Gardner Cromwell papers, 1971-1972 PDF
- Cromwell, Gardner 1921-2010
- Gardner Cromwell papers
- 1971-1972 (inclusive)19711972
- 1.0 linear foot
- Collection Number
- Mss 902
- This collection contains materials created by and compiled by Gardner Cromwell related to the activities of the 1971-1972 Montana Constitutional Convention. The collection shows the extensive and in-depth drafting and revision processes that occurred. It also provides information about Gardner Cromwell's role as a legal consultant to the convention and shows the numerous contributions and critiques he made on various proposals and drafts.
- University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
- Access Restrictions
Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Gardner Cromwell was born in Saint Maries, Idaho, in 1921. He attended high school in Helena, Montana, and continued his education at Columbia University before enlisting in the Marines during World War II. During the war, he spent most of his time stationed in the South Pacific. After the war, he studied law at the University of Montana before traveling the country and pursuing multiple careers. Cromwell was offered a full time teaching position at University of Montana School of Law in 1957 where he worked for 25 years. Some of Cromwell's most noted accomplishments include his involvement in drafting the Montana Air Quality Act and serving as a legal consultant to the 1972 Montana Constitutional Convention.
Upon his retirement, Cromwell returned to St. Maries, Idaho, and was actively engaged in his local community. He passed away on December 5, 2010 at the age of 89.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The Gardner Cromwell collection contains a variety of materials produced at the 1971-1972 Montana Constitutional Convention. Serving as a legal consultant, Cromwell provided notes and advice on proposals and drafts from numerous committees and individuals. The majority of Cromwell's contributions were to the Committee on Style, Drafting, Transition, and Submission. In general, his feedback and notes concerned legal terminology, formatting, and general clarity of the given drafts and proposals.
The collection contains a significant amount of drafts, proposals, reports, correspondence, clerical materials, news clippings, publications, and personal records of Cromwell's participation. Cromwell's notes and feedback are seen in approximately 40 percent of the materials contained in the collection.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright was not transferred to the University of Montana.
Gardner Cromwell Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1/1||Articles of the Constitution||1971|
|1/2||Adoption Schedule||circa 1971-1972|
|1/3||Ballots, Drafts and official||1972|
|1/4||Bill of Rights Committee||1971-1972|
|1/8||Constitution, Drafts, Proposals and Official||1971-1972|
|1/10||Education and Public Lands Committee||1971-1972|
|2/12||Gardner Cromwell Personal||1971-1972|
|2/13||General Government and Constitutional Amendment Committee||1971-1972|
|2/17||Local Government Committee||1972|
|2/18||Montana Constitutional Convention Studies Booklet||1971-1972|
|2/20||Natural Resource and Agriculture Committee||1972|
|2/22||Public Health, Welfare, Labor and Industry Committee||1972|
|2/24||Revenue and Finance Committee||1972|
|2/25||Style, Drafting, Transition and Submission Committee||1972|
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- Constitutional conventions--Montana
- Personal Names :
- Cromwell, Gardner, 1921-2010--Archives
- Corporate Names :
- Montana. Constitutional Convention--(1971-1972)
- Geographical Names :
- Montana--Politics and government--20th century
- Occupations :
- Law teachers--Montana$zMissoula