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Collection Title:

Conrad V. Anderson Papers

Repository:Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Summary:The Conrad V. Anderson Papers consist of Historical essays, notes, research letters, and photographs collected or created by Conrad V. Anderson and pertain to his own life story, homesteading in central Montana, the vigilante activity of 1884, the Stuart and Fergus families, and the family experiences of many of his neighbors in Fergus County.
 
Collection Title:

Anna Nason Appelman reminiscence

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:Anna Nason Appelman was a schoolteacher in Butte, Montana and Hamilton, Montana who grew up on her family farm in Laurin, Montana in the late 1800s. This collection is her reminiscence about her childhood and young adulthood at the turn of the century in Montana.
 
Collection Title:

Badger-Two Medicine oral history project

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:The five interviewees recorded for this project in 2006 describe the Badger-Two Medicine area located by the Blackfeet Reservation and Glacier National Park in Montana. They discuss their lives in the area from early homestead years up to current land use controversies, 1930-2006.
 
Collection Title:

Philip Richmond Barbour Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Philip Barbour (1900-1955) was a Helena, Montana, mine operator and amateur historian. His papers include personal correspondence (1911-1944), legal documents (1923-1944), and other materials, including historical research files on Samuel T. Hauser, Bannack, Gold Creek, the Helena Mining and Reduction Company, typhoid fever in Butte, the Montana Club, etc. The collection contains subgroups for Barbour's father, Dr. George H. Barbour (1880-1943); his mother's family, the Raleigh's; and for several mining companies, including Montana Lead, Inc. (1880-1944), and the Valley Forge Mining Company (1906-1939), both of Rimini, Montana.
 
Collection Title:

Henry Harmon Clark Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Henry Clark was one of the founders of East Helena, Montana. This collection consists of outgoing correspondence (1864-1895) of Clark and other members of his family to his relatives in Iowa, including extensive comments on frontier and pioneer life in Virginia City and Helena, Montana Territory.
 
Collection Title:

Frank Hugh Cram papers

Repository:University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Summary:Memoir of a pioneer of Minnesota, Montana, and Idaho and Washington state
 
Collection Title:

Walter Washington De Lacy papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Walter De Lacy was a Helena, Montana, surveyor and cartographer, who worked on several government road surveys, and served as an official of the U.S. Surveyor's Office. This collection consists of general correspondence (1855-1896) discussing family matters, professional activities, and conditions in Helena, Montana.
 
Collection Title:

James Fergus Family Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:The James Fergus Family papers are divided into four subgroups: James Fergus; Andrew Fergus; Fergus Live Stock and Land Company; and miscellaneous. Papers (1857-1971) include biographical materials, incoming correspondence, outgoing correspondence, general correspondence, financial records, legal documents, subject files, and miscellany.
 
Collection Title:

Louis "Montana Lou" Grill Papers

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:"Montana Lou" Grill was a Montana journalist. His collection contains general correspondence, writings, and photographs.
 
Collection Title:

Samuel Thomas Hauser Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Samuel T. Hauser (1833-1914) was a Helena, Montana, Territory, pioneer, territorial governor (1885-1886), and entrepreneur in the fields of banking, mining, smelting, ranching, railroads, irrigation, and hydro-electric power. More than fifty percent of the collection is incoming correspondence (1864-1914). There are also outgoing correspondence, financial records, legal documents, organizational records, and reports. Included are thirty-eight subgroups of the Hauser family and Hauser's business enterprises.
 
Collection Title:

Cornelius Hedges Family Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Cornelius Hedges (1831-1907) was a pioneer Helena, Montana, miner and attorney. Collection consists primarily of diaries (1849-1857, 1863-1893, 1906-1907), covering his education at Yale College, his travel to Montana Territory, in 1864 via the Bridger Cutoff trail, and his participation in the Washburn-Doane Expedition of 1870 to what became Yellowstone Park. There is also incoming correspondence, financial records, legal documents, and materials for other family members.
 
Collection Title:

Holter Family papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary: Anton M. Holter (1831-1921) was a pioneer Helena, Montana, lumberman and founder of the A.M. Holter Hardware Company. Papers (1831-1921) include correspondence, and organizational and financial records relating to mining, agriculture, lumber, real estate, and oil interests of three generations of the family, headed successively by Anton M. Holter, Norman B. Holter, and Norman J. "Jeff" Holter. Many of the enterprises were in partnership with Samuel T. Hauser. Interests include the A.M. Holter Hardware Company; Holter Realty; Holter Research Foundation; Judith Farms; Montana Flour Mills; and the Helena and Frisco, Helena and Victor, the Maginnis mining companies, and many others.
 
