University of Oregon Office of the Dean of Personnel Administration. National Japanese American Student Relocation Council records, 1942-1946  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
University of Oregon. Office of the Dean of Personnel Administration
Title
University of Oregon Office of the Dean of Personnel Administration. National Japanese American Student Relocation Council records
Dates
1942-1946 (inclusive)
Quantity
1 linear feet, (2 containers)
Collection Number
UA 009
Summary
The National Japanese American Student Relocation Council was created by university administrators as a means of relocating Japanese American college students to other universities and colleges away from the West coast during World War II, and to prevent these students from being interned in government-run internment camps. At the University of Oregon, Karl Onthank, Dean of Personnel Administration, represented the University in relocating UO Japanese American students. The collection includes correspondence, newsletters, speeches, minutes of meetings, and ephemera.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections & University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

In the winter of 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order No. 9066 authorizing the evacuation of Japanese Americans living on the West Coast into internment camps. In response, college administrators, religious leaders, and some Japanese American community leaders banded together to form a student relocation council, which was funded by the national YMCA-YWCA and organized in Berkeley, California, in March 1942. This was the beginning of a concerted effort to relocate Japanese American students enrolled in West Coast colleges and universities to other colleges and universities in the Midwest and East so that they could continue their studies and avoid internment.

The council was formalized into the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council in Chicago on May 29, 1942. Regional offices were set up in Philadelphia, Seattle, Portland, Berkeley, and Los Angeles; less than a year later, the offices were consolidated in Philadelphia. As a non-government organization, the NJASRC was staffed largely by volunteers and funded by private donations, churches, and colleges and universities. The Quaker American Friends Service Committee managed the organization.

With the help of college administrators, such as Karl Onthank at the University of Oregon, students were able to navigate huge bureaucratic obstacles in order to leave internment camps and enroll in college. In addition to obtaining student clearances from the War Relocation Authority and the FBI, college administrators managed scholarship funds; helped students choose and apply to schools; made sure that the Japanese American students would be socially accepted at the selected college and in the surrounding community; and, monitored students' progress and well-being. From 1942 through 1945, approximately 5,522 Japanese American students were enrolled in over 529 colleges and universities in the Midwest and on the East Coast.

The NJASRC appears to have had two major goals. The first was to help Japanese American students attend college during the war; and the second was to counter anti-Japanese sentiment among Americans by producing a group of model citizens who would then dispel the negative wartime image of Japanese Americans.

At the University of Oregon, Karl Onthank, then Dean of Personnel Administration, initiated and managed the effort to relocate UO Japanese American students. Onthank was an alumnus of the University of Oregon (1913) who joined the University of Oregon staff in 1916 as Executive Secretary to President Prince Lucien Campbell. In 1930 Onthank was named Dean of Personnel Administration for the university; in this position he managed the effort to relocate University of Oregon Japanese American students. In 1948 he became Associate Dean of Students in charge of job placement, a position he held until his retirement in 1957.

In the fall of 1941, 22 Japanese American students (and one Japanese student) were enrolled, though by the spring of 1942, several of these students had withdrawn. Of those 22 Japanese American students, 13 were from Portland, 2 from Hood River, 1 from Hillsboro, 1 from Troutdale, 1 from Astoria, 1 from Cornelius, 1 from Baker, and 2 were from Sacramento, California.

Onthank described the Japanese American students at the University of Oregon as "keen, alert young men and women headed toward professional or important business activities." The records demonstrate that he worked diligently to help these students.

The researcher should note that the bulk of the National Japanese Student Relocation Council Records produced by the NJSRC itself are housed at the Hoover Institution Library and Archives at Stanford University. A preliminary finding aid is available at: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf2m3n98nk

Sources:

Nisei Student Relocation Commemorative Fund, Inc. http://www.nsrcfund.org/

Ito, Leslie A. "Japanese American Women and the Student Relocation Movement, 1942-1945," Frontiers, 2000.

Karl Onthank to Genevieve Turnipseed and others, April 30, 1942, University of Oregon. Dean of Personnel. National Japanese American Student Relocation Records, UA 9, Box 1, folder 5.

Karl Onthank to Marian Reith, National Student Secretary YWCA, March 17, 1942. University of Oregon. Dean of Personnel Administration. National Japanese American Student Relocation Records, UA 9, Box 1, folder 1.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection includes correspondence, newsletters, questionnaires, speeches, minutes of meetings, and other materials relating to the work of the NJASRC and particularly University of Oregon Japanese American students.

The records are arranged chronologically and have been kept in their original order. Thus, correspondence, meeting minutes, questionnaires, newsletters and other documents are all interfiled.

