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Annie Abel-Henderson Papers, 1860-1939

Overview of the Collection

Abel-Henderson, Annie Heloise
Annie Abel-Henderson Papers
1860-1939 (inclusive)
17 containers., (8 linear feet of shelf space.)
Collection Number
Cage 246
Notes, books, letters, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, and printed material collected by Dr. Abel-Henderson re: native (Indian) policies of various English speaking countries; American history; Russian history; woman's sufferage. Concerned primarily with the 19th century.
Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections.
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Terrell Library Suite 12
Pullman WA
Telephone: 509-335-6691
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

[From The Record: Friends of the Library, State College of Washington (Pullman, Washington), January 1948, pp. 6-7.]

"Doctor Annie Heloise Abel Henderson [1873-1947] was undoubtedly one of the ablest women historians of her day. Honors came to her early in her career, for her doctoral dissertation on "The History of Events, Resulting in Indian Consolidation West of the Mississippi" won her the coveted Justin Winsor prize bestowed upon her by the American Historical Association in 1906.

Throughout her scholarly career native policies of the British and American governments constituted her chief but not sole interest. The Slave Holding Indians, a large three-volume tome, was published during the ten-year period 1915-1925 and is considered by most historians as her crowning achievement. One of her most interesting assignments she set for herself, however, was to track down the journal of Pierre Antoine Tabeau. In her pursuit of this treasure, she revealed all of the patience, astuteness, and penetrating powers of deduction expected only of a Sherlock Holmes or G-man. On one occasion a class in Pacific Northwest history had the good fortune to hear her tell her experiences on the trail of this significant document. Several students were so interested that they requested the opportunity to meet her later and get more of her stories about these treasure hunts. Inclined to be somewhat formal in her public appearances, she was definitely at her best in a small circle of kindred spirits.

Retirement from teaching did not stop her researches and professional work. Her book reviews were models of critical analysis. She made it a practice to trace to the original sources all statements of facts used by an author to form a conclusion. Frequently her critiques were more painstaking than those made by the author. She continued to ferret out hidden documents and manuscripts. During the last months of her life, she was working on two papers. One of these was on the subjects of "British Native Policy and the Colonization of South Australia"; the other has the title "Removal, a One-Time Phase of Canadian Indian Policy." Both the unfinished manuscripts and the transcribed copies of the source materials were sent to the State College. They will be completed and edited by members of the staff of the Department of History and sent to the proper scholarly journals for publication.

Doctor Henderson gave the State College autographed presentation copies of each of the books she published. She also made the College the beneficiary of most of her working library. Her scholarship was proof that these books were subject to continued use; the fine condition of the books attest to the great respect this scholar had for the printed page.

Although a scholar first and foremost, Doctor Henderson was an ardent protagonist of closer understanding between English speaking peoples. Her acquaintance was not merely with British and Yankee, but she knew the peoples of all of the countries which make up the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations. She shared with others the conviction that closer ties between those who upheld the Anglo Saxon traditions of liberty and freedom could well lead to their realization by all peoples of the world."

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Annie Abel-Henderson Papers consist of notes, letters, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, and printed material relating to her scholarship on native (Indian) policies of various English-speaking countries ( Canada, Great Britain, Britain in the South Seas, and the U.S.) and other historical subjects, including Australia, New Zealand, American History, Russian History, and woman's suffrage. The time-span is chiefly the nineteenth century.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

[Item Description]. Cage 246, Guide to the Annie Abel-Henderson Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

MiscellaneousReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 / 1
Correspondence with Dr. Annie H. Abel-Henderson and Miscellaneous Judge W. H. Abel re: the acquisition of the Abel Henderson collection by Washington State University. (Provides a good summary and scope of the collection)
1 / 2
Reviewed and republished articles by Annie H. Abel Henderson.
1 / 3
Correspondence re: Honor System carried on by Dr. Abel-Henderson as head of the Honors Committee at Smith College
1 / 4
New England and New Zealand and the High Water Mark of British Colonization.''
1 / 5
Lectures re: American relations with Britain and British colonies; Western attitudes toward formation of Choctaw Indian state.
1 / 6
Letters from Roger Casement to Foxbourne, Old Calabar, West Africa.
1 / 7
Newspaper clippings on British and American Suffragists.

Material re: British Native PolicyReturn to Top

Container(s) Description
2 / 8
Secretaries and Under-Secretaries of State (Permanent and Parliamentary) for the Colonies (list).
2 / 9
Newspaper clippings re: England, Ireland, and Scotland.
2 / 10
Notes re: British Native Policy in the nineteenth century.
2 / 11
Notes re: British Native Policy in the nineteenth century.
3 / 12
Notes on English and Australian History.
3 / 13
Notes taken from the Hodgkin Papers re: British native policy.

