Walter Beals Nuremberg Trials photograph collection, 1946-1947  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Beals, Walter B
Title
Walter Beals Nuremberg Trials photograph collection
Dates
1946-1947 (inclusive)
Quantity
223 black-and-white photographs, 1 negative (2 boxes) ; various sizes
Collection Number
PH1150
Summary
Photographs of United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. (the first Subsequent Nuremberg Trial), United States of America vs. Erhard Milch (the second Subsequent Nuremberg Trial), and people involved with some of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries’ Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Walter Burges Beals was born in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1876. Beals's family traveled west in 1897, and Beals enrolled in the newly founded University of Washington Law School; he and his future wife Othilia Carroll were members of the first graduating class of the school in 1901.

Beals served as a military officer in France during World War I and afterwards helped organize and found the American Legion. His legal career flourished in the 1920s, and in 1926, he accepted a position as judge of the Superior Court of King County. Beals became a member of the Washington State Supreme Court in 1928, a position he held until his retirement in 1950, twice holding the position of Chief Justice. Beals is perhaps best known for his work, in 1946-1947, as Presiding Judge at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremburg, the Nazi war trial known as the "Doctors' Trial."

Walter Beals was an avid collector of books, manuscripts, such as liturgical and religious manuscripts, and signatures, particularly those of European royalty. Beals also began creating albums as a young man, a hobby he continued throughout his life, collecting and soliciting signatures, manuscripts and other materials which he would mount on paper or vellum and bind into albums, often with leather covers. In his time, Beals was considered the greatest private collector of manuscripts and books in the Pacific Northwest.

Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

The "Doctors' Trial" or "Medical Case" ( United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. ) was the first of 12 trials known as the "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials". Arraignment and indictment was held on November 21, 1946, with the accused facing four charges, including:

  • Conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity;
  • War crimes, namely, being knowingly connected to and/or performing "medical experiments without the subjects' consent [...] in the course of which experiments the defendants committed murders, brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities, and other inhuman acts";
  • Crimes against humanity: committing crimes described under count 2 also on German nationals;
  • Membership in a criminal organization (the SS).
All defendants entered a "not guilty" plea.

The trial began on December 9, 1946, and lasted until August 20, 1947. Eighty-four witnesses testified at the trial. Of the 23 defendants, seven (Blome, Pokorny, Romberg, Rostock, Ruff, Schäfer, and Weltz) were acquitted, and seven (Brack, Karl and Rudolf Brandt, Gebhardt, Hoven, Mrugowsky, and Sievers) received death sentences; the remainder received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life imprisonment.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Photographs of United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. (the first Subsequent Nuremberg Trial), United States of America vs. Erhard Milch (the second Subsequent Nuremberg Trial), and people involved with some of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. Some of the photographs have notes handwritten by Judge Beals. Many of the photographs are accompanied by captions typed on separate pieces of paper.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/1 1
 Judges of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
People in photo: (front row, left to right) Daniel T. O'Connell, F. Donald Phillips, Harold L. Sebring, Charles B. Sears, Mallory B. Blair, Walter B. Beals, James T. Brand, Charles F. Wennerstrum, Curtis G. Shake, Frank N. Richman, Edward F. Carter, James Morris; (back row, left to right) Victor C. Swearingen, Johnson T. Crawford, Michael A. Musmanno, John J. Speight, Justin W. Harding, William C. Christianson, Richard D. Dixon, George J. Burke, Paul M. Hebert, Clarence F. Merrill
circa 1945-1948
1/1 2-3
 Judge Johnson T. Crawford
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
1/1 4-5
 Judge Harold L. Sebring
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
1/1 6 circa 1946-1947
1/1 7 circa 1946-1947
1/1 8a-b
 Judge Walter B. Beals
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
8a and 8b are different croppings of the same photograph.
Item 8a is signed by Judge Beals.
circa 1946-1947
1/2 9-14
 Judges Sebring, Beals, Crawford, and Swearingen sitting at the judges' bench
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Items 9 and 10a are signed by Judge Beals.
circa 1946-1947
1/2 15a-b
 Judges Sebring, Beals, Crawford, and Swearingen sitting at the judges' bench as Telford Taylor speaks at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Item 15a is signed by Judge Beals.
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/3 16a-b
 Judges Sebring, Beals, Crawford, and Swearingen sitting at the judges' bench, with men filming and photographing the trial in the background
Written on verso of 16a: Back to front: H. L. Sebring, Florida, Judge. Walter B. Beals, Washington, Presiding Judge. J. L. Crawford - Oklahoma - Judge. V. C. Swearingen, Michigan, Alternate.
Item 16a is signed by Judge Beals.
December 9, 1946
1/3 17
 Judges Sebring, Beals, and Crawford listening to the trial through headphones
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/3 18a-b
 Judges Sebring, Beals, Crawford, and Swearingen, with court secretaries sitting in front of the judges' bench
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Item 18a is signed by Judge Beals.
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/3 19-20 December 9, 1946
1/3 21 October 30, 1946
1/3 22 circa October 30, 1946
1/3 23
 Nuremberg Military Tribunal judges and members of the media eating a meal
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: OMGUS MILITARY TRIBUNAL & PALACE OF JUSTICE. 29 January 1947 -- Judges of the Military Tribunals at [Nuremberg] were host to ten American newspaper and radio editors touring Europe. Left to right, along the wall, include: Erick Oberg of the Industrial Press; E. F. Tompkins of Hearst Newspapers; Judge F. Donald Phillips; Virginius Dabney of the Richmond (Va.,) Times Dispatch; Dwight Young, Dayton (Ohio) Journal Herald; Judge Walter B. Beals; Coleman Harwell of the Nashville Tennessean; Gene Gillett of United Press; Judge Harold L. Sebring and Frazier Hunt of Mutual Broadcasting System; In immediate foreground are Col. Charles W. Mays, Marshal of all Courts and Judge Robert M. Toms.
January 29, 1947

ProsecutionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Thomas E. Ervin
Mr. Ervin served as deputy to the Chief of Counsel during the trial.
Box/Folder item
1/4 24
 Thomas E. Ervin writing at a desk
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
1/4 25
 Thomas E. Ervin on the telephone
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. Thomas E. Ervin, of New York City, Deputy to the Chief of Counsel, Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor.
circa 1946-1947
Alexander G. Hardy
Mr. Hardy served as the chief of the tribunal's SS Division, which was in charge of preparing the Medical Case.
Box/Folder item
1/5 26
 Alexander G. Hardy dialing the telephone
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. A. G. Hardy, Chief of Medical Branch, SS Division.
circa November 1946
1/5 27
 Alexander G. Hardy sitting at a desk
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa November 1946
1/5 28 circa 1946-1947
1/5 29
 Leo Alexander, Alexander G. Hardy, Arthur Keith Mant, and Francois Bayle
Raymond D'Addario, Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Left to right: Dr. Leo Alexander, Neurologist and psychiatrist of Boston, Mass., special scientific consultant to Mr. Alexander G. Hardy, seated, also of Boston, and deputy in the medical division of the Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes. They are associated in their work with the prosecution of the twenty-three Nazi surgeons indicted by the United States on charges of war crimes, now before Military Tribunal One in [Nuremberg], with Major. A. Keith Mant of British Army, permanent delegate of British commission in Germany for scientific war crimes and Lt. Comdr. Francois Bayle, Medecin principal de la Marine, and also a permanent delegate for the Frenck [sic] commission.
circa 1946-1947
Box/Folder item
1/6 30
 Esther Jane Johnson formally appears as counsel for the prosecution
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa June 28, 1947
James M. McHaney
Mr. McHaney served as chief prosecutor and director of the tribunal's SS Division, which was in charge of preparing the Medical Case.
Box/Folder item
1/7 31-32 between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/7 33
 James M. McHaney, Arnost Horlik-Hochwald, and a man at the prosecution table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/7 34
 James M. McHaney on the telephone
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. James McHaney, of Little Rock, Ark., Director of the SS Division.
circa 1946-1947
Box/Folder item
1/8 35
 Jack Robbins sitting at a desk
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. Jack Robbins, of Denton, Texas, Legal Assistant to Gen. Taylor.
circa 1946-1947
Telford Taylor
Box/Folder item
1/9 36a-b
 Brigadier General Telford Taylor at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on photograph 36a: To Judge Walter Beals with every good wish--Telford Taylor
Items 36a and 36b are different croppings of the same photograph.
June 1947
1/9 37
 Telford Taylor at the speaker's podium, James McHaney in background
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/9 38
 Telford Taylor and a man at the speaker's podium, Arnost Horlik-Hochwald in background
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/9 39-41
 Telford Taylor sitting at a desk
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
1/9 42
 Telford Taylor looking at a document
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
1/9 43
 General view of courtroom as Telford Taylor speaks at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 9, 1946
1/9 44-45
 General view of courtroom as Telford Taylor speaks at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
Box/Folder item
1/10 46
 Colonel Clarence L. Tomlinson
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Colonel Tomlinson served as the Executive Officer for the Chief Counsel until the end of 1946.
before December 1946
1/10 47
 Helen Wahrenberger McNarney, Joseph T. McNarney, Telford Taylor, Leo Alexander and James M. McHaney sitting at the prosecution table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Scene at the prosecution table in Case One on 27 January 1947 when General Joseph T. McNarney attended proceedings. In rear, left to right, Mrs. McNarney; General Joseph T. McNarney, Military Governor of Germany and Brig. General Telford Taylor, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes. At table, left, Dr. Leo Alexander of Boston, Mass., medical consultant for the prosecution and James M. McHaney of Little Rock, Ark., U. S. prosecutor for the case.
January 27, 1947
1/10 48
 Members of the prosecution team sitting in the courtroom
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
betweem 1946-1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
1/11 49
 Wolfgang Lutz sitting at the witness stand
Written on verso: Nurnberg, Germany, 10 December 1946. [ sic] The first witness for the prosecution before Military Tribunal I. WBB. Wolfgang Lutz, physician, high altitude.
December 12, 1946
1/11 50-51
 August Heinrich Vieweg sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 51: OMGUS - MILITARY TRIBUNALS - CASE ONE. Second witness: August Heinrich Vieweg, who testified that seawater experiments were carried out on gypsies at Dachau during the war. He also stated that he saw two or three stretchers, supposedly carrying bodies of experimented victoms [sic], taken from the experimentation room to the morgue.
between December 13-16, 1946
1/11 52
 August Heinrich Vieweg sitting at the witness stand with Colonel Charles W. Mays sitting next to him
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso: Witness. Col. Mays, marshal of court at left.
between December 13-16, 1946
1/11 53
 Heinrich Wilhelm Stoehr sitting at the witness stand
Caption on verso: OMGUS - MILITARY TRIBUNALS - CASE ONE. 5th witness to appear before Tribunal No. 1 is Heinrich Wilhelm Stoehr, born 13 September 1904, a German national and Lacemaker by trade, who testified about experiments conducted at Dachau.
December 17, 1946
1/11 54
 Jadwiga Dzido and Leo Alexander standing at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 20, 1946
1/11 55-56
 Leo Alexander pointing to scars on Jadwiga Dzido's leg
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 20, 1946
1/11 57-58
 Leo Alexander testifying, with Maria Kuśmierczuk sitting next to him
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 20, 1946
1/12 59
 Ferdinand Roenhild sitting at the witness stand
Caption on verso: OMGUS - MILITARY TRIBUNALS - CASE ONE. Witness: Ferdinand Roenhild, Secretary to Dr. Waldemar Hoven in Buchenwald Concentration Camp.
December 17, 1946
1/12 60a-b
 Olga Eyer sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Olga Eyer, French citizen, Secretary to Dr. Haagen at Strassbourg Institute.
Items 60a and 60b are different croppings of the same photograph.
January 15, 1947
1/12 61
 Walter Schmidt sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Dr. Walter Schmidt, German national, sentenced to life imprisonment by a German Court, for his part and participation in the euthansia [sic] program while a doctor at Eichberg Insane Asylum. He appeared on 16. Jan 47 as the 22nd witness since beginning of Case One.
January 16, 1947
1/12 62-63
 Fritz Mennecke sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 62: Witness: Dr. Fritz Mennecke, Director of Eichberg Insane Asylum, as he appeared on the witness stand to be the 23rd witness called since the start of Case I. He has been sentenced to death for his part in the mercy killing program, by a German court.
January 17, 1947
1/12 64
 Karl Hoellenrainer, flanked by military police, stands before the bar
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Hoellenrainer, a Romani man who was used as a test subject in Wilhelm Beiglboeck's sea-water experiments, assaulted Beiglboeck during the trial, and was sentenced to 90 days in the Nuremberg Prison for contempt. He was released three weeks later after he apologized for his actions.
June 27, 1947

