K. Ross Toole Papers, 1867-1992 (bulk 1961-1981)  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Toole, K. Ross (Kenneth Ross) 1920-1981
Title
K. Ross Toole Papers
Dates
1867-1992 (bulk 1961-1981) (inclusive)
Quantity
16 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 717
Summary
K. Ross (Kenneth Ross) Toole was a well-known historian of Montana and the American West. This collection largely contains correspondence, research materials and writings, and faculty materials from 1961, when he was named the A.B. Hammond Professor of Western History at the University of Montana in Missoula, to his death in 1981.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English, French, German, Spanish


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Kenneth Ross Toole was born August 8, 1920 in Missoula, Montana. After serving in the Navy during World War II, Toole received a B.A. in History in 1946 and M.A. in History, American West, in 1948, both from the University of Montana – Missoula (then called Montana State University – Missoula). He finished his Ph.D. in History, American West, from the University of California – Los Angeles in 1955. He taught at the University of Montana as the A.B. Hammond Professor of Western History from 1965 until his death in 1981.

Toole served as the first Director of the Montana State Historical Society in Helena (1951-1958), Director of the Museum of the City of New York (1958-1960), and Director of the Museums of New Mexico in Santa Fe (1960-1963). He was also the President of K-J Ranches near Red Lodge, Montana, from 1950-1965. Toole was a fourth-generation Montanan whose relatives had always been heavily involved in Montana’s business, politics, and academia. His older brother, John Toole, served as Mayor of Missoula and held various other political offices.

K. Ross Toole was a prolific writer and one of the foremost historians of Montana. His books included Montana: An Uncommon Land (1959), The Time Has Come (1971), Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes (1972), and The Rape of the Great Plains: Northwest America, Cattle, and Coal (1976). His many articles and frequent speeches addressed a variety of historical and contemporary topics. One article in particular, “The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats,” started as a letter to his brother John concerning student activism and the “generation gap.” It became a world-wide publishing sensation after the Billings Gazette and, later, Readers Digest, U.S. News and World Report, and a multitude of other periodicals in the U.S. and abroad reprinted it under various titles. Toole received thousands of letters in response and a book deal that led to The Time Has Come.

At the University of Montana, Toole taught and advised graduate students in the History Department and taught one undergraduate history course every year called “Montana and the West.” The course attracted over 1000 students annually in Toole’s last years at the University. Toole also served on numerous University committees and worked to establish and gather materials for a working historical archives on campus.

K. Ross Toole married Barbara Jean McCullough in 1945. They had one son, Kenneth Ross Toole, Jr., born in 1955. In 1960 Toole and Barbara Jean divorced. That same year he married Joan Trimble. They had two children: Dana (born 1960) and David (born 1962). Joan also had four children from her previous marriage to John Marchi: Jon (born 1946), Jael (born 1948), Charis (born 1950) and Peter (born 1951). Kenneth Ross Toole died of cancer on August 13, 1981.

The Archives in the Mansfield Library at the University of Montana was officially dedicated as the K. Ross Toole Archives on November 4, 1983.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection contains both personal and academic correspondence from Toole’s years at the University of Montana, including seven boxes of letters responding to his article “The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats.” Drafts and publishing materials from his books written after 1965 are also included. There is one copy of his doctoral thesis on the Anaconda Copper Mining Company. Additional materials concern the University of Montana Graduate School, Department of History, Faculty Senate, and other administrative divisions. Lecture notes and other papers from Toole’s courses are included, as well as his speeches and addresses from various events. There are also some materials from Toole’s work outside the University, such as with the Northern Rockies Foundation, the Conrad-Campbell Historic Mansion, and Montana’s 1972 Constitutional Convention. Finally, there are various research materials and subject files used in his teaching and writing on Montana history, the environment, conservation, higher education, prose writing, campus violence, and the “generation gap.”

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Non-exclusive copyright transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], K. Ross Toole Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Correspondence, 1961-1982Return to Top

5.5 linear feet

This series consists of two subseries. Subseries 1, General Correspondence, is arranged chronologically and includes wide range of correspondence, personal and professional, covering Toole’s time at the University of Montana. Note: Former Archivist Dale Johnson, who worked with and studied under Toole, indicates that Toole often would write letters without ever sending them, just to get his thoughts down on paper. Subseries 2 is Responses to “Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats.” Toole’s original arrangement and categorization of this correspondence has been preserved. Letters were organized by their origin or by their argument. Some letters in Subseries 1, General Correspondence, also relate to the article, but were not separated by Toole from other correspondence.

