Asa L. Duncan Papers, 1886-1933  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Duncan, Asa L. (Asa Leland), 1857-1937
Title
Asa L. Duncan Papers
Dates
1886-1933 (inclusive)
Quantity
14.75 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 149 (collection)
Summary
Asa Duncan was an early settler and attorney in Missoula, Montana. The collection contains Asa Duncan's professional and personal correspondence, financial records, and State Statistical Agent correspondence when Duncan held the position. The collection also contains Missoula school district information including a 1909 school census record, and legal documents from Duncan's law firms.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Asa L. Duncan was born in Hale Ford, Virginia, on September 10, 1857, to William E. and Sarah E. Duncan. Upon graduating from high school in 1876, Duncan taught public school for the next three years. In 1880, he entered the Virginia Military Institute, and graduated in 1883 with the rank of Captain. He taught at the Institute for two years and then decided to attend law school at Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia. In 1886, Duncan was admitted into the Virginia Bar Association. After studying law for a short time in Virginia, he moved to Missoula, Montana, in 1892. He practiced with Charles M. Crutchfield in Missoula until 1896 when he was elected Missoula County Attorney.

In 1898, Duncan was commissioned by the governor of Montana to serve as Captain of Company L., 1st Montana Infantry, W.S.V. during the Spanish-American War. He served in the Philippines until 1899, and in that same year was promoted to the rank of Major. In 1900, he was appointed Inspector General of the Montana National Guard.

On July 16, 1900, Duncan married Gertrude Hathaway. During that same year, he also returned to his law practice in Missoula. In 1912, he was elected to the judgeship for the Fourth Judicial District, holding that position until his retirement in 1937. Duncan died on July 9, 1937.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains Asa Duncan's professional and personal correspondence from 1895 to 1925, financial records, including account information and checkbook ledgers, from 1886 to 1933, and State Statistical Agent correspondence when Duncan held the position from 1911 to 1913. The collection also contains Missoula school district information including a 1909 school census record, and legal documents from Duncan's law firms from 1896 to 1927.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document], Asa L. Duncan Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  General Correspondence , 1895-1925Return to Top

11 linear feet

This series divided into two parts, Incoming and Outgoing Correspondence. The incoming contains professional correspondence, with very few personal letters. The outgoing contains both professional and personal. Many of the letters in the incoming correspondence are legal matters that Duncan was handling or presiding over. A few letters are business, relating to the many real estate ventures that Duncan was involved in. He was in correspondence with many state senators and representatives for his professional and private business deals. There are some letters in the series with his wife Gertrude. Outgoing correspondence consists of copies placed in bound volumes. The volumes are divided into years, with both personal and professional correspondence in them. The majority of the letters, though, come from Duncan's law office.

