Stanly Easton Papers, 1900-1957  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Title
Stanly Easton Papers
Dates
1900-1957 (inclusive)
Quantity
1 cubic feet
Collection Number
MG 005
Summary
Primarily reports of operatives working in the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine from 1900 to 1905.
Repository
University of Idaho Library, Special Collections and Archives
Special Collections and Archives
University of Idaho Library
875 Perimeter Drive
MS 2350
Moscow, ID
83844-2350
Telephone: 208-885-0845
libspec@uidaho.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

As manager of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine, Stanly Alexander Easton was in intimate touch with his staff, foremen and workers. Indeed, he was perhaps the most respected of the mine managers in the entire Coeur d'Alene mining area.

Born April 7, 1873 in Santa Cruz, California, Easton established a connection with the mining industry early in life. He was first employed as an office boy for the firm of Hans C. Behr and W.I. Salkeld, specialists in mechanical area mining engineering. From office boy he advanced to the field and in construction work had his first opportunity to gain first-hand experience of the many activities in mining at that time.

With this experience behind him, he entered the University of California College of Mines from which he graduated in 1894. After leaving college he worked underground at gold properties in Calaveras and Tuolumme counties doing such varied jobs as assaying, mining, and mill and construction work. In 1896 he went to the Northwest, working underground in the mines of western Montana, Rossland, B.C. and the Coeur d'Alene where he was employed as a miner at the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mine for the winter of 1896-1897. From there he went to Silver City, Idaho where he was in charge of productive mining work. From 1899-1900 he had charge of the development work at Greenwood, B.C., and afterward at Republic, Washington.

In 1901 he engaged in mine examination work under F.W. Bradley. Bradley was impressed with Easton's ability and character and placed him in charge of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan properties when Albert Burch resigned at the end of 1902.

In addition to his mining interests, Easton was also president of the Boy Scouts, of the Idaho Mining Association, a member of the Idaho State Board of Education, and a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Idaho from 1921-1931. In 1950 he received an honorary degree from that university.

After leaving Bunker Hill and Sullivan, Easton returned to California where he died December 17, 1961.

BACKGROUND MATERIAL

Mining in the Coeur d'Alenes

A lockout by mine owners in 1892 led to the destruction of the Frisco Mill at Gem, the killing of five miners by guards and the retaliatory shooting of several "scabs" (non-union miners) by members of the miners' union. Order was restored by state troopers and the power of the union was temporarily broken, but the atmosphere of hate continued for many years and later led to much violence.

The Western Federation of Miners was formed in 1893 and grew rapidly. In April, 1899 the Federation officials demanded the holdout Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine unionize. The answer of the mine owners was to discharge all union miners. The unionists responded by dynamiting the Bunker Hill and Sullivan concentrator at Wardner, said to be the largest in the world. Governor Steunenberg declared martial law and President McKinley ordered U.S. troops from Montana into the area. The miners were rounded up and herded into hastily constructed barracks surrounded by barbed wire, an area later referred to as the "Bull Pen." Miners were gradually released after denying that they belonged to any subversive organization.

The influence of the Western Federation in Idaho had nearly been destroyed, and its leaders dispersed. New headquarters were established in Denver, and soon Charles H. Moyer, William D. Heywood and George A. Pettibone were officials in this new union.

The Assassination of Frank Steunenberg

Although Steunenberg had been out of office for nearly four years, living a quiet life with his family in Caldwell, the union could not forget his actions during the spring of 1899. As he was returning from his evening walk on December 30, 1905 a bomb was placed near his home . As he opened the garden gate he tripped the wire which exploded the bomb. Although badly maimed by the explosion, he lived for twenty minutes. For some time before the explosion he had been receiving threatening letters in the mail, and must have realized the source, for as he lay dying in his home he told his family that they (meaning the miners) finally got him.

It was not long before Harry Orchard was arrested and taken to Idaho State Penitentiary. Orchard soon confessed to Pinkerton agent James McParland and told him of his meetings with Western Federation of Miners officials Moyer, Heywood and Pettibone, and of their hiring him to murder the former governor. Moyer, Heywood and Pettibone were literally kidnapped in Colorado and placed on a special train which brought them very quickly into Idaho where they were arrested.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The papers of Stanly Easton are primarily concerned with the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine. There are numerous reports of the operatives working in the mines and of one operative detailed to work among the ranchers who had filed a damage suit against the mine owners. There are newspaper clippings about the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine and the city of Kellogg, Idaho, as well as a photograph collection depicting various sections of the mine.

The only items not concerned with mining are publications dealing with the Republican National Convention in Chicago in 1916 to which Easton was a delegate.

The reports of the operatives contained in this file are very interesting and would be of great use to anyone interested in the growth of the miners' union after its virtual destruction in the Coeur d'Alene in 1899.

