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Arthur Earl Victor Papers, 1927-1944

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Victor,Arthur Earl
Title
Arthur Earl Victor Papers
Dates
1927-1944 (inclusive)
Quantity
8 containers., (4 linear feet of shelf space.), (2400 items.)
Collection Number
Cage 376
Summary
Correspondence, reports, memoranda, field diaries and notebooks, photographs and printed material regarding Civilian Conservation Corps activities (particularly in combating soil erosion) in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.
Repository
Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections.
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Terrell Library 5610
Pullman WA
99164-5610
Telephone: 509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu
Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
Languages
English

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Arthur Earl Victor was born on March 30, 1900, in May View, Washington. He attended high school in Oregon and in Pullman, Washington. He served in the United States Navy from June 1918 to March 1919. Victor attended Oregon State College at Corvallis for a year after leaving the Navy. From June 1920 to March 1934 when he went to work for the Federal Government, Victor held a number of positions which primarily involved his skills with machinery and carpentry. From March to May 1934 Victor worked for the U.S. Geological Survey in Pullman; in May of that year he went to work for the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) as an engineer-foreman with duties as camp engineer in the first Soil Erosion 200-man Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp in the Pacific Northwest. Victor was in charge of developing methods of erosion control on gullies, developed springs, masonry dams, seeding, and sodding. He also developed work and cost reports and job training classes for foremen and enrollees. In June 1935 he was promoted to Assistant State Administrator of the CCC and in December of that year he was promoted again to Assistant Regional Administrator. In this position Victor assisted in the development of an organization to supervise 18 CCC camps in the three Northwest states. Victor was responsible for building construction, equipment, purchase, maintenance, and reports, and enrollee education and training. In June 1938 he was assigned to the Regional Information Division which focused his attention on training for foremen and enrollees. This position lasted for a little over a year and in November 1939 Victor returned to his administrative duties as Assistant Regional Administrator. During his tenure with the CCC, Victor traveled extensively giving educational presentations about soil erosion to farmers and CCC personnel. The documentation in the Victor papers ends in late 1942 at which time Victor was still with the Soil Conservation Service in his capacity as Assistant Regional Administrator.

The Civilian Conservation Corp was created by an act approved by Congress on June 28, 1937, as amended, to succeed the Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) which was established by Executive order number 6101 of April 5, 1933. The CCC was reorganized and made a part of the Federal Security Agency as of July 1, 1939. In May 1940 the Corps began converting to defense work on military reservations and forest protection. The Labor-Federal Security Appropriation Act of 1943 provided for the liquidation of the CCC not later than June 30, 1943.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The A.E. Victor collection includes material from 1927 through 1942, but the bulk of the material covers the period 1934 through 1942.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

[Item Description]. Cage 376, Arthur Earl Victor Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series 1: CorrespondenceReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Correspondence
55
undated
1 2-9
Correspondence
415
1934-1942

Series 2: Subject FileReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 10
Camp buildings
2
1938
1 11
Certified lists--Washington, Oregon, and Idaho
8
1935
Course Material
Box Folder
1 12
Soil Conservation and Natural Resources
5
undated
1 13
SCS Lessons, Units 1-6
20
undated
Directories
Regional Office Personnel; Project and Camp Personnel; Washington D.C. Personnel
Box Folder
1 14
20
1937-1939
1 15
40
1938-1939
Box Folder
1 16
SCS, Pacific Coast Region
1
1944
1 17
ECW Personnel
20
undated
1 18
Educational Conference, CCC
1
Nov. 1-3 1939
1 19
Erosion talk--Northwest Scientific Association, Dec
15
1934
1 20
Essays on Soil Conservation by Lewis-Clark High School Students
25
1938
Film Strip Project
Box Folder
1 21
Correspondence
1
1941
1 22
Lessons (list of slides and text)
70
1938
1 23
Forms
3
1940
1 24
Gully Control
6
1934
1 25
Meteorology notes
25
1935
Newspapers
Box Folder
1 26
CCC Review
5
Oct-Dec 1935
1 27
Clippings
25
1934-1938
1 28
Clippings--CCC participation in winter of 1936
30
1936
1 29
Lewis-Clark Trail Blazer
10
Oct 1935-Nov 1936
1 30
Contributions to the Northwester (newsletter)
25
1 31
Northwester, Vol. 1, Nos. 4, 5; Vol. 2, Nos. 1-7, 12; Vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2, 5.
13
Nursery Buildings
Box Folder
1 32
Blueprints
25
1936
1 33
Correspondence with Consulting Architect
95
1936
1 34-36
Organizational Charts
20
1938; 1941
1 37
Sagehen Dam, Gem Co., Idaho, Plans and Specs.
1
1937
1 38
Side Camps, Notes on
7
1940-1941
2 39
Training Specifications, Committee on CCC
50
1941
2 40-41
Travel Vouchers
115
1936-1942
2 42
Washington D.C. Trip
40
Sept-Oct 1941
2 43
Work schedules
3
undated

