Emery E. Andrews Papers, 1925-1969  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Andrews, Emery E., 1894-1976
Title
Emery E. Andrews Papers
Dates
1925-1969 (inclusive)
Quantity
2.93 cubic feet
Collection Number
1908
Summary
A pastor at Seattle's Japanese Baptist Church who, during World War II, ministered to Japanese American incarceration center inmates, principally those in Camp Minidoka.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

No restrictions on access.

Languages
English, Japanese
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Emery E. Andrews was an esteemed pastor at Seattle's Japanese Baptist Church who devoted the bulk of his adult life to ministering to Japanese communities in Washington State, the U.S., and Japan. Born July 29, 1894, in Albion, Nebraska, "Andy" moved with his family at age two to a farm outside Modesto, California. At age ten he became a member of his local First Baptist Church and was licensed to preach at age 19, one year before he graduated from high school. For the next three years he pursued theological training at the Bible Institute of Los Angeles and in 1916 was married to Mary Brooks in Orting, Washington, a small town in the foothills of Mt. Rainier. In 1917, he was ordained to the ministry by his home church in Modesto, California. There, he worked among the local Italian and Mexican communities while attending Los Angeles Junior College.

In 1919, he and his wife and infant daughter moved to Seattle, where Reverend Andrews worked at the Cosmopolitan Mission while attending the University of Washington. After receiving a B.A. in Sociology in 1922 and a Five-year Teaching Diploma in 1929, Rev. Andrews became pastor to the Nisei community at the Japanese Baptist Church. He received his second B.A., in Education, from the University of Washington in 1931.

The start of the War in the Pacific in late 1941 -- and the subsequent, rapid forced removal of tens of thousands of persons of Japanese descent to incarceration centers throughout the West in 1942 -- was a major turning point in Rev. Andrews's ministry and life. The entire congregation that he served for thirteen years suddenly absent, Rev. Andrews made almost daily visits to the Camp Harmony Assembly Center in Puyallup, Washington. When inmates were transferred to the Minidoka relocation center in Hunt, Idaho, in September 1942, Rev. Andrews and his family moved to the nearby town of Twin Falls so that he could continue to minister to the Japanese. There, he leased a home much larger than his family needed in order to provide a stopping-off place for Japanese going to and from the center (an average of 167 Japanese visited the house every month). In addition, from 1942-1945, he made fifty-six trips from Twin Falls -- covering 1,500 miles each time -- to retrieve cars and other goods stored for Japanese Americans at the Japanese Baptist Church in Seattle. He also traveled extensively to other incarceration centers.

Rev. Andrews' commitment to Japanese Americans during World War II involved extraordinary personal sacrifices and risks. Because of his association with the inmates at Minidoka, he was refused service in a Twin Falls cafe. Several months later the cafe owner purchased the house Rev. Andrews had leased and ordered him to move. He was also, for a brief time, the subject of an F.B.I. investigation.

In January 1945, he and his family returned to their farm near Seattle and reopened the Japanese Baptist Church the following year. Rev. Andrews spent the summers of 1949 and 1951 as a volunteer for "Houses of Hiroshima," a private relief organization formed by pacifist/writer Floyd Schmoe to rebuild homes for victims of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Rev. Andrews resigned as pastor of the church in December 1955 and was asked at that time to continue as the Minister of Visitation. He retired in 1959 and was named Pastor Emeritus. In 1970, the Emperor of Japan awarded Rev. Andrews the Fifth Order of the Sacred Treasure. He died of a heart attack in 1976 at the age of 81.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection is divided into two accessions; each has a separate inventory. The first, No. 1908-1, primarily concerns Rev. Andrews' work with Japanese American inmates, principally those in Camp Minidoka. More generally, it reveals the church-related work that Rev. Andrews performed prior to World War II and his great efforts to support and minister to Japanese Americans during and after their dispersal. The bulk of the papers consists of letters from inmates and returnees and from those Rev. Andrews met and with whom he worked while in Japan on the postwar "Houses for Hiroshima" project. Of particular note are receipts for household and personal items stored in the gym of the Japanese Baptist Church. The "Miscellany- Regarding Relocation" series contains a questionnaire and affidavit of a Seattle-born Japanese American who traveled to Japan on business in 1940 and was forced, when the war commenced, to relinquish his U.S. citizenship and to participate in the labor draft.