The correspondence is divided into two subseries: Incoming Correspondence and Outgoing Correspondence. The series is arranged alphabetically within each year.
Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Incoming Correspondence
Box/Folder
1/1
1906
1/2
1907
1/3
1909
1/4
1911
1/5
1912
1/6
1913
1/7
A
1914
1/8
Brandjord, Iver M. - Reservation Land and Lumber Co.
1914
1/9
B
1914
1/1
Collins, Jeremiah - Collins Land Co.
1914
1/11
C
1914
1/12
Donlan, E.
1914
1/13
Duncan, Gertrude
1914
1/14
D
1914
1/15
Evans, John M.
1914
1/16
E
1914
1/17
Faust, Leo H.
1914
1/18
F
1914
1/19
G
1914
1/20
H
1914
1/21
I
1914
1/22
Johnston, A.P.
1914
1/23
J
1914
1/24
K
1914
1/25
L
1914
1/26
Moser, Gust
1914
1/27
Myers, Henry L. - Senator, Committee on Public Lands
1914
1/28
M
1914
1/29
N
1914
1/30
O
1914
1/31
P
1914
1/32
Q
1914
1/33
R
1914
1/34
S
1914
1/35
T
1914
1/36
U
1914
1/37
V
1914
1/38
W
1914
1/39
Y
1914
2/1
A
1915
2/2
B
1915
2/3
Collins, Jeremiah
1915
2/4
C
1915
2/5
Duncan, Gertrude
1915
2/6
D
1915
2/7
Evans, John M.
1915
2/8
Ford, Sam C.
1915
2/9
F
1915
2/10
G
1915
2/11
H
1915
2/12
Jacobs, A.R.
1915
2/13
J
1915
2/14
K
1915
2/15
L
1915
2/16
Myers, Henry L.
1915
2/17
M
1915
2/18
N
1915
2/19
O
1915
2/20
P
1915
2/21
R
1915
2/22
Stewart, S. V.
1915
2/23
S
1915
2/24
T
1915
2/25
U
1915
2/26
V
1915
2/27
Walsh, Thomas J.
1915
2/28
W
1915
2/29
A
1916
2/30
Brandjord, Iver
1916
2/31
B
1916
2/32
C
1916
2/33
D
1916
2/34
E
1916
2/35
Faust, Leo H.
1916
2/36
F
1916
2/37
G
1916
2/38
H
1916
3/1
J
1916
3/2
K
1916
3/3
L
1916
3/4
Maury, Lowndes
1916
3/5
Moser, Gust
1916
3/6
Myers, Henry L.
1916
3/7
M
1916
3/8
N
1916
3/9
O
1916
3/10
P
1916
3/11
R
1916
3/12
S
1916
3/13
T
1916
3/14
U
1916
3/15
V
1916
3/16
Walsh, Thomas
1916
3/17
W
1916
3/18
A
1917
3/19
B
1917
3/20
C
1917
3/21
D
1917
3/22
Evans, John M.
1917
3/23
E
1917
3/24
F
1917
3/25
G
1917
3/26
H
1917
3/27
J
1917
3/28
K
1917
3/29
L
1917
3/30
Moser, Gust
1917
3/31
Myers, Henry L.
1917
3/32
M
1917
3/33
O
1917
3/34
P
1917
3/35
Rankin, Jeanette
1917
3/36
R
1917
4/1
S
1917
4/2
T
1917
4/3
U
1917
4/4
V
1917
4/5
Walsh, Thomas J.
1917
4/6
W
1917
4/7
A
1918
4/8
Brandjord, Iver M.
1918
4/9
Brantley, Theo
1918
4/10
B
1918
4/11
Collins, Jeremiah
1918
4/12
C
1918
4/13
Dixon, Joseph M.
1918
4/14
Dornblaser, Paul
1918
4/15
D
1918
4/16
Evans, John M.
1918
4/17
E
1918
4/18
F
1918
4/19
G
1918
4/20
H
1918
4/21
J
1918
4/22
K
1918
4/23
L
1918
4/24
Maury, Lowndes
1918
4/25
Moser, Gust
1918
4/26
Myers, Henry L.
1918
4/27
M
1918
4/28
N
1918
4/29
O
1918
4/30
P
1918
4/31
Rankin, Jeanette
1918
4/32
R
1918
4/33
S
1918
4/34
T
1918
4/35
U
1918
4/36
V
1918
4/37
Walsh, Thomas J.
1918
4/38
W
1918
4/39
A
1919
4/40
Bishop, Charity Fowler
1919
4/41
Brantly, Theo
1919
