Missoula Electric Cooperative Records, 1950-1979  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Missoula Electric Cooperative
Title
Missoula Electric Cooperative Records
Dates
1950-1979 (inclusive)
Quantity
5.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 229 (collection)
Summary
The Missoula Electric Cooperative was formed in 1936 to supply power in and around Missoula, Montana. The collection includes general information about MEC including correspondence, history, and technical and financial reports.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The 1935 Montana legislature passed the State Electrification Authority Act, which tied Montana into contact with the state water development projects. In the same year, President Roosevelt formed the Rural Electric Administration in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Missoula Electric Cooperative, Inc., (MEC) was formed in Missoula, Montana, in 1936. It was one of several electric co-operatives formed because the Montana Power Company, the state's major provider, would not provide power in many rural areas because construction costs outweighed potential profits. Members of the co-op paid a fee, installation and consumption costs; the organization is non-profit. Electric cooperatives played an important role in rural electrification in Montana and many other states. Eugene Pike came to work for the co-op in 1937. Soon after it was formed, the MEC received a loan from the Rural Electrification Administration to build power lines from Missoula to Frenchtown, down the Bitterroot Valley, and out to Clinton, a project known as the "A" project. When World War II began, power line construction slowed considerably, and the company stopped construction in 1943. Pike returned from his shipyard job to become co-op manager in 1946.

There was no power supplier for Seeley Lake, Montana, at this time, and the co-op wished to begin line construction. They were unable to get a loan for this from the REA because the co-op purchased its power from Montana Power, and the rates they were being charged were too high. However, the REA agreed to lend the co-op the money for line construction if they bought their power from another supplier at a lower rate. Bonneville Power wished to do business in Montana, but the Montana Power Company did not welcome this competition. Senator James Murray helped pass legislation to allow Bonneville Power to come into Montana so that the co-op would be able to build its line to Seely Lake. The co-op remained hooked up to Montana Power lines, but would pay Bonneville Power for the electricity; Bonneville in turn paid Montana Power. The co-op also explored other power sources, including the fledgling nuclear power industry.

The co-op constantly clashed with the Montana Power Company over questions of competition in the state. In the late 1960s, the MEC clashed with Montana Power Company over territorial integrity, the question of whether the for-profit companies could begin to serve customers in territories formerly served only by the co-ops. The state legislature finally resolved some of these conflicts in 1970.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains information from 1957-1975. Most of the information was written by or sent to Eugene Pike. There is general information about MEC including correspondence, history, and technical and financial reports. The collection includes numerous training manuals from the Rural Electric Administration. There is information about co-operative utilities in Montana, the Pacific Northwest and the United States. There is detailed information regarding power generation in the northwest including nuclear, hydroelectric and hydrothermal.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Missoula Electric Cooperative Records, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Arrangement

The collection is divided into nineteen series:

Series I: Correspondence, 1.0 linear foot, 1956-1977

Series II: Clippings, 4 folders, 1953-1976

Series III: Certificates, 1 folder, 1966-1969

Series IV: Publications, 2 folders, 1960-1969

Series V: Speeches and Writings, 1 folder, 1958-1973

Series VI: Legislation, 0.25 linear feet, 1961-1976

Series VII: National Rural Electric Co-Op Association, 0.5 linear feet, 1960-1976

Series VIII: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Electric Administration, 1 folder, 1951-1959

Series IX: Montana Associated Utilities, 4 folders, 1962-1976

Series X: Bonneville Power Company, 0.25 linear feet, 1963-1976

Series XI: Breeder Reactor Corporation, 0.25 linear feet, 1971-1976

Series XII: Northwest Intertie, 0.25 linear feet, 1963-1975

Series XIII: Washington Public Power Supply System, 1.0 linear foot, 1962-1977

Series XIV: Public Power Council, 0.5 linar feet, 1966-1976

Series XV: Federal Power Commission, 2 folders,1963 and 1975

Series XVI: Northwest Public Power Association, 5 folders, 1968-1976

Series XVII: Montana Power Company, 2 folders, 1957-1966

Series XIX: Other Groups, 0.5 linear feet, 1962-1979

Custodial History

Held by the Missoula Electric Cooperative until donation.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Missoula Electric Cooperative, 1977 and 1978.

Processing Note

The actions of the original processors are unknown. In 1997, the collection was reprocessed.