Much of the material in Accession No. 1908-3 has been photocopied from Rev. Andrews' scrapbook and arranged in series. One unique item, found in the "General Correspondence" section, is a notebook of letters to and from inmates. Rev. Andrews carried this notebook with him on his travels during WWII, and it served as a critical tool of communication for Japanese Americans. In it they were able to write brief letters and messages to their family and friends in other cities and relocation centers. A significant portion of the accession is activity reports from the Japanese Christian Center, a community outreach effort of the Japanese Baptist Church. Items in the "Reports - American Baptist Home Mission Society" are addressed to John W. Thomas, Head of the Department of Cities for the Society, and they detail Rev. Andrews' service to the inmates, primarily those at Minidoka. Reports are written on stationery bearing the name of the Federated Christian Church, an organization of which Rev. Andrews was a minister. The Japanese Baptist Church exists as a subgroup in the accession, since Rev. Andrews was minister there both before and after the Japanese American incarceration experience.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

No personal names of inmates may be mentioned. Researchers must use anonymous identification unless they have received written permission from the author. Users who wish to quote Rev. Andrews' writings must contact the Andrews family for permission.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Accession No. 1908-001: Emery E. Andrews papers, 1925-1959Return to Top

2.1 cubic feet (5 boxes)

Scope and Content: Correspondence with Japanese-American evacuees and others, ephemera, storage receipts for property, newsletters, photographs, notes, writings, resolution, lists and clippings, 1925-1959. Primarily concerns Andrews' work with Japanese-Americans in war relocation camps, 1942-44.

Restrictions on Access: Access restricted: For terms of access contact repository.

Restrictions on Use: Creator's literary rights not transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Acquisition Info: Emery E. Andrews

Container(s) Description Dates
Incoming Letters
Box/Folder Accession
1/1-5 1908-001
American Baptist Home Mission Society
1930s, 1942-1945
1/6 1908-001
American Friends Service Committee
1/7 1908-001
Baptists (Other Organizations)
1935, 1942-1947
1/8 1908-001
Bone, Homer T.
1942
1/9 1908-001
Cain, Harry P.
1947
1/10 1908-001
Council of Churches and Christian Education, Washington and Northern Idaho
1944
1/10 1908-001
Council of Churches and Christian Education, Seattle
1943
1/11 1908-001
Hirabayashi, Gordon
1943
1/12 1908-001
Jackson, Henry M.
1947
1/13 1908-001
Jones, Homer R.
1947
1/14 1908-001
Magnuson, Warren G.
1947
1/15 1908-001
Schmoe, Floyd
1943, 1949
1/16 1908-001
U. S. Justice Department
1940, 1943
1/17 1908-001
U.S. War Relocation Authority
1943
1/18 1908-001
Wallgren, Monrad C.
1943
1/19-42 1908-001
Miscellaneous Chronological
1925-1959, undated
1/43 to 3/42 1908-001
Evacuees
Scope and Content: Major correspondents include: Shozo Hashimoto, Mary Hide, Masanori Robert Horiuchi, and Ernest Yamamoto.
1942-1946, undated
4/1-7 1908-001
Returnees
1945-1950, undated
4/8 1908-001
Regarding Japan Trip
1949
4/9-26 1908-001
From Japan
Scope and Content: Major correspondents include: Floyd Schmoe, Toshio Nawa, Kimiko Sadahiro, and Seizo Tanaka.
1949-1959
Box/Folder Accession
4/27-30 1908-001
Outgoing Letters
1937-1958
4/31 1908-001
Notes
4/32-35 1908-001
Storage Receipts
1942
4/36 1908-001
Speeches and Writings of Others
4/37 1908-001
Writing -- Gordon Hirabayashi
1942
Newsletters
Box/Folder Accession
4/38 1908-001
The Tidings, Santa Anita Assembly Center
1942
4/39 1908-001
Miscellaneous
1933-1935
Box/Folder Accession
4/40 to 5/6 1908-001
Ephemera
5/7 1908-001
Greeting Cards
5/8 1908-001
Personnel Forms
1942
5/9 1908-001
Resolution -- Council of Churches and Christian Education, Seattle
1941
5/10 1908-001
Report
1931
5/11 1908-001
Rosters
5/12 1908-001
Church Programs
Subject Series
Box/Folder Accession
5/13 1908-001
Boy Scouts
1930s
5/14-15 1908-001
Chinese Baptist Church
Box/Folder Accession
5/16 1908-001
Miscellany -- Regarding Relocation
1948
5/17 1908-001
Photographs
5/18-20 1908-001
Clippings

Accession No. 1908-003: Emery E. Andrews papers, 1936-1969Return to Top

.83 cubic feet (2 boxes)

Scope and Content: Photocopied items from scrapbooks, including minutes, correspondence, newsletters, a speech, lists of evacuees; church activity and other reports, newsletters, ephemera, clippings, 1936-1969. Concerns Andrews' activities as a Baptist clergyman, ministering to Japanese-Americans, epecially during their World War II relocation.

