Galloway-Stone Expedition photograph collection, 1909  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Cogswell, Raymond
Title
Galloway-Stone Expedition photograph collection
Dates
1909 (inclusive)
Quantity
200 items
Collection Number
P0749
Summary
The Galloway-Stone Expedition photograph collection consists of 100 4X5" copy prints, with accompanying negatives. The copy prints were taken from a leather-bound photograph album belonging to Mrs. Fred Kemp of Morgan, Utah, a granddaughter of Parley Galloway, son of Nathaniel Galloway.
Repository
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections.
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT
84112-0860
Telephone: 801-581-8863
special@library.utah.edu
Access Restrictions

Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

History of the 1909 Galloway-Stone Expedition:

Nathaniel Galloway and Julius Stone, two men from widely varied backgrounds, became friends as a result of their involvement with Robert Brewster Stanton's Hoskaninni Mining Company in the last years of the 19th century. Galloway was a trapper and orchard-keeper from Vernal, Utah, who had in the previous decade developed a light, flat-bottomed skiff, as well as a revolutionary technique for using it, to successfully navigate the rapids of the Green and Colorado Rivers. In 1898, he was hired as a boatman and hunter by Stanton. Stone was an industrialist from Ohio who invested in the Hoskaninni Mining Company venture. When he was touring the site in Glen Canyon, he met Galloway and the two became friends.

After his experiences in Glen Canyon, Stone was intrigued with the possibility of running the Green and Colorado Rivers in small boats. To learn more about it, he sought out Major John Wesley Powell in the latter's office in Washington, D.C, and interviewed other well-known river explorers such as Frederick Dellenbaugh and Robert Brewster Stanton. By 1909 the idea had crystalized to the point that Stone hired Galloway to travel to a boatyard in Illinois to supervise the construction of four boats. The boats were of the type later called "Galloway boats," a light, flat-bottomed skiff of lapstrake construction, about fourteen feel long, weighing about 400 pounds. Upon completion at a boatyard in Chicago, they were shipped to Green River, Wyoming, by rail. The party met in Green River, Wyoming, in the late summer of 1909, and started downriver on September 12. The party consisted of Galloway, who also served as the guide for the expedition; Stone; Stone's brother-in-law, Raymond Cogswell, who was a photographer; a friend of Stone's, C.C. Sharp, (who left the party at Hite, Utah, at the start of Glen Canyon); and Seymour Dubendorff, a young man of Galloway's acquaintance from Myton, Utah. Each man rowed his own boat, except for Cogswell, who needed to take photographs. Save for Galloway, who had been navigating the Green and Yampa Rivers for the previous decade, and had successfully run the same stretch of river, from Green River Wyoming to Needles, California, in 1896-97, none of the party had any experience running rapids.

Despite this lack of skills, the party proceeded without any serious mishaps--save for a capsize in Cataract Canyon, and another in the Grand Canyon about mile 140, and a few minor scrapes and bumps--and reached Needles, California, on November 19, 1909. The expedition is generally considered by historians of the Colorado River to be the first that was undertaken purely for pleasure, similar to modern river runners. The rapid in the Grand Canyon where Dubendorff capsized was later named for him, with features in the immediate area named for other members of the party. Hence Dubenforff Rapid, Stone Creek, Galloway Canyon, and Cogswell Butte memorialize this expedition. The whole story of the trip was told by Stone in his book Canyon Country: The romance of a drop of water and a grain of sand (New York, London : G. P. Putnam's sons, 1932.) This volume includes over 300 of Cogswell's photographs. The voyage is also described in detail by David Lavender in his book River Runners of the Grand Canyon (Grand Canyon, Ariz. : Grand Canyon Natural History Association, c1985.)

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Galloway-Stone Expedition photograph collection consists of 100 4X5" copy prints, with accompanying negatives. The copy prints were taken from a leather-bound photograph album belonging to Mrs. Fred Kemp of Morgan, Utah, a granddaughter of Parley Galloway, son of Nathaniel Galloway. The album had obviously been presented to Nathaniel Galloway by Julius Stone, leader of the 1909 expedition, as a gift. The photographs were taken by the expedition's photographer, Raymond Cogswell, who was Stone's brother-in-law. Cogswell took almost 2,000 images in the course of the three-month long journey, and obviously selected out those that he thought Galloway would want. Mrs. Kemp contacted the Marriott Library Special Collections Department in 1997, and offered to allow the department to copy the images. This was accomplished within a short time and the original album was returned to the family. The numbers seen on the face of the prints are Raymond Cogswell's notations, and were used to put the images in numerical and down river order. The prints have been re-numbered in a continuous sequence. In cases where names of features have changed, the modern name is given in parentheses.

In October, 2001, another descendant of Nathaniel Galloway, Mrs. Kay Neilson of Richfield, Utah, allowed the Special Collections Department to copy Galloway's original, hand-written diary that he had kept on the trip and that had been passed down to Eva Galloway, one of his daughters. This is now located in the Nathaniel Galloway papers (Accn 1936). Even though the two collections came from different sources at different times, they compliment each other nicely to document this significant river expedition.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The library does not claim to control copyright for all materials in the collection. An individual depicted in a reproduction has privacy rights as outlined in Title 45 CFR, part 46 (Protection of Human Subjects). For further information, please review the J. Willard Marriott Library’s Use Agreement and Reproduction Request forms.