For preservation reasons, the entire collection was photocopied and a second set of documents is included. These copies are stored in box two.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

Collection is available online in the University of Oregon Libraries' Digital Collections, https://oregondigital.org/sets/jasr

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish or from collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], University of Oregon. Office of the Dean of Personnel Administration. National Japanese American Relocation Council Records, UA 009, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Alternative Forms Available

Selected items are available online in the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council records, 1942-1946 in Oregon Digital.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Circulars, correspondence, questionnaire, March 1, 1942–March 19, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence, notes, receipts, March 20, 1942–March 26, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence, receipts, news bulletin, March 28, 1942–March 31, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 3

Correspondence, April 2, 1942–April 14, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 4

Questionnaires, correspondence, April 15, 1942–April 30, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 5

Documentation of school policies, correspondence, Spring 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 6

Correspondence, reports, news bulletin, May 1, 1942–May 16, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 7

Bulletins, facts/figures, questionnaire, correspondence, memorandum, minutes, June 3, 1942–July 24, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 8

Reports of progress, July 25, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 9

Circular, correspondence, August 1, 1942–November 18, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 10

Correspondence, reports, news, circulars, January 16, 1943–February 9, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 11

Correspondence, newsletter, pamphlet, February 22, 1943–April 1, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 12

Minutes, newsletters, circulars, May 6, 1943–August 18, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 13

Correspondence, map/visual, pamphlets, report, July 30, 1943–September 1, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 14

Correspondence, meeting agenda, newsletter, report, minutes, September 1, 1943–September 29, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 15

Minutes, speech, September 29, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 16

Correspondence, October 8, 1943–December 22, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 17

Newsletter, minutes, statistics, letter to editor, correspondence, January 5, 1944–March 16, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 18

Correspondence, March 27, 1944–May 25, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 19

Correspondence, minutes, financial statements, report, May 25, 1944–Summer, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 20

Minutes, correspondence, June 27, 1944–September 15, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 21

Correspondence, minutes, October 3, 1944–November 13, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 22

Correspondence, minutes, November 14, 1944–December 15, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 23

Minutes, correspondence, February 27, 1945–August 29, 1945Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 24

Minutes, pamphlet, correspondence, December 19, 1945–January 31, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 25

Minutes, correspondence, February 26, 1946–May 9, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 26

Audit, Spring 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 27

Minutes, correspondence, May 9, 1946–May 15, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1, Folder 28

Photocopies of circulars, correspondence, questionnaire, March 1, 1942–March 19, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 1

Photocopies of correspondence, notes, receipts, March 20, 1942–March 26, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 2

Photocopies of correspondence, receipts, news bulletin, March 28, 1942–March 31, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 3

Photocopies of correspondence, April 2, 1942–April 14, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 4

Photocopies of questionnaires, correspondence, April 15, 1942–April 30, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 5

Photocopies of documentation of school policies, correspondence, Spring 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 6

Photocopies of correspondence, reports, mews bulletin, May 1, 1942–May 16, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 7

Photocopies of bulletins, facts/figures, questionnaire, correspondence, memorandum, minutes, June 3, 1942–July 24, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 8

Photocopies of reports of progress, July 25, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 9

Photocopies of circular, correspondence, August 1, 1942–November 18, 1942Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 10

Photocopies of correspondence, reports, news, circulars, January 16, 1943–February 9, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 11

Photocopies of correspondence, newsletter, pamphlet, February 22, 1943–April 1, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 12

Photocopies of minutes, newsletters, circulars, May 6, 1943–August 18, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 13

Photocopies of correspondence, map/visual, pamphlets, report, July 30, 1943–September 1, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 14

Photocopies of correspondence, meeting agenda, newsletter, report, minutes, September 1, 1943–September 29, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 15

Photocopies of minutes, speech, September 29, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 16

Photocopies of correspondence, October 8, 1943–December 22, 1943Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 17

Photocopies of newsletter, minutes, statistics, letter to editor, correspondence, January 5, 1944–March 16, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 18

Photocopies of correspondence, March 27, 1944–May 25, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 19

Photocopies of correspondence, minutes, financial statements, report, May 25, 1944–Summer, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 20

Photocopies of minutes, correspondence, June 27, 1944–September 15, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 21

Photocopies of correspondence, minutes, October 3, 1944–November 13, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 22

Photocopies of correspondence, minutes, November 14, 1944–December 15, 1944Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 23

Photocopies of minutes, correspondence, February 27, 1945–August 29, 1945Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 24

Photocopies of minutes, pamphlet, correspondence, December 19, 1945–January 31, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 25

Photocopies of minutes, correspondence, February 26, 1946–May 9, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 26

Photocopies of audit, Spring 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 27

Photocopies of minutes, correspondence, May 9, 1946–May 15, 1946Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 28

Ceremony and exhibit honoring Japanese-American students, 2008, January 4, 2008-April 10, 2008Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2, Folder 29

Container(s) Description Dates
box folder
2 29
Box Folder
2 30
Correspondence
April 9, 2008-May 12, 2008

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Japanese American college students--Oregon
  • Japanese American college students--Social conditions--20th century
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Personal Names :
  • Onthank, Karl William, 1890-1968
  • Corporate Names :
  • National Japanese American Student Relocation Council
  • University of Oregon--Students
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Correspondence
  • Minutes