Dutch Harbor, Alaska, World War II Photograph Collection, approximately 1943 PDF
- Dutch Harbor, Alaska, World War II Photograph Collection
- approximately 1943 (inclusive)19431943
- 30 photographic prints (1 folder)
- Collection Number
- Photographs depicting military activity and landscape scenes at Dutch Harbor, Alaska, around 1943.
- University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
- Access Restrictions
Selected images can be viewed on the Librarie's Digital collections website. Permision of Visual Materials curator is required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Historical BackgroundReturn to Top
During World War II, the Japanese seized the Aleutian Islands of Attu and Kiska, located off the tip of Alaska, in June 1942. These islands provided the Japanese with a base from which to limit Allied air and sea operations in the North Pacific. They attacked Dutch Harbor on the island of Unalaska on June 3rd and 4th, 1942, seeking to destroy U.S. Army and Navy operations near the city of Unalaska. In an effort to recapture Attu and Kiska, the United States established airfields on Adak and Amchitka Islands in Aug. 1942. Plans were made in the spring of 1943 to recapture Attu, and American and Canadian air and naval forces landed there on May 11, 1943. The Japanese defended their position intensely, and the fighting continued until May 30, when Japan announced the loss of the island.
On August 15, 1943, a powerful Allied amphibious force, including a U.S. infantry division and elements of the Royal Canadian Army, assaulted the island of Kiska, where the Japanese had developed their largest base. To the surprise of the Allies, they found that the Japanese, under cover of heavy summer fog, had secretly evacuated the island. Kiska was declared secure, thus ending the Aleutian Islands Campaign. During 1944, the Canadians left and U.S. Army presence in Alaska dropped from 144,000 to 63,000 personnel. Although interest in the Alaskan theater waned, it marked the Allies' first theater-wide victory in World War II and ended Japan's only campaign in the Western Hemisphere.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The collection contains photographs documenting the U.S. Army and Navy presence at Dutch Harbor, near the city of Unalaska, Alaska, on Captain’s Bay. Images include structures on the base, portraits of naval troops on parade and during leisure time, and the 51st NCB (Naval Construction Battalion) band. Also included are landscapes of Captain’s Bay, the city of Unalaska, and the surrounding mountains. The photographs appear to have been taken by a sailor or soldier stationed at the base.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1||1||Building and “Aleutian Isle U.S. Army” sign made of rocks||1943?|
Church built by 51st Naval Construction Battalion
“Altar moved to revolve so Protestant or Catholic could worship there.”
|1||5||Dock at Captain's Bay||1943?|
|1||6||51st Naval Construction Battalion (NCB) on parade||June, 1943|
|1||7||51st Naval Construction Battalion (NCB) dress parade||June, 1943|
|1||8||51st Naval Construction Battalion (NCB) Band||1943|
|1||9-10||Navy men in uniform posing with rifles||1943|
|1||15-16||Men on barge||1943?|
|1||17||Man and camp's pet bear||1943?|
|1||18||Camp's pet bear||1943?|
|1||20-24||Mountains around Captain's Bay||1943?|
|1||29||City of Unalaska||1943?|
|1||30||Shishaldin Volcano on Unimak Island, Alaska||1943?|
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- Military bases--Alaska--Aleutian Islands
- Soldiers--United States--Photographs
- World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Alaska--Aleutian Islands
- Corporate Names :
- United States. Army--Photographs
- United States. Naval Construction Battalion, 51st--Photographs
- United States. Navy--Photographs
- Geographical Names :
- Aleutian Islands (Alaska)--History, Military
- Aleutian Islands (Alaska)--Photographs
- Unalaska Island (Alaska)--Photographs