Series 3 Publications, Pamphlets, Reports, and GuidesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 44
Farm Planning and Management Handbook
1
1941
2 45
Field Instructions, SCS, Region 11
1
1936
2 46
Instructions, CCC, 9th Corps Area
1
1935
2 47
Lord, Russell. "To Hold This Soil." SCS
1
1938
2 48
Pamphlets, Reports and Guides--SCS, CCC
20
2 49
Pamphlets
12
2 50
Victor, A.E. "Some Effects of Cultivation Upon Stream History." Northwest Science
1
1935

Series 4: NotebooksReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 51
Notebooks
12
1935-1939
2 52
Field Diaries
23
1937-1942
2 53
Appointment Books
4
1934-1937
2 54
Personnel Notebooks--SCS, EWC, CCC
2
2 55
CCC Equipment Notebook
1
1942
2 56
Intra-Office Memo Notebook
1
1937
2 57
Western Union Telegram Book
1
1935
2 58
Time Books
2
1927; 1942
2 59
Lesson Notes
1
1934
2 60
Traveling Expenses
5
1937-1938
2 61
General Notebooks
4
undated

Series 5: Photographs and SlidesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
3 62
Idaho, black and white photographs
5
3 63
Oregon, black and white photographs
16
3 64
Washington, black and white photographs
31
3 65
Aerial photographs, 8 x 10 black and white, taken Dale Sevarty, National Guard Pilot
37
1937-1938
3 66
Happy Canyon Dam, Oregon, black and white photographs (plus contact prints from nitrate 12-80)
69
1938
3 67
Equipment, black and white photographs
58
3 68
People (identified), black and white photographs
9
3 69
Unidentified, black and white
72
3 70
CCC Camps (Goldendale) and Soil Erosion, 35 mm negatives and unmounted transparencies (black and white)
120
3 71
Correspondence related to photographs
3
3 72
Photograph album of Soil Erosion Service, Project 6 (black and white photographs)
195
3 73
Description of slides in boxes 5-8
4
Panoramas and oversized photographs
Box Folder
4 74
Dayton Camp
1
1936
4 75
Educational Advisors Meeting, Ft. Wright
1
1938
4 76
Garfield Camp, Pomeroy, WA
1
1936
4 77
Genesee Camp
1
1936
4 78
McConnell Camp, Boise, Idaho
1
1939
4 79
Moscow Camp
1
undated
4 80
Moscow Camp
1
1936
4 81
Moscow Camp
1
1938
4 82
Moscow Camp
1
1938
4 83
Moscow Camp
1
1940
4 84
Sagehen Camp, Emmett, Idaho
1
undated
4 85
Walla Walla Camp
1
1936
35 mm slides (for index, see: Folder 73)
Box
5
Color slides of CCC related activities in the Pacific Northwest, taken by CCC photographer Mead
116
6
Color and black and white slides taken in Idaho
169
7
Color and black and white slides taken in Oregon
189
8
Color and black and white slides taken in Washington
168