Collection Title:

Joseph Wagner letters

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:The letters, typed copies of original correspondence, were written by Joseph Wagner to various family members who remained in Germany between 1869 and 1886. Wagner related his progress in making a home in Montana, often extolling the virtues of life in Montana Territory but in the earlier letters, also warned of the dangers of that "wild" country.
 
Collection Title:

K. Ross Toole Archives clipping scrapbook collection

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:This collection of scrapbooks, from a variety of sources and creators, include clippings about Montana history, pioneers, and politics, as well as Charles Lindbergh and World War II political cartoons.
 
Collection Title:

Samuel D. McIlheny Letters

Repository:Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Summary:The McIlheny letters consist of photocopies from originals written to his mother and sister, during the Civil War from Jacinto, Mississippi and Murfreesboro, Tennessee, as well as from Helena, Montana Territory. McIlheny descriptions include the price of food, foraging expeditions, camp rumors, very little on enemy movements, the unpopularity of division commander Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis, the abuse of civilians by some members of the Fourth Cavalry, and some camp rumors on troop movements. He also relates his overland journey to the territory, his disillusionment with mining prospects in the area, and local food prices and wages, mining conditions, and food.
 
Collection Title:

Missouri to Montana in a Covered Wagon 1898

Repository:Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Summary:The essay Missouri to Montana in a Covered Wagon 1898 about 1965 Millie Talboys was prepared by Estelle C. Laughlin. The sketch describes the Stine family's decision to leave Missouri for Montana and incidents occurring along the way including interactions with photographer C. O. Corey and members of the Crow Indian tribe, and fording the Yellowstone River. Other parts of the reminiscence describe living in early Bozeman, Garneill, and Ubet, Montana. Talboys also mentions meeting Methodist minister William Wesley Van Orsdel.
 
Collection Title:

Montana Homesteading Project records

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:The Montana Homesteading project was initiated by the Montana Historical Society in cooperation with the Homestead National Monument of America in 2004 as a means to document family stories relating to homesteading experiences in Montana. The project focused on living descendants of homesteaders in Montana in an effort to gather written stories and/or names for potential oral history interviewees—23 interviews were conducted for this project. The historical information submission form, arranged alphabetically by family name, contains background information on families who homesteaded in Montana, primarily between 1909-1930. Some files contain additional information including reminiscences, photographs, and official homesteading documentation.
 
Collection Title:

Montana Office of the State Auditor Records

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:These records of the Montana Territorial Auditor's Office and Territorial Treasurer's Office consist of correspondence (1865-1886); county financial statements (1871-1892); county treasurers' reports (1865-1884); Territorial Prison expenses (1871-1889); railroad reports (1886-1891); bank reports (1883-1887); tax receipts (1865-1873, 1883); county returns (1866) on population, produce, mine output, etc.; road surveys (1865); lists (1881-1892) of county officials and justices of the peace; and other financial records.
 
Collection Title:

Otto Jorgensen letter and reminiscence

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:This collection contains a 1918 letter that Otto Jorgensen wrote to his sister, Marie, while he was serving in France, and his reminiscence of his boyhood on a homestead in northeastern Montana.
 
Collection Title:

John Owen papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:John Owen (1818-1889), a pioneer fur trader in the Northwest, built Fort Owen in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana Territory, and served as a special agent for the Flathead Indians. Collection contains diaries and journals (1850-1871); a combined register of births, deaths, and marriages of Fort Owen residents; a letterpress book (1858-1859); an account book (1850-1860) for trade at Fort Owen, which also contains accounts (1876-1889) for some other firm; and a bill of sale (1850) for the land on which the St. Mary's Mission was built.
 
Collection Title:

Ida S. Patterson manuscript

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:This typescript and manuscript reminiscence is Ida Patterson's first-person story of Emma Magee, and is apparently based on interviews with her.
 
Collection Title:

Paul Chrisler Phillips papers

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:Paul C. Phillips was a University of Montana history professor and historian of Northwest history in Missoula, Montana. This collection contains biographical information, correspondence, written work (published and unpublished), research files, legal documents, academic records, newspaper clippings, and photographs related to Phillips and his professional endeavors.
 