Correspondence with students and correspondence that contains student evaluations are currently restricted.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: General Correspondence
2.0 linear feet
1961-1982
Box/Folder
1/1
Correspondence
1961 and 1965-1966
1/2
Correspondence
1966
1/3
Correspondence
1967
1/4
Correspondence
1968
1/5
Correspondence
1969
1/6
Correspondence
1970
2/1
Correspondence
1971
2/2
Correspondence
1972
2/3
Correspondence
1973
2/4
Correspondence
1974
3/1-2
Correspondence
1975
3/3-4
Correspondence
1976
3/5-6
Correspondence
1977
4/1
Correspondence
1978
4/2
Correspondence
1979
4/3
Correspondence
1980
4/4
Correspondence
1981-1982
4/5-6
Correspondence
undated
32/1
Correspondence with students *RESTRICTED*
1965-1981 and undated
32/2
Letter of Recommendation, Faculty *RESTRICTED*
1969-1980 and undated
32/3
Letters of Recommendation, Students *RESTRICTED*
1966-1980 and undated
Subseries 2: Responses to “Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats.”
3.5 linear feet
1970
Box/Folder
5/1
Alabama 1970
5/2
Alaska 1970
5/3
Arkansas 1970
5/4
Arizona 1970
5/5-11
California 1970
6/1
Colorado 1970
6/2
Connecticut 1970
6/3
Delaware 1970
6/4-5
Florida 1970
6/6
Georgia 1970
6/7
Hawaii 1970
6/8
Idaho 1970
6/9-10
Illinois 1970
6/11
Indiana 1970
6/12
Iowa 1970
6/13
Kansas 1970
7/1
Kentucky 1970
7/2
Louisiana 1970
7/3
Maine 1970
7/4
Maryland 1970
7/5
Massachusetts 1970
7/6
Michigan 1970
7/7
Minnesota 1970
7/8
Mississippi 1970
7/9
Missouri 1970
7/10-11
Montana 1970
7/12
Nebraska 1970
8/1
Nevada 1970
8/2
New Hampshire 1970
8/3
New Jersey 1970
8/4
New Mexico 1970
8/5-9
New York 1970
8/10
North Carolina 1970
8/11
North Dakota 1970
9/1-2
Ohio 1970
9/3
Oklahoma 1970
9/4
Oregon 1970
9/5-7
Pennsylvania 1970
9/8
Rhode Island 1970
9/9
South Carolina 1970
9/10
South Dakota 1970
9/11
Tennessee 1970
9/12
Texas 1970
10/1
Utah 1970
10/2
Vermont 1970
10/3
Virginia 1970
10/4-5
Washington 1970
10/6
Washington, D. C. 1970
10/7
West Virginia 1970
10/8
Wisconsin 1970
10/9
Wyoming 1970
10/10
Military Overseas 1970
10/11
Canada 1970
10/12
Foreign 1970
10/13
No Address 1970
10/14
Invitations 1970
10/15
Hofstadler's Paranoid Right 1970
10/16
Articulate "Pro" or Reps. of different arguments 1970
10/17
Articulate "Con" 1970
10/18
Articulate "Con" or unusual arguments 1970
10/19-21
Con 1970
10/22
Strange 1970
11/1-3
Unsorted 1970