Witnesses for the tribunalReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/13 65
 Walter Neff sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: OMGUS - MILITARY TRIBUNALS - CASE ONE. Walter Neff, former male nurse at Dachau, and now interned in the [Nuremberg] jail because he is allegedly involved in medical experiments on human beings at that camp, told the Tribunal that he was arrested in 1938 and taken into custody as a political prisoner because he was instrumental in the arrest of two SS bomb plotters in Austria in 1934. In 1940 he was taken into Dachau, and in the early part of 1941 was assigned as a male nurse in the tuberculosis ward there. The witness is 37-year-old and a German national.
between December 17-18, 1946

DefenseReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Karl Brandt
Box/Folder item
1/14 66
 Karl Brandt being sworn in at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso: Karl Brandt is sworn as a witness on his own behalf
between February 3-7, 1947
1/14 67-69
 Karl Brandt sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between February 3-7, 1947
1/14 70
 Karl Brandt reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/14 71
 Karl Brandt listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
1/15 72
 Kurt Gutzeit sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Prof. Kurt Gutzeit, Professor of the Internal Medicine at the University of Breslau. He was 25th witness to appear before the Tribunal since the opening of Case One.
February 6, 1947
1/15 73a-b
 Hans Heinrich Lammers sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 73a: Witness: Hans Heinrich Lammers, Chief of the Reichs Chancellery. He was 26th witness to appear before Tribunal No. 1 since the opening of the trial.
73a and 73b are different croppings of the same photograph.
February 7, 1947
Siegfried Handloser
Box/Folder item
1/16 74-75
 Siegfried Handloser and his counsel
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso of item 74: Deft Handloser + counsel. Karl Brandt, left. Rose standing in rear.
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/16 76
 Siegfried Handloser sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between February 11-18, 1947
1/16 77
 Siegfried Handloser reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/16 78
 Siegfried Handloser listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
1/17 79
 Paul Wuerfler sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Paul Wuerfler, member of the Chief of Staff of the Wehrmacht when the defendant Handloser was head of the medical services of that organization. He testified on the authority held by Handloser in that period.
February 18, 1947
1/17 80
 Bernhard Schmidt sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Dr. Bernhard Schmidt, Hygienist in defendant Handloser's office when latter was medical inspector of Army, testified Handloser did not receive reports on tests of typhus vaccines made at Buchenwald in 1943. He was 28th witness to appear on the stand since beginning of the medical case.
February 19, 1947
1/17 81
 Hans Hartleben sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Hans Hartleben, former assistant Chief of Organizational section of Army Medical Inspectorate, said the defendant Handloser, as Chief of Medical Services of Wehrmacht, could not give orders but could advise medical heads of branches of the Wehrmacht. Hartleben also testified the defendant Handloser could not have known about criminal medical experiments. He was 29th witness to appear on the stand since beginning of Case One.
February 19, 1947
Paul Rostock
Box/Folder item
1/18 82
 Paul Rostock sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Defendant Paul Rostock takes the stand in his defense.
February 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
1/19 83
 Maria Karlstetter sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness Maria Karlstetter, chief secretary to the defendant Rostock. She was the 31st witness to appear since the opening of Case One, the trial of the former concentration camps doctors and medical experimenters.
February 25, 1947
Oskar Schroeder
Box/Folder item
1/20 84
 Oskar Schroeder sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between February 25-27, 1947
1/20 85
 Oskar Schroeder listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Karl Genzken
Box/Folder item
1/21 86
 Karl Genzken sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between February 28-March 3, 1947
1/21 87
 Karl Genzken reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
Karl Gebhardt
Box/Folder item
1/22 88
 Karl Gebhardt being sworn in at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
March 4, 1947
1/22 89
 Karl Gebhardt reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/22 90
 Karl Gebhardt listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Fritz Fischer
Box/Folder item
1/23 91
 Fritz Fischer sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between March 10-12, 1947
1/23 92
 Fritz Fischer reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/23 93
 Fritz Fischer listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Kurt Blome
Box/Folder item
1/24 94
 Kurt Blome talking to his counsel
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
1/24 95
 Kurt Blome sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between March 13-21, 1947
1/24 96
 Kurt Blome reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
Rudolf Brandt
Box/Folder item
1/25 97
 Rudolf Brandt sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between March 24-26, 1947
1/25 98
 Rudolf Brandt reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/25 99
 Rudolf Brandt listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
1/26 100
 August Meine sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: August Meine, Waffen SS Major and assistant to defendant Rudolf Brandt, personal administrative officer to Himmler, testified Brandt was not Himmler's advisor but merely a good stenographer who was influenced by Himmler's personalit [sic] Meine said Brandt's knowledge of Himmler's files would not inform the defendants of all Himmler's activities and the witness even implied that Himmler might have dictated orders unknown to Brandt and signed Brandt's name to them. Mein [sic] was 37th witness before the Tribunal.
March 21, 1947
Joachim Mrugowsky
Box/Folder item
1/27 101
 Joachim Mrugowsky listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Herta Oberheuser
Box/Folder item
1/28 102
 Herta Oberheuser listening to her verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Helmut Poppendick
Box/Folder item
1/29 103
 Helmut Poppendick reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
1/29 104
 Helmut Poppendick listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Wolfram Sievers
Box/Folder item
2/1 105
 Wolfram Sievers reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
2/1 106
 Wolfram Sievers listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
2/2 107
 Eduard May sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Eduard May, defense witness in the medical case April 14 for Wolfram Sievers, Business Manager of the "Ahnenerbe" Society and Director of its Institute for Military Scientific Research. Dr. May is an entomologist who in 1944, under the direction of the "Ahnenerbe" Society's Institute, did research at Dachau on combatting insects harmful to human beings.
April 14, 1947
2/2 108
