Oral history interviews with Ed Davis, 1969-1972  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Davis, Ed, 1880?-1987
Title
Oral history interviews with Ed Davis
Dates
1969-1972 (inclusive)
Quantity
1.12 cubic feet (6 boxes)
Collection Number
5845 (Accession No. 5845-001)
Summary
Oral history interviews conducted by Jack Chisholm as he asked Snoqualmie Tribal Elder Ed Davis about his tribal affiliation and experiences.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Open to all users for onsite use only. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Donated material consists of original audio cassettes that have been digitized and transcripts available in print and electonic file (PDFs). WAV files are available on the Virtual Vault for use access. Sound recordings and transcripts are available onsite in the reading room, no duplication allowed, no remote access. The original analog recordings cannot be played due to preservation concerns.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Ed Davis, originally known as Sulz-ached, was born c. 1880. He began work in the woods when he was 5 years old, and continued to work at logging jobs until he was 83. Davis was ordained as an Indian Shaker minister in 1913, and served both the Snoqualmie and Tulalip Shaker churches for seventy-five years. In 1956, following the death of Jerry Kanmin, Davis was designated as the honorary chief of the Snoqualmie tribe and as the tribe's conscience and spiritual leader. Davis was a leader in the effort to regain tribal status from the federal government, although he did not live to see this happen. He died at age 108 in May 1987, and is buried in Fall City, Washington.

Jack Chisholm was born on June 24, 1904 to Lulan Royle and John James Chisholm. He was married to Irene Whitfield. He died on February 28, 1988 in Fall City, Washington.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection includes cassette tapes of oral history interviews as well as print and electronic transcriptions of these interviews. Recorded primarily between 1969 and 1972, these interviews were conducted by Jack Chisholm as he asked Snoqualmie Tribal Elder Ed Davis about the past. Recording sessions were held in a truck or diner or other informal settings. Cassette tapes were obtained decades later by Dick and Kris Kirby who spearheaded a project to digitize and transcribe the interviews. The cassette tapes were unnumbered and undated, resulting in the loss of any obvious chronological sequence. Transcriptions aid in access. Subjects covered in the interviews include tribal fishing rights and fishing methods, Indian rights and US Government/Indian relations, reservations, logging and river driving, mills, the Indian Shaker Church, tribe enrollment and membership, and many reminiscences of people, places, and events. Tribes mentioned include Snoqualmie, Skokomish, Skykomish, Snohomish, and more.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

The contents of the collection have been digitized and are available on the Special Collections Reading Room Virtual Vault. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Restrictions on Use

No copying or publication permitted.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Series 1:  IndexReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
electronic_file
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Index & Spelling for Ed Davis oral histories
June 09, 2014
Box
1
Index & Spelling for Ed Davis oral histories
June 09, 2014

