The Swedes’ Life and Work in the State of Washington photograph album, circa 1920  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Title
The Swedes’ Life and Work in the State of Washington photograph album
Dates
circa 1920 (inclusive)
Quantity
.6 cubic feet, (1 box)
Collection Number
2016.59
Summary
Photograph album related to the life and work of Swedish immigrants living in Seattle and Washington State
Repository
Museum of History & Industry, Sophie Frye Bass Library
Sophie Frye Bass Library
Museum of History & Industry
P.O. Box 80816
Seattle, WA
98108
Telephone: 206-324-1126
Fax: 206-780-1533
library@mohai.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public by appointment.

Languages
English.


Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This album of 92 photographs, related to the life of Swedish immigrants living in Seattle and Washington State, includes a variety of photographic subjects, including street scenes, apartment buildings, stores, residential property, ferry docks, lumber camps, group portraits, office interiors, schools and construction projects.. Historic Seattle churches and Swedish Hospital buildings and rooms are of particular interest. Many of the 8x10 black and white photographs are attributed to K.E. Nordland of Nordlands Foto Company, 1707 Market Street in the Ballard neighborhood of Seattle.

The title of the album was translated by the donor from the Swedish language title embossed on the cover of the album.

Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

By 1910, nearly 150,000 Scandinavians had immigrated to the Pacific Northwest, making them the largest foreign-born ethic group in the state. Swedes labored on farms, lumber mills, railroads, mines and the waterfront. They frequently worked on construction projects, contributing manual labor and engineering skills. Many successful Swedish-owned businesses were established in Seattle between 1890 and 1930.

The pioneer Swedes clustered together socially and formed a large number of secular, religious and charitable organizations including clubs, lodges, orders and churches. The Swedish Club was founded by recent arrivals in 1892 at the Stockholm Hotel, located at First Avenue and Bell Street. The hotel was owned and operated by Andrew Chilberg, President of the Scandinavian-American Bank and Puget Sound Savings and Loan. Early members and founders of the Swedish Club included Nels B. Nelson of Frederick & Nelson, and John Nordstrom, who together with Carl Wallin started what is now Nordstrom Department Store. The first Swedish Club building was located in downtown Seattle at Eighth Avenue and Olive Street.

Swedish Hospital was organized in 1908 to address the Swedish Club’s concerns for healthcare. It began operation in a leased building on Belmont Avenue and moved to a new building on Summit and Columbia in 1912. Club member Dr. Nils A. Johanson was the driving force behind the hospital.

The church was an important factor in the lives of Scandinavian immigrants, and the major denominations were Lutheran, Baptist and Methodist. The 30-year pastorate of Reverend Emil Friborg was instrumental in founding Adelphia College in 1905. Seattle charitable organizations of Swedish origin include the Millionaire Club and the Lutheran Compass Mission. The Scandinavian Department at the University of Washington was established in 1910, when an addition to the State Constitution required a Swedish language program be included in the University program.

Seattle Swedish social organizations include various Vasa Lodges, the Skandia Folkdance Society and the Swedish Cultural Society, founded in 1921. In 1961, a modern Swedish Club building was completed overlooking Lake Union and downtown Seattle. The Swedish Club continues their mission to promote better understanding between the United States and Scandinavian countries.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View selections from the collection in digital format by clicking on the camera icons in the inventory below.

Restrictions on Use

The Museum of History & Industry is the owner of the materials in the Sophie Frye Bass Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from MOHAI before any reproduction use. The museum does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

The Swedes’ Life and Work in the State of Washington Photograph Album, Museum of History & Industry, Seattle