4/42
B
1919
4/43
C
1919
4/44
D
1919
4/45
Evans, John M.
1919
4/46
E
1919
5/1
F
1919
5/2
G
1919
5/3
Higgins, Ronald
1919
5/4
H
1919
5/5
J
1919
5/6
K
1919
5/7
L
1919
5/8
Moser, Gust
1919
5/9
Myers, Henry L.
1919
5/10
Ma
1919
5/11
Mc, Mac, Mr.
1919
5/12
M
1919
5/13
N
1919
5/14
P
1919
5/15
Rankin, Jeanette
1919
5/16
R
1919
5/17
S
1919
5/18
T
1919
5/19
U
1919
5/20
V
1919
5/21
Walsh, Thomas J.
1919
5/22
W
1919
5/23
A
1920
5/24
B
1920
5/25
C
1920
5/26
E
1920
5/27
F
1920
5/28
G
1920
5/29
H
1920
5/30
K
1920
5/31
L
1920
5/32
Moser, Gust
1920
5/33
Myers, Henry L.
1920
5/34
Ma
1920
5/35
Mc, Mac, Mr.
1920
5/36
M
1920
5/37
N
1920
5/38
O
1920
5/39
P
1920
5/40
R
1920
5/41
S
1920
5/42
T
1920
5/43
U
1920
5/44
V
1920
5/45
Walsh, Thomas J.
1920
5/46
W
1920
5/47
1921
5/48
1922
5/49
1923
5/50
1924
5/51
A
1925
5/52
Bishop, Charity Fowler
1925
5/53
B
1925
5/54
C
1925
5/55
D
1925
5/56
Erickson, J.E.
1925
5/57
Evans, John M.
1925
5/58
E
1925
5/59
F
1925
6/1
G
1925
6/2
H
1925
6/3
J
1925
6/4
K
1925
6/5
L
1925
6/6
McDonald, Duncan
1925
6/7
M
1925
6/8
N
1925
6/9
P
1925
6/10
R
1925
6/11
S
1925
6/12
T
1925
6/13
U
1925
6/14
V
1925
6/15
Walsh, Thomas J.
1925
6/16
W
1925
6/17
Y
1925
6/18
A
1926
6/19
Bishop, Charity Fowler
1926
6/20
B
1926
6/21
C
1926
6/22
Duncan, Gertrude
1926
6/23
D
1926
6/24
Evans, John M.
1926
6/25
E
1926
6/26
F
1926
6/27
G
1926
6/28
Higgins, Ronald
1926
6/29
H
1926
6/30
I
1926
6/31
J
1926
6/32
K
1926
6/33
L
1926
6/34
Maury, Lowndes
1926
6/35
McDonald, Duncan
1926
6/36
Ma
1926
6/37
Mc, Mac
1926
6/38
M
1926
6/39
N
1926
6/40
O
1926
6/41
P
1926
6/42
R
1926
6/43
S
1926
6/44
T
1926
6/45
U
1926
6/46
Walsh, Thomas J.
1926
6/47
W
1926
7/1
A
1927
7/2
B
1927
7/3
C
1927
7/4
D
1927
7/5
Erickson, J.E.
1927
7/6
Evans, John M.
1927
7/7
E
1927
7/8
F
1927
7/9
G
1927
7/10
H
1927
7/11
I
1927
7/12
J
1927
7/13
K
1927
7/14
L
1927
7/15
M
1927
7/16
N
1927
7/17
O
1927
7/18
P
1927
7/19
R
1927
7/20
S
1927
7/21
T
1927
7/22
U
1927
7/23
V
1927
7/24
Wheeler, Burton K.
1927
7/25
W
1927
7/26
Y
1927
7/27
A
1928
7/28
Bishop, Charity
1928
7/29
B
1928
7/30
C
1928
7/31
Duncan, Thomas
1928
7/32
D
1928
7/33
Erickson, J.E.
1928
7/34
Evans, John M.
1928
7/35
E
1928
8/1
F
1928
8/2
G
1928
8/3
H
1928
8/4
I
1928
8/5
J
1928
8/6
K
1928
8/7
L
1928
8/8
Mc, Mac, Mr.
1928
8/9
M
1928
8/10
N
1928
8/11
O
1928
8/12
P
1928
8/13
R
1928
8/14
S
1928
8/15
T
1928
8/16
U
1928
8/17
Wheeler, Burton K.
1928
8/18
W
1928
8/19
Y
1928
8/20
A
1929
8/21
Bishop, Charity
1929
8/22
B
1929
8/23
C
1929
8/24
D
1929
8/25
Evans, John M.
1929
8/26
E
1929
8/27
F
1929
8/28
G
1929
8/29
H
1929
8/30
J
1929
8/31
K
1929
8/32
L
1929
8/33
M
1929
8/34
N
1929
8/35
O
1929
8/36
P
1929
8/37
R
1929
9/1
S
1929
9/2
T
1929
9/3
U
1929
9/4
W
1929
9/5
A
1930
