
95: Tulalip dock with wooden boathouse
96: Club house, Tulalip Club
97: Bandstand
98: Shop
99: Athletic field
100: Sewing room
101: Girl in traditional dress
113: Superintendent Charles Buchanan and staff
117: Tulalip Bay
119: Tulalip Head

Other Washington State , undatedReturn to Top

Description Dates
15, 46-50: Indian crafts on display at fair
51: Orchestra at Island County Fair in Langley
77, 105: Men with pile driver
103: Men and equipment, possibly for road building
106, 107: Lumber camp, men with steam donkey
108: Steamship in harbor
109: Children with cakes
111, 112: Commercial street, possibly Marysville
114: Engine hauling logs, M & N Railroad
115: Battleship Oregon, Everett
116: Creosote Works, Lowell
118: Part of 12000 Cords of wood, E.P. & P. Company woodyard
120: Band "The Hottest Coon in Dixie"
121: Parade, possibly Marysville
122: Marysville School auto, Shoultes route
123: Thomas Sanitarium, Soap Lake
124: Parade, probably Everett
125: Providence Hospital, Everett
126: 7th Street School, Marysville
127: Road to Index
Copy of Oliver Van Olinda photo
128: Town with mountain
129: Commercial street, Ephrata
130: Breakers on Soap Lake. Photo by Young
131: School house, Langley
132: Wharf, Langley
133: Newell's Trout Hatchery, Langley
134: Mount Index, Index

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Canoe racing--Washington (State)--Tulalip Indian Reservation--Photographs
  • Gambling--Washington (State)--Tulalip Indian Reservation--Photographs
  • Indians of North America--Northwest, Pacific--Arts & crafts--Photographs
  • Indians of North America--Washington (State)--Tulalip Indian Reservation--Clothing & dress--Photographs
  • Lumber camps--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Students--Washington (State)--Tulalip Indian Reservation--Photographs
  • Tulalip Indian Reservation (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Tulalip Indian School (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Everett (Wash.)
  • Index (Wash.)
  • Langley (Wash.)
  • Marysville (Wash.)
  • Soap Lake (Wash.)
  • Tulalip Indian Reservation (Wash.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic postcards