British Native Policy in the South SeasReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
4 / 14
British Native Policy and the Colonization of South Australia, (mss).
4 / 15
Newspaper clippings on Australian Aborigines.
4 / 16
Personal letters re: Australian Aborigines and the formation of a model Aboriginal state in Australia.
4 / 17
Official documents regarding missions to the New South Wales Aborigines.
4 / 18
Transcript of John Barton Hack Journal and Autobiographical Sketches.
4 / 19
Australasia: A Brief Account of its History, Its Present Condition and Its Prospects, (mss.)
4 / 20
Notes of South Australia's policies taken from the of the South Australian Branch of the Royal Geographical Society.
5 / 21
New Zealand- The Young Dominion, (mss.)
5 / 22
Notes taken on settlement of New South Wales in Library of Early Settlers' Association of Otago.
5 / 23
Notes and correspondence taken from the Public Records Office re: South Australia Colonisation Commission.
5 / 24
South Australia, 1840-. (mss.)
5 / 25
Lectures re: British colonisation policy in South Pacific.
5 / 26
Newspaper clipping re: Australia and New Zealand.
5 / 27
Notes re: Maritime Provinces; Circumstances conditioning the Annexation of Fiji; A.P.S. Second Report; The Patriot,; British Native Policy.
5 / 28
Notes re: Glenelg, Normanby, Russell; Sir 1'.E. de Strzelicki; Physical Description of New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land.
6 / 29
Notes re: J.B. Clench Letter Book.
6 / 29
Notes re: Chesley Letter Book; Miscellaneous, Thunder Bay, etc.
6 / 30
London Missionary Society- Australia.
6 / 30
London Missionary Society- New South Wales.
6 / 31
Notes re: Indian Affairs; South Sea Sea Islands; Items about natives of Port Lincoln- report from Robert Todd to Gov. Cawler; Presents distributed at Amherstburg; Bigsby Shoe and Canoe I: 273-275.
7 / 32 - 37
Notebooks re: British native policy.
7 / 38 - 46
Notebooks re: Australian and New Zealand history.
Note: Item 38 missing as of 5/5/2004.

Canadian Indian PolicyReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
8 / 47
Copies of reports from the Canadian Commission of Indian Affairs re: Canadian Indians.
8 / 48
Canadian Indians, by the Dept. of Indian Affairs.
8 / 49
Map of townships in Mifsifsaqua Indian reservation.
8 / 50
Photostats of Canadian Indian Records.
8 / 51
One of the Makers of Canada, a review of Narcisse E. Dionne's biography of Samuel De Champlain.
8 / 52
Removal, a One-Time Phase of the Canadian Indian Policy, (mss.)
8 / 53
Notes taken at Dominion Archives, Ottawa in preparation for Removal, a One-Time Phase of Canadian Indian Policy.
9 / 54
Notes on Canadian Indian Policy.
9 / 55
Notes from the Darling Letter Book, Napier Letter Book, and the Geo. Ironside Letter Book.
9 / 56
Notes re: Indian Affairs- Montreal office; United States Indian Policy vs. Canadian Indian policy.
10 / 57
Newspaper clippings re: Canadian politics.
10 / 58
Notes re: Indian Dept. Letter Books; Indians of Canada; Sam. P. Jarvis to C.F. Murdoch.
10 / 59
Montauk Indians of Long Island (mss.)
10 / 60
Notes from U.S. Indian office re: Pacific Northwest Indians.
10 / 61
Notes from the records of the Office of Indian Affairs re: U.S.- Indian relations in the 1860s. Deals with the organization of territory.

United States Indian PolicyReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
11 / 62
Notes on George Champlin Sibley, Indian Factor at Fort Osage.
11 / 63
Pamphlets, notes and articles re: American Indian affairs.
12 / 65
Photostat copies of (U.S. Indian agent Cass Letter Books. (Remarks of Ramsey Crooks to Gov. L. Cass.)
12 / 66
Notes on Stubb's charters and documents. ; The Curia Regis in Relation to the Parliament and the law courts (chart); Map Showing Fort McCullough.
12 / 67
Notes re: Indians in Kansas.
12 / 68
To the President of the United States from the Delaware Indians
January 14, l904
12 / 69
The Policy of the Spanish government Toward the Indians, (mss.)
12 / 70
Notes re: the Delaware Indians in the American Revolution.
12 / 71
Notes re: Iowa Land Grants, Roleffe road.
12 / 72
Notes from Geo. C. Sibley Papers.
12 / 73
Newspaper clippings re: Indians.
12 / 74
Newspaper clipping re: Indians of the Pacific Northwest.
12 / 75
Notes on U.S. Indian Policy.
13 / 76 - 77
Notes on American History.
14 / 78
Notes on American History.
14 / 79
A Protestant Missionary Bishop: Rt. Rev. Geo. K. Dunlop, S.T.D. Bishop of New Mexico and Arizona. (journal article).
14 / 80
Newspaper clippings re: Custer; Audubon.
14 / 81
Clippings, reprints, etc. re: U.S. History; Slavery; Philippines; the Treaty of Ghent.
14 / 82
Newspaper clippings re: Jason Lee.
15 / 83
Notes from a Constitutional History course under Geo. Burton Adams.
15 / 84
Notes from an American Colonial History course under Dr. E. G. Boure.
15 / 85
Notes from an American National History course under Dr. E. G. Boure.
15 / 86
Notes on the Russian Revolution.
16 / 87 - 88
Notes on the Russian Revolution.
17 / 89 - 90
Transcripts, Calif. Files, U.S. Indian Affairs.
17 / 91 - 92
Transcripts, Calif. Files, U.S. Indian Affairs.
17 / 93 - 94
Transcripts, Calif. Files, U.S. Indian Affairs.
17 / 93 - 94
Transcripts, Calif. Files, U.S. Indian Affairs, notes.