9/6
B
1930
9/7
C
1930
9/8
Duncan, Gertrude
1930
9/9
Duncan, Thomas
1930
9/10
D
1930
9/11
Evans, John M.
1930
9/12
E
1930
9/13
F
1930
9/14
G
1930
9/15
H
1930
9/16
I
1930
9/17
J
1930
9/18
K
1930
9/19
Leavitt, Scott
1930
9/20
L
1930
9/21
M
1930
9/22
N
1930
9/23
O
1930
9/24
P
1930
9/25
R
1930
9/26
S
1930
9/27
T
1930
9/28
U
1930
9/29
Walsh, Thomas
1930
9/30
W
1930
9/31
Y
1930
10/1
A
1931
10/2
B
1931
10/3
C
1931
10/4
Duncan, Thomas
1931
10/5
D
1931
10/6
Evans, John M.
1931
10/7
E
1931
10/8
G
1931
10/9
Hancock, Harrison
1931
10/10
Holland, Sallie
1931
10/11
H
1931
10/12
J
1931
10/13
K
1931
10/14
L
1931
10/15
Moir, Lula
1931
10/16
M
1931
10/17
N
1931
10/18
O
1931
11/1
P
1931
11/2
R
1931
11/3
S
1931
11/4
T
1931
11/5
U
1931
11/6
V
1931
11/7
Walsh, Thomas J.
1931
11/8
W
1931
11/9
Y
1931
11/10
A
1932
11/11
B
1932
11/12
C
1932
11/13
Dixon, Joseph M.
1932
11/14
Duncan, Thomas
1932
11/15
D
1932
11/16
Evans, John M.
1932
11/17
E
1932
11/18
F
1932
11/19
G
1932
11/20
Holland, Sallie
1932
11/21
H
1932
11/22
I
1932
11/23
J
1932
11/24
K
1932
11/25
L
1932
11/26
Mc, Mac
1932
11/27
Moir, Lula
1932
11/28
M
1932
11/29
N
1932
12/1
O
1932
12/2
P
1932
12/3
R
1932
12/4
S
1932
12/5
T
1932
12/6
U
1932
12/7
V
1932
12/8
Wheeler, Burton K.
1932
12/9
W
1932
12/10
B
1933
12/11
D
1933
12/12
Hancock, Harrison
1933
12/13
Holland, Sallie
1933
12/14
H
1933
12/15
J
1933
12/16
K
1933
12/17
M
1933
12/18
N
1933
12/19
A
1934
12/20
B
1934
12/21
D
1934
12/22
G
1934
12/23
Hancock, Frances
1934
12/24
Hancock, Harrison
1934
12/25
Hancock, Julia
1934
12/26
K
1934
12/27
L
1934
13/1
M
1934
13/2
S
1934
13/3
A
1935
13/4
B
1935
13/5
C
1935
13/6
D
1935
13/7
E
1935
13/8
F
1935
13/9
G
1935
13/10
Hancock, Harrison
1935
13/11
H
1935
13/12
I
1935
13/13
J
1935
13/14
K
1935
13/15
L
1935
13/16
Monaghan, Joseph P.
1935
13/17
M
1935
13/18
N
1935
13/19
O
1935
13/20
P
1935
13/21
R
1935
13/22
S
1935
13/23
T
1935
13/24
U
1935
13/25
V
1935
13/26
W
1935
13/27
B
1936
13/28
C
1936
13/29
D
1936
13/30
H
1936
13/31
K
1936
Subseries 2: Outgoing Correspondence
box-volume
14/1
1893-1894
14/2
1895-1896
14/3
1897
15/4
1897-1898, 1900-1901
15/5
1900
15/6
1901-1902
16/7
June, 1902-Feb, 1903
16/8
Feb, 1903-Oct, 1903
16/9
Oct, 1903-Sept, 1904
17/10
Sept, 1904-Aug, 1905
17/11
Aug, 1905-April, 1906
17/12
April, 1906-Dec, 1906
17/13
Dec, 1906-June, 1907
18/14
Jan, 1909-March, 1910
18/15
March, 1910-Jan, 1911
18/16
Jan, 1911-Sept, 1911
19/17
May, 1911-April, 1912
19/18
Sept, 1911-Sept, 1912
19/19
Sept, 1912-April, 1915
20/20
Feb, 1913-March, 1919
20/21
April, 1915-Aug, 1916
20/22
Aug, 1916-Aug, 1918
21/23
March, 1918-Feb, 1923
21/24
March, 1918-Oct, 1921
21/25
Oct, 1921-Nov, 1925
22/26
Feb, 1923-March, 1929
22/27
Sept, 1927-Feb, 1931