Series 2:  InterviewsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
electronic_file
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 1
Tribal fishing and hunting rights, Indian and U.S. government relations, land claims and ownership, mills at Snoqualmie Falls, logging, and Ed Davis' education, employment, and family
November 6, 1979
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 2
Logging, mills, and Ed Davis's family history
November 9, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 3
Chairman election and council politics, and logging for the Pacific Coast Company
November 10, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 4
Indian and U.S. government relations, reservations and settlements, and the Indian Shaker Church
November 11, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 5
Ed Davis's employment history, including logging and logging camps
November 12, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 6
Salmon fishing (gill net, bag fishing, etc.), steelheads (planting in different creeks), discussion about how tribes should work together to achieve their objectives rather than separating themselves
November 16, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 7
Discussion about treaties with Governor Stevens, Chief Seattle, and reservations; transfer and sale of Indian lands; Lake Washington and rivers (including Green, Duwamish, and Sky rivers), discussion about people and their relationships, homes, and jobs
November 17, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 8
Jack Chisholm's family, car troubles with Fred Allen, Indian Shaker Church, fishing (smelt and salmon), and animals (deer, bear, and beaver trapping)
November 30, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 9
Food preparation (drying, salting, and smoking), pole cutting, logging at Vaughan Hill, and skid roads
December 1, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 10
Indian custom marriage, land ownership, religion (Indian Shaker and others), and discussion about Indian history (Governor Stevens, treaties, and longhouses)
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 11
Discussion about Al Williams's funeral and the Indian Shaker Church
December 22, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 12
Logging, salmon, and the Indian Shaker church
December 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 13
Discussion about land sales, followed by an Indian Shaker church sermon
February 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 14
Religious ceremony, including a sermon by Ed Davis
February 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 15
Discussion about the Indian Shaker Church, including land claims, difficulties with the Full Gospel Church, construction of the church, the 1910 Corporation, and other history
February 14, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 16
Stories about different people, including Ralph Phillips and family, Bill Pete, and Ed Davis's ancestry
February 25, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 17
Discussion about a shingle mill and people who worked there, logging, and stories about different places including Tradition Lake and a rock mountain near Duvall
March 11, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 18
Religious ceremony with chanting, ringing bells, and singing
March 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 19
Discussion about the church at Muckleshoot, building the church, and three different types of Shakers (Full Gospels, Independents, and Annie Lee)
March 15, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 20
Discussion about buying a chain saw and filling out a form
March 15, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 21
Fishing and salmon bakes, Ed Davis's appeal dismissal re: his enrollment to share in Duwamish judgment funds, discussion of Davis's ancestry, the Duwamish tribe, and Snoqualmie tribe organization
April 1, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 22
Discussion of church and religion
April 10, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 23
The Moses family in Renton, fishing and fish traps, and the Indian Shaker Church
April 10, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 24
Discussion about different people and their families
March 31, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 25
Indian Shaker Church ceremony, followed by a discussion about the church and different people
March 31, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 26
Spearing salmon, logging, Indian doctors and medicine men, and an Indian Shaker Church ceremony led by Ed Davis
February 9, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 27
Indian Shaker Church event, salmon, treaty rights, gun laws, and exploitation of reservation land
March 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 28
Discussion of songs during the Sunday service, commercial fishing/sale of salmon on reservations, and steelhead fishing
April 15, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 29
Animal trapping and hunting, land in Suiattle and Darrington, reservations and registering other land, and work in a silica/talc mine
March 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 30
Discussion about a foster care case and that family's difficulties
December 18, 197?
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 31
Choir practice for a Christmas service, Indian rights and how different tribes manage their affairs, specifics of treaty rights (including clam digging and the trade and sale of fish and fur)
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 32
Longhouse on Lake Sammamish, discussion with a woman about Indian words for different creeks and animals, and Indian stories (including one about Mt. Si)
August 10, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 33
Snoqualmie River and various creeks, and the Indian names for them
March 26, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 34
Discussion about a family's difficulties, Jack Chisholm's jobs and Indian/U.S. Government relations
March 26, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 35
Phone conversation about Snoqualmie Indian concerns about blasting at Mt. Si, actions they need to take to prevent it, and Snoqualmie history
August 15, 197?
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 36
Logging and shingle mills, Indian Shaker Church and other religions, Indian Shaker incorporation papers, and Indian legends
November 5, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 37
Stories about animals, Tradition Lake, and Joy Lake
August 10, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 38
Brief discussion about Ed Davis's family and friends, followed by a presentation about teaching math
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 39
Ed Davis's will and real estate transactions
November 5, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 40
Indian stories, Indian rights and mining rights, salmon and rivers, and an interview with Martha about words in her language and her memories from childhood
August 14, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 41
Discussion about where homes and mills were located along an unidentified lake, road signs and speed limits, and Ed Davis's Snoqualmie and Duwamish ancestry
April 2, 197?
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 42
Education of Indian children and the pros and cons of public and Indian schools, different roads near Preston and Issaquah, Indian medicine and health care, Cushman Hospital, Indian languages, and logging
November 20, 1970
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 43
Discussion about different people, marital troubles, and alcoholism
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 44
Marital and custody troubles, reservations and schools, the Indian Shaker Church and missionaries, and traveling to Victoria
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 45
Drying and smoking fish, hunting, the Snoqualmie claims deal case, discussion about how people traveled in the past, preparations for the Mt. Si court case and protecting Mt. Si
August 15, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 46
Discussion about paying taxes or exemption of land for the church
October 8, 1974
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 47
Discussion about images in a slide show from a woman's trip to Scotland, different people and their health, huckleberries and berry picking, and church ministers and missionaries
August 14, 1976
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 48
Mud Bay and longhouses at Lake Sammamish and Neah Bay
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 49
Indian Shaker Church sermon
April 12, 1974
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 50
Singing and drumming, prayer, and conversation about how young people can perform the songs and dances but do not know their meaning
August 18, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 51
Discussion about the significance of Mt. Si in mythology and the ongoing controversy with quarrying, what Indians were promised in Governor Stevens's treaty compared to what they actually received, Indian ideas of land ownership before white settlers, and Indian land rights
August 15, 197?
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 52
Pacific Northwest history (including Governor Stevens, Indian land title, the five nations in Western Washington, Indian land, and the Wheeler-Howard Act), buying land and how to get land for the Snoqualmie, discussion about how the Snoqualmie tribe was not recognized by the state and nominations for a committee to work on the tribe's reorganization, and gillnet fishing
1972
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 53
Indian Shaker Church service and discussion about a building proposal for the Lower Snoqualmie Valley
September 10, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 54
Proceedings from the Indian Council, including discussion about hunting and fishing according to the treaty, history of the treaty and action taken on it, the Northwest Federation of American Indians, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Congress of American Indians
August 31, 1968
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 55
Proceedings from the Indian Council, including discussion about various claims, including claims to fishing rights, and compensation for lands ceded under the Treaty of Port Elliott
August 31, 1968
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 56
Indian Shaker Church service and prayers, Indian stories, and history including a discussion about gold mining and relations with the British
August 8, 1974
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 57
Fishing in different rivers and streams, the Bible, ancient civilizations, prayers, history of the Fraser River area and the gold rush, and the Indian Shaker Church
June 9, 1974
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 58
Indian Shaker Church service
November 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 59
Indian words for place and river names, colors, and animals and the creation of an Indian language dictionary, and discussion about Indian Shaker Church services and fellowship meetings for different churches
August 7, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 60
Indian Shaker Church service and discussion about different people who had been at the service
November 13, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 61
Discussion about obtaining forty acres of Tulalip land for a Snoqualmie village, driving around Washington, and spinning wool
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 62
Discussion about church, school, and other activities on the Muckleshoot reservation
August 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 63
Indian Shaker Church service
September 9, 1969
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 64
Talk about people in foster care and on welfare
December 6, 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 65
Indian Shaker Church service
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 66
Indian Shaker Church service
Easter 1971
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 67
Salmon runs, different types of salmon, salmon drying, rivers and canals
August 26, 1973
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 68
No transcript: note on tape says audio is not good
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 69
Locations of strawberry and raspberry fields, camps, logging, Indian Shaker Church service, and discussion about Shakers and the Full Gospel Shakers
undated
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 70
No transcript: Lola Belle Holmes speaking at North Bend
May 16, 1967
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Interview 71
No transcript: Julia Brown speech and questions
November 30, 1967