Restrictions on Access: Open to all users.

Restrictions on Use: Creator's literary rights not transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Processing Info: Merged 7/19/1996: Acc.#723,1237 (previous merger) Emery Andrews 5/31/1967 & 9/18/1969 and acc.#1908-2 (4 letters-copies) Japanese American Citizens League records, 8/1982.

Acquisition Info: Emery Andrews

Container(s) Description Dates
Personal Papers
Box/Folder Accession
1/1 1908-003
Biographical Features
Incoming Letters
1942-1969
Box/Folder Accession
1/2 1908-003
American Baptist Home Mission Society
1942
1/2 1908-003
Fukuyama, Tsutomu
1943
1/2 1908-003
Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee
1943
1/3 1908-003
Miscellaneous
Box/Folder Accession
1/4 1908-003
Outgoing Letters
1943-1944
1/5 1908-003
General Correspondence -- Notebook of Letters of Evacuees
1944
1/6 1908-003
Minutes -- Protestant Church Commission for Japanese Service
1943-1944
1/7 1908-003
Minutes -- Other Organizations
1942-1943, 1945
1/8 to 2/3 1908-003
Activity Reports -- Japanese Christian Center
1936-1942, 1946-1955
2/4 1908-003
Reports -- American Baptist Home Mission Society
1942-1946
Subject Series
Box/Folder Accession
2/5 1908-003
U.S. War Relocation Authority/U.S. House Un-American Activities Committee
1943
2/6-7 1908-003
U.S. War Relocation Authority
Newsletters
Box/Folder Accession
2/8 1908-003
The Irrigator
January, February, 1943
2/8 1908-003
Hunt Hilites
Christmas,1944
2/9 1908-003
American Friends Service Committee Bulletin
1942, 1945
Box/Folder Accession
2/10 1908-003
Policies
1943, 1945
2/11 1908-003
News Releases -- Council of Churches and Christian Education, Seattle
1945
2/12 1908-003
Ephemera -- Miscellaneous
2/13 1908-003
Speech -- "An Interpretation"
1943
2/14 1908-003
Church Program
1943
2/15 1908-003
Lists -- of Evacuees
2/16 1908-003
Notes
2/17 1908-003
Clippings
2/18 1908-003
Miscellany
Japanese Baptist Church (Seattle)
Box/Folder Accession
2/19 1908-003
Historical Features
1958
2/20 1908-003
Reports -- Annual Statistics
1948-1955

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Baptists, Japanese--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • Baptists--Washington (State)--Seattle--Clergy
  • Clergy--Washington (State)--Seattle--Archives
  • Concentration camp inmates--Idaho--Hunt
  • Concentration camps--Idaho--Hunt
  • Japanese Americans--Civil rights
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Japanese Americans--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Idaho--Hunt
  • World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans
  • World War, 1939-1945--War work--Baptists
  • Personal Names :
  • Andrews, Emery E., 1894-1976--Archives
  • Bone, Homer Truett, 1883-1970
  • Cain, Harry P. (Harry Pulliam), 1906-1979
  • Fukuyama, Tom (Tsutomu Tom), 1915-1988
  • Hirabayashi, Gordon K
  • Jackson, Henry M. (Henry Martin), 1912-1983
  • Magnuson, Warren G. (Warren Grant), 1905-1989
  • Schmoe, F. W. (Floyd Wilfred), 1895-2001
  • Wallgren, Monrad C. (Monrad Charles), 1891-1961
  • Corporate Names :
  • American Baptist Home Mission Society
  • American Friends Service Committee
  • Gordon Hirabayashi Defense Committee
  • Houses for Hiroshima
  • Japanese Baptist Church (Seattle, Wash.)
  • Japanese Christian Center (Seattle, Wash.)
  • Minidoka Relocation Center
  • Seattle Council of Churches and Christian Education
  • United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities
  • United States. War Relocation Authority