Henry E. Reed Papers, 1855-1943  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Reed, Henry E., 1866-1947
Title
Henry E. Reed Papers
Dates
1855-1943 (inclusive)
1893-1943 (bulk)
Quantity
4 cubic feet, (8 document cases), (1 v.), (1 oversize folder)
Collection Number
Mss 383
Summary
Papers of a journalist, public official, and realtor of Portland, Oregon. Includes correspondence relating to his work as publicist for the 1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition and for the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. Also includes papers relating to taxation, real estate valuation, and the history of Portland.
Repository
Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library
Davies Family Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
97205
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
libreference@ohs.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Henry E. Reed was born on September 14, 1866 in Brooklyn, New York, to Phillip and Catherine (Sexton) Reed. The Reed family left New York and, after a brief stay in San Francisco, settled in Portland, Oregon, on March 1, 1871. Henry Reed attended Portland public schools and in his final year of high school, he accepted work as a printer’s apprentice. This position served as a stepping stone into what would become a significant career in journalism. Reed was employed by the Northwest Daily News in 1883, and aggressively worked his way up through the ranks. In 1887, he brought attention to himself by scooping the Oregonian on a lead story. Subsequently, the Oregonian offered him a significant pay raise, and Reed accepted. He would stay with the paper until 1901.

After leaving journalism, Reed entered public service by becoming the Assistant Secretary of the Portland Chamber of Commerce (1901-1903). In 1903, he became Director of Exploitation (head of public relations) for the 1905 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition, and also served as Secretary of the fair corporation. This experience led to employment as director of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle, from which Reed eventually resigned over a pay dispute in 1909. In 1906, he was a founding member of the Portland Realty Board, and would remain a member for the duration of his life. Reed also served two terms as the Multnomah County Assessor (1912 and 1916), a position which ultimately qualified him as a nationally recognized expert on taxation and real estate value assessment.

Other positions held by Reed included: manager of the Red Cross and Liberty Loans campaigns (1917-1919), director of the Portland Chamber of Commerce (1915-1917), director of the 1919 Rose Festival, and Vice President of the Portland City Planning Commission (1923-1933). He was also a life long lover of history and was considered a valuable resource on the history of regional development and geography. In his later years, he served as Secretary of the Oregon Historical Society from 1938-1945. Reed died of prostate cancer on September 22, 1947, at the Physicians and Surgeons Hospital. He was 81 years old.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection primarily documents Henry Reed's involvement with the expositions in Portland and Seattle, as well as his lifelong interests in taxation, real estate valuation, and regional history. The papers represent, in all probability, only a small fraction of the files accumulated by Reed in his lifetime. It is possible that the surviving materials were selected by Reed himself as somehow significant.

The General Correspondence is the most important portion of the collection. The bulk of the materials relate to Reed's work for the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland and the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle. Of special interest is correspondence concerning Reed's dispute with the Seattle fair company and his eventual resignation. Also included are some materials relating to Reed's work at the Oregonian prior to 1902, and his position as Multnomah County Assessor. There is also an exchange regarding Reed's father's medical condition in the 1890s.

The series titled “Historical Notes” relates primarily to topics of Portland and Oregon history. Included are research notes and drafts of articles and speeches. The topics range from physical geography and natural disasters to transportation and municipal affairs. Of special note is a detailed report -- possibly by Reed -- on the methods used to change Portland house numbers between 1930 and 1933.

Two full-length works of Reed are contained in the collection. These are the manuscript to his historical novel Grinding the mill, a story of overland pioneers; and a typescript of his Official History of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, 1908, which provides a detailed look at all aspects of the fair's planning and production.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library prior to any use of reproductions. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

Henry E. Reed Papers, Mss 383, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Alternative Forms Available

Official History of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition also available on microfilm

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series 1:  General correspondence, 1855-1943, undatedReturn to Top

Correspondence primarily related to the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland and the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle. Also includes some materials relating to Reed's work at the Oregonian and later as Multnomah County Assessor.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Correspondence
1855-1899
1/2
Correspondence
1900-1903
1/3
Correspondence
1904-1905
1/4
Correspondence
1906
1/5
Correspondence
1907
1/6
Correspondence
1908
1/7
Correspondence
1909-1939
1/8
Correspondence
1940-1943

