Ada Stillwell collection of Colville Indian Reservation photographs, 1897-1940  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Stillwell, Ada
Title
Ada Stillwell collection of Colville Indian Reservation photographs
Dates
1897-1940 (inclusive)
Quantity
53 photograph prints (1 box) ; sizes vary
Collection Number
PH0766
Summary
Photographs of Chief Joseph's band of Nez Perce Indians on the Colville Indian Reservation in eastern Washington
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Access to originals restricted. Entire collection available on digital site. Permission of curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Languages
English, with Nez Perce names listed


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Ada Stillwell Dickson was one of two daughters of Barnett and Dema Stillwell, schoolteacher and housekeeper respectively, for the school at Nespelem on the Colville Indian Reservation, from 1897-1901. Ada and her younger sister, Emma, attended the reservation school, along with the Nez Perce children. At approximately 10 years of age, Ada learned the Sahaptian language of the Nez Perce, serving as an interpreter for Chief Joseph, as well as for University of Washington Professor Edmond S. Meany, who became one of Chief Joseph's champions. She married Frank Dickson in 1908. The family apparently moved to Chelan nearby the reservation after leaving.

Dr. Edward H. Latham (1843-1928) was the agency physician on the Sioux, Spokane, and Colville Indian Reservations, arriving at the latter in 1890. He was an amateur photographer and created a record of life on the reservation.

Edmond Stephen Meany (1862-1935) was a graduate of the University of Washington. He received a masters degree from the University of Wisconsin, and his thesis centered on Chief Joseph, which brought him to the Colville Indian Reservation. He became a professor at the University of Washington and an important Washington State historian.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Photographs of the Colville Indian Reservation, including images of students and teachers at the reservation school, members of the Nez Perce, Sinkiuse-Columbia, and Okanagan tribes in both traditional and formal dress, of Ada and Emma Stillwell, as well as images of Chief Joseph's house and property, and later views of the reservation made by Ada Stillwell Dickson, during her return visit to the reservation in 1940. The majority of the images were made by Edward Latham, with the remainder made by Edmond Meany and Ada Stillwell Dickson

Other Descriptive InformationReturn to Top

All inscriptions on verso made by the photographer unless otherwise noted.

Many of these photographs appear in the Edward H. Latham Photographs, PH Coll 409. Some photographs were also duplicated by Thomas Prosch and may be found in the Thomas Prosch Indian Photographs Album.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Ada and Emma Stillwell, Nez Perce Playmates, and Reservation SchoolReturn to Top

Edward H. Latham  ( photographer)
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/1 1 circa 1900
1/1 2 circa 1900
1/1 3 circa 1899
1/1 4 circa 1901
1/1 5
 Five Nez Perce schoolgirls
Written on verso by Ada Stillwell Dickson: Playmates 1. Tal-len-a-ka-loo, Jal-win-nun-my, 2. Pea-nu-wants-son-my, 3. Will-lie-a-loot, 4. Shu-poo-cake.
circa 1900
1/1 6
 Students and teachers in front of Nespelem school
This photo was taken the year that the Stillwells arrived. Ada (at right) was six and Emma was four.
1897
1/1 7
 Students and teachers in front of Nespelem school
Barnett and Dema Stillwell are at left. Ada (to left) and Emma Stillwell are at front right.
circa 1900

Edward Latham Photographs of People of the Colville Indian ReservationReturn to Top

Edward H. Latham  ( photographer)
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/2 8
 Charlie Will-pock'-en in ceremonial dress with pinto horse
Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Charlie Wil-pock-en pinto horse for parade and special occasions.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 9
 Brother of Charlie Will-pock'-en with a coyote skin
This is the brother of Charlie Wilpocken, Nez Perce. Coyote skin is emblematic of service of a scout during war.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 10
 Charlie Will-pock'-en with his wife and brother
The man at right is Charlie's brother.Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Charlie Wilpocken and Wife.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 11
 Charlie Will-pock'-en in dress costume
Wil-pock'en means "Swans on the Water."Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Dress Costume.Written on verso by Ada Stillwell Dickson: Charlie Will-pock'en.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 12
 Art Cercle and baby boy in a cradleboard, both sons of Charlie Will-pock'-en
Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Boy and papoose.Written on verso by Ada Stillwell Dickson: Larger boy-Art Cercle.
circa 1903
1/2 13
 Chief Moses of the Columbia tribe
Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Cheif Moses- of the Columbia Tribe.
before 1899
1/2 14
 Nez Perce Medicine Man
Written on verso: Medicine man- Nez Perce
circa 1900-1905
1/2 15
 Men on horseback in dress parade
Written on verso by Edward H. Latham: Dress parade.
From left to right: 1. unknown, 2. unknown, 3.Joe Moses, Sinkiuse, 4. Cool-Cool-a-Weela, Okanagan.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 16
 Chief Joe Moses, Sinkiuse - nephew of Chief Moses, whom he succeeded
Eagle and Hawk feathers, at the end of the six foot long silk ribbons, would spin and trail behind the wearer as his horse ran.Written on verso by Stillwell: Chief Joe Moses.Written on verso by Latham: Charley Melpalkin [crossed out with pen] Nez Perce.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 17
 Cool-cool-a-weela, Okanagan
Both Latham and Stillwell identified this photo incorrectly. This is actually an Okanagan named Cool-cool-a-weela.Written on verso by Latham: Nez Perce in Dress Costume.Written on verso by Stillwell: Kok shut George.
circa 1900-1905
1/2 18
 Nez Perce girl
Written on verso by Latham: Nez Perce Girl-Half-breed.
June 1905
1/2 19
 Two Nez Perce girls, Nespelem
Written on verso by Latham: Squaws at Nespelem.
June 1905
1/2 20 June 1905
1/2 21 circa 1905
1/2 22
 Four Nez Perce women on horseback
The woman second from right is possibly Mrs. Willie Nampoya, identified as such from carrying the same beaded handbag as in another Latham image held by UW Libraries: Latham 982. The woman on the far left is Mary Joe, identified by Ada Stillwell Dickson.
circa 1900-1910
1/2 23
 Four Nez Perce women on horseback
Ada Stillwell Dickson identified the women as Linda Paul, Isabel Friedlander, Mary George and Mary Joe.
circa 1900-1910
1/2 24 circa 1900-1910
1/2 25
 Susie Williams, one of the wives of Chief David Williams, on horseback
Written on verso by Ada Stillwell Dickson: Susie Williams.Written on verso by Latham: A Nez Perce girl.
circa 1900-1910
1/2 26
 Nez Perce woman on horseback
Written on verso by Latham: Nez Perce Squaw.
circa 1900-1910
1/2 27 circa 1901