Collection Title:

Pierre Chouteau, Jr. and Company Records

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Pierre Chouteau, Jr. and Company was a St. Louis, Missouri, based fur trading company with operations on the Upper Missouri River, including the area that later became Montana. Records include a letter from Pierre Menard (1810) from the region around Three Forks; Fort Benton Journal, Fort Sarpy Journal, and Fort Union Journal (1854-1856); and scattered correspondence and financial records (1834-1864). [Includes copies. Journals published in Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, vol. 10.]
 
Collection Title:

Martha Edgerton Plassmann papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Martha Plassmann (1850-1936) was a Montana pioneer, historian, and journalist. Collection consists of her autobiography and over 500 historical articles written for the Great Falls Tribune and the Montana News Association during the 1920s and 1930s. The articles, based on her own memories and on research, cover a wide range of topics, especially fur trappers, explorers, and vigilantes.
 
Collection Title:

Con Price manuscript

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:Con Price's partially handwritten original manuscript published as Memories of Old Montana , a memoir of his life in Montana, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Nebraska.
 
Collection Title:

Evelyn Rhoden Works Progress Administration Papers

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:This collection consists of Evelyn Rhoden’s notes about the history of Musselshell, Golden Valley, and Meagher Counties in central Montana. The notes, which are especially rich in the ranching history, were gathered when Rhoden was employed by the Federal Writer’s Project of the Works Project Administration during the late 1930s and early 1940s.
 
Collection Title:

Wilbur Edegerton Sanders papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Wilbur Edgerton Sanders (1861-1935) was a mining engineer and son of Wilbur Fisk Sanders. Collection (1875-1896) includes incoming correspondence from his father, his brother James Upson Sanders, and others; and diaries, chronicling his education, youth, early mining career, trips to Yellowstone, and a visit to the Blackfeet Reservation in 1896.
 
Collection Title:

Shipman Family Papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:Clark Shipman farmed in Vermont and New Jersey before travelling to Montana Territory with his son Henry, in 1881, and settling near Lewistown. Two of his daughters, Winifred and Gertrude, taught school in the area. The collection (1814-1989) consists primarily of correspondence (1841-1955) of various family members; diaries (1882-1908); and miscellaneous legal documents, financial records, and clippings. Photographs were transferred to the Photograph Archives.
 
Collection Title:

John H. Shober Sr. papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary: John Shober (1832-1925) was a Helena, Montana, miner, attorney, and state legislator. Collection (1832-1952) includes descriptions of frontier social and mining conditions. Included are subgroups for Shober's nephew John H. Shober, Jr., manager of a ranch near Townsend; and of his niece Harriet Shober Nolan, wife of Cornelius B. Nolan.
 
Collection Title:

Almon Spencer Reminiscence

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:The collection contains a typescript reminiscence of Almon Spencer describing a journey from Canada to Montana from 1864 through the 1880s.
 
Collection Title:

Swaney Family papers

Repository:Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Summary:The dates span from 1864 up to 2015, starting with A W Swaney in the Spanish American War. They include correspondence (mainly between family members), unpublished manuscripts (mainly AGS but also manuscripts and short stories from others), bound reports (including one from AGS as American Consulate Chief to China), journals (looked like AGS) school notes and records (AGS), oversize certificates (AGS), scrapbooks (maily photographs and clippings, probably put together by AGS), subject files (on friends like Shorty Shope, Native Americans, other Montana based topics), post cards to and from family friends (including Frieda Fligelman). Also included are numerous photographs of family, trips around the state, and the world, framed items (mainly photos but some look like certificates that we can probably keep), and published books (both on Montana and non-Montana topics).
 
Collection Title:

Unidentified miner's diaries

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:An unknown miner wrote the three small diaries for the years 1865, 1866, and 1867 as he traveled from Idaho City in southern Idaho through the Beaverhead, Big Hole, and Deer Lodge valleys in Montana Territory.
 
Collection Title:

Hiram D. Upham letters [photocopies]

Repository:University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections.
Summary:This collection consists of photocopies of two letters written by Upham commenting on conditions near Fort Benton, Montana Territory, while traveling on the Missouri River, June 18 and August 1, 1865.
 
Collection Title:

Thain White Papers

Repository:University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Summary:Thain White was a Montana historian who focused on the history of western Montana, particularly the Flathead valley. The collection contains maps, artifacts, and documents concerning a variety of Montana historical topics.

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