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Description Dates
2016.59.1:  Swedish Hospital buildings exterior view
Columbia and Summit Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.2:  Swedish Hospital interior view of laboratory room
Columbia and Summit Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.3:  Swedish Hospital buildings exterior view
Columbia and Summit Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.4: Interior room with fireplace and staircase
Signed on front, Nordlands Foto Co.
circa 1920
2016.59.5:  Ballard Swedish Baptist Church exterior view
20th Avenue NW and West 63rd
circa 1920
2016.59.6:  Adelphia College group portrait on front steps
13th Avenue North and Miller Street
circa 1920
2016.59.7:  Swedish Businessman's Association group portrait outside Snoqualmie Falls Lodge 1921 May 14
2016.59.8:  Finnish Evangelical Church exterior view with people in front
1708 65th Street
circa 1920
2016.59.9: Central School, Kirkland circa 1920
2016.59.10: Swedish Engineers Club exterior view circa 1920
2016.59.11: Snoqualmie Falls circa 1920
2016.59.12: Group of men, women and children on the deck of boat Luna circa 1920
2016.59.13:  Craftsman style bungalow exterior
Meridan and Kirkwood Place NW
circa 1920
2016.59.14: Large group of women and one man posing in park circa 1920
2016.59.15: Logging operation with steam donkey circa 1920
2016.59.16: Kirkland waterfront view looking south circa 1920
2016.59.17: Kirkland ferry dock circa 1920
2016.59.18: Road construction work crew in Kirkland circa 1920
2016.59.19: Two story house exterior view
N.E. corner Broadway and Hamlin Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.20: Large two story brick house unknown location circa 1920
2016.59.21:   House owned by Dr. Nils A. Johanson at 2801 Broadway East, exterior view
N.E. corner Broadway and Hamlin Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.22:  Columbia Lutheran Home exterior view
Phinney Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.23: Southern Pacific Lines exterior view
314 Union Street
circa 1920
2016.59.24: Scandinavian American Steamship Line, interior view
116 Cherry Street
circa 1920
2016.59.25: Scandinavian American Steamship Line, exterior view
116 Cherry Street
circa 1920
2016.59.26:  Yellow cab in front of Perfection Tires Shop circa 1920
2016.59.27:  Swedish Tabernacle
Pike and Bellevue Streets
circa 1920
2016.59.28: House, unknown location circa 1920
2016.59.29: House, unknown location circa 1920
2016.50.30:  Bethany Evangelical Lutheran Church exterior view
7400 Woodlawn Avenue
circa 1920
2016.50.31:  People boarding the Leschi ferry circa 1920
2016.59.32:  Leschi ferry dock circa 1920
2016.50.33: University of Washington Husky Stadium Wayfarer Stage construction circa 1920
2016.59.34: University of Washington Husky Stadium Wayfarer Stage construction circa 1920
2016.59.35: Street construction with pipe circa 1920
2016.59.36: Building construction scene circa 1920
2016.59.37: Ship Kirketin from Kristiania
Pier 11, Virginia Street
circa 1920
2016.59.38: Ferry Leschi at Leschi Landing circa 1920
2016.59.39: Kirkland ferry dock circa 1920
2016.59.40:  Metropolitan Theater exterior view
University Street and Fifth Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.41: Railroad car on track circa 1920
2016.59.42: House on rural street
"Sasse" on mailbox
circa 1920
2016.59.43: Logs stacked on railroad cars circa 1920
2016.59.44: Man standing next to a large tree circa 1920
2016.59.45: Logging operation circa 1920
2016.59.46: Logging camp circa 1920
2016.59.47: Office interior
Heiden's Mailing Bureau
circa 1920
2016.59.48:  Heep's Lunch with men eating at a counter
1207 3rd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.49: Women typing at a table circa 1920
2016.59.50: Interior view of warehouse circa 1920
2016.59.51:  Strom and Olsen Hardwood Floors exterior view
1618 12th Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.52: Alaska Steamship Company exterior view
707 2nd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.53: Interior view of warehouse circa 1920
2016.59.54:  Ferry Issaquah launch circa 1920
2016.59.55: Ferry Issaquah launch circa 1920
2016.59.56: Kirkland ferry dock circa 1920
2016.59.57: Unidentified church circa 1920
2016.59.58: House location unknown circa 1920
2016.59.59:  Choir and musicians onstage circa 1920
2016.59.60:  Wallin and Nordstrom shoe display exterior view
1422 2nd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.61: Display cases and stairway, possibly the Olympic Hotel
105 Yesler Way
circa 1920
2016.59.62:  Wallin and Nordstrom shoe store interior view
1422 2nd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.63: Wallin and Nordstrom shoe store interior view
1422 2nd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.64: Man, woman and boy in front of unidentified house circa 1920
2016.59.65: People, car and two unidentified houses circa 1920
2016.59.66:  Swedish-American family on porch of house circa 1925
2016.59.67: Family group in front of unidentified house circa 1920
2016.59.68: The Switzerland Furnished Rooms
1443 West 51st Street
circa 1920
2016.59.69: Family group in front of farm house circa 1920
2016.59.70: Farm house and orchard circa 1920
2016.59.71: Family group in front of unidentified house circa 1920
2016.59.72: Office interior circa 1920
2016.59.73: Bank interior circa 1920
2016.59.74: Steam plant interior circa 1920
2016.59.75: Swedish Hospital room circa 1920
2016.59.76: Beach camp with small cabins circa 1920
2016.59.77: Beach camp with small cabins circa 1920
2016.59.78:   Swedish-Americans having a picnic circa 1925
2016.59.79: The Humpfrey apartment building
2205 2nd Avenue
circa 1920
2016.59.80: The Cambridge apartment building
9th Avenue and Union Street
circa 1920
2016.59.81: Swedish Hospital exterior view circa 1920
2016.59.82: Interior view of large barber shop circa 1920
2016.59.83: Waiting room, possibly photo studio circa 1920
2016.59.84: Doctor's office interior circa 1920
2016.59.85: Doctor's office examining room circa 1920
2016.59.86: Crowd at University of Washington stadium circa 1920
2016.59.87: Side view of tractor trailer truck circa 1920
2016.59.88: Side view of truck
West Coast Hauling Company
circa 1920
2016.59.89: Summer camp one-story buildings circa 1920
2016.59.90: Richfield's Gas Station on a rural road circa 1920
2016.59.91: Studio portrait of unknown man
Nordlands Foto Co.
circa 1920
2016.59.92: Funeral Home with open casket and flowers circa 1920

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Buildings--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • Churches--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • Swedish Americans
  • Corporate Names :
  • Swedish Hospital Medical Center
  • Geographical Names :
  • Ballard (Seattle, Wash.)
  • Seattle (Wash.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photograph albums