- Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)
- Albert B. Kinne Photographs
- ca. 1903-1910 (inclusive)19031910
50 photographic prints + 2
21 negatives : glass ; 8 x 10 in.
1 negative : nitrate ; 8 x 10 in.
- Collection Number
- Images of the gold mining industry and the Alaskan towns of Council, Deering, Candle, and Nome, taken by San Francisco public affairs activist and photographer
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
- Access Restrictions
Negatives are not available for viewing.
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Albert Barnes Kinne was born around June 1, 1853. He resided in San Francisco, where he was actively engaged in public affairs and ran an unsuccessful bid for Congress. Kinne also operated a photography studio in San Francisco, located at 1040 Shotwell Street. Around 1900, he relocated to Nome, Alaska, where he set up a new studio and worked with the Wild Goose Mining and Trading Company. By 1903, he had formed a partnership with well-known Nome photographer Beverly B. Dobbs. Their studio, Dobbs & Kinne, was dissolved when Kinne moved eighty miles east to the gold mining camp of Council (aka Council City), and started a new photography business around 1905. In 1911, Beverly Dobbs sold the Nome studio and its glass negatives, including some made by Kinne, to photography entrepreneurs the Lomen Brothers, who created prints of the images under their own imprint.
Kinne took a job as manager of the Alaska Telephone & Telegraph Co. around 1907 and may also have held a teaching job in Council in 1910, when the U.S. Bureau of Education set up schools to educate native populations in the area. On Nov. 20, 1913, Kinne was appointed postmaster of Council. He married his wife, Nellie, in 1921, and continued to live and work in Council until Jan., 1925, when he returned to Nome and established a mercantile business. Although his business was reportedly thriving in Nome, he became despondent, possibly over ill health, and shot himself to death in Aug., 1925.
After Kinne's death, his wife apparently abandoned their home, along with hundreds of photographs contained there. In 1941, a visitor managed to save a few samples of the poorly preserved photographs and glass and nitrate negatives from the collapsing home.
Historical BackgroundReturn to Top
At the turn of the 20th century, gold discoveries on the Seward Peninsula of Alaska led to the development of four communities: Nome, Council, Candle, and Deering.
Nome, located on the peninsula's southwest corner, became one of Alaska's major gold mining areas when gold was discovered in nearby Anvil Creek in 1898.
Council, situated 65 miles northeast of Nome on the Niukluk River, was founded by prospectors in 1898 after a gold strike occurred there the previous year. Mines on nearby Ophir Creek, primarily owned by the Wild Goose Mining and Trading Company, produced $4.5 million in gold. During the summers of 1897-1899, Council’s population was estimated at 15,000, but many people left for Nome when more gold was discovered there in 1900. By 1910, Council's population had dwindled to just 686.
Candle, named for Candle Creek, was established about 1901 in the northern part of the Seward Peninsula on the Kiwalik River. Although it was the largest community on the north side of the peninsula, Candle's population decreased after its mining industry suffered a sharp drop in production around 1907. By 1910, the town numbered only 204 inhabitants.
Deering, a village located about thirty miles north of Candle on the Kotzebue Sound, was established in 1901 as a supply station for gold mining on the interior. It was probably named for the ninety-ton schooner Abbey Deering , which traveled nearby waters around 1900.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The collection contains scenes of the gold-mining towns of Council City, Candle, Deering, and other areas on the Seward Peninsula of Alaska during the early years of the 20th century. Included are photographs documenting the activities of the Council Volunteer Fire Department, the DeSoto Mining Company, and the Wild Goose Mining and Trading Company. All of the photographs were made by Albert B. Kinne.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Photographic prints made from the negative originals are available for reference purposes.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Glass plate negatives and modern contact prints possibly made in the 1970s; source: Michael Maslan, 2002.
Nineteen vintage prints and modern contact prints possibly made in the 1970s; source unknown.
Processed by Linda Corets, 2003.
Two acquisitions have been combined. One consisted of modern contact prints, glass plate negatives, and one nitrate negative; the other consisted of 19 modern contact prints and vintage prints from an unknown source.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Nome, Alaska (Nome County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
Council (or Council City), Alaska (Nome County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
View of Council and waterway from Melsing Creek (Kinne 556)
Bags, possibly containing coal, in the snow (Kinne 1253)
|3||13||Dec. 30, 1904|
DeSoto Mining Company (Nome County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
DeSoto Mining Co. camp on the Niukluk River (formerly Neukluk) near Council (Kinne 553)
|July 24, 1903|
Gold mining (Nome County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
Distant view of steam dredge at work near mouth of Ophir Creek (Kinne 862)
Miners at mining operation, probably at Council
Large group of miners at Council
Men playing with dogs in front of tent at gold camp, probably at White Mountain
The tent features the logo for Seattle Tent & Awning Co. of Seattle. Beginning in 1897, the company supplied tents to gold prospectors en route to Alaska.
Wild Goose Mining and Trading Company (Nome County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
Barges towed by the Wild Goose Company’s sternwheeler tow boat Pauline on the Fish River
Deering, Alaska (Northwest Arctic County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
Local residents and visitors from the town of Candle in front of cabin in Deering (Kinne 835)
Elmer “Slim” Rydeen stands at center, holding tray. Rydeen lived in Candle and Nome and served on the territorial legislature.
|Apr. 13, 1905|
Family and dogs in front of cabin in Deering (Kinne 822)
Candle, Alaska (Northwest Arctic County, Seward Peninsula)Return to Top
|8||38||Apr. 9, 1907|
Men working at homestead, Candle
"'King Olaf's Place. O.A. Lundberg."
Kiwalik Area (Northwest Arctic County, Seward Peninsula) Return to Top
Robert Wakely Snyder family at winter house, 22 miles up the Kiwalik River (Kinne 800)
From left: daughter Tacoma, 4 years; Susie, wife, Eskimo; family friend; Robert Wakely Snyder; son Roy, 5 months. This is the winter house that turned into Snyders Road House.
PeopleReturn to Top
Naked body of man inside cabin (Kinne 701)
Kinne Photography Studio LabelsReturn to Top
Kinne's photography label with San Francisco studio address
Labels removed from the backings of items 39 and 40.
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Fire departments--Alaska--Council--Photographs
- Fire fighters--Alaska--Council--Photographs
- Frontier and pioneer life--Alaska--Photographs
- Gold miners--Alaska--Photographs
- Gold mines and mining--Alaska--Photographs
- Gold rushes--Alaska--Photographs
- Kinne, A. B. (Albert Barnes)
- DeSoto Mining Company--Photographs
- Wild Goose Mining and Trading Company--Photographs
- Alaska--Gold discoveries
- Candle (Alaska)--Photographs
- Council (Alaska)--Photographs
- Deering (Alaska)--Photographs
- Nome (Alaska)--Photographs
- Seward Peninsula (Alaska)--Photographs
Form or Genre Terms
- Glass negatives
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)