Collection on Stanton G. Fisher, 1877-1988 PDF
- University of Idaho. Library. Special Collections Dept.
- Collection on Stanton G. Fisher
- 1877-1988 (inclusive)18771988
- 0.5 cubic foot
- Collection Number
- MG 454
- Writings and memorabilia of Stanton Gilbert Fisher, pioneer and Nez Perce War scout, 1840-1915. Most of the documents are Nez Perce War collectibles, such as maps, photographs, and accounts of the war and its participants. The rest of the papers are personal materials related to Fisher, including autobiographical materials as well as the correspondence and census records of several of his family members.
- University of Idaho Library, Special Collections and Archives
Special Collections and Archives
University of Idaho Library
875 Perimeter Drive
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open to the public. Researchers must use the collection in accordance with the policies of the University of Idaho Special Collections and Archives.
- This collection is in English.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Stanton Gilbert Fisher (1840-1915) was an American pioneer best known as a civilian scout for the United States Army during the 1877 Nez Perce War. Fisher was born on July 10, 1840 in Jefferson County, New York. He and his family moved to a farm in Dodge County, Wisconsin in 1850. In 1860, Fisher – a jack of all trades – moved to California to try his hand at his first career, mining.
In 1867, Fisher bought an interest in a trading station at Ross Fork, Idaho, which was absorbed by the Fort Hall reservation the following year. Fisher worked as trader and postmaster for two years before selling the outpost and then participating in the Native Americans’ annual buffalo hunt at the Yellowstone River in Montana. Upon returning to Idaho, he was hired to pursue a band of Indians that had attacked several miners. While tracking the Indians, Fisher contracted typhoid fever, which rendered him partially deaf for the rest of his life. Within a few years, he again sold the Fort Hall trading post and took up ranching. In 1875, he married Sarah A. Peck, with whom he had four children.
The Nez Perce War of 1877 took Fisher away from his ordinary life and swept him into the excitement of war and fame. He put together a company of “civilian scouts,” of which he was appointed chief, and led them across Idaho and Montana in pursuit of the Nez Perce Indians. His experience with Indians aided him greatly in this endeavor – in fact, many of his scouts were Indians themselves. The military relied heavily upon him and his men and for the rest of their lives, the scouts received great honors for the work they did.
Fisher returned to Fort Hall in 1882. In 1883, he purchased his old trading post and moved his family back to Ross Fork, though for some time he retained a trading post he had founded in Pocatello, Idaho. He was once again appointed postmaster. Despite these investments, he continued to travel in pursuit of work; in 1888, he kept a journal of his journey to a mining camp in Custer County, Idaho.
In 1889, Fisher was appointed Indian Agent for the Fort Hall reservation, a responsibility he fulfilled while serving as Deputy Sheriff for Bingham County until 1895, when he was appointed Indian Agent for the Nez Perce Indians at Fort Lapwai. In 1899, he departed again to pursue work as a miner in Grangeville, where he lived for the remainder of his life until his death on July 29, 1915.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
Materials span from the time of the War in 1877 and, with the inclusion of correspondence from a member of the Fisher family, extend into 1988.
This collection documents activities and relationships of Stanton G. Fisher, a turn-of-the-century pioneer who spent most of his life in various towns in southern Idaho, particularly in relation to his participation in the Nez Perce War. It includes Nez Perce War memorabilia, such as a handwritten letter from the war; maps of Idaho and the troop movements; photographs and a cartoon, of people and places related to the War. Literature written on the topic is also included, incorporating documents from various magazine clippings, a University of Idaho dramatic production, a small publication pieced together from firsthand accounts, a series of short stories written by one of the scouts, and newspaper articles referencing the war and its scouts. The collection also includes personal documents related to Stanton G. Fisher and his youngest son, Don C. Fisher, such as a trail diary kept by Stanton G. Fisher in 1888; several handwritten essays and a typed manuscript relating adventures he heard or experienced; correspondence between Don Fisher and friends of his father; an envelope from Don Fisher’s niece, Freda Terry; a receipt bearing Don Fisher’s initials; and census papers from 1880, 1910 and 1930 noting various members of the Fisher family.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Visit the digital Collection on Stanton G. Fisher.
Consult Head of Special Collections and Archives on permissions for use.
Collection on Stanton G. Fisher, MG 454. Special Collections and Archives, University of Idaho Library, Moscow, Idaho.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1||Nez Perce War Memorabilia
|4||Literature about the War
|5||Luther P. Wilmot Stories (volunteer civilian
|7||Stanton G. Fisher Autobiographical Materials
|8||Fisher Family Biographical
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- Fisher, Stanton Gilbert, 1840-1915
- Indians of North America--Idaho
- Indians of North America--Montana
- Nez Perce Indians
- Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
- Tendoy, ca. 1834-1907
- Personal Names :
- Stanton Gilbert Fisher, 1840-1915--Archives