Series II:  Speeches and Writings, 1954-1989Return to Top

2.75 linear feet

This series consists of two subseries. Subseries 1, Short Works, is arranged by topic and includes articles, speeches, book reviews, and prefaces written by Toole, as well as essays on his family history. Subseries 2, Books, is arranged chronologically and includes his doctoral dissertation, the manuscript of an untitled novel, and drafts of several books Toole published while at the University of Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Short Works
0.75 linear feet
1957-1989
Box/Folder
12/1
Articles/Speeches - Campus Unrest, Academic Freedom
1966-1970 and undated
12/2
Articles/Speeches - Conservation and Environment
1970-1979 and undated
12/3
Articles/Speeches - Education
1961-1975 and undated
12/4
Articles/Speeches - History, Museums
1956-1989
12/5
Articles/Speeches - History, Museums
1976 and undated
12/6
Articles/Speeches - Legislative and Political
1972-1983 and undated
13/1
Articles/Speeches - Miscellaneous
1966-1979 and undated
13/2
Articles/Speeches - Montana and Region
1957-1980
13/3
Articles/Speeches - Montana and Region
undated
13/4
Articles/Speeches - University of Montana
1968-1978
13/5
Book Reviews
1966-1976 and undated
13/6
Forewords and Prefaces for Other Authors
1973-1980 and undated
13/7
Toole Family Histories
undated
Subseries 2: Books
2.0 linear feet
1954-1978
Box/Folder
14/1
A History of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company: A Study in the Relationships Between a State and Its People and a Corporation: 1880-1950. (Ph.D. Dissertation, UCLA)
1954
14/2
The Time Has Come Drafts: Introduction, Chapters 1-4
1971
14/3
The Time Has Come Drafts: Chapters 5-9, Bibliography
1971
14/4
The Time Has Come Annotated Draft
1971
14/5
The Time Has Come Annotated Printer's Proof
1971
15/1
The Time Has Come Annotated Galley Prints
1971
15/2
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Introduction
1972
15/3
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 1-2
1972
15/4
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 3-4
1972
15/5
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 5-6
1972
15/6
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 7-8
1972
15/7
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 9-10
1972
15/8
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Drafts: Chapters 11-12
1972
16/1
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Annotated Draft
1972
16/2
Twentieth-Century Montana: A State of Extremes Photo Prints and Captions
1972
16/3
The Rape of the Great Plains: Northwest America, Cattle and Coal Drafts: Outlines, Intro.
1976
16/4
The Rape of the Great Plains... Drafts: Chapters 1-3
1976
16/5
The Rape of the Great Plains... Drafts: Chapters 4-6
1976
16/6
The Rape of the Great Plains... Drafts: Chapters 7-9
1976
16/7
The Rape of the Great Plains... Drafts: Chapters 10, 12-13
1976
16/8
The Rape of the Great Plains... Drafts: Other Chapters
1976
17/1
The Rape of the Great Plains... Partial Draft of Chapters 1-8, correspondence with publisher
1976
17/2
The Rape of the Great Plains... Draft of Chapter 12, correspondence with publisher
1976
17/3
The Rape of the Great Plains... Annotated Draft: Introduction, Chapters 1-5
1976
17/4
The Rape of the Great Plain... Annotated Draft, Chapters 6-14, Bibliography and Index
1976
17/5
The Rape of the Great Plains... Master Galley Print
1976
18/1
Montana: Images of the Past Chapter Drafts, Correspondence with co-author William Farr
1978
18/2
Montana: Images of the Past Complete Draft
1978
18/3-5
Untitled Novel Manuscript
undated

Series III:  University of Montana, 1962-1981Return to Top

2.5 linear feet

This series has been divided into two subseries. Subseries 1, Administrative, includes meeting minutes, various reports, and other materials from the Faculty Senate and committees, the History Department, the Graduate School, and the Library. Toole’s organization has been preserved where possible, but much of the correspondence originally with these materials was integrated into Series I, Correspondence. Subseries 2, Classes, includes mostly lecture notes, exams, and course evaluations from Toole's popular course History 367: Montana and the West. Some materials from other courses are also included.

Student coursework and evaluations are currently restricted.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Administrative
1.25 linear feet
1948-1981
Box/Folder
18/6
Ad Hoc Committee on English Composition
1968-1969
19/1-2
Budget and Policy Committee
1969-1971
19/3
Center for Natural Resources
1968-1969
19/4
Committee on University Research
1964-1968
19/5
Consortium - Indian Community Action Program
1968-1969
19/6
Faculty Senate
1970-1973
19/7
Graduate Council (1 of 2)
1966-1969 and undated
20/1
Graduate Council (2 of 2)
1966-1968 and undated
20/2
Hammond Committee
1975-1981
20/3
Hammond Professorship
1962-1980
20/4
History Department
1966-1978 and undated
20/5
K. Ross Toole (Personnel File)
1966-1980
21/1
Library and Archives
1948-1979 and undated
21/2
Miscellaneous University of Montana Administrative Materials
1965-1980 and undated
21/3
Research Advisory Council - Norman Taylor
1969
21/4
Response to Legislative Audit
1970
21/5
Travel, Leave, and Expenses
1966-1980 and undated
Subseries 2: Classes
1.25 linear feet
1971-1981
Box/Folder
21/6
History 367 Course Evaluations
1971
21/7
History 367 Exams and Keys
1971-1978 and undated
21/8-9
History 367 Lecture Notes
undated
22/1
History 367 Subscription Lecture Notes
1978-1980
22/2
History 598 Seminar Materials
undated
22/3
Miscellaneous Class Materials
1972-1980 and undated
22/4
Montana History Newspaper Course
1975
32/4
Student Evaluations and Advising *RESTRICTED*
1965-1981 and undated
32/5
Student Work *RESTRICTED*
1966-1969
32/6
Student Work *RESTRICTED*
1970-1973
33/1
Student Work *RESTRICTED*
1973
33/2
Student Work *RESTRICTED*
1974-1980
33/3
Student Work *RESTRICTED*
Undated