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Correspondence , 1956-1977Return to Top

1.0 linear foot

Consists of correspondence between the MEC and other electric administration entities, including the Bonneville Power Administration, Rural Electric Administration, and other co-ops.

Materials are arranged alphabetically by correspondent, with two folders of general correspondence at the beginning of the sequence.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
General
1956-1969
1/2
General
1970-1976
1/3
Bonneville Power Administration, all customers
1969-1976
1/4
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1962-1963
1/5
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1966-1969
1/6
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1970
1/7
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1971
1/8
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1972
1/9
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1973
1/10
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1974
1/11
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1975
1/12
Bonneville Power Administration, general
1976
1/13
Federal Power Commission
1965
1/14
Institute of Ecology
1974
1/15
Montana Associated Utilities
1964-1976
1/16
Montana Power
1965-1975
1/17
National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
1963-1971
2/1
Northwest Intertie
1967-1975
2/2
Northwest Public Power Association
1958-1977
2/3
Northwest Public Power Association, Pacific Northwest Utilities Conference Committee
1976
2/4
Public Power Council
1970
2/5
Public Power Council
1971
2/6
Public Power Council
1972
2/7
Public Power Council
1973
2/8
Public Power Council
1974
2/9
Public Power Council
1975
2/10
Public Power Council, special memoranda
1975
2/11
Public Power Council
1976
2/12
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Electrification Administration
1952-1973

Series II:  Clippings , 1953-1976 Return to Top

4 folders

This series is composed of newspaper and magazine clippings collected by the MEC. Most concern territorial integrity and other matters specific to Montana.

Arranged chronologically, with two separate folders for clippings about Paradise Dam and territorial integrity.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/1
1953-1976
3/2
1961-1975
3/3
Paradise Dam
undated
3/4
Territorial Integrity
1971

Series III:  Certificates , 1966-1969Return to Top

1 folder

Consists of three certificates presented to the MEC from civic entities in Missoula like the Missoula County Fair Association.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/5
1966-1969

Series IV:  Publications , 1960-1969Return to Top

2 folders

This series contains MEC rate schedules and copies of the company's report, A Look to the Past and a Plan for the Future.

Arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/6
A Look at the Past and Plan for the Future
1966 and 1969
3/7
Rate schedules
1960-1969

Series V:  Speeches and Writings , 1958-1973Return to Top

1 folder

Composed of statements of Eugene Pike, mostly before the Montana state legislature on territorial integrity.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/8
Statements of Eugene Pike
1958-1973

Series VI:  Legislation , 1961-1976Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

This series represents the MEC's involvement with state and federal legislation governing electric generation and delivery. It includes information on the MEC's lobby for Paradise Dam and numerous folders of materials on territorial integrity.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/9
General
1965-1976
3/10
Federal legislation, s. 3362
1974
3/11
Paradise Dam
1957-1965 and undated
3/12
State Electrification Authority Act
undated
3/13
State legislation
1968-1974
3/14
State: House legislation
1969-1975
3/15
State: Senate legislation
1971-1975
3/16
Territorial integrity
1961-1966
3/17
Territorial integrity, correspondence
1966-1970
3/18
Territorial integrity bills
1961-1966
3/19
Territorial integrity: House Bill #5
1971-1975
3/20
Territorial integrity: House Bill #180
1969
3/21
Territorial integrity: statement of Eugene Pike
1967

Series VII:  National Rural Electric Co-Op Association , 1960-1976Return to Top

0.5 linear feet

Materials in this series were produced by the NRECA and include reports and workshop materials.

Arranged alphabetically by genre, then chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/22
Publication: Rural Electric Minuteman
1963
3/23
Report: Excess Earning and Your Light Bill
1963
3/24
Report: Irrigation study
1969
3/25
Report: Clean Air Act
1975-1976
3/26
Report: Contribution to Electrical Power Research Institute
1975
3/27
Workshop: Workshop III, Developing a Better Understanding of Retail Electric Rates
1959
4/1
Workshop: Management Workshop V-B
1960
4/2
Workshop: Management Workshop V-I
1960
4/3
Workshop: Good for All Americans
1963
4/4
Workshop: Legal Seminar III
1963
4/5
Workshop: Suggested Plan of Training Programs
1965
4/6
Workshop: Good for All Americans II
1965
4/7
Workshop: Good for All Americans II
1966
4/8
Workshop: Legal Seminar XI
1971

Series VIII:  U. S. Department of Agriculture, Rural Electric Administration , 1951-1959Return to Top

1 folder

Consists of training materials made available to co-ops like the MEC.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4/9
Training materials
1951-1959 and undated

Series IX:  Montana Associated Utilities , 1962-1976Return to Top

4 folders

Consists of reports, policy manuals, newsletter, and records of meetings.

Arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
5/1
Advertising Committee Report
1968
5/2
Board of Directors, regular and committee meetings
1971-1976
5/3
District meetings
1969
5/4
Newsletter
1966
5/5
Publication committee financial information
1974-1976
5/6
Policy manual and report
1962 and 1976

Series X:  Bonneville Power Company , 1963-1976Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

This series contains financial and legal information, numerous publications, reports, and speeches.

Arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
5/7
Financial information and schedules
1970-1973 and undated
5/8
Legal, Contracts, WPPSS
1972 and 1975
5/9
Legal, Contracts, Department of the Interior
1972-1975
5/10
Legal, Contract, Grays Harbor Nuclear Project
1970
5/11
Legal
1974-1975 and undated
5/12
Minutes
1972-1975
5/13
Publications, "Fact Sheets"
1972-1976
5/14
Publications, Pacific Northwest Power Transmission Map
undated
5/15
Reports, Appaloosa Dam Project
1968 and undated
5/16
Reports
1963-1974
5/17
Reports, generation and sales statistics
1967
5/18
Reports, generation and sales statistics
1974
5/19
Reports
1972-1974
5/20
Reports, purchase proposal
1976
5/21
Reports, Ten-Year Hydro-Thermal Power Program for the Pacific Northwest
1967-1968
5/22
Speeches
1962-1976

Series XI:  Breeder Reactor Corporation , 1971-1976 Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

These materials are largely reports concerning the construction and feasibility of breeder reactors, but also include some legal agreements.

Arranged alphabetically by type of material.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/1
1973-1975
6/2
Legal
1972-1975
6/3
Legal
1974-1976
6/4
Publications
undated
6/5
Report, An Introduction to the Breeder Reactor
1972
6/6
Report, Background of AEC Development
1972
6/7
Report, Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Project
1972
6/8
Report, Testimony Concerning the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor
undated
6/9
Speech, Nuclear Power Considerations and Breeder Reactor
1971 and undated

Series XII:  Northwest Intertie , 1963-1975Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

This series consists of materials from Northwest Intertie, an organization in which the MEC was apparently involved. Contents include records of meetings, articles of incorporation, and reports.

Arranged chronologically by type of material.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/10
Articles of Incorporation, Amendments, By-Laws
1963-1969
6/11
Financial statements
1964
6/12
Financial statements
1971-1974
6/13
Financial outlook
1975
6/14
Meetings, Public Power Council
1966
6/15
Meeting programs and agendas
1972-1973
6/16
Minutes
1966-1975
6/17
Reports
1975-1976
6/18
Report, Pacific Northwest-Southwest intertie
1964
6/19
Report, Rate review
undated

Series XIII:  Washington Public Power Supply System , 1962-1977Return to Top

1.0 linear foot

This series contains extensive information on the WPPSS, particularly on its Hanford-area operations in southeastern Washington state and on its dealings with the Bonneville Power Administration. Includes reports, financial information, legal agreements.

Arranged alphabetically by type of document, then chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/20
Correspondence and memos
1962-1977
6/21
Press releases
1971-1974
6/22
Financial statements, Hanford
1971-1975
6/23
Financial, balance sheets, Hanford
1971-1976
7/1
Financial, balance sheets, Hanford
1974-1976
7/2
Financial, balance sheets, Hanford
1975-1976
7/3
Financial, future generating facility
1976
7/4
Financial, Hanford
1971-1975
7/5
Financial, net billing analysis
1972-1973
7/6
Financial, Hanford operating budget
1976
7/7
Financial, Hanford
1971-1975
7/8
Financial, Hanford operating budget
1973
7/9
Financial, Hanford operating budget
1974
7/10
Legal, contract 1962
7/11
Legal, Bonneville/WPPSS
1962
7/12
Legal, agreement between WPPSS/Bonneville
1973
7/13
Legal, agreements Hanford
1974
7/14
Legal, agreements for projects #4 and #5 and Skagit project
1975
7/15
Legal, Hanford
1962
7/16
Legal, resolutions
1970
7/17
Legal, resolution revenue bonds
1973
8/1
Legal, resolutions
1975
8/2
Minutes
1971-1976
8/3
Publications, Hanford History and Q & A
1962-1974
8/4
Publications, Information Kit
1977
8/5
Reports, Hanford
1966-1976
8/6
Reports, status
1974
8/7
Reports, status
1974
8/8
Reports, status
1975
9/1
Reports, status
1975
9/2
Reports, status
1976
9/3
Reports, status
1977
9/4
Reports, status
1978
9/5
Reports, supply system activities reports
1972-1974
9/6
Reports, nuclear project construction cost summary reports
1976
9/7
Reports, Regional hydro-thermal Power integration
1968
9/8
Reports, report to participants
1975

Series XIV:  Public Power Council , 1966-1976Return to Top

0.5 linear foot

This series consists largely of meeting minutes from the PPC, but also includes legal materials and reports.

Arranged alphabetically by type of material.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
9/9
Financial
1971-1972
9/10
Legal, resolutions
1971-1973
9/11
Membership lists
1970-1976
9/12
Minutes
1970
9/13
Minutes
1971
10/1
Minutes
1972
10/2
Minutes
1973
10/3
Minutes
1974
10/4
Minutes
1976
10/5
Policy statements
1971
10/6
Reports
1966-1974
10/7
Report, Review of Power Planning in the Pacific Northwest
1972
10/8
Speeches
1971-1973

Series XV:  Federal Power Commission , 1963 and 1975Return to Top

2 folders

This series contains legal materials and a report from the Federal Power Commission.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/9
Legal, Department of Interior/Bonneville Power Administration
1975
10/10
Report, List of Power Suppliers
1963

Series XVI:  Northwest Public Power Association , 1968-1976Return to Top

5 folders

This series contains meeting records, reports, and a speech associated with the NPPA.

Arranged alphabetically by document type.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/11
Legal, resolutions
1970 and undated
10/12
Minutes, board of trustees meetings
1971-1976
10/13
Newsletters
1971-1974
10/14
Report, consumer power policy
undated
10/15
Reports, proposals
1968 and undated
10/16
Speeches, Henry Curtis
1969-1976

Series XVII:  Montana Power Company , 1957-1966Return to Top

2 folders

This series contains two reports from the MPC, on rates and its annual statistical report.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/17
Reports, annual statistical report
1957-1966
10/18
Reports, rates
1950-1965

Series XVIII:  Montana State Rural Electric Co-Op Association , 1958-1975Return to Top

1 folder

Consists of the Montana Rural Electric News 1958-1975.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/19
Publication, Montana Rural Electric News
1958-1975

Series XIX:  Other Groups , 1962-1979Return to Top

0.5 linear feet

This series contains materials from the Columbia Storage Power Exchange, the Committee for Paradise Dam, the Edison Electric Institute, the Mecklenberg Electric Cooperative, member services, Oregonians for Nuclear Safeguards, the State of Montana, Washington State University, and Westinghouse. The Washington State University materials are concerned with the Power Professorship and with a program for students in which the MEC provided some internship opportunities. There is also a Reports and Rate schedule.

Materials are arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
11/1
Columbia Storage Power Exchange
1973-1979
11/2
Committee for Paradise Dam
1962 and undated
11/3
Edison Electric Institute
1973
11/4
Mecklenberg Electric Cooperative, member services
1967-1968
11/5
Oregonians for Nuclear Safeguards
ca. 1974
11/6
State of Montana, Minimum Safety Standards for Powerline Construction in Montana
1970
11/7
State of Montana, environmental impact statement for Missoula and Hamilton transmission line
1972
11/8
Washington State University
1971-1975
11/9
Westinghouse
1974-1975
11/10
Reports and Rate schedules
1965-1971 and undated

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Consumer cooperatives--Montana
  • Consumer cooperatives--Montana--Missoula
  • Electric power--Montana
  • Electric power--Northwest, Pacific
  • Hydroelectric power plants--Northwest, Pacific
  • Hydrothermal electric power systems
  • Nuclear power plants--Northwest, Pacific
  • Rural electrification--Montana

Corporate Names

  • Breeder Reactor Corporation
  • Montana Associated Utilities
  • Montana Electric Cooperatives' Association
  • Montana Power Company
  • National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
  • Northwest Public Power Association
  • United States. Bonneville Power Administration
  • United States. Federal Power Commission

Other Creators

  • Personal Names
    • Pike, Eugene
    Corporate Names
    • United States. Rural Electrification Administration