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Ulysses Grant McAlexander Collection, 1883-1964

Overview of the Collection

Creator
McAlexander, Ulysses Grant, 1864-1936
Title
Ulysses Grant McAlexander Collection
Dates
1883-1964 (inclusive)
1883-1940 (bulk)
Quantity
3 cubic feet
Collection Number
Consult repository.
Summary
The Ulysses Grant McAlexander Collection documents McAlexander's military activities, particularly his involvement in the Second Battle of the Marne in France in July 1918, his training at West Point and his years as commandant of cadets at Oregon Agricultural College.
Repository
Oregon State University Libraries, Special Collections & Archives Research Center
Special Collections & Archives Research Center
121 The Valley Library
Oregon State University
Corvallis OR
97331-4501
Telephone: 541-737-2075
Fax: 541-737-8674
scarc@oregonstate.edu
Languages
English

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Military hero known as the Rock of the Marne, McAlexander served as Commandant of Cadets at Oregon Agricultural College from 1907 to 1911 and again from 1915 to 1916.

Major-General Ulysses Grant McAlexander was born 30 August 1864 at Dundas, Minnesota and graduated from West Point in 1887. He served at Fort Meade in the Dakota Territory and Fort Custer and Fort Missoula, Montana. McAlexander fought in Cuba during the Spanish American War and served in the Phillipines from 1900 to 1907.

In 1907, he was appointed Commandant of Cadets and Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Oregon Agricultural College. He was greatly admired by the students and the 1912 Orange was dedicated to him. The armory, built in 1911, was also dedicated to him and in 1971 was renamed the McAlexander Fieldhouse.

In July 1918, Colonel McAlexander commanded the greatly outnumbered 38th U.S. Infantry Regiment against German forces at the second Battle of the Marne, for which he was promoted to Brigadier General, awarded many military honors, and became known as the "Rock of the Marne".

McAlexander retired from the Army in 1924 and chose Newport, Oregon as his home. Oregon State Agricultural College conferred an honorary doctorate upon him in 1930. He was an unsuccessful candidate in the 1934 Republican gubernatorial primary election. McAlexander died at his home in Portland, Oregon, on 18 September 1936 and was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Series 1 includes items from McAlexander's student days at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Series 2 pertains to World War I and the history of the 38th regiment and includes of a typed manuscript by McAlexander about the Battle of the Marne. Series 3 contains correspondence and other materials pertaining to McAlexander's service at Oregon Agricultural College and various gifts to the college. Series 4 contains several published military histories, including McAlexander's 1905 History of the Thirteenth Regiment.

Series 5 is a scrapbook that contains photographs of McAlexander, clippings, his military identification and passports, and other memorabilia. Series 6 consists of commissions, citations, certificates and awards received by McAlexander, primarily for his military service. Series 7 consists of two charcoal drawings of McAlexander, one of them made in Paris. Series 8 consists of McAlexander's military medals. Series 9 includes newspapers and magazines collected by or about McAlexander, including 16 months of The Stars and Stripes (Feb. 1918- June 1919) and a 1919 VFW newspaper titled Rock of the Marne.

Series 10 consists of military maps pertaining to the Battle of the Marne. Series 11 includes photographs of Fort Missoula, Montana (1889), the presentation of the Distinguished Service Cross to McAlexander, portraits of McAlexander, and the 38th Infantry boxing team (1942).

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

Ulysses Grant McAlexander Collection, Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  West Point Records, 1883-1887Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1
Appointment to the U.S. Military Academy
July 1883
1
Account ledger folio
1883
1
Civil Engineering Textbook [partial]
1886
1
Map drawn while a cadet
1884
3
Map drawn while a cadet
apx 20x24 in.
undated

Series II:  World War I and 38th Infantry Regiment History, 1918-1939Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1
"Rock of the Marne" by Ulysses G. McAlexander
typescript - 2 original copies, 1 photocopy
1
List of Casualties
1
Brief History of the 38th Infantry
1
Historical Data on the "Rock of the Marne"
1918-1939
1
Historical Records
2 folders
1918-1939
3
Copy of inscription, "Le Rocher de la Marne," possibly used in Memorial Union exhibit
apx 20x24 in.
3
"Remembering" rotogravure section with photographs of McAlaxander. Oregon Sunday Journal
apx 20x24 in.
Feb. 4, 1940

Series III:  Correspondence, 1911-1964Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
2
Clippings and correspondence
1911-1964
2
Souvenir Program of the 146th Anniversary of the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps
1921
2
Correspondence Regarding Bronze Bust and Other Gifts to Oregon State College
1934-1937

Series IV:  Published Volumes, 1905-1928Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
2
Illustrated book, Zwischen Maas und Mosel (Between the Maas and Moselle Rivers)
ca. 1918
Published military histories
Box
2
History of the Thirteenth Regiment, United States Infantry, U.G. McAlexander
1905
2
The Story of the Thirty-Eighth, C.E. Lovejoy
1919
2
History of the 18th U.S. Infantry First Division, 1812-1919, Ben H. Chastaine
1919
2
"Rock of the Marne: A Narration of the Military Exploits of Gen. Ulysses Grant McAlexander at the Second Battle of the Marne", compiled and edited by Frank M. Fretwell
2
A Guide to the Military History of the World War, 1914-1918, Thomas G. Frothingham
1921
2
Rank and File: True Stories of the Great War, Theodore Roosevelt
1928

Series V:  ScrapbookReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
7
Scrapbook and loose items - photographs, clippings, documents
apx 12x17 in.
ca. 1910-1940

Series VI:  Commissions, honors, citations and certificates, 1887-1931Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
3
Diploma, U.S. Military Academy
apx 20x24 in.
11 June 1887
3
Commission as 2nd Lieutenant, 25th Regiment of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
23 January 1888
3
Certificate admitting to practice of law in Montana
apx 20x24 in.
2 June 1891
3
Commission as 1st Lieutenant of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
23 August 1894
3
Commission as Assistant Quartermaster of Volunteers, with the rank of Captain
apx 20x24 in.
23 May 1898
3
Commission as Captain of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
13 April 1899
3
Commission as Captain of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
26 December 1899
3
Companion of the First Class of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
apx 20x24 in.
31 August 1904
3
Certificate of completion, U.S. Army War College
apx 20x24 in.
1906-1907
3
Commission as Major of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
2 February 1911
3
Commission as Lieutenant Colonel of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
27 July 1916
3
Commission as Colonel of Infantry
apx 20x24 in.
12 June 1917
3
Citation, Distinguished Service Cross, U.S. Army
apx 20x24 in.
7 December 1918
3
Citation for distinguished and exceptional gallantry, U.S. Army
apx 20x24 in.
27 March 1919
3
La Croce al Merito di Guerra, by the Italian government
apx 20x24 in.
14 April 1919
3
Citation à l'Ordre de l'Armée for exceptional courage at Jaulgonne, France (Battle of the Marne)
apx 20x24 in.
8 May 1919
3
La Décoration d'Officer de l'Ordre National de la Légion d'honneur, Republic of France
apx 20x24 in.
29 May 1919
3
Accolade of the New chivalry of Humanity for service "with honor in the World War and was wounded in action," United States
apx 20x24 in.
ca. 1919
3
Certificate of completion, General Staff College
apx 20x24 in.
1920
3
Commission as Brigadier General
apx 20x24 in.
16 July 1920
3
Commission as Brigadier General
apx 20x24 in.
27 April 1921
3
Croix de Guerre, Republic of France
apx 20x24 in.
12 April 1924
3
Commission as Major General
apx 20x24 in.
21 July 1924
3
Distinguished Service Medal for Exceptionally Meritorious and Distinguished Services
apx 20x24 in.
10 November 1925
3
Distinguished Service Cross for Extraordinary Heroism
apx 20x24 in.
14 November 1925
3
Silver Star for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at Santiago, Cuba in July 1898
apx 20x24 in.
12 April 1927
3
Honorary Doctor of Laws degree, Oregon State Agricultural College
apx 20x24 in.
2 June 1930
3
Silver Beaver Award, Boy Scouts of America
apx 20x24 in.
28 November 1931

Series VII:  Drawings, 1919 and undatedReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
3
Charcoal sketch of McAlexander made in Paris
apx 20x24 in.
1919
4
Charcoal drawing of McAlexander
apx 23x31 in.

Series VIII:  Military Service Medals [framed]Return to Top

Container(s): Box 3

apx 20x24 in.

Series IX:  Newspapers and Magazines, 1911-1919Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
3
Bound volume of The Stars and Stripes, printed in France
apx 20x24 in.
Feb. 8, 1918 to June 13, 1919
Map Case
*
Telegram Magazine, with cover article "Major U.G. McAlexander, USA, Commandant of the OAC Cadet Corps
8 April 1911
Map Case
*
Rock of the Marne newspaper issued by VFW Post no. 138
17 May 1919, 31 May 1919 & 21 June 1919

Series X:  Military Maps, 1918 and undatedReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
4
Hand colored map of the Second Battle of the Marne, by Robinson Murray [verified by McAlexander in 1920 and 1922]
apx 23x31 in.
ca. 1918
4
Locations of U.S. forces at the Second Battle of the Marne [5 photostatic copies]
apx 23x31 in.
roll-box
5
Three aerial photos of the Marne River region
ca. 1918
roll-box
5
Photos of German battle maps [2 maps]
roll-box
5
French and American telephone lines in the Marne area
ca. June 1918
roll-box
5
French battle maps, June 1918 [2 maps]
roll-box
5
Topographical markings near the Marne River
ca. 1918
roll-box
5
Troop movements?
ca. 1918
Map Case
*
Map showing boundaries of the 1st and 2nd armies
29 Aug. - 11 Nov. 1918

Series XI:  Photographs, 1889-1942Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
8
Fort Missoula, Montana, Battalion, 25th Infantry
ca. 1889
8
Officers quarters, Fort Missoula, Montana, winter
ca. 1889
8
Presentation of Distinguished Service Cross to McAlexander
6 photos
8
Portrait photo
2 originals and 2 copies of the same
Box
8 9
Map of the Battle of the Marne [print and nitrate negative]
8
38th Infantry Boxing Team
2 photos
1942
8
Award presentation, boxing