  Franz Borkenau sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Franz Borkenau, a former Austrian citizen who worked for OWI during the war, was a witness for Wolfram Sievers, defendant in the Medical Case and Business Manager of the Ahnenerbe Society, on April 14. Dr. Borkenau testified on the activities of the Widerstandgruppe [ sic] Hielscher, a German resistance movement to which Sievers says he belonged. The aim of this movement was the overthrow of the Nazi Regime.
April 14, 1947
2/2 109
 Erwin Topf sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Erwin Topf, Hamburg editor, testifying in the Medical Case April 15 for the defendant Wolfram Sievers, Business Manager of the Ahnenerbe Society and Director of its Institute for Military Scientific Research. His testimony referred to the personality of Friedrich Hielscher, also a witness for Sievers and head of the resistance group "Widerstandsgruppe Hielscher". Sievers claims to have been a member of this movement. The witness stated he was convinced Hielscher would not defend anyone unless he was convinced the person was against the Hitler Regime.
April 15, 1947
2/2 110
 Friedrich Hielscher sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Friedrich Hielscher, head of the German resistance movement, Widerstandsgruppe Hielscher, was a Medical Case witness April 15, in defense of Wolfram Sievers. Business Manager of the Ahenenerbe Society, Hielscher testified that Sievers was a member of his resistance movement; that the defendant joined the Nazi Party to obtain information for the movement; and that he worked out a plan for the assassination of Hitler and Himmler. Hielscher was to have been hanged for his part in the July 20, 1944 plot against Hitler; but Sievers, through his influence with Himmler, arranged to have Hielscher set free.
April 15, 1947
Gerhard Rose
Box/Folder item
2/3 111
 Dr. Hans Fritz and Gerhard Rose at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa April 16, 1947
2/3 112a-113
 Gerhard Rose at the defendant's stand; Dr. Hans Fritz sitting next to him
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso of item 112a: Rose examining Dr. Ivey [ sic]
Caption on verso of item 113: Defendant Gerhard Rose, one of the twenty three doctors in the Medical Case, is pictures [ sic] here as he crossexamined the prosecu[-]tions expert witness Dr, Andrew C. Ivy of the University of Illinois on the 16 of June 1947 about malaria and spotted fever experiments performed by U. S. doctors and their similarity to the experiments performed by him in malaria.
112a and 112b are different croppings of the same photograph.
June 16, 1947
2/3 114
 Gerhard Rose reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
2/3 115
 Gerhard Rose listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
2/4 116
 Marie L. Block sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Maria Block, Former secretary to defendant Gerhard Rose, was a defense witness in the Medical Case April 16. Frau Block said she never heard of her employer's doing typhus research, and added: "As his private secretary, I felt I knew so much about him that I felt he could not have been connected with war crimes and crimes against humanity, or had knowledge of them."
April 16, 1947
2/4 117
 Felix Hoering sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Felix Hoering, professor for internal and tropical medicine at Tuebingen, a witness April 17 for Dr. Gerhard Rose, noted scientist and defendant in the Medical Case. Dr. Hoering described the Consulting Physicians' Conference in 1943 at which the notorious Dr. Ding spoke on typhus experiments on inmates of Buchenwald Concentration Camp. The witness stated Dr. Rose spoke after Ding at the conference, objecting to the Buchenwald Doctor's experiments.
April 17, 1947
Siegfried Ruff
Box/Folder item
2/5 118
 Siegfried Ruff sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between April 25-30, 1947
2/5 119
 Siegfried Ruff and Fritz Sauter at defendant's stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between June 12-16, 1947
2/5 120-121
 Siegfried Ruff and Fritz Sauter at defendant's stand; Hans Romberg sitting next to them at document table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 120: Medical Case defendant Dr. Siegfried Ruff, questions Dr. Alexander C. Ivey [sic], american medical expert, on the relation of German and American experiments on high altitude and sea water exposure, made for the Air Corps of the U. S. and Germany. His defense lawyer, Dr. Fritz Sauter, listens to the witness's answer on the earphone of the translation system, while co-defendant Hans-Wolfram Romberg, former collaborator of Dr. Ruff at Dachau, sits on the right of Ruff at the document table.
between June 12-16, 1947
Hans Romberg
Box/Folder item
2/6 122
 Hans Romberg sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between May 1-6, 1947
Georg Weltz
Box/Folder item
2/7 123-124
 Georg Weltz sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between May 6-8, 1947
Viktor Brack
Box/Folder item
2/8 125-126
 Viktor Brack sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between May 8-9, 1947
2/8 127
 Viktor Brack reading his personal statement
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 19, 1947
2/8 128
 Viktor Brack listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
2/9 129
 Karl Heinrich Hederich sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Karlheinrich Hederich was a witness for the defendant Viktor Brack in the Medical Case on May 8 and 9. He testified that Brack was Chief of Staff to Reichsleiter Phillip Bouhler, the man assigned by Hitler to administer the Eut[h]anasia Program, but added that Bouhler considered himself solely responsible for the Mercy-killings and Brack was only a subordinate with administrative duties.
between May 8-9, 1947
2/9 130
 Hermann Pfannmueller sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness Dr. Hermann Pfannmueller, testified in behalf of the defense of defendant Viktor Brack in the Medical Trial. Dr. Pfannmueller is a psychiatrist and former head of the Eglfing Haar Mental Institute near Munich, and testified on the mercy-killing program as applied to incurably insane people, deformed children, idiots, etc., which was started by the Hitler Decree of Sept. 1, 1939. Pfannmueller said the program did not include foreigners, the aged, or World War I veterans with mental disorders resulting from war injuries.
May 9, 1947
Hermann Becker-Freyseng
Box/Folder item
2/10 131
 Hermann Becker-Freyseng at witness stand listening to trial via earphones
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between May 19-29, 1947
2/10 132
 Hermann Becker-Freyseng listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Konrad Schaefer
Box/Folder item
2/11 133
 Konrad Schaefer standing at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between June 2-4, 1947
Wilhelm Beiglboeck
Box/Folder item
2/12 134-135
 Wilhelm Beiglboeck sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 135: Defendant Wilhelm Beiglboeck, Consulting Physician to the Luftwaffe, took the stand in his own defense in the Medical Case 6 June 1947. Regarding the seawater experiments at Dachau Concentration Camp in 1944, the defendant said he was ordered against his will to perform these tests on Dachau gypsy inmates, claimed he ascertained the subjects were volunteers in good health. He stated if any of the tests became dangerous, he stopped them.
June 6, 1947
2/12 136
 General view of courtroom showing Wilhelm Beiglboeck, Gustav Steinbauer, members of the prosecution, and the tribunal judges sitting at a table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Judges of Tribunal One go into conference with the defendant Wilhelm Beiglboeck and the defense laywers of the Medical Case to investigate the changing of statistics on documents pertaining to the experiments which he carried out. Beiglboeck, the prosecution, and the judges are seated in the defense counsel section, extreme right, looking over the altered figures, which made the experiments look less dangerous than they actually were.
circa June 1947
2/12 137
 Wilhelm Beiglboeck, Gustav Steinbauer, members of the prosecution, and the tribunal judges sitting at a table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: The Judges of Military Tribunal One, having been informed that certain facts in the documents of the defendant Wilhelm Beiglboeck had been altered, are shown here seated in the German defense counsel section in conference with defendant Beiglboeck and his attorney Dr. Gustav Steinbauer and members of the prosecution. The facts changed made the experiments look less dangerous to the subjects than they actually were. Left, front to rear: Dr. Horlick-Hochwald [sic] and Mr. A. G. Hardy, prosecution; Defendant Beiglboeck and Dr. Steinbauer. Right, front to rear: Judges Sweringen [sic], Crawford, Beals (presiding) and Sebring.
circa June 1947
2/12 138a-138b
 Gustav Steinbauer and Wilhelm Beiglboeck at defendant's stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 138b: CASE NUMBER I. Medical Case: View showing defendant Beiglbock at the podium during his cross-examination of Dr. Andrew C. Ivy. To the left is Beiglbock's attorney Dr. Steinbauer.
138a and 138b are different croppings of the same photograph.
June 16, 1947
2/12 139
 General view of courtroom showing Wilhelm Beiglboeck cross-examining Dr. Andrew C. Ivy.
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Wilhelm Beiglboeck is shown here as he cross examines the prosecutions expert witness Dr, Andrew C. Ivy of the University of Illinois. The defendent, Beiglbeock [sic], attemted to show the similarity in sea water experiments human consumption of sea water- made in the United States and his own experiments with human consumption of sea water using cocentation camp inmates.
between June 12-16, 1947
2/12 140
 Wilhelm Beiglboeck listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
2/13 141
 Rolf Jaeger sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness Dr. Rolf Jaeger, German citizen, for the defendant Wilhelm Beiglbock in the Medical Case, May 28, '47. He testified he was Beiglbock's superior in a hospital in Italy during the war, and that Beiglboeck was ordered, against his own will, to perform seawater experiments on inmates of Dachau Concentration Camp in 1944. The defendant told him the experimental subjects were volunteer gypsies who were given extra food and less work.
May 28, 1947
2/13 142
 Franz Vollhardt sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Franz Vollhardt, professor of internal medicine at the University of Frankfurt a/Main, was an expert witness in the Medical Case 3 June 1947. He testified on seawater experiments, basing his testimony on the defendant Beiglbock records of the experiments at Dachau Camp in 1944. The witness concluded that these tests were properly carried out and were justified from the scientific point of view.
June 3, 1947
Waldemar Hoven
Box/Folder item
2/14 143
 Portrait of Waldemar Hoven
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa February 1947
2/14 144
 Leo Alexander interrogating Waldemar Hoven
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Dr. Leo Alexander, of Boston, medical consultant for the Secretary of War, shown here interrogating a defendant.
circa February 1947
2/14 145
 Waldemar Hoven sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
June 23, 1947
2/14 146
 Waldemar Hoven listening to his verdict and sentence
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
August 20, 1947
Witnesses
Box/Folder item
2/15 147
 Henri C. Pieck sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Henri C. Pieck, Dutch, for the defendant Waldemar Hoven, chief doctor of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp. He testified that Hoven collaborated with the illegal opposition group against the SS camp leader. He stated Hoven kept Jews from being exterminated and saved the witness's own life and those of other political prisoners by keeping them off the "Nacht und Nebel" (Night and Fog) shipments to the Natzweiler Concentration camp.
March 20, 1947
2/15 148
 Videslaw Horn sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Witness: Videzlav Horn, Czechoslovakian inmate of Buchenwald concentration camp, was a witness 31 March 47 in the medical trial against 23 doctors and scientists accused of participation in medical experiments on concentration camp inmates. Testifying for the defendant Waldemar Hoven, chief doctor at Buchenwald, Horn said that Hoven made improvements in the camp, procured medicine for the prisoners, and saved some inmates from death transports. However, on cross examination the witness admitted hearing that Hoven was responsible for killing some inmates in the camp hospital.
March 31, 1947
2/15 149
 Paul Friedrich Dorn sitting at witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Paul Friedrich Dorn, witness in the Medical Case 5 June, for the defendant Waldemar Hoven, Chief Doctor at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp. Dorn, a former inmate of Buchenwald, testified Hoven did not perform typhus experiments at the camp, claimed the defendant's only part in the selection of experimental subjects occured when he sometimes substituted criminals for political prisoners. The witness said killed by injection 5 Buchenwald inmates who by spying for the SS had caused the deaths of many other inmates. He admitted Hoven might have caused deaths of other spies, but added during the time Hoven was Camp Doctor the camp death rate decresed [sic], and the defendant tried to improve general conditions.
June 5, 1947
Adolf Pokorny
Box/Folder item
2/16 150-151
 Adolf Pokorny sitting at the witness stand
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between June 25-26, 1947
Groups
Box/Folder item
2/17 152-154
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the dock
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso of item 153: Back row, Schafer, Hoven, Beiglboeck, Pokorny, Herta Oberhauser, Fischer (through glass). Front, Blome, Mrugowsky, Rudolph Brandt, Poppendick, Sievers.
Written on verso of item 154: Back row, Becker-Freysing, Weltz, Schafer, Hoven, Beiglboeck. Front row, Gensken, Gebhardt, Blome, Mrugowsky
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
2/17 155-156
 Medical Case defendants and defendants' counsel
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 155: DEFENDANTS. Rear Row. Left to right. ROSE, RUFF, BRACK, ROMBERG, BECKER-FREYSING, WELTZ, SCHAEFER, HOVEN, BEIGLBOECK, POKORNY, HERTA OBERHAUSER, FISCHER - behind glass extreme right. Front Row. Left to right. KARL BRANDT, HANDLOSER, ROSTOCK, SCHROEDER, GENZKEN, GEBHARDT, BLOME, RUDOLF BRANDT, MRUGOWSKY, POPPENDICK, SIEVERS, low on extreme right
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947; December 9, 1946
2/17 157
 Defendants' Counsel
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 5, 1946-August 20, 1947
2/17 158 December 9, 1946

Trial personnelReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
2/18 159
 Peter Beauvais interrogating Hans Heinrich Lammers
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Mr. Beauvais served as an interrogator for the tribunal's Evidence Division.
between 1945-1947
2/18 160
 Professor Konrad Bingold and a man
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Part of the 250 members of [Nuremberg] City Council who were invited to the opening session of Military Tribunal No. 1, on 21st Nov 1946. Left is Professor Bingold, Director of the Municipal Hospital of [Nuremberg]
November 21, 1946
2/18 161
 Clark Denney on the telephone
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. Clark Denney, of New York City, Director of Military Division.
circa 1946-1947
2/18 162
 Colonel Charles W. Mays, marshal of the court
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
2/18 163
 Walter H. Rapp looking at documents
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. Walter H. Rapp, of San Francisco, Cal., /Director of Evidence Division.
circa 1946-1947
2/18 164
 Dehull N. Travis, assistant attorney general for the Medical Case
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
Other Subsequent Nuremberg Trials
Box/Folder item
2/19 165
 Charles E. Lyon sitting at a desk
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Charles E. Lyon, of New York City, Chief of one of the Economics Trial Teams under Mr. Pomerantz.
circa 1947
2/19 166-167
 Abraham L. Pomerantz sitting at a desk
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso of item 167: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Mr. Abraham L. Pomerantz, of New Rochelle, New York, Senior Counsel for Nazi Industrialists.
circa October 30, 1946
2/19 168
 George M. Reed
Mr. Reed served as Secretary General of the Tribunal during the Milch trial.
circa 1947
2/19 169 circa 1947
International Military Tribunal
Box/Folder item
2/20 170
 Paul Morel, Edmund Paton-Walsh, Roy V. Rickard, and Paul Molkov sitting at a table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: [NUREMBERG]-- Four general officers, representing the Allied powers controlling Occupied Germany, directed the execution of the Nazi war criminals sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal. They are, from left to right: General de Brigade Paul Morel of France, Brigardier Edmund Paton-Walsh of Great Britain, Brig. Gen. Roy V. Rickard of the United States, and General Paul Molkov of the Soviet Union. Now they are back in [Nuremberg], organizing the movement of the seven remaining prisoners to Berlin for confinement in accordance with their sentences.
circa 1946
2/20 171
 Paul Morel, Edmund Paton-Walsh, Roy V. Rickard, Paul Molkov, and their secretarial staff sitting at a table
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: [NUREMBERG]-- Four general officers, representing the Allied powers controlling Occupied Germany, shown with their secretarial staff; the generals directed the execution of the Nazi war criminals sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal. They are; General de Brigade Paul Morel of France (2nd from l.), Brigardier Edmund Paton-Walsh of Great Britain (3rd from l.), Brig. Gen. Roy V. Rickard of the United States (5th from l.), and General Paul Molkov of the Soviet Union (3rd from r.). Now they are back in [Nuremberg], organizing the movement of the seven remaining prisoners to Berlin for confinement in accordance with their sentences.
circa 1946
Wives of participants
Box/Folder item
2/21 172
 Hilda Haynes Robbins on the telephone
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Mrs. Robbins was the wife of Jack W. Robbins, who served as General Taylor's legal assistant.
circa November 1946
2/21 173
 Mabel H. Mulroy in front of a building
Mrs. Mulroy was the wife of James G. Mulroy, who was one of the tribunal commissoners and legal consultants of The United States of America vs. Carl Krauch, et al. (also known as the IG Farben Trial), the sixth Subsequent Nuremberg Trial.
circa 1940s
Box/Folder item
2/22 174
 Woman walking past gate
Written on photograph: To Walter with love from Charlotte.
circa 1940s

Court proceedingsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Arraignment
November 21, 1946
Box/Folder item
2/23 175 November 21, 1946
2/23 176 November 21, 1946
2/23 177 November 21, 1946
2/23 178 November 21, 1946
2/23 179 November 21, 1946
2/24 180-182
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso of item 182: Back row, Rose, Ruff (leaning forward), Brack, Romberg, Becker-Freysing, Weltz, Schafer. Front row, Karl Brandt, Handloser, Rostock, Schroeder
November 21, 1946
2/24 183 November 21, 1946
2/24 184
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Paul Rostock pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
November 21, 1946
2/24 185 November 21, 1946
2/24 186 November 21, 1946
2/24 187
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Gerhard Rose pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
November 21, 1946
2/24 188
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Hans Wolfgang Romberg pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
November 21, 1946
2/24 189
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Hans Wolfgang Romberg pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
November 21, 1946
2/24 190
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Waldemar Hoven pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL I. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA -against- KARL BRANDT, et al. The defendants are seated in the dock as follows, beginning with the first row and reading from left to right: 1. Karl Brandt. 2. Siegfried Handloser. 3. Paul Rostock. 4. Oskar Schroder. 5. Karl Genzken. 6. Karl Gebhardt. 7. Kurt Blome. 8. Joachim Mrugowsky. 9. Rudolf Brandt. 10. Helmut Poppendick. 11. Wolfram Sievers. SECOND ROW: 12. Gerhard Rose. 13. Siegfried Ruff. 14. Viktor Brack. 15. Hans Wolfgang Romberg. 16. Hermann Becker-Freyseng. 17. Georg August Weltz. 18. Konrad Schafer. 19. Waldemar Hoven. 20. Wilhelm Beiglbock. 21. Adolf Pokorny. 22. Herta Oberheuser. 23. Fritz Fischer.
November 21, 1946
2/24 191
 Medical Case defendants sitting in the defendants' box as Fritz Fischer pleads "not guilty"
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
November 21, 1946
Joint Session of Tribunals I and II
Box/Folder item
2/25 192
 Major Doctor Donner giving a speech to the judges of the Doctors' Trial and Milch Trial
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: Major Dr. Donner, chief deputy of Czech Government Delegation, addresses the Judges of both Tribunal No. 1 and No. 2, at a special session of the court.
circa June 1947
2/25 193
 Baron Arnoud Marie van Tuijll van Serooskerken giving a speech to the judges of the Doctors' Trial and Milch Trial
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: General view of the Courtroom taken from the right end of the Judges' bench. At the prosecution stand: Col. Arneud van Serooskerker [sic], representative of Dutch Government Delegation, addresses the Judges of both Tribunal No. 1 and No. 2, at a special session of the court.
circa June 1947
2/25 194
 Stanisław Piotrowski giving a speech to the judges of the Doctors' Trial and Milch Trial
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: General view of the Courtroom taken from the right end of the Judges' bench. At the prosecution stand: Stanislow Piotrowski, representative of the Polish Delegation, addresses the Judges of both Tribunal No. 1 and No. 2, at a special session of the court.
circa June 1947
2/25 195
 Charles Dubost giving a speech to the judges of the Doctors' Trial and Milch Trial
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: General view of the Courtroom taken from the right end of the Judges' bench; at the prosecution stand: Monsieur M. Dubost, representative of the French Delegation, addresses the Judges of both Tribunal No. 1 and No. 2, at special session of the court.
between December 9, 1946-July 9, 1947
Joint Session of Tribunals I, II, III, IV, and V
The Joint Session of Tribunals I, II, III, IV, and V was held in response to defendants' counsels requesting that judges strike the counts of "formation of and participation in a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity" from the charges, on the grounds that "such offenses are not created by [...] any [...] law or authority defining and controlling the jurisdiction of [the] Tribunals." No joint ruling was issued at the session, though Tribunals I, II and III made definite rulings within one week afterward which stated that "neither the Charter of the International Military Tribunal nor Control Council Law No. 10 has defined conspiracy to commit a war crime or crimes against humanity as a separate substantive crime. Therefore, this Tribunal has no jurisdiction to try any defendant upon a charge of conspiracy considered as a separate substantive offense."
July 9, 1947
Box/Folder item
2/26 196
 General view of courtoom as a man (probably Dr. Carl Haensel) stands at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 9, 1947
2/26 197
 Judges watching a man (probably Dr. Carl Haensel) at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso: Five tribunals sitting en banc to hear a legal argument. The five Presiding Judges in the bench, the other Judges below. 9 July 1947. Sears, Toms, Beals, Brand, Wennerstrum.
July 9, 1947
2/26 198
 Judges of Tribunals I, II, III, IV, and V
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 9, 1947
2/26 199
 General view of courtoom as Telford Taylor speaks at the speaker's podium
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
July 9, 1947
Box/Folder item
2/27 200
 General view of courtroom
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 9, 1946

Press coverageReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
2/28 201
 Reporter typing testimony on a stenotype machine
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between 1946-1947
2/28 202
 Louis Deroche sitting at a typewriter
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. Louis Deroche, American War Correspondent, of A.F.P., working in the Allied Press Room of the Palace of Justice.
circa 1946-1947
2/28 203
 American journalists observing a trial
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between January 27-29, 1947
2/28 204
 American journalists sitting in an office
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: OMGUS MILITARY TRIBUNAL - PALACE OF JUSTICE. Visiting American newspaper and radio editors photographed during their visit to the [Nuremberg] Trials where they had the opportunity of meeting the Chief of Counsel, Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor, and of attending two courts, trying Nazi surgeons and Fieldmarshal Erhard Milch. Front row, left to right include Dwight Young of the Dayton (Ohio) Journal Herald; Jack Martin of International News Service; Erick Oberg of the Industrial Press and Victor O. Jones of the Boston Globe. Rear, same order Gene Gillett, United Press; Everitt Hollis [ sic] of Columbia Broadcasting System; Col. Luxe, War Department conducting officer; E. F. Tompkins of Hearst Newspapers; Frazier Hunt of Mutual Broadcasting; Coleman Harwell of the Naschville [ sic] Tennessean.
January 29, 1947

Related eventsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Milch Case
The Milch Case (U.S.A. v. Erhard Milch), which took place from November 13, 1946 until April 17, 1947, charged former Field Marshall Erhard Milch with participation in the planning and execution of war crimes, namely the subjection of prisoners of war and foreign nationals to murder, cruel treatment, and forced labor; participation in the planning and execution of war crimes, specifically participation in two medical experiments dealing with the effects of high-altitude and freezing; and crimes against humanity. Milch was acquitted of the charges concerning medical experiments and found guilty of the charges concerning slave labor. He was sentenced to life imprisonment; this sentence was later commuted to a term of 15 years.
Box/Folder item
2/29 205
 Judges F. Donald Phillips, Robert M. Toms, Michael A. Musmanno, and John J. Speight
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 13, 1946-April 17, 1947
2/29 206
 Judge F. Donald Phillips
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 13, 1946-April 17, 1947
2/29 207
 Judge John J. Speight
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
between November 13, 1946-April 17, 1947
2/29 208 between November 13, 1946-April 17, 1947
2/29 209 between November 13, 1946-April 17, 1947
2/29 210-211
 Erhard Milch
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
December 20, 1946
Box/Folder item
2/30 212
 Major General White, General Joseph T. McNarney, Brigadier General Leroy H. Watson, Helen Wahrenberger McNarney, and Major Frederic C. Teich tour the Nuremberg jail
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: OMGUS MILITARY TRIBUNAL - PALACE OF JUSTICE. General Joseph T. McNarney's party on tour of the [Nuremberg] jail 27 January 47. Left to right Major General White; General McNarney, Theater Commander; Brig. General Leroy H. Watson, Commandant Furth-[Nuremberg] Enclave; Mrs. McNarney and Major Frederic C. Teich, Director of [Nuremberg] jail.
January 27, 1947
2/30 213
 Major General Clarence Huebner, Florence Barrett Huebner, Brigadier General Leroy H. Watson, Carlotta Prichard, General Joseph T. McNarney, and Major Frederic C. Teich inspect the Nuremberg jail
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: OMGUS MILITARY TRIBUNAL - PALACE OF JUSTICE. General McNarney's party inspect the [Nuremberg] jail 27 January 47. Left to right Major General Clarence Huebner, Chief of Staff; Mrs. Huebner; Brig. Gen. Leroy H. Watson (back to camera); Miss Pritchard [sic], daughter of Col. Pritchard [sic]; General McNarney, Theater Commandor and Major Frederic C. Teich, Director of [Nuremberg] jail.
January 27, 1947
2/30 214
 Wayne L. Morse and James Brewster
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: [NUREMBERG] TRIAL. Senator Wayne L. Morse (left) and Maj. James Brewster (center) visit [Nuremberg] to see Brig. Gen. Gwendolyn J. Watson and Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor to obtain a general picture of conditions in Europe. Rear of Maj. Brewster is Lt. McGarry, Assistant Chief of Visitor's Bureau, Palace of Justice; at extreme right is unidentified Air Corps Lt. receiving instructions for flight to Vienna.
circa 1946-1947

BuildingsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Palace of Justice
Box/Folder item
2/31 215
 East wing of the Palace of Justice
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Written on verso: Wing of Palace of J. "Cafeteria" entrance. Court + offices in this wing.
circa 1946-1947
2/31 216
 Front entrance of the Palace of Justice
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
circa 1946-1947
2/31 217
 Men and women being served food
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
Caption on verso: MILITARY TRIBUNAL. The cafeteria in the Palace of Justice serves a hot noontime meal to all civilian and military personnel working in the building.
circa 1946-1947
Box/Folder item
2/31 218
 Men sitting in the lounge room in the Grand Hotel
Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, US Army (photographer)
The Grand Hotel served as the designated hotel for reporters and trial personnel.
circa 1946-1947

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949--Photographs
  • War crime trials--Germany--Nuremberg--Photographs
  • Personal Names :
  • Beals, Walter B.--Archives
  • Beals, Walter B.--Photographs
  • Beiglböck, Wilhelm, 1905-1963--Photographs
  • Brandt, Karl, 1904-1948--Photographs
  • Crawford, Johnson T., 1889-1955--Photographs
  • Ervin, Thomas E.--Photographs
  • Handloser, Siegfried, 1895-1954--Photographs
  • Hardy, Alexander G.--Photographs
  • McHaney, James M., -1995--Photographs
  • Sebring, Harold L. (Harold Leon), 1898-1968--Photographs
  • Swearingen, Victor C.--Photographs
  • Taylor, Telford--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographs
  • Other Creators :
    • Corporate Names :
    • Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes (associated name)

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)