Dye family photographs collection, circa 1855-1945  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947
Title
Dye family photographs collection
Dates
circa 1855-1945 (inclusive)
Quantity
0.45 cubic feet, (205 photographs, 7 photomechanical prints, 2 engravings, 1 ambrotype, and printed materials in 1 document case and 1 oversize folder)
Collection Number
Org. Lot 1017
Summary
Eva Emery Dye (1855-1947) was a nationally renowned author of historical fiction who popularized Oregon Country history for children and adults. The Dye family photographs collection documents the personal and professional life of Eva and other family members. The collection includes images of her interviewing Se-Cho-Wa, who remembered Lewis and Clark, photographs of Eva's husband, Charles Henry Dye, and their four children and grandchildren.
Repository
Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library
Davies Family Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
97205
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
libreference@ohs.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Eva Lucinda Emery Dye (1855-1947) popularized Oregon Country history for children and adults, and in the process, she made Sacagawea a heroine of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the eyes of the public. She was born in Prophetstown, Ill., to Cyrus Emery and Caroline Trafton Emery. In 1882, she graduated from Oberlin College in Ohio and married Charles Henry Dye (1856-1929), a fellow Oberlin student from Fort Madison, Ia. In 1890, the family moved to Oregon City, Or., where Charles practiced law and Eva obtained a teaching position. They built a home at 902 Jefferson Street, where they spent the rest of their lives.

Eva was a nationally renowned author of historical fiction and produced a book for children and three historical novels set in the Oregon Country which went into multiple printings and remained popular for decades. During her lifetime she published: Stories of Oregon, (1900); McLoughlin and Old Oregon (1900); The Conquest: The True Story of Lewis and Clark (1902); McDonald of Oregon, A Tale of Two Shores (1906); and The Soul of America: An Oregon Iliad (1934).

Eva's books were the result of intensive research. She made four trips across the United States tracing the steps of Lewis and Clark, spoke with people about the explorers, and examined journals, letters and documents during her research for The Conquest, her most significant work. The Conquest, written for the Lewis and Clark Centennial, portrayed Sacagawea as a model of 19th century true womanhood.

In addition to writing books, numerous articles, and other shorter pieces, Dye was in demand as a speaker by local, regional, and national organizations. The Willamette Valley Chautauqua, which had its first meeting in the summer of 1893 at Gladstone Park, was jointly founded by Eva and her husband, Charles, and evolved from a Chautauqua circle that met in the Dye's home. She was also active in the Oregon Woman's Suffrage Association. As president of the Sacajawea Statute Association, Eva was instrumental in hiring Alice Cooper to sculpt the copper statute of Sacagawea exhibited at the Lewis and Clark Exposition in 1905. The statue became a permanent fixture in Washington Park at Portland, Oregon.

Eva Emery Dye and Charles Henry Dye had four children, Emery Charles Dye (b. 1884), Trafton Mickelwaite Dye (1886-1974), Everett Willoughby Dye (1896-1988), and Charlotte Evangeline (Eva) Dye Hutchinson (1897-1972). Emery and Trafton graduated from Oberlin College. Emery was admitted to the Oregon bar in 1908; however, he suffered a mental breakdown in young manhood which resulted in his commitment to a state institution for much of his life. Trafton moved to Cleveland, Oh., where he practiced law. Everett graduated from Oregon Agricultural College with a degree in mechanical engineering and settled near Trafton in Cleveland, Ohio. Charlotte graduated from Oregon Agricultural College with a degree in home economics. She married Richard Earl Hutchinson and settled in Los Angeles.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Dye family photographs collection (circa 1855-1945) documents the personal and professional life of Eva Emery Dye and other family members. The personal photographs consist of portraits of Eva from 1874 to 1937 and images of places that shaped her life. Professional photographs include images of her interviewing Se-Cho-Wa, a member of the Walla Walla tribe, who remembered Lewis and Clark, and of her reading McDonald of Oregon. The collection includes photographs of the Clark family, possibly taken in conjunction with Eva's research for The Conquest: The True Story of Lewis and Clark. Images document her books McDonald of Oregon and The Conquest on display in store windows. There is a striking photograph of Eva at age 89 presenting the manuscript of McLoughlin and Old Oregon to Burt Brown Barker for the Oregon Historical Society, and images of the Sacajawea Statue at the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition and in Washington Park at Portland, Oregon.

Other photographs consist of images of family members, including Eva's husband, Charles Henry, and their four children and grandchildren. Of special interest is a photograph of Everett Willoughby Dye in his World War I uniform. Photographs document the interior and exterior of the Dye family home in Oregon City, Oregon. The collection also includes images of Oregon scenes and portraits of various individuals unrelated to the Dye family.

Photographers in this collection include Trafton Mickelwaite Dye, as well as Lee Moorhouse of Pendleton, Or. and Edith C. Cheney, Preston M. Hart, and Anna Wisner, all of Oregon City, Or., among many others.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library before any reproduction use. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

Dye family photographs collection, Org. Lot 1017, Oregon Historical Society Research Library.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series A:  Eva Emery Dye, circa 1855-1945Return to Top

112 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Portraits--Dye family members
Includes photographs of Caroline Brackton Trafton Emery, Mary Emery Stevens, and Eva Emery Dye's sister, Carrie.
circa 1857-1902
1/2
Portraits--Hattie Stark
undated
Vault
Portraits--Ambrotype of unidentified infant
1855
1/3
Portraits--Eva Emery Dye
circa 1874-1900
1/4
Portraits--Eva Emery Dye
Eva Emery Dye
circa 1901-1937
1/5
Prophetstown, Ill.
Includes letter from Eleanor Secor.
1941
1/6
Prophetstown, Ill.
Includes 1904 calendar.
circa 1904
1/7
Professional life
Includes photographs of interview with Se-Cho-Wa, a member of the Walla Walla tribe, who remembered Lewis and Clark; other Native Americans, including Red Elk and Umatillas; and the Shoshone cemetery at the Wind River Reservation.
circa 1900-1931
1/8
Eva Emery Dye presenting manuscript of McLoughlin and Old Oregon to Burt Brown Barker for the Oregon Historical Society
1945
1/9
McDonald of Oregon
Includes photographs of Eva reading from the book, as well as illustrations for it and a window display advertising it at A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, Ill. in 1906.
circa 1906
1/10
The Conquest: The True Story of Lewis and Clark
Includes family portraits of William Hancock Clark, grandson of William Clark; John O'Fallon Clark with George Rogers Clark II; and Mrs. John O'Fallon Clark, as well as Clark family homes in Louisville, Ky. and Virginia.
1902-1906
1/11
Sacajawea Statue from Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, Portland, Or.
circa 1905

Series B:  Charles Henry Dye, circa 1882-1924Return to Top

15 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/12
Portraits
circa 1882-1918
13
Dye brothers and their wives
circa 1924

Series C:  Dye family, circa 1894-1941Return to Top

70 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/14
Charles Henry Dye and Eva Emery Dye
Includes their children and families, as well as their gravestone in Oregon City, Or.
circa 1900-1929
1/15
Charlotte Evangeline Dye Hutchinson with husband and children
Husband Richard Earl Hutchinson, and children Charles Richard, Elizabeth Jean and Dorothy Mae
circa 1901-1939
1/16
Emery Charles Dye
circa 1900
1/17
Everett Willoughby Dye, his wife Harriett, and their children Charles and Marjorie
circa 1905-1941
1/17
Everett Dye in World War I uniform
1917
1/18
Trafton Micklewaite Dye, his wife Mary, and their children Mary Elizabeth and Charles Sherman
circa 1900-1918
1/19
Exterior of Oregon City home
circa 1903; 1941
1/20
Dye family
circa 1900-1935
1/21
Genealogy of the Dye family (photocopy)
undated
1/22
Interior of Oregon City home
circa 1894-1903

Series D:  Other images, 1876-1932Return to Top

32 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/23
Places in Oregon
1876-1922
Columbia River--Cabbage Rock
Columbia River--Cascades of the Columbia River
Columbia River--Fishing at the mouth of Columbia River
Columbia River--Oneonta Gorge
Columbia River--Pillars of Hercules
Columbia River--West Fork of Hood River
July 1922
Oregon City and Falls of the Willamette
box:oversize
Portland--Chautauqua Assembly at Gladstone Park
circa 1920
Portland--Steel Bridge
Box/Folder
23
Portland--Harbor with Steamship "Columbia"
23
Portland--Oregonian Building
Tillamook Rock lighthouse
1/24
Portraits
circa 1890-1932
Albert Pope Boone
undated
Elbert B. Charman
1918
Mrs. George Law Curry
undated
Rev. John F. Damon
undated
John B. Finley
undated
Joseph Gaston
undated
John B. Horner
1930
Julia Hughes
undated
Ella Higginson
undated
Marian McDonald
undated
Joaquin Miller, Chautauqua Assembly, Gladstone Park
July 1906
Anne Shannon
1932
1/25
Other images
circa 1890-1920
Captain Gray's sea chest
Dye's Jersey cow Daisy
Hop fields with pickers
Presbyterian Church in Sidney, Iowa
Salmon fishing with drag nets and clubs
Seaplane, first one to cross Hawaiian waters

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Dwellings--Oregon--Oregon City--Photographs
  • Indians of North America--Oregon--Photographs
  • Statues--Oregon--Portland--Photographs
  • Women authors, American--Oregon--Photographs
  • Women photographers
  • Personal Names :
  • Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947--Homes and haunts--Photographs
  • Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition (1905 : Portland, Or.)--Photographs
  • Family Names :
  • Clark family--Photographs
  • Dye family--Photographs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Ambrotypes
  • Calendars
  • Engravings
  • Photographic prints
  • Photomechanical prints