United States Geological Survey coal lands survey records, 1905-1908

Overview of the Collection

Geological Survey (U.S.)
United States Geological Survey coal lands survey records
1905-1908 (inclusive)
1 box, (0.5 linear feet)
Collection Number
MS 0210
The United States Geological Survey coal lands survey records (1905-1908) contain notebooks on coal surveys in Carbon and Emery Counties in Utah. The records also contain a notebook of sites outside Utah. The United States Geological Survey has been used by the Federal Government to inventory the mineral lands of Utah.
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT
Telephone: 8015818863
Access Restrictions

Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) was established on 3 March 1879 by an act of Congress. The USGS has been responsible for making many surveys of the United States and mapping its territories. The USGS is also responsible for monitoring earthquakes, volcanoes, and other geologic hazards that affect the United States. In 1905 the USGS began a major inventory of coal resources in the United States which many people feared were becoming depleted. At issue was a battle between Progressives who desired conservation of natural resources and Conservatives who wished to use natural resources to fuel industrial growth. The coal lands were at the center stage of this controversy as Progressives believed many had been obtained from public land through fraudulent transactions. President Theodore Roosevelt had 66 million acres of coal lands withdrawn from sale. The USGS then began to determine the extent of coal veins in these lands. In 1910 Congress allowed for the sale of coal lands after the USGS had classified and appraised the lands.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The United States Geological Survey coal lands survey records (1905-1908) contain notebooks of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in Carbon and Emery counties in Utah. The collection also contains a notebook with oil findings in Oklahoma or Florida and several maps of Utah counties surveyed.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The library does not claim to control copyright for all materials in the collection. An individual depicted in a reproduction has privacy rights as outlined in Title 45 CFR, part 46 (Protection of Human Subjects). For further information, please review the J. Willard Marriott Library’s Use Agreement and Reproduction Request forms.

Preferred Citation

Collection Name, Collection Number, Box Number, Folder Number. Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library, The University of Utah.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Processing Note

Processed by Susan M. Neel in 1980.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1-2 Field Notes, Carbon County 1905-1906
1 3 Field Notes, Carbon County; Oil Sites in Oklahoma or Florida 1907-1908
1 4 Correspondence, Illustration, and Notes 1905
1 5-8 Maps, Topographical and Township Plats
1 9-10 Reports on Coal Exploration 1906
1 11-12 Township Descriptions, Carbon and Emery Counties

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Coal--Geology--Utah
  • Coal--Utah--Carbon County
  • Coal--Utah--Emery County