Series 2:  Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, 1906-1909Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/9
Articles of incorporation
1906-1908
1/10
Bond issue, contracts, estimates, and related materials
1906-1908
Oversize Folder
Certificates to Henry E. Reed
Also includes commemorative diploma from the St. Louis exposition, 1904.
1904-1909

Series 3:  Multnomah County Assessor, 1907-1928Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2/1-3
Correspondence
1907-1928
2/4
Campaigns
1912; 1916
2/5-10
Estate appraisals
1913-1924
3/1-2
Estate appraisals
1925

Series 4:  Land transaction files, 1855-1947Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/5
Caruthers Court Case of 1869
Includes typed transcripts of documents and Reed's notes
undated
3/6
Industrial taxes in Bonneville area
circa 1940
3/7-9
Land holding systems, data on
1930; undated
3/10-11
Land leases book
circa 1930

Series 5:  Taxation files, 1855-1947Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4/1
Portland land assessments, study of
Includes undated report on Portland assessments, 1860-1908.
1910; 1935; undated
4/2-4
Multnomah County data, 1853-1943
circa 1913-1943
4/5-6
Oregon data, 1853-1933
circa 1911-1933
4/7-8
Oregon data, 1935-1943
1935-1943
5/1-2
Lawsuits—notes and transcripts
undated
5/3
Speeches by Henry Reed on taxation
1929-1940; undated
5/4
Valuation procedures
Includes text of papers by Henry Reed titled "City land values."
circa 1910-1940
5/5
Other states
circa 1914-1932
5/6-7
Single tax issue
1911-1912
5/8
Sales tax issue
1932-1933

Series 6:  Historical notes, 1855-1947Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/1
British Columbia
1903; undated
6/2
Expositions, general
undated
6/3
Champoeg—Clippings
1901
6/4
Chinese
undated
6/5
Columbia River
1899-1932; undated
6/6
French Prairie, Red River, and Whitman controversy
1909; undated
6/7
Population
undated
6/8
Railroads
undated
Portland
Box/Folder
6/9
Boundaries, house numbers, business
Includes detailed report on process of re-numbering Portland houses and manufacture of house numbers.
1932-1933; undated
6/10
Bridges
1933; undated
6/11
Census, first
1929; undated
6/12
Climate
1938; undated
6/13
Earthquakes
1910; undated
6/14
Fires and Fire Department
1915; 1917; undated
6/15
Floods
1923; 1931; undated
7/1
Floods
undated
7/2-3
History
1905; 1941; undated
7/4
History (2 notebooks)
1936; undated
7/5
Housing
1918
7/6
Incorporation
circa 1911-1930
7/7
Land claims
1911; undated
7/8
Mayors
Includes flyer for campaign against mayoral bid of Earl Riley
1912; undated
7/9
Post Office
1915; undated
7/10
Real estate
1933; undated
7/11
Settlers
1898; 1929; undated
8/1
Transportation
1910-1931; undated
Box/Folder
8/2
Puget Sound
1900; 1903; undated

Series 7:  General materials, 1855-1947Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/3
Historical novel, Grinding the mill—Typescript and manuscripts
undated
8/4
Ephemera and general materials
1909-1942; undated
8/5-6
Speeches, general
1915-1947; undated
8/7
Personal financial papers
1893-1947
8/8
Valuation notes
undated
8/9-10
Real estate assessment and valuation writings (2 bound vols.)
1925; undated
Box
9
Official history, Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition—Typescript (bound vol.)
1908

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Real property—Oregon—Portland—Valuation
  • Street addresses—Oregon—Portland
  • Taxation—Oregon—Portland—History.
  • Personal Names :
  • Reed, Henry E., 1866-1947--Archives (creator)
  • Corporate Names :
  • Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (1909 : Seattle, Wash.)
  • Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition (1905 : Portland, Or.)
  • Multnomah County (Or.) Assessor's Office
  • Oregonian (Firm)
  • Geographical Names :
  • Oregon—History
  • Portland (Or.)—History
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Notes
  • Typescripts
  • Titles within the Collection :
  • Official History of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition