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Charles J. Doherty Papers, 1917-1972

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Doherty, Charles J., 1892-1958
Title
Charles J. Doherty Papers
Dates
1917-1972 (inclusive)
Quantity
10.5 linear feet, (17 archival boxes and six oversize volumes)
Collection Number
Mss 051
Summary
Charles Doherty was a newspaperman who owned and edited the Missoula County Times in Missoula, Montana.This collection contains biographical materials, correspondence files, newspaper clippings, financial and legal records, market and research reports, writings and addresses, and photographs created and collected by Doherty. Also included are records from his wife, Clara M. Doherty, and organizations (businesses and veterans' groups) to which Charles Doherty belonged.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Charles J. Doherty was born December 17, 1892, in Michigan, North Dakota. His father owned the Nelson County Independent. When Charles was two, his father died, and his mother began to operate the newspaper. At age fourteen, Charles began writing for the family-owned Adams Budget in North Dakota. He subsequently published weekly newspapers in that same town and Dunn Center, North Dakota.

He acquired the Winnett Times in Winnett, Montana, in 1920, and sold it in 1931. He was one of the individuals who advocated splitting Petroleum County off the eastern end of Fergus County.

In 1931, he acquired the weekly Missoula County Times, which he operated until 1958.

As an editor, Doherty commented frequently and vigorously on public issues and controversies, earning the admiration of other editors throughout Montana. The Missoula County Times often clashed with the Daily Missoulian, particularly over lucrative Missoula City/County "newspaper of record" publication contracts. He was an active participant of the Montana Press Association, and served as its president. He was also president of the Western Montana Press-Radio Club. In 1941, he ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Missoula. He married Clara Marsh in 1928; they had three children. He died May 22, 1958, in Missoula.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection contains biographical materials, correspondence files, newspaper clippings, financial and legal records, market and research reports, writings and addresses, and photographs created and collected by Charles Doherty. Also included are records from Clara M. Doherty and organizations (businesses and veterans' groups) to which Charles Doherty belonged: Petroleum County Realty Company, Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A., and the American Legion. Collection materials are predominantly correspondence and clippings related to Doherty's career as a publisher/editor as well as an extensive sequence of documents from the 1927 American Legion convention in Paris (billed as the Second American Expeditionary Force). This collection provides an historical perspective on Montana's rural weekly newspaper trade during the first half of the twentieth century. Additionally, these materials document Doherty's socio-political opinions and civic activities.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Charles J. Doherty Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Biographical, 1917-1972Return to Top

2 folders

This series contains a short biography, clippings, and other documents providing biographical information on Charles Doherty and his family.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
1920-1972
1/2
World War I Memorabilia
1917-1918

Series II:  Correspondence, 1921-1958Return to Top

3.0 linear feet

This series contains Charles Doherty's correspondence files. These materials primarily concern operation of the Winnett Times and the Missoula County Times; however, some personal correspondence is also present. Among the frequent and prominent correspondents found in this series are Forrest Anderson, J. Hugo Aronson, Roy Ayers, John W. Bonner, W. E. Borah, H. H. H. Clark, Hall F. Clement, Delmar Cole, Frank Cooney, Jack and Robert Corette, Ed Craney, Joseph Dixon, Zales Ecton, H. H. Ellsworth, John Evans, James A. Farley, James Ford, Tom L. Gibson, Dorothy Johnson, Arthur Lamey, Scott Leavitt, Joseph McCarthy, Charles and Walter McLeod, Mike Mansfield, Lee Metcalf, James Murray, Gerald Nye, James O'Connor, Arnold Olsen, Wright Patman, Wellington Rankin, Miles Romney, Arthur Stone, Adrian VanKeulen, Thomas Walsh, Alexander Warden, Burton Wheeler, and numerous staff members at the National Recovery Administration in Washington, D.C.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/3
General
1921
1/4
General
1922
1/5
General
1923
1/6
"Smiling Thru"
1924
1/7
General
1924
1/8
General
1925
1/9
General
1926
1/10
General
1927
1/11
General
1928
1/12
General
1930
1/13
Founding of Missoula County Times
1931
1/14
General
1932
1/15
General
1933
1/16
General
1934
1/17
General
1934
2/1
National Recovery Administration
1934-02
2/2
National Recovery Administration
1934-03
2/3
National Recovery Administration
1934-04
2/4
National Recovery Administration
1934-05
2/5
National Recovery Administration
1934-06
2/6
National Recovery Administration
1934-07
2/7
National Recovery Administration
1934-08
2/8
National Recovery Administration
1934-09
2/9
National Recovery Administration
1934-10
2/10
National Recovery Administration
1934-11
2/11
National Recovery Administration
1934-12
2/12
General
1935
2/13
National Recovery Administration
1935
2/14
General
1936
2/15
General
1936
3/1
General
1937
3/2
General
1938
3/3
General
1939
3/4
Against the War
1940
3/5
Tenth Anniversary Issue
1940
3/6
General
1940
3/7
General
1941
3/8
General
1942
3/9
General
1943
4/1
General
1944
4/2
General
1944
4/3
General
1945
4/4
General
1946
4/5
General
1947
4/6
General
1948
4/7
General
1949
4/8
General
1950
5/1
General
1951
5/2
General
1951
5/3
Aronson for Governor Club
1952
5/4
Office of Price Stabilization
1952
5/5
General
1952
5/6
General
1952
5/7
General
1953
5/8
General
1953
6/1
General
1954
6/2
General
1955
6/3
General
1955
6/4
General
1956
6/5
General
1957
6/6
General
1957
6/7
General
1958
6/8
Congratulations on Selling the Times
1958
6/9
General
undated

Series III:  Clippings, 1926-1958Return to Top

3.5 linear feet

This series contains newspaper clippings collected by Charles Doherty over the course his professional career, reflecting his personal interests and editorial topics. These materials were extracted from papers other than the Missoula County Times and are arranged alphabetically by topic.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/10
Aronson for Governor Club
1952
6/11
Aronson for Governor Club
1952
7/1
Aronson, J. Hugo
1955-1956
7/2
Ayers, Roy E.
undated
7/3
Catholicism
undated
7/4
Catholicism
undated
7/5
Chain Stores
undated
7/6
City Manager
undated
7/7
Communism
undated
7/8
Communism
undated
7/9
Editorial
1958
7/10
Editorial Source Clippings
undated
7/11
Jokes
undated
7/12
Labor
undated
8/1
Labor
1958
8/2
League of Women Voters
undated
8/3
Libel
undated
8/4
Loggings
undated
8/5
McCarthy, Joseph
undated
8/6
Mencken, H. L.
undated
8/7
Missoula Bridges
1956
8/8
Missoula Chamber of Commerce
undated
8/9
Missoula City Election
1941
8/10
Missoula City Politics
1948
8/11
Missoula County Politics
1932-1935
8/12
Missoula County
1957-1958
8/13
Montana Attorney General
1926
8/14
Montana Press Association
1944
8/15
Montana Press Association
1946
8/16
Montana Press Association
1952-1953
8/17
Montana Press Association
1956
8/18
Montana Supreme Court Reports
1928
8/19
Mosby, Aline
undated
8/20
National Editorial Association
1944
8/21
Newspapers
undated
9/1
Office of Price Stabilization
1952
9/2
Paradise Dam
undated
9/3
Patriotism
1930-1932
9/4
Patriotism
1941
9/5
Patriotism
1942
9/6
Patriotism
1956
9/7
Politics
1927-1931
9/8
Politics
1932
9/9
Politics
1932-1936
9/10
Politics
1932-1936
9/11
Politics
1936-1937
9/12
Politics
1938
9/13
Politics
1939
10/1
Politics
1940
10/2
Politics
1941
10/3
Politics
1942
10/4
Politics
1942
10/5
Politics
1943
10/6
Politics
1944
10/7
Politics
1944
10/8
Politics
1945
10/9
Politics
1945
10/10
Politics
1946
10/11
Politics
1946
10/12
Politics
1949
11/1
Politics
1950
11/2
Politics
1950
11/3
Politics
1951
11/4
Politics
1951
11/5
Politics
1952
11/6
Politics
1952
11/7
Politics
1952
11/8
Politics
1953
11/9
Politics
1953
12/1
Politics
1955
12/2
Politics
1955
12/3
Politics
1956
12/4
Politics
1956
12/5
Politics
1958
12/6
Press and Printers Unions
1953
12/7
Public Health
undated
12/8
Race Relations
undated
12/9
Religion
undated
12/10
Schools
undated
12/11
Schools
1958
13/1
Snake River Power Development
1955-1957
13/2
Television
undated
13/3
Trades and Labor Council
1932-1935
13/4
Trading Stamps
undated
13/5
Unions
undated
13/6
University, Missoula
1937 and 1940
13/7
Water
undated
13/8
Wheeler, B. V.
undated
13/9
General topics
undated
13/10
General topics
undated

Series IV:  Financial, 1925-1958Return to Top

0.5 linear feet and 6 oversize volumes

This series contains financial records, primarily regarding operation of the Winnett and Missoula Times but also includes some personal records. This series provides insights into the operation of rural Montana weekly newspapers.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
13/11
Equipment
1931-1936
13/12
House
1942-1957
13/13
Insurance
1927-1947
13/14
Veterans Insurance
1955-1958
13/15
General
1925-1931
13/16
General
1933
13/17
General
1934
13/18
General
1935
13/19
General
1936
13/20
General
1937
13/21
General
1938
13/22
General
1939
13/23
General
1940
13/24
General
1941
13/25
General
1942
13/26
General
1943
13/27
General
1944
13/28
General
1946
14/1
General
1947
14/2
General
1948
14/3
General
1949
14/4
General
1950
14/5
General
1951
14/6
General
1952
14/7
General
1953
14/8
General
1954
14/9
General
1955
14/10
General
1956
14/11
General
1957
14/12
General
1958
Volume
1
General Journal, Cash Receipts, Cash Disbursements, and Expenses
1947-1957
2
General Ledger
1947-1957
3
Cash Disbursements
1937-1942
4
Payroll Record
1942-1945
5
Payroll Record
1946-1947
6
Payroll Record
1948-1957

Series V:  Legal, 1924-1971Return to Top

4 folders

This series contains a mixture of personal and business legal documents. This series includes a sequence documenting an extended dispute between the Times and the Missoulian regarding lucrative Missoula City/County "newspaper of record" publication contracts. Additionally, this series contains an unsigned copy of the Missoula County Peoples Exchange articles of incorporation, a Depression era civic group intended to facilitate "self-relief" through bartering, work exchanges, and community projects.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
14/13
Home in Missoula
1942-1971
14/14
Missoula County Peoples Exchange
undated
14/15
Notary Public and Civic Memberships
1924-1958
14/16
Business Documents
1926-1958

Series VI:  Reports, 1931-1955Return to Top

1 folder

This series contains market and research reports collected by Charles Doherty.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
14/17
Market and Research Reports
1931-1955

Series VII:  Speeches and Writings, 1932-1956Return to Top

7 folders

This series contains Charles Doherty's speeches, radio speeches, and some of his editorial writings as well as some materials written by other authors.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
14/18
Speeches and Radio Addresses
1932-1942
14/19
Speeches and Radio Addresses
1943-1944 and undated
14/20
Writings
1933-1955
14/21
Writings
undated
14/22
J. Hugo Aronson
1953 and 1956
14/23
Harry Burns
1958
14/24
Writings of Others
undated

Series VIII:  Photographs, 1917-1956Return to Top

11 images

This series contains eleven photographs and postcards taken or collected by Charles Doherty during his lifetime. Seven of the nine images were taken during the 1927 American Legion Convention in Paris, France and Doherty's travels to Ireland following the convention.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
17/5
51(VIII):1: Frederick W. Newsome, Brother of Irene Newsome, Times secretary, [Soldier's grave stone]
1927
17/5
51(VIII):2: C.J. [Doherty] and [two unidentified individuals at Blarney Castle, Ireland]
1927
17/5
51(VIII):3: Sandy [Sandaker], C. J. Doherty, and [unidentified man] at Blarney Castle, Ireland]
1927
17/5
51(VIII):4: Sandy T. N. [Sandaker] at Blarney Castle, Ireland
1927
17/5
51(VIII):5: C. J. Doherty on jaunty-cart, Dublin, Ireland
1927
17/5
51(VIII):6: Montana 44, 2nd A.E.F. [American Expeditionary Force], Paris, France [Parade of Montana World War I Veterans]
1927
17/5
51(VIII):7: [Caricature of] C. J. Doherty by an artist at the Eiffel Tower
1927
17/5
51(VIII):8: Winnett Oil and Soil, Cat Creek and Flatwillow Oil Fields [sign, Winnett, Montana]
undated
17/5
51(VIII):9: Here we are with a million dollars in actual cash, Joe W. Brown's Horseshoe, [Las Vegas, Nevada, postcard from Clara Doherty]
1956
17/5
51(VIII):10: [Unidentified woman]
Picture found in Charles Doherty's World War I billfold
undated
17/5
51(VIII):11: [Unidentified soldier, possibly Charles Doherty]
Picture found in Charles Doherty's World War I billfold
circa 1917

Series IX:  Clara M. Doherty, 1947-1972Return to Top

5 folders

This series consists of Clara Doherty's personal correspondence and some financial records that appear to be from a Catholic women's organization.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Correspondence
4 folders
1960-1972
Box/Folder
14/25
1960
14/26
1966-1967
14/27
1968-1970
14/28
1972
Subseries 2: Financial
1 folder
1947-1955
Box/Folder
14/29
1947-1955

Series X:  Petroleum County Realty Company, 1922-1930Return to Top

4 folders

The Petroleum County Realty Company was a real estate brokerage located in Winnnett, Montana. Doherty was the treasurer of the organization.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Correspondence
1 folder
1922-1930
Box/Folder
15/1
1922-1930
Subseries 2: Financial and Legal
3 folders
1924-1928
Box/Folder
15/2
Tax Returns
1925-1928
15/3
General Legal Documents
1924
15/4
Licenses
1925-1927

Series XI:  Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A. Dept. of Montana, Missoula Barracks, 1957Return to Top

3 folders

Doherty was the commander of the Missoula Barracks (or unit) of the Veterans of World War I, and was involved in its organization. The materials document eligible area veterans and actual membership.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Correspondence
1 folder
1957
Box/Folder
15/5
1957
Subseries 2: Clippings and Printed Materials
2 folders
1957
Box/Folder
15/6
Clippings
1957
15/7
Resolutions and Press Releases
1957

Series XII:  American Legion, 1917-1957Return to Top

1.25 linear feet

The records are mostly related to American Legion Hell Gate Post #27 in Missoula, Montana, of which Doherty was the commander. Also of particular note are records from Doherty's participation in the 1927 American Legion convention in Paris, billed as the Second American Expeditionary Force and portraying Legionnaires as the champions of western democracy.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Correspondence
0.25 linear feet
1917-1953
Box/Folder
15/8
1917-1929
15/9
Paris Reunion
1927
15/10
1930
15/11
1931
15/12
1932
15/13
1933
15/14
1934
15/15
1935
15/16
1936
15/17
1937-1941, 1943, and 1953
Subseries 2: Clippings
0.25 linear feet
1919-1957
Box/Folder
15/18
1919-1953
15/19
1919-1934
15/20
1957
16/1
1932-1943
Subseries 3: Reports
2 folders
1930-1951
Box/Folder
16/2
Membership Lists and Committee Assignments
1932-1951
16/3
General
1930-1935
Subseries 4: Speeches and Writings
0.25 linear feet
1923-1941 and undated
Box/Folder
16/4
C.J. Doherty
1934 and undated
16/5
Other Legion Post leaders
undated
16/6
Organizational Papers
undated
16/7
Organizational Papers
1923-1935 and undated
16/8
Publications
1923-1941 and undated
Subseries 5: Paris Convention, 2nd American Expeditionary Force
0.5 linear feet
1927
Box/Folder
16/9
Certificate of Identification
1927
16/10
Programs, Brochures, and Maps
1927
17/1
Programs, Brochures, and Maps
1927
17/2
Pictorial Review of the 32nd Division
1927
17/3
Tickets, Notes, and Memorabilia
1927
17/4
Press and Itineraries
1927