Series II:  Financial Records , 1886-1933Return to Top

(3 linear feet)

The series contains business and personal financial records for Duncan and his offices. The business records consist of an account book containing the names of Duncan's clients, a collection docket of persons who owed attorney's fees to Duncan and the amount owed. An accounts payable ledger and a correspondence ledger dealing with accounts of Duncan are also included in the series. There are also numerous daily cashbooks dealing with Duncan's law offices, including Duncan and Wilber, Duncan and Dixon, and Duncan and Myers. The series also contains checkbook stubs and copies of checks written for Duncan's law offices. A city clerk's finance book is also included. The ledger contains monthly warrant collections, including the date, name, and amount of warrant. The series also consists of Duncan's personal daily cashbooks. The ledgers contain the amounts and the items that Duncan bought, such as groceries and house payments.

The series is arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
23/1
Accounts of A. L. Duncan
1896-1909
23/2
Accounts Payable
1901-1925
23/3
Collection Docket
1911-1913
23/4
Correspondence Ledger
1897-1889
24/1
Finance Ledger, County Claims
1895-1903
24/2
Finance Ledger, Duncan and Myers
1903-1905
24/3
Finance Ledger, MPM Company
1888-1901
24/4
Finance Ledger
1901-1905
24/5
Finance Ledger
1905-1907
25/1
Checkbook Stubs
1895-1897
25/2
Checkbook Stubs
Oct, 1902-Jan, 1904
25/3
Checkbook Stubs
Jan, 1904-Dec, 1904
25/4
Checkbook Stubs
Dec, 1904-Jan, 1906
25/5
Checkbook Stubs
Jan, 1906-Nov, 1906
25/6
Checkbook Stubs
Nov, 1906-July, 1907
26/1
Checkbook Stubs
July, 1907-June, 1908
26/2
Checkbook Stubs
June, 1908-June, 1909
26/3
Checkbook Stubs
June, 1909-April, 1910
26/4
Checkbook Stubs
April, 1910-Dec, 1910
26/5
Checkbook Stubs
Dec, 1910-Sept, 1911
27/1
Checkbook Stubs
Sept, 1911-Aug, 1912
27/2
Checkbook Stubs
Aug, 1912-July, 1913
27/3
Checkbook Stubs
July, 1913-Sept, 1914
27/4
Checkbook Stubs
1927-1933
27/5
Checkbook Stubs, Duncan and Dixon
1907-1911
28/1
City Clerk's Finance Book
1889-1893
28/2
Duncan and Dixon Bank Book
1905-1908
28/3
Daily Cash Book
1901-1906
28/4
Daily Cash Book
1903-1923
28/5
Daily Cash Book
1906-1907
28/6
Daily Cash Book
1906-1913

Series III:  State Statistical Agent Correspondence , 1911-1913Return to Top

(1 folder)

The series contains copies of letters that Duncan wrote while he was the State Statistical Agent for Montana Department of Agriculture. Many of the letters are to other Department of Agriculture agents in the United States, including the secretary of the department. While Statistical Agent, Duncan duties included keeping records of Montana crops, harvest information, and weather to report to the Secretary of Agriculture.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
28/7
1911-1913

Series IV:  Missoula School District , 1903 and 1909Return to Top

(2 folders)

This series consists of Missoula School Census Ledger for 1909. The ledger includes the name of the child, age, date of birth, gender, name of father and mother, and address. Bids for painting of the Missoula schools from local painting companies is also in the collection. L.N. Simons submitted three bids to cover the four Missoula schools.

The series is arranged alphabetically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
28/8
Missoula School Census Ledger
1909
28/9
Missoula School Painting Bids
1903
29/10
Missoula School Teaching/Legal Correspondence
1901-1906

Series V:  Legal Documents , 1896-1927Return to Top

(0.75 linear feet)

This series contains correspondence the Duncan sent to other attorneys and judges concerning the cases that he worked on. Many of the correspondences begin with the case number and names. The series also consists of Duncan's notes that he had on certain cases. The notes would include a working copy of the motion, or notes on a deposition. Copies of a few motions are in the series that Duncan drew up to be filed in the courts. A personal daily journal is also in the series.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
29/2
Correspondence
1903-1905
29/3
Correspondence
1906-1907
29/4
Correspondence
1910-1912
29/5
Daily Journal
1927
29/6
Motions
undated
30/1
Notes
1896
30/2
Notes
1902-1909
30/3
Notes
1903

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Agriculture--Montana--Statistics
  • Practice of law--Montana--Missoula
  • School census--Montana--Missoula
  • Schools--Montana--Missoula
  • Corporate Names :
  • Montana. Dept. of Agriculture. State Statistical Agent
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Personal papers--Montana--Missoula
  • Occupations :
  • Government statisticians--Montana
  • Judges--Montana--Missoula
  • Lawyers--Montana--Missoula