Cecil Garland Papers, 1924-2006  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Garland, Cecil, 1925-2014
Title
Cecil Garland Papers
Dates
1924-2006 (inclusive)
Quantity
4.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 637
Summary
Cecil Garland has worked throughout his life to protect undeveloped areas. During the 1960’s, Garland lead the effort include the Scapegoat Wilderness in the National Wilderness Preservation System. This collection contains materials from Cecil Garland’s work with the Lincoln Back Country Protective Association and his personal conservation and Forest Service work. This includes correspondence, writing, materials from the Lincoln Back Country Protective Association, general wilderness and conservation research materials, maps, various publications, photographs and two pieces of artwork.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and the University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for processing this collection was provided by the Matthew Hansen Endowment.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Cecil Garland was born on September 7, 1925. As a young man, he moved to Lincoln, Montana where owned and operated a hardware store iand worked for the Forest Service. These work experiences allowed Garland the opportunity to use and work with other users of the wilderness from just north of the Lincoln to the Scapegoat Mountains, which boarder the Bob Marshall Wilderness.

Attempts to develop this area lead Garland and William Meyger to form the Lincoln Back Country Protective Association in 1960. The Forest Service had approved the area for road development and the Anaconda Mining Company had applied for a permit to mine copper with the Montana Land Board. Meyger died in 1962 and Garland then became president of the Association. By 1969, the Association’s efforts to hinder logging and mining development in the Scapegoat Wilderness prompted community members to boycott Garland’s hardware store. However, the Associations efforts did receive support from other communities in the state.

The Scapegoat Wilderness became part of the National Wilderness Preservation System in 1972. It is both the first wilderness area proposed only by citizens after passage of the 1964 Wilderness Act and the first de facto wilderness area to enter the system.

Garland moved from Montana in the 1970s and has continued to work for protection of undeveloped land. During the 1980s, he worked with The Great Basin MX Alliance to protect the Utah’s Great Basin from military development and during the 1990s he spoke out against a Las Vegas water project.

Garland died in Utah on May 11, 2014.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection contains materials from Cecil Garland’s work with the Lincoln Back Country Protective Association and his personal conservation and Forest Service work in Montana. This includes correspondence, writing, materials from the Lincoln Back Country Protective Association, general wilderness and conservation research materials, maps, various publications, photographs and two pieces of artwork. It is divided into five series.

Series I, Correspondence and Writings, contains incoming and outgoing correspondence with government officials, Lincoln Back Country Protective Association members and community members regarding various wilderness issues. It also contains various speeches, position statements, a biographical statement and articles by Garland. This series is organized between correspondence and writings each in chronological order.

Series II, Lincoln Back Country Protective Association Materials, contains publications, news releases, resolutions, a mailing list, membership lists, testimonies, proposals, the Association constitution and by-laws, clippings, photos, a cashbook and scrapbooks. This series is organized by format.

Series III, Wilderness and Conservation Research, contains correspondence, articles, reports, meeting minutes, resolutions, pamphlets, clippings and miscellaneous papers on various Montana and National conservation topics. These topics include Big Sky Resort, Blackfoot-Sun River Divide, Sun Butte Dam, pollution, timber and various state and national wilderness organizations. This series is arranged alphabetically by topic or organization.

Series IV, Maps and Publications, contains various maps of National Forests in Montana, one map, hand-drawn by Garland, of the Helena National Forest roads and trails and publications on Montana conservation topics. This series is divided into two categories, maps and publications, each arranged chronologically.

Series V, Artwork, contains two empty binders with artwork by Garland on the covers.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Non-exclusive copyright transferred to The University of Montana--Missoula.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Cecil Garland Papers, Archives and Special Collections, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Correspondence and Writings, 1954-2006Return to Top

1.1 linear feet
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Correspondence
1960-1963
1/2
Correspondence
1964
1/3
Correspondence
1965
1/4
Correspondence
1966-1967
1/5
Correspondence
1968
1/6
Correspondence
1968
2/1
Correspondence
1969
2/2
Correspondence
1970-1971
2/3
Correspondence
1972
2/4
Correspondence
1964-1977 and undated
2/5
Correspondence with K. Ross Toole Archives regarding unidentified materials in the collection
June 2006
3/1
Statement by Garland regarding Forest Service
circa 1952
3/2
Town of Lincoln, Dispositions, clippings, reports, Constitution of Lincoln Community Hall Association
1954-1976 and undated
3/3
Statement and correspondence
1962-1964 and undated
3/4
Speeches, articles and correspondence drafts
1970 and undated
3/5
Speeches, articles and correspondence drafts
1970-1973 and undated
3/6
Disposition
circa 1974
3/7
Statement and letters
undated
3/8
Notes
undated
3/9
"Gun Book," Presidents report and unidentified statement
undated
3/10
Comments by C. Garland on the "Patterns of Management of the Blackfoot Sun River Divide Area"
undated

Series II:  Lincoln Back Country Protective Association Materials, 1954-1976Return to Top

0.8 linear feet
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4/1
Publications, cartoons and miscellaneous
1954-1938 and undated
4/2
Congressional bills, records, resolutions and news releases
1960-1972 and undated
4/3
Reports, proposals and correspondence
1962-1972 and undated
4/4
Resolutions and correspondence
1963-1970 and undated
4/5
Correspondence complied at White Tail Ranch, Ovando, MT
1965
4/6
Mailing and membership list
1966 and undated
4/7
Congressional Hearings on S. 1121
1968
4/8
Congressional Statements, testimonies and correspondence
1968-1973
4/9
Constitution and By-Laws
undated
5/1
Clippings and notes
1962-1974 and undated
5/2
Clippings
1963-1968
5/3
Clippings
1963-1972
5/4
Clippings
1965-1976 and undated
5/5
Photo of Cecil Garland with magazine article
Photo number 637(II)1
1970
5/6
Photo of "Show Me Trip" pack trip
Photo number 637(II)2
circa 1950s
5/7
Photo of award ceremony for teaching hunting safety, Cecil Garland, Florence Baldwin, Margret Adams and Robert Cooney
Photo number 637(II)3
undated
5/8
Photographs
undated
5/9
Photographs
undated
5/10
Cashbook and Scrapbook
1953-1963 and undated

Series III:  Wilderness and Conservation Research, 1952-1973Return to Top

0.8 linear feet
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
6/1
Big Sky Resort, articles and correspondence
1970-1971 and undated
6/2
Blackfoot Sun River Divide, Coordinated Resource Development Plan
1968-969
6/3
Blackfoot Sun River Divide, reports and correspondence
1965-1971 and undated
6/4
Miscellaneous Papers from various conservation projects
1969-1972 and undated
6/5
Montana Wilderness Association
1965-1968 and undated
6/6
Montana Wildlife Federation, correspondence, meeting minutes, and resolutions
1963-1968 and undated
6/7
National Wild and Scenic Rivers, articles and reports
1958-1970 and undated
6/8
Pollution: Air, Water, Pesticides, Vehicles, articles, correspondence, and pamphlets
1959-1972 and undated
6/9
Population control, articles
1968-1973 and undated
7/1
Sun Butte Dams, correspondence, reports and clippings
1965-1968 and undated
7/2
Timber, articles and reports
1962-1972 and undated
7/3
Various state and national conservation groups
1963-1971 and undated
7/4
The Wilderness Society, correspondence and articles
1952-1969 and undated
7/5
Wildlife, articles reports and correspondence
1963-1971 and undated
7/6
Wildlife and Conservation, articles and pamphlets
1968-1971 and undated

Series IV:  Maps and Publications, 1924-1977Return to Top

0.8 linear feet
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/1
Coopers Lake, Montana, USGS map
1924
8/2
Lewis and Clark National Forest, map
1938
8/3
Silver Tip, Montana, USGS map
1942
8/4
Flathead National Forest, south half, map
1951
8/5
Helena National Forest, timber inventory map
1953
8/6
Helena National Forest Road Map "A" and Trail Map "B", "Wet Speggeta" [sic] hand-drawn map and note
1958
8/7
Southeastern part of Lewis and Clark Range, map
circa 1968
8/8
Spanish Peaks, Gallatin and Beaverhead National Forests, map
circa 1965
8/9
Bob Marshall Wilderness, visitors’ map
1967
8/10
Absaroka Wilderness, map
1968
8/11
Southeastern part of Lewis and Clark Range, geo-chemical map
1958
8/12
Vernon-Golden, Canada, map
1969
8/13
Lincoln Back Country, mineral resource maps
1971
8/14
Scapegoat Wilderness, Forest visitors’ map
1973
8/15
Blackfoot Sun River Divide Area, map
undated
8/16
Partial and Unidentified maps
undated
9/1
Anaconda and Strip Mining, publications, correspondence and statements
1970-1972
9/2
A Design for Wild and Scenic Rivers, Forest Service Northern Region
1969
9/3
Forest Service Handbook, Multiple-Use Management Guide for Northern Region
February 1963
9/4
Lower Rock Creek Planning Unit: Management Alternatives
1977
9/5
A Proposed Lewis and Clark National Waterway
1962
9/6
Reconnaissance Geology, Geophysics and Geochemistry of the Southeastern Part of the Lewis and Clark Range, Montana
1968
9/7
Recreation: Opportunities and Problems in the National Forests of the Northern and Intermountain Regions
1962
9/8
Upper Blackfoot River Study: A Pre-mining Inventory of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources, Montana Fish and Game
December 1975

Series V:  Art Work, undatedReturn to Top

1.0 linear foot
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/1
Binders with artwork on covers
undated

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Dams--Montana
  • Forest reserves--Montana
  • Nature conservation--United States
  • Nature conservation--Montana--Societies, etc.
  • Pollution. Environmental aspects--Montana
  • Resorts--Montana
  • Roads--Montana--Helena National Forest--Maps
  • Timber--Montana
  • Trails--Montana. Helena National Forest--Maps
  • Wilderness areas--Montana
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. Forest Service.
  • Geographical Names :
  • Helena National Forest (Mont.)--Maps
  • Scapegoat Wilderness (Mont.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Articles
  • Clippings
  • Mailing Lists
  • Maps--Montana
  • Minutes--Montana
  • Pamphlets
  • Photographs--Montana
  • Resolutions
  • Scrapbooks
  • Speeches, addresses, etc., American--Montana
  • Testimonies
  • Occupations :
  • Conservationists--Montana
  • Other Creators :
    • Corporate Names :
    • Lincoln Back Country Protective Association.