Preferred Citation

Initial Citation: Galloway-Stone Expedition photograph collection, P0749, Box [ ]. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Following Citations: P0749.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
1 1 Green River, Wyoming to Red Canyon
  • 1: Boats at start of voyage, Green River, Wyoming
  • 2: Firehole Basin, Green River
  • 3: Badlands along upper Green River
  • 4: Bottomlands, upper Green River
  • 5: Entering Flaming Gorge
  • 6: Horseshoe Canyon
  • 7: Kingfisher Canyon at Beehive Point
  • 8: Red Canyon
  • 9: Little Browns Park (Little Hole)
  • 10: Ashley Falls
  • 11: Red Canyon
1 2 Gates of Lodore to Split Mountain Canyon
  • 12: Gates of Lodore
  • 13: Upper end of Canyon of Lodore
  • 14: Disaster Falls
  • 15: Galloway in boat in Disaster Falls
  • 16: Disaster Falls
  • 17: Mitten Park fault, end of Canyon of Lodore
  • 18: Steamboat Rock
  • 19: Steamboat Rock, view from mouth of Pool Creek
  • 20: Head of Whirlpool Canyon
  • 21: Jones Hole Creek canyon
  • 22: Fish caught in Jones Hole Creek
  • 23: Island Park, looking back at mouth of Whirlpool Canyon
  • 24: Rainbow Park, look at head of Split Mountain Canyon
  • 25: Mouth of Whirlpool Canyon
  • 26: Split Mountain Canyon
  • 27: End of Split Mountain Canyon
1 3 Uinta Basin to Green River, Utah
  • 28: Looking at Split Mountain from Uinta Basin
  • 29: Horseshoe Bend
  • 30: Sumner's Amphitheater
  • 31: Start of Desolation Canyon, just above mouth of Minnie Maud (Nine-Mile) Canyon
  • 32: Mouth of Jack Creek, Desolation canyon
  • 33: End of Desolation Canyon, near McPherson Ranch
  • 34: Florence Creek Rapid
  • 35: Wire Fence Rapid?
  • 36: Three Fords Rapid
  • 37: Gray Canyon
  • 38: Gunnison Butte
  • 39: Looking back at Tavaputs Plateau (Book Cliffs) from near Green River, Utah
1 4 Dellenbaugh Butte to Glen Canyon
  • 40: Dellenbaugh Butte
  • 41: Labyrinth Canyon
  • 42: Buttes of the Cross
  • 43: Confluence of Green and Colorado Rivers
  • 44: Cataract Canyon
  • 45: Rapid in Cataract Canyon
  • 46: Dark Canyon Rapid
  • 47: Mouth of Dark Canyon
  • 48: Mille Crag Bend
  • 49: Tapestry Wall, Glen Canyon
  • 50: Glen Canyon
1 5 Lees Ferry to end of Marble Canyon
  • 51: Lees Ferry, looking downstream, Vermillion Cliffs in background
  • 52: Boats at Lees Ferry
  • 53: Above Soap Creek Rapid
  • 54: Rapid in Marble Canyon
  • 55: Marble Canyon
  • 56: Boat in rapid, Marble Canyon
  • 57: Marble Canyon, near 29-Mile Rapid
  • 58: Near end of Marble Canyon
  • 59: Mouth of Little Colorado River
  • 60: Below Little Colorado River, Grand Canyon
  • 61: Camp in Tanner Flats
1 6 Inner Gorge to Deer Creek Falls
  • 62: Inner Gorge
  • 63: Inner Gorge
  • 64: Rapid in Inner Gorge
  • 65: Rapid in Inner Gorge
  • 66: Granite Rapid
  • 67: Boats in Inner Gorge
  • 68: Camp at night
  • 69: Near Elve=s Chasm
  • 70: Upper Granite Gorge
  • 71: Granite Gorge
  • 72: Rapid
  • 73: Below Kanab Creek
  • 74: Granite Narrows
  • 75: Deer Creek Falls
1 7 Middle Granite Gorge to end of Grand Canyon
  • 76: Middle Granite Gorge
  • 77: Vulcan=s Anvil
  • 78: Lava Falls
  • 79: Below Lava Falls
  • 80: Wall of Lava
  • 81: Redwall limestone wall, below Lava Falls
  • 82: Stop below Lava Falls
  • 83: Separation Rapid, Lower Granite Gorge
  • 84: Redwall towers, lower Grand Canyon
  • 85: Rapid, Lower Grand Canyon
  • 86: Lava boulders, lower Grand Canyon
  • 87: Snow on plateau, lower Grand Canyon
  • 88: Lower Grand Canyon
  • 89: Lower Grand Canyon
  • 90: Lower Grand Canyon
1 8 Grand Wash Cliffs to end of trip
  • 91: Mouth of Grand Wash
  • 92: Mouth of Grand Wash
  • 93: Up-tilted rock layers, east slope of Virgin Mountains
  • 94: Temple Bar Butte, below Grand Canyon
  • 95: Open country below Grand Canyon
  • 96: Open country below Grand Canyon
  • 97: Boulder Canyon
  • 98: Ruins of Callville?
  • 99: Topock Gorge
  • 100: Near Needles, California

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Boats and boating--Colorado--Photographs
  • Boats and boating--Green River (Wyo.-Utah)--Photographs
  • Boats and boating--Green River (Wyo.-Utah)--Photographs
  • Canyons--Colorado--Photographs
  • Rivers--Recreational use--Colorado--Photographs
  • Rivers--Recreational use--Utah--Photographs
  • Rivers--Recreational use--Wyoming--Photographs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Green River (Wyo.-Utah)--Photographs