Lindsay Applegate (1808-1892) pioneered Oregon's Applegate Trail with his brothers Charles and Jesse in 1843. Subsequently Applegate became a U.S. government agent for the Modoc and Klamath Indians. The Lindsay Applegate papers contain newspaper clippings related to the Applegate family; letters (1863-1891); and reports, vouchers and other administrative documents relating to Applegate's work as Subagent at Ft. Klamath (1866-1872).
Oliver Cromwell Applegate (1845-1938), the son of Lindsay and Elizabeth Applegate (Applegate Trail pioneers), spent his career working with Oregon Indians. He was a subagent with the Indian Service at Yainax, and during the Modoc War he served as an interpreter and a scout. In 1873, he became a U.S. Commissioner, and in 1898 was appointed Klamath Indian Agent. After his resignation in 1905 he continued to work with the federal government on Indian issues such as the Grande Ronde tribal status challenge. The Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers consist mainly of Applegate family correspondence, with some miscellaneous bills, newspaper clippings, pension papers, documents, journals and the 1868 diary of Frank Applegate.
Papers of an Oregon soldier and merchant of Ashland, containing materials relating to the First Oregon Cavalry, Fort Klamath, the Central Oregon Military Road, other Oregon road companies, and personal business matters. Includes correspondence, diary, legal papers, and ledgers.