Series IV:  External Business, 1954-1992Return to Top

0.5 linear feet

This series is arranged by organization or project and includes materials related to Toole’s consulting and various projects outside of the University of Montana, including a conservation plan for his ranch near Luther, Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
22/5
American Indian Hall of Fame
1978
22/6
Conrad Mansion Historic Site
1968-1977 and undated
22/7
Great Plains Cultural History (Television Course, University of Nebraska - Lincoln)
1974
22/8
Great Plains Cultural History - Critiques
1974
22/9
Great Plains Cultural History - Unit 2
1974
22/10
Great Plains Cultural History - Unit 4
1974
22/11
Great Plains Cultural History - Unit 5
1974
23/1
History - Public School Requirements
1975-1976
23/2
Miscellaneous External Business
1954-1978 and undated
23/3
Montana Constitutional Convention
1971-1972
23/4
Northern Rockies Foundation
1976
23/5
USDA Soil Conservation Plan - Carbon County, Montana
1957-1964, 1992

Series V:  Research and Clippings, 1867-1981Return to Top

3.5 linear feet

This series is arranged topically and includes primary- and secondary-source materials related to Montana and the region, particularly regarding coal-mining and other topics of conservation and pollution. Also included are materials on Montana history and clippings related to Toole's “The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats” article, campus violence, and “the generation gap.”

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
23/6
Articles - Culture, History, and Writing
1953-1970 and undated
23/7
Articles - Miscellaneous
1974 and undated
24/1-2
Articles - Montana History
1958-1973 and undated
24/3
Air and Water Pollution in Montana
1969
24/4
Bibliography Cards (1 of 2)
Undated
25/1
Bibliography Cards (2 of 2)
Undated
26/1-3
Coal and Montana
1973-1974 and undated
26/4
Coal and North Dakota
1973-1976 and undated
26/5
Environment and Conservation
1936-1981 and undated
26/6
Environmental Quality Council
1972-1973
27/1
Montana, 1900-1910
1968
27/2
Montana Banks and the Federal reserve
1921-1967 and undated
27/3
Montana Statistics
1974-1975 and undated
27/4
Montana and Western Maps and Mapmaking
1922-1945 and undated
27/5
Miscellaneous Bibliographies and Archival Research
1949-1975 and undated
27/6
Miscellaneous Research Notes and Primary Documents
1867-1918 and undated
28/1-2
Northern Cheyenne Petition on Coal Leases
1974
28/3
Northern Cheyenne Petition - Related Materials
1969-1979
29/1-3
Clippings - Campus Unrest, Generation Gap
1968-1972 and undated
30/1
Clippings - Education, Montana
1966-1971 and undated
30/2
Clippings - K. Ross Toole
1970-1981 and undated
30/3-5
Clippings - "The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats"
February - May 1970
31/1
Clippings - "The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats"
June - October 1970 and undated
31/2-3
Clippings - "The Tyranny of the Spoiled Brats" Responses
February - December 1970 and undated
31/4
Clippings - Toole's Response to Letters
May 1970 and undated

Series VI:  Biographical and Ephemera, 1949-1985Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

This series includes memorials and obituaries, a few photos and postcards, materials from Toole’s study at UCLA, curricula vitae, and publication lists.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
31/5
Curricula Vitae and Publication Lists
1970-1980
31/6
Ephemera
1949-1977 and undated
31/7
Obituaries and Memorials
1981-1985

Series VIII:  Audio Recording, 1975Return to Top

1 audio cassette

This series includes a single audio recording produced by K. Ross Toole of taped testimony on House Bill 656. Toole recorded his testimony voicing his concerns about funding for the University of Montana and sent it to the Montana State Legislature.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
34
OH 176: K. Ross Toole Taped Testimony
1975

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Campus violence--United States
  • Conflict of generations--United States
  • Conservation of natural resources
  • Constitutional conventions--Montana
  • Education, Higher
  • Historic buildings--Montana--Kalispell
  • Personal Names :
  • Conrad family--Homes and haunts--Montana--Kalispell
  • Toole, K. Ross (Kenneth Ross), 1920-1981--Archives
  • Toole, K. Ross (Kenneth Ross), 1920-1981--The tyranny of the spoiled brats
  • Corporate Names :
  • Montana. Constitutional Convention (1971-1972)
  • Anaconda Copper Mining Company
  • Conrad-Campbell Historic Mansion (Kalispell, Mont.)
  • Northern Rockies Foundation
  • University of Montana (Missoula, Mont.). Dept. of History
  • University of Montana (Missoula, Mont.)--Administration
  • University of Montana (Missoula, Mont.)--Faculty
  • Geographical Names :
  • Kalispell (Mont.)--Buildings, structures, etc
  • Montana--History--Study and teaching
  • Montana--Politics and government--20th century
  • Occupations :
  • College teachers--Montana--Missoula
  • History teachers--Montana--Missoula
  • Titles within the Collection :
  • The Time has Come