Other Descriptive InformationReturn to Top

Materials from the first folder of operative reports were digitized and added to the digital Bunker Hill Labor Collection. To browse these and related digital collections click here.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Operative Reports, 1900-1908Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Operatives Reports
165 items : Listed below with links to digital objects.
1900-June 1901
Box Folder
5 August 1900
8 August 1900
9 August 1900
16 August 1900
16 August 1900
1 September 1900
2 September 1900
15 September 1900
18 September 1900
29 September 1900
30 September 1900
1-2 October 1900
12 October 1900
22 October 1900
23 October 1900
27 October 1900
28 October 1900
1 November 1900
1 November 1900
1 November 1900
5 November 1900
10 November 1900
10 November 1900
25 October 1900
12 November 1900
15 November 1900
undated
19 November 1900
19 November 1900
undated
undated
undated
undated
18 November 1900
22 November 1900
25 November 1900
26 November 1900
24 November 1900
1 December 1900
undated
1 December 1900
1 December 1900
3 December 1900
8 December 1900
8 December 1900
9 December 1900
8 December 1900
13 December 1900
undated
12 December 1900
10 December 1900
11 December 1900
14 December 1900
16 December 1900
24 November 1900
17 December 1900
21 December 1900
25 December 1900
16 December 1900
23 December 1900
23 December 1900
31 December 1900
undated
June-October 1900
October-November 1900
28 August, 31 October 1900
February-October 1900
August-December 1900
August-November 1900
21 December 1900
October-November 1900
1 January 1901
1 January 1901
1 January 1901
21 December 1900
4 January 1901
1 January 1901
5 January 1901
2 January 1901
7 January 1901
7 January 1901
11 January 1902
10 January 1901
11 January 1901
15 January 1901
15 January 1901
16 January 1901, undated
17 January 1901
18 January 1901
28 December 1900
18 January 1901
21 January 1901
18 January 1901
21 January 1901
4 January 1901
27-30 January 1901
1 February 1901
23 January 1901
2 February 1901
8 February 1901
9 February 1901
undated
15 February 1901
15 February 1901
16 February 1901
19-23 February 1901
22 February 1901
19-24 January 1901
25-28 February 1901
3 March 1901
10 March 1901
10 March 1901
1 March 1901
27 January 1901
18 March 1901
26 March 1901
undated
18 March 1901
27-18 March 1901
30-31 March 1901
1 April 1901
4 April 1901
8 April 1901
9 April 1901
10 April 1901
11-17 April 1901
20 April 1901
12 April 1901
21-23 March 1901
16-20 April 1901
18 April 1901
20 April 1901
23 April 1901
26 April-5 May 1901
undated
10 May 1901
11 May 1901
11-13 May 1901
13-14 May 1901
14 May 1901
16 May 1901
19-20 May 1901
1 May 1901
20 May 1901
23 May 1901
23 May 1901
25-26 May 1901
28 May 1901
31 May 1901
1 June 1901
4-5 June 1901
undated
8 June 1901
5 May 1901
19 June 1901
20 June 1901
21 June 1901
28 June 1901
29-30 June 1901
11 June 1901
11 June 1901
15 June 1901
19-23 February 1901
15-16 May 1901
1 2
Operatives Reports
110 items
July 1901-February 1902
1 3
Operatives Reports
131 items
1905-1906
1 4
Operatives Reports
173 items
1907
1 5
Operatives Reports
176 items
1905-October 1907
1 6
Operatives Reports
224 items
November 1907-June 1908

Series II:  Publications and Clippings, 1903-1936Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 7
Strike
26 items
1919
1 8
Pageant of Silver
1 item
1935
1 9-10
Mining
51 items
1908-1936
1 11
Personal
33 items
1910-1931
1 12
Political and Patriotic
15 items
1904-1931
1 13
Correspondence
10 items
1904-1934
1 14
Miscellaneous Publications
21 items
1903-1924

Series III:   Photographs, 1916-1937Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 15
Bulldozer at Work
5 items
1936
1 16
Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mine. Change House
6 items
1916
1 17
Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mine. Power House
5 items
undated
1 18
Cash Payday
3 items
1933
1 19
Dredging River to Build a Dyke
8 items
1932-1933
1 20
Easton, Stanly
2 items
undated
1 21
Fourth of July Parade, Coeur d'Alene
2 items
1936
1 22
Kellogg, Idaho. Flood
4 items
1933
1 23
Kellogg, Idaho. Miners' Union Hall
3 items
undated
1 24
Sunshine Mine Strike
7 items
1937
1 25
First Aid Contest
4 items
undated-1931
1 26
Bunker Hill Mine and Smelter
2 items
undated
1 27
Bunker Hill Smelter Site
4 items
1916
1 28
Garage Crew
2 items
1935-1937
1 29
Wm. McDougall, Bob Jones, Zeb White
1 item
undated
1 30
Unloading slag car
1 item
undated
1 31
Two houses
2 items
undated
1 32
Miners Picnic, Kellogg. Parade
1 item
1936
1 33
First statehouse in Idaho, Pierce
1 item
undated
1 34
Hunting trip in Clearwater; six elk killed
34 items
1927
1 35
Airplanes at Air Show
1 item
undated
1 36
Unidentified Group of 34 men
1 item
undated

Series IV:  First Aid Contest, 1918Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 37
Photographs, prizes, teams, and posters
9 items
1918

Series V:  Republican Convention, 1916Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 38
Correspondence
42 items
1916
1 39
Program and Publications
9 items
1916

Series VI:  Interviews, 1957Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 40
Reel to Reel tapes (2) 1957; Transcript
3 items
1984

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Detectives
  • Mining Corporations
  • Corporate Names :
  • Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mining and Concentrating Company
  • Geographical Names :
  • Shoshone County (Idaho)
  • Occupations :
  • Manager of Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine after 1902.