Edmond S. Meany Portrait and Photographs of Colville Indian Reservation made by Edmond MeanyReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/3 28
 Chief Joseph's barn
Edmond Meany (photographer)
Written on verso by Edmond Meany: Chief Joseph's barn. Nespelem Edmond S. Meany 1901.
1901
1/3 29
 Chief Joseph's House
Edmond Meany (photographer)
According to the collection guide for the Edmond S. Meany Photograph Collection (PH Coll 132), this house was built for Chief Joseph by the U.S. government.Written on verso by Edmond Meany: Chief Joseph's House. Nespelem Edmond S. Meany 1901.
1901
1/3 30
 Chief Joseph's "Ictas" House
Edmond Meany (photographer)
Written on verso by Edmond Meany: Chief Joseph's Ictas House, Nespelem. Edmond S. Meany 1901. Ictas House where he kept his relics. Ictas = things. Where Mrs. Frank Dickson interpreted Joseph for Prof. Meany He kept his old gun, shield (rawhide) arrows old time. Note: Mrs. Frank Dickson = Ada Stillwell
1901
1/3 31
 Nespelem Mill
Edmond Meany (photographer)
Written on verso by Edmond Meany: The Mills at Nespelem Edmond S. Meany 1901.
1901
1/3 32
 Ada Stillwell in front of her house
Edmond Meany (photographer)
Written on verso by Edmond Meany: Ada C. Stillwell, my interpreter at Nespelem Edmond S. Meany 1901.
1901
1/3 33
 Portrait of Edmond S. Meany
LaRoche, Seattle (photographer)
Written on verso: Yours Faithfully Edmond S. Meany Seattle Wash 21 IX 1901.
1901

Ada Stillwell Dickson's visit To Colville Indian Reservation, circa 1940Return to Top

Ada Stillwell Dickson  ( photographer)

Written on the back of the front album cover: "Ada's visit 30 (?) years later." These photographs were processed by "Olds & King Camera Department" as indicated on the back of the original album cover. Olds & King, located in Portland, Oregon, was purchased in 1943 and the name changed, dating these photographs to prior to that time.

Container(s) Description Dates
Album 1
Box/Folder item
1/4 34A circa 1940
1/4 34B circa 1940
1/4 34C circa 1940
1/4 34D circa 1940
1/4 34E circa 1940
1/4 34F circa 1940
1/4 34G circa 1940
1/4 34H
 Ada Stillwell with older Native American woman
The Native American woman is wearing a beaded belt with initials "LF" and carrying a beaded purse.
circa 1940
1/4 34I circa 1940
1/4 34J
 Native American man with bell cuffs at his ankles and feather headdress, possibly a dancer
The man is surrounded by people in modern dress. Automobile in background has loudspeakers on roof.
circa 1940
1/4 34K
 Native American man with bell cuffs at his ankles and feather headdress, possibly a dancer
The man is surrounded by people in modern dress. Automobile in background has loudspeakers on roof.
circa 1940
Album 2
Box/Folder item
1/5 35A
 Young girl dressed in beaded outfit and hat
There is an automobile visible behind the girl, and people in modern dress.
circa 1940
1/5 35B circa 1940
1/5 35C circa 1940
1/5 35D circa 1940
1/5 35E circa 1940
1/5 35F circa 1940
1/5 35G circa 1940
Teepees at Colville Reservation
Box/Folder item
1/6 36 circa 1940
1/6 37 circa 1940

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Nez Percé girls--Photographs
  • Nez Percé Indians--Clothing--Photographs
  • Nez Percé Indians--Photographs
  • Personal Names :
  • Moses, Chief, approximately 1829-1899--Photographs
  • Stillwell, Ada--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • Colville Indian Reservation--Photographs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Nespelem (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Latham, Edward H (photographer)
    • Meany, Edmond S. (Edmond Stephen), 1862-1935 (photographer)

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)