Series 3:  TranscriptsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description
electronic_file
Reading Room Virtual Vault
Transcripts for interview 1-71
Box
1
Transcripts for interviews 1-33
2
Transcripts for interviews 34-71

Series 4:  Sound cassette recordings of interviewsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description
Box
4
Interview cassettes 1-18
5
Interview cassettes 19-36
6
Interview cassettes 37-55
3
Interview cassettes 56-71

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Indian reservations--Northwest, Pacific
  • Indians of North America--Fishing--Law and legislation--Northwest, Pacific
  • Indians of North America--Fishing--Northwest, Pacific
  • Indians of North America--Northwest, Pacific--Government relations
  • Indians of North America--Northwest, Pacific--Religion
  • Indians of North America--Northwest, Pacific--Social life and customs
  • Indians of North America--Treaties
  • Logging--Northwest, Pacific
  • Lumbermen--Northwest, Pacific--Interviews
  • Pacific salmon fishing--Northwest, Pacific
  • Skokomish Indians
  • Snohomish Indians
  • Snoqualmie Indians
  • Snoqualmie Indians--Interviews
  • Personal Names :
  • Davis, Ed, 1880?-1987--Archives
  • Davis, Ed, 1880?-1987--Interviews
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Interviews
  • Oral histories
  • Transcripts
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Chisholm, Jack, 1904-1988 (interviewer)