Winch family papers, circa 1840-2000  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Winch family
Title
Winch family papers
Dates
circa 1840-2000 (inclusive)
Quantity
8 cubic feet, (13 document cases, 4 flat boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 custom box, 1 oversize folder)
Collection Number
Coll 52
Summary
Photographs and papers of the Winch family of Portland, Oregon, including materials relating to Martin Winch, his wife Nellie Amelia Wygant Winch, their son Simeon Reed Winch, and Simeon's second wife Margaret (Mary) Tobin Winch. Additional materials pertain to related families, including the Rae, Reed, Wood and Wygant families, and Dr. John McLoughlin. Materials include financial records, correspondence, house inventories, correspondence, diaries, photographs, daguerreotypes, and drawings. Also included is correspondence of Simeon Gannett Reed and letters to Reed from William S. Ladd.
Repository
Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library
Davies Family Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
97205
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
libreference@ohs.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.

Languages
English.
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Martin Winch was born December 16, 1858 to Martin and Frances Wood Winch in Quincy, MA. After the death of the senior Martin Winch in 1870, his widow and two sons came to Portland to live with Mrs. Winch’s sister, Amanda Wood Reed, wife of one of Portland's leading businessman, Simeon Gannett Reed. The younger Martin proved himself highly capable while working for the Oregon Steam Navigation Company and then the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company (in which Reed owned substantial shares), in addition to running his own printing business at night. Later the childless Reeds entrusted Winch with their Oregon business affairs when they moved to Pasadena, California, and at Simeon Reed’s death, Winch was appointed as Mrs. Reed's financial agent. When Mrs. Reed died, Winch was named executor of her will, which included an endowment for the establishment of an educational institution in Portland. To uphold this bequest, Martin Winch contested the other heirs in court from 1904 to 1912, eventually winning a settlement that allowed for the establishment of what is now Reed College. He died in 1915.

Martin Winch's wife Nellie Amelia Wygant Winch was born in Oregon City in 1859 to Margaret Glen Rae Wygant and Theodore Wygant. Margaret Rae's mother was Eloisa McLoughlin, daughter of Hudson's Bay Company Chief Factor Dr. John McLoughlin. Margaret’s father was William Glen Rae, a relative of the Hudson’s Bay Company explorer John Rae. Nellie’s father, merchant Theodore Wygant, was an Oregon pioneer who traveled overland to Oregon City in 1850. Nellie’s oldest sister, Alice, married William Whidden, a prominent Portland architect. The second sister, Maria Louise Wygant, remained a spinster. Nellie Wygant married Martin Winch in 1882, and they had one son, Simeon Reed Winch, born in 1888. She died in 1940.

After his graduation from Princeton University in 1911, Simeon Reed Winch went on a European tour with his mother, Nellie Winch, after which he attended Harvard Law school in 1912-1913. Returning to Portland, he began work at the Oregon Journal, eventually assuming the position of the paper's business manager in 1921 -- a position he held until his death in 1946. During World War I he served as Assistant Food Administrator for Oregon and later entered officer's training school, although the war ended before he could serve at the front. His first wife was Olivia Failing, descendant of Portland pioneer merchant Josiah Failing. The couple had two daughters, Nella Winch McElroy and Emily Winch Baines, and in the 1920s the family built a large house at 2665 Cornell Road in Portland. After Olivia Winch's death in 1942, Simeon married Margaret Elizabeth (Mary) Tobin in 1943, with whom he had one son, Martin Tobin Winch, in 1944, two years before his death.

Mary Tobin Winch (known for a time as Toots Tobin) was employed at the Oregon Journal at the time of her marriage to Simeon Reed Winch. She later became active in local civil rights and charitable causes and served as a trustee of Reed College. She lived in the Cornell Road house until her death in 2003.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of photographs and papers pertaining to the Winch and Wygant families of Portland, Oregon, the Reed family of Portland and Pasadena, California, and their relatives. The bulk of the photographs are cabinet and studio photographs and albums of the Winch and Reed families from the late 19th century to early 20th century. Notable photographic items are daguerreotypes and cabinet photographs of Dr. John McLoughlin, a portrait of Theodore Wygant, a series of photographs of the Winch family home at SW Broadway and Main Steets in Portland, numerous portraits of Simeon Reed Winch from birth to later years, and images of Amanda Reed's residence in Pasadena. Also included are many snapshots belonging to Mary Tobin Winch taken during a late 20th century Nile trip.

The bulk of the papers consist of financial records and correspondence, including ledgers, cash books, and correspondence of Martin Winch and Simeon Reed Winch. Some notable pieces of correspondence are letters, 1910 and 1911, to Simeon Reed Winch from Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt; a letter of Simeon G. Reed to the father of his future wife Amanda Wood, 1850, asking for her hand in marriage; and letters from Portland merchant and banker William S. Ladd to Simeon G. Reed, 1858, including one offering Reed a position in Ladd's newly formed bank. A diary by Theodore Wygant, a Winch relative and 1850 Oregon pioneer, is included. Other diaries include ones by Maria Louise Wygant, which include detailed accounts of her trips to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, and expositions in San Francisco and San Diego in 1915. House inventories of the Winch residence provide glimpses into period furnishings, while the inventories of the Tolmie Estate Sale provide information about Fort Vancouver life during the Hudson’s Bay Company era. Papers associated with Dr. John McLoughlin in this collection include copies of correspondence as Chief Factor at Fort Vancouver, a transcript copy of a Hudson's Bay Company letterbook from 1829-1832, and large typescript copies of a Hudson's Bay Company ledger from 1819-1823.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

Also included are 2 microfilm reels of Theodore Wygant’s 1850 diary and copies of additional papers within the collection.

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library prior to any use of reproductions. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use of reproductions may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright holders.

Preferred Citation

Winch family papers, Coll 52, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series A:  PhotographsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Mary Tobin Winch
Box/Folder
1/1
General photographs
undated
1/2
General photographs
undated
1/3
Photo Album: Launching of the “Simeon G. Reed"
1943
14/1
Photographic Christmas cards from friends
circa 1950-2000
15/1
Photographic Christmas cards from friends
circa 1950-2000
1/4
Oversized photographic Christmas cards from friends
circa 1950-2000
1/5
Nile trip photos
circa 2000
1/6
Nile trip photos
circa 2000
19/5
5 large landscape prints
undated
20/9
Wire service photo
circa 1938
Nellie Amelia Wygant Winch
Box/Folder
2/1
Studio portraits of Nellie
1880-1900
2/2
Photograph of Nellie
circa 1918
2/3
Ambrotype of Nellie Amelia Wygant as a child
undated
2/4
Nellie with her granddaughter Nella
circa 1918
2/5
European vacation trip, with her son Simeon Reed Winch and others
1911
2/6
Cabinet photograph and studio portrait of Martin Winch, and Martin Winch in car with Frank Riggs.
circa 1885; circa 1907
Simeon Reed Winch and family
Box/Folder
20/5
Group photo of young men, probably at Princeton University
1910
2/7
Military photograph, “Officers Training Camp”
1918
2/8
Simeon, daughter Nella, and others
circa 1920-1935
2/9
Simeon with daughter Emily
circa 1925
2/10
Framed photo mats for photos with daughter, signed by Ralph Vincent
circa 1925
2/11
Snapshots belonging to Nella Winch (daughter of Simeon Reed Winch)
Includes family outings and trips, Ocean Home Farm, trip to Europe in 1920s, Olivia Failing Winch, Nellie Wygant Winch, Simeon Reed Winch, Emily Winch, other family, and friends.
circa 1920-1935
2/12
Negatives of snapshots belonging to Nella (daughter of Simeon Reed Winch)
circa 1920-1935
2/13
Photographs and negatives by Nella (daughter of Simeon Reed Winch)
circa 1920-1933
3/1
Photographs of Simeon Reed Winch
Includes Simeon Reed Winch posing in the interior of the Abington Building, SW 3rd and Washington, Portland, circa 1895.
circa 1888-1940
3/2
Photographs of Simeon Reed Winch and others
undated
3/3
Two drawings of Simeon Reed Winch
undated
3/4
Four images of Simeon Reed Winch on one print
circa 1895
19/1
3 portraits
undated
19/7
Photograph album, Catalina Island, southern California, and elsewhere
circa 1905
20/3
Enlarged photographs of European trip
1928
Winch Family
Cabinet photograph album
Separated cabinet photographs of members of the Wygant, Winch, Wood, and Reed families. Also includes cabinet photograph of Dr. John McLoughlin and Lady Douglas.
Box/Folder
3/5
Album pages 1-9
undated
3/6
Album pages 10-18
undated
3/7
Album pages 19-27
undated
3/8
Album pages 28-40
undated
18/1
Empty cabinet photograph album with handwritten captions
undated
Box/Folder
4/1
Miscellaneous photographs of family
undated
4/2
Martin Winch family home, corner of SW Broadway and Main St., Portland, Oregon
circa 1880-1900
Reed Family and Mansion
Box/Folder
4/3
Cabinet photographs of Reed family
undated
4/4
Framed photograph of Amanda Wood Reed, wife of Simeon G. Reed
undated
4/5
Reed family and mansion, Pasadena, California.
Includes mounted photographs depicting the house called “Carmelita,” the winter residence of Mrs. Amanda Reed in Pasadena. Also includes group on the beach, possibly the Reed family; group of children at Garfield School, Pasadena; and page from a photograph album.
undated
4/6
Small brown leather photograph album of Pasadena and Southern California
circa 1900
4/7
Small photograph album bound in gray paper, with images mostly of Pasadena and Southern California
circa 1900-1901
4/8
Photograph album in “Students Notebook”
Contains photographs and cyanotypes of Pasadena, Catalina Island, and Southern California. Includes photo of construction of Reed house in Pasadena.
undated
4/9
Small photograph album bound in gray paper, with images mostly of Pasadena and Southern California
circa 1905
5/1
Photograph album in red leather with scenes of house in Pasadena and other scenes in Southern California. Includes letter laid in
circa 1900
20/8
Boychuck photograph of Reed House at Reedville
undated
Related Families
Dr. John McLoughlin
Box/Folder
5/2
Two dageurreotypes
undated
5/3
Cabinet photographs (younger McLoughlin)
undated
19/2
Photograph of John McLoughlin
undated
19/3
Copies of photograph of John McLoughlin
undated
Box/Folder
5/4
Framed daguerreotype of Ellen Faxon Passmore, daughter of Ellen Wood Passmore at 16, and Frances at 21
Ellen Wood Passmore was the sister of Amanda Wood Reed and Frances Wood
1849 April 12
5/5
Whidden family photographs
Alice Wygant Whidden was the sister of Nellie Amelia Wygant Winch. She was married to William Whidden, architect.
undated
5/6
Framed photographs of Henry and Sarah Adams Wood, parents of Amanda Wood Reed, Frances, and Ellen
Wood was the maiden name of Amanda, Frances, and Ellen
undated
19/4
Henry Wood House, Quincy, MA
undated
5/7
Two portraits of Theodore Wygant
undated
5/8
Miscellaneous and unidentified photographs
Includes portrait, possibly of Emily Failing Cabell, with eulogy; and carte de visite of John Rae.
undated
5/9
Miscellaneous and unidentified photographs
undated
19/6
Large print of unidentified man
undated

Series B:  PapersReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Martin Winch
Correspondence
Box/Folder
6/1
Letters
1891-1900
6/2
Re: Francis (Frank) Winch
1893
6/3
Re: Francis (Frank) Winch
1894-1897
6/4
To Simeon Reed Winch
1907-1908
6/5
Letterpress copybook
1885-1892
6/6
Letterpress copybook
1898-1907
6/7
Letterpress copybook
1907-1909
Financial records
Box/Folder
7/1
Ledger
1905-1913
7/2
Record of Securites Held
circa1920-1940
Estate of Martin Winch
Box/Folder
7/3
Obituaries
1915
7/4
Will and estate documents
circa 1915
7/5
Properties held
1916-1940
16/1
Ledger
1916-1930
17/1
Cash book
1916-1929
7/6
Cash Book
1930-1940
8/1
General Ledger
1930-1940
8/2
Securities Index
circa 1920-1950
Mary Tobin Winch
Box/Folder
8/3
Magazine and newspaper clippings
circa 1935-1945
8/4
Magazine and newspaper clippings
circa 1935-1945
8/5
Miscellaneous manuscripts
circa 1935-1945
8/6
Miscellaneous manuscripts
circa 1927-1945
8/7
Writing class exercises
circa 1925-1930
8/8
Diploma from St. Mary’s College
1927
9/1
Tolmie Estate Sale inventories
Dr. William Fraser Tolmie was a Hudson’s Bay Chief Trader and friend of Simeon G. Reed. In 1937, Simeon Reed Winch purchased items sold at the estate sale that belonged to or were used at Fort Vancouver. File includes photographs of silver pieces and furniture, taken circa 1970.
circa 1937-1970
9/2
Portland house inventories
Includes information on provenance of Ermatinger silver set, donated to the Oregon Historical Society.
1944-1996
9/3
Postcards received
circa 1970-1990
9/4
Reed College materials
circa 1980-2000
9/5
General materials
Includes pamphlet published by Chicago Northwestern Railway and U.S. Food Administration, ca. 1917; program for Howard Davis dinner, 1994; Gregg typing exercise book, ca. 1932; some personal letters
circa 1917-2000
20/3
Watercolor of woodland scene
undated
20/7
Portland, OR Parks & Recreation program materials
1949-1950
Nellie Amelia Wygant Winch
Box/Folder
9/6
Diary of European vacation trip
1911
9/7
Letters and cards written from Europe
Written to her mother, Mrs. Theodore (Margaret) Wygant, and sister Maria Louise ("Lou") Wygant
1911
20/2
U.S. Passport for Nellie
1911
9/8
“Nell’s Postals”. Postcards received
Includes postcards from Nellie's trip to east coast and Europe, 1911.
circa 1908-1921
9/9
Nellie Winch and Margaret Rae Wygant (Mrs. Theodore) miscellaneous
Includes stock certificate from Gold and Silver Mining Company signed by J. C. Ainsworth, 1864; and letter from Thomas Lamb Eliot, undated.
circa 1860-1912
Simeon Reed Winch
Box/Folder
10/1
Scrapbook
Includes ephemera from theaters and restaurants in New York City.
1906-1911
10/2
Princeton miscellaneous as attendee and at reunion
1908-1911; 1931
20/2
Two Princeton newspapers
1910
10/3
Military papers
1917-1918
19/8
Great War certificate for Assistant Food Administrator for Oregon, signed by Herbert Hoover
circa 1918
Financial Records
Box/Folder
10/4
Account journal
1925-1943
10/5
House appraisal
1927
11/1
Ledger
1925-1933
16/2
Cash book
1925-1933
16/3
Cash book
1934-1940
Correspondence
Box/Folder
11/2
From Woodrow Wilson (3); from Theodore Roosevelt (1)
Letters regarding the Princetonian Publishing Company and invitations to speak at Princeton University.
1910-1911
11/3
From Laurence Macomber
circa 1940-1949
11/4
McLoughlin Memorial Association
1938-1942
11/5
McLoughlin Memorial Association
1938-1942
11/6
Launching of the “Simeon G. Reed”
circa 1942-1943
General Records
Box/Folder
11/7
Charles Taylor Memorial Volume
1938
11/8
Obituaries
1946
11/9
Miscellaneous papers
Includes delayed birth certificate, baptismal certificate in Unitarian Church, business cards, letter regarding maitenance of rural property.
circa 1850-1949
11/10
Telegrams of condolence on the death of Simeon Reed Winch
Telegrams were collected by lawyer Jerry Boehm.
1946
20/1
Book plate masters
undated
20/6
Certificates (2) for Gift of Wygant Park to state of Oregon by Simeon Reed Winch and Nellie A. Winch
1933
Oversize folder
Cornell Road street plat and correspondence regarding Air Raid Warden assignments
1942
Oversize folder
Blueprints: “Residence for Mr. Vincent J. Davies”. Portland, OR. Glenn Stanton, Architect
1937
Related Families
Dr. John McLoughlin
Box/Folder
12/1
Papers collected by Simeon R. Winch
Includes typescript copies of McLoughlin correspondence while Chief Factor at Fort Vancouver, and a typescript copy of a Hudson’s Bay Company letter-book from March 11, 1829 to September 1, 1832
circa 1905-1940s
12/2
Materials relating to Dr. McLoughlin and the Hudson’s Bay Company
Includes copies of The Beaver, the HBC house journal from 1927, 1929, and 1936 which contain articles on Dr. John Rae, HBC explorer; and large typescript copies of an HBC ledger from 1819-1823
circa 1920-1946
Oversize folder
Large Hudson’s Bay Company calendars with prints of historic company scenes
1925; 1931-1933; 1935; 1943
12/3
Oregon City history; materials relating to dedication of McLoughlin statues in Washington, D.C. and Salem, OR
circa 1940s-1950s
12/4
Appreciation of Dr. John McLoughlin at the Fourteenth Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association
1886
19/9
Columbia magazine
1928
Box/Folder
12/5
Rae Family papers
Includes typescript copies of wills for John Rae (nephew of explorer John Rae) and William Glen Rae
undated
Simeon G. Reed papers
Box/Folder
12/6
Correspondence
Contains Simeon G. Reed's letter to Amanda Wood's father, asking for her hand in marriage, 1850; poem on Amanda Wood's marriage, written by her sister, 1850; and letters from William S. Ladd to Simeon G. Reed, 1858, including a letter offering Reed a position in Ladd & Tilton's bank in Portland.
1850; 1858
12/7
Letters re: Edwin Wood
1857-1892
Frances Wood Winch papers (mother of Martin Reed Winch)
Box/Folder
12/8
Miscellaneous
circa 1840-1850
12/9
Letters from Sarah Adams Wood (mother)
1855-1862
12/10
Letters
1856-1875
Martin Winch (d. 1870, father of Martin Reed Winch) papers
Box/Folder
12/11
Papers
circa 1850-1880
12/12
Letters to family
1868-1870
12/13
Papers re: Martin’s death
1870
Wood family
Box/Folder
12/14
Metal nameplate for Amanda Wood’s highchair (wife of Simeon G. Reed)
circa 1840-1850
12/15
Miscellaneous correspondence
circa 1848
Wygant family
Box/Folder
13/1
Trip diaries of Maria Louise Wygant
Three pocket diaries: trip to the eastern U.S., 1885; to the World's Columbia Exposition, Chicago, 1893; and to San Francisco, San Diego, and Riverside, California, 1915 (includes descriptions of the expositions and the Mission Inn). Also includes booklet on the Chicago fair titled The White City by Lake Michigan.
1885-1915
13/2
Manuscript diary of Theodore Wygant’s overland trek to Oregon
It is uncertain whether this is the original diary or a manuscript copy
1850
13/3
Typescript copies of Theodore Wygant’s 1850 diary
undated
13/4
Private letterbook of Theodore Wygant
1881-1891
13/5
Scrapbook with Theodore Wygant letter pasted on inside cover
Newspaper clippings of Oregon events and reminiscences
circa 1880-1890
Box/Folder
13/6
Wygant and Rae families, miscellaneous genealogical materials, including Wygant family trees
circa 1860-1917
13/7
General papers
circa 1870-1880
19/10
Copies of The Family Record for Sackett, Weygant and Mapes families
1897

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Expositions--United States--Personal narratives
  • Overland journeys to the Pacific
  • Pioneers--Oregon
  • Personal Names :
  • McLoughlin, John, 1784-1857
  • Reed, Amanda Wood, 1832-1904
  • Reed, Simeon Gannett, 1830-1895
  • Winch, Martin
  • Wygant, Theodore, 1831-1905
  • Corporate Names :
  • Oregon Journal
  • Panama Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)
  • Princeton University
  • Reed College (Portland, Or.)
  • World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)
  • Family Names :
  • Passmore family
  • Rae family
  • Reed family
  • Whidden family
  • Winch family
  • Wood family
  • Geographical Names :
  • Pasadena (Calif.)--History
  • Portland (Or.)--History
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Cabinet photographs
  • Daguerreotypes
  • Diaries
  • Financial records
  • Ledgers (account books)
  • Letterpress copybooks
  • Letters (Correspondence)
  • Manuscripts
  • Photographs
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Winch, Martin, 1858-1915--Archives (creator)
    • Winch, Mary--Archives (creator)
    • Winch, Nellie Amelia Wygant--Archives (creator)
    • Winch, Simeon Reed--Archives (creator)