Martin W. Gorman, the son of Peter and Mary Gorman, was born on a farm near the town of Eaganville, Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada, on November 23, 1853. He attended McGill College in Montreal in 1876 and later worked as a bookkeeper for a wholesale hardware store in Montreal. In February 1885 Gorman moved to Portland, Oregon where he was employed as a bookkeeper in a bank. In a letter to his brother John, in 1892, Gorman wrote that he was studying botany. He made his first journey to the Yukon in 1893, on behalf of a Portland bank which had backed salmon canneries. While there he gathered several boxes of plant specimens.
Gorman traveled to the Yukon several times, with various expeditions, and also did much botanical work in the Pacific Northwest, becoming a leading authority on the flora of the Northwest, especially trees. Gorman's private herbarium was received by the University of Oregon Herbarium in Eugene after his death; in May 1993 those specimens were transferred to the Oregon State University Herbarium in Corvallis. Other specimens he gathered are in the Smithsonian Institution. He is credited with discovering at least ten species new to science.
During the summers Gorman made collecting trips to all parts of Oregon and Washington. From findings he made as a member of an expedition on Mount Baker in 1906, he later published a booklet entitled Vegetation of the Northwestern Slope of Mount Baker.
At the close of the Lewis & Clark Exposition, Gorman was appointed curator of the Oregon Forestry Building, a position he held until his death in Portland, Oregon, on October 7, 1926.
The papers of Martin W. Gorman consist of correspondence, journals, annotated plant lists and reports, published articles, photographs, and collected printed material used primarily in his work. Documenting his botanical studies, the journals and plant lists span Gorman's career from its inception through the last years of his life. These are arranged in chronological order. The plant lists and reports Gorman compiled are filed by geographic region or state and alphabetically within each section. Gorman's published articles and various other materials complete the collection. A box of prints is included
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[Identification of item], Martin W. Gorman Papers, Coll 169, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
Container(s): Box 1, Folder 1
Correspondence; address book
|1||13||December 1898-March 1899|
|2||1||May 1899-July 21, 1899|
|2||2||July 22, 1899-December 1, 1899|
Oregon and Pacific Northwest
Food Plants of the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest; Important Events in the History of Oregon; List of Native Oregon Plants Suitable for Cultivation; List of Plants Collected on Crater Lake Trip, Aug. 13-25, 1886; List of Plants Used as Greens or Salads; List of Shrubs and Undershrubs of Oregon; List of Shrubs Growing in the Vicinity of Portland
List of plants in the vicinity of Portland, Oregon
|August 13, 1886-August 25, 1886|
The Flora of Southeastern Alaska; Ice Cliffs on White River, Yukon Territory; List of Plants collected in the Yukon Valley, April 24-Sept. 20, 1899; Report on a Botanical Survey of the Lake Iliamna Region During the Summer of 1902
|April 24, 1899-September 20, 1899 1902|
The Flora of Mt. Adams; List of Plants Collected on Mt. Baker, July 27-Aug 9, 1906; Report on the Vegetation of the Washington Forest Reserve
|July 27, 1906-August 9, 1906|
"Economic Botany of S.E. Alaska." Pittonia. San Francisco: Payot Upham & Co., June 1896; "Forest Resources of Oregon." Appendix to the Report of the State Board of Horticulture (n.p., n.d.); "Vegetation of the Northeast Slope of Mount Baker." Portland, Oregon (n.d.)
Wallowa